Scottish Highlanders in Colonial Georgia: The Recruitment, Emigration, and Settlement at Darien, 1735-1748


Author: Anthony W. Parker
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820327181
Category: History
Page: 200
View: 5615

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Between 1735 and 1748 hundreds of young men and their families emigrated from the Scottish Highlands to the Georgia coast to settle and protect the new British colony. These men were recruited by the trustees of the colony and military governor James Oglethorpe, who wanted settlers who were accustomed to hardship, militant in nature, and willing to become frontier farmer-soldiers. In this respect, the Highlanders fit the bill perfectly through training and tradition. Recruiting and settling the Scottish Highlanders as the first line of defense on the southern frontier in Georgia was an important decision on the part of the trustees and crucial for the survival of the colony, but this portion of Georgia's history has been sadly neglected until now. By focusing on the Scots themselves, Anthony W. Parker explains what factors motivated the Highlanders to leave their native glens of Scotland for the pine barrens of Georgia and attempts to account for the reasons their cultural distinctiveness and "old world" experience aptly prepared them to play a vital role in the survival of Georgia in this early and precarious moment in its history.

Religion, Community, and Slavery on the Colonial Southern Frontier


Author: James Van Horn Melton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107063280
Category: History
Page: 332
View: 1096

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This book tells the story of Ebenezer, a frontier community in colonial Georgia founded by a mountain community fleeing religious persecution in its native Salzburg. This study traces the lives of the settlers from the alpine world they left behind to their struggle for survival on the southern frontier of British America. Exploring their encounters with African and indigenous peoples with whom they had had no previous contact, this book examines their initial opposition to slavery and why they ultimately embraced it. Transatlantic in scope, this study will interest readers of European and American history alike.

White People, Indians, and Highlanders

Tribal People and Colonial Encounters in Scotland and America
Author: Colin G. Calloway
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199887640
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 9599

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In nineteenth century paintings, the proud Indian warrior and the Scottish Highland chief appear in similar ways--colorful and wild, righteous and warlike, the last of their kind. Earlier accounts depict both as barbarians, lacking in culture and in need of civilization. By the nineteenth century, intermarriage and cultural contact between the two--described during the Seven Years' War as cousins--was such that Cree, Mohawk, Cherokee, and Salish were often spoken with Gaelic accents. In this imaginative work of imperial and tribal history, Colin Calloway examines why these two seemingly wildly disparate groups appear to have so much in common. Both Highland clans and Native American societies underwent parallel experiences on the peripheries of Britain's empire, and often encountered one another on the frontier. Indeed, Highlanders and American Indians fought, traded, and lived together. Both groups were treated as tribal peoples--remnants of a barbaric past--and eventually forced from their ancestral lands as their traditional food sources--cattle in the Highlands and bison on the Great Plains--were decimated to make way for livestock farming. In a familiar pattern, the cultures that conquered them would later romanticize the very ways of life they had destroyed. White People, Indians, and Highlanders illustrates how these groups alternately resisted and accommodated the cultural and economic assault of colonialism, before their eventual dispossession during the Highland Clearances and Indian Removals. What emerges is a finely-drawn portrait of how indigenous peoples with their own rich identities experienced cultural change, economic transformation, and demographic dislocation amidst the growing power of the British and American empires.

The Counter-Revolution of 1776

Slave Resistance and the Origins of the United States of America
Author: Gerald Horne
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479808725
Category: History
Page: 363
View: 2710

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The successful 1776 revolt against British rule in North America has been hailed almost universally as a great step forward for humanity. But the Africans then living in the colonies overwhelmingly sided with the British. In this trailblazing book, Gerald Horne shows that in the prelude to 1776, the abolition of slavery seemed all but inevitable in London, delighting Africans as much as it outraged slaveholders, and sparking the colonial revolt. Prior to 1776, anti-slavery sentiments were deepening throughout Britain and in the Caribbean, rebellious Africans were in revolt. For European colonists in America, the major threat to their security was a foreign invasion combined with an insurrection of the enslaved. It was a real and threatening possibility that London would impose abolition throughout the colonies—a possibility the founding fathers feared would bring slave rebellions to their shores. To forestall it, they went to war. The so-called Revolutionary War, Horne writes, was in part a counter-revolution, a conservative movement that the founding fathers fought in order to preserve their right to enslave others. The Counter-Revolution of 1776 brings us to a radical new understanding of the traditional heroic creation myth of the United States.

Lines in the Sand

Race and Class in Lowcountry Georgia, 1750-1860
Author: Timothy James Lockley
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820322285
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 8831

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Lines in the Sand is Timothy Lockley’s nuanced look at the interaction between nonslaveholding whites and African Americans in lowcountry Georgia from the introduction of slavery in the state to the beginning of the Civil War. The study focuses on poor whites living in a society where they were dominated politically and economically by a planter elite and outnumbered by slaves. Lockley argues that the division between nonslaveholding whites and African Americans was not fixed or insurmountable. Pulling evidence from travel accounts, slave narratives, newspapers, and court documents, he reveals that these groups formed myriad kinds of relationships, sometimes out of mutual affection, sometimes for mutual advantage, but always in spite of the disapproving authority of the planter class. Lockley has synthesized an impressive amount of material to create a rich social history that illuminates the lives of both blacks and whites. His abundant detail and clear narrative style make this first book-length examination of a complicated and overlooked topic both fascinating and accessible.

The Price of Scotland

Darien, Union and The Wealth of Nations
Author: Douglas Watt
Publisher: Luath Press Limited
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 312
View: 1548

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The Price of Scotland covers a well-known episode in Scottish history, the ill-fated Darien Scheme. It recounts for the first time in almost forty years, the history of the Company of Scotland, looking at previously unexamined evidence and considering the failure in light of the Company's financial records. Douglas Watt offers the reader a new way of looking at this key moment in history, from the attempt to raise capital in London in 1695 through to the shareholder bail-out as part of the Treaty of Union in 1707. With the tercentenary of the Union in May 2007, The Price of Scotland provides a timely reassessment of this national disaster.

SCOTLANDS EMPIRE SHAPING AMER


Author: Thomas Martin Devine
Publisher: Smithsonian Inst Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 473
View: 3008

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Scotland's influence was crucial for the worldwide success of Britain's overseas empire. As emigrants, soldiers, tobacco lords, merchants, and colonial administrators, Scots were involved in nearly every aspect of running and financing Britain's colonies in America, Australia, and India. T.M. Devine, Scotland's leading historian, draws on a wealth of new material to provide a comprehensive examination of Scotland's multifaceted role in colonization. He deftly portrays the key contributions by Scots to the development of the Americas, from political ideas to business. In the first of a two-volume set, Scotland's Empire combines detailed scholarship with a compelling narrative history, setting the Scots' story against the rise of the British Empire, the course of American history, and the changes in world history.

Scottish Exodus

Travels Among a Worldwide Clan
Author: James Hunter
Publisher: Mainstream Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 414
View: 6113

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Millions of Scots have left their homeland over the last 400 years. Until now, they have been written about in very general terms. Scottish Exodus breaks new ground by following particular emigrants, drawn from the once-powerful Clan MacLeod, and discovering what happened to them and their families. This compelling account of Scotland’s worldwide diaspora is based on unpublished documents, letters, and family histories, as well as the author’s travels. It is a tale of disastrous voyages, famine, dispossession, and the hazards and hardships of pioneering in faraway frontiers. It is also the moving story of how individuals—separated from Scotland by hundreds of years and thousands of miles—continue to identify with the small country where their global journey began.

More Fruitful Than the Soil

Army, Empire and the Scottish Highlands, 1715-1815
Author: Andrew Mackillop
Publisher: Birlinn Limited
ISBN: 9781862321618
Category: History
Page: 290
View: 1385

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"Military recruiting involved a clear recognition on the part of the Highland landlords and tenantry that the Empire and the 'fiscal military state' offered alternative sources of revenue. Both groups 'colonised' various levels of the state's military machine. As a result of this close involvement, the government remained a vital influence in the area well after 1745, and a major player in the region's economy. Recruiting was not simply a residue of clanship, rather it was a form of commercial activity, analogous to kelping."--BOOK JACKET.

From British peasants to colonial American farmers


Author: Allan Kulikoff
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807825693
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 484
View: 6415

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With this book, Allan Kulikoff offers a sweeping new interpretation of the origins and development of the small farm economy in Britain's mainland American colonies. Examining the lives of farmers and their families, he tells the story of immigration to the colonies, traces patterns of settlement, analyzes the growth of markets, and assesses the impact of the Revolution on small farm society. Beginning with the dispossession of the peasantry in early modern England, Kulikoff follows the immigrants across the Atlantic to explore how they reacted to a hostile new environment and its Indian inhabitants. He discusses how colonists secured land, built farms, and bequeathed those farms to their children. Emphasizing commodity markets in early America, Kulikoff shows that without British demand for the colonists' crops, settlement could not have begun at all. Most important, he explores the destruction caused during the American Revolution, showing how the war thrust farmers into subsistence production and how they only gradually regained their prewar prosperity.

Scottish Society, 1707-1830


Author: Christopher A. Whatley
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 1573

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This book challenges much conventional wisdom and provides readers with many new insights into Scottish social and economic history. Christopher A. Whatley argues that the Union of 1707 was vital for Scottish success, but in ways which have hitherto been overlooked. He proposes that the central place of Jacobitism in the historiography of the period should be revised. Comprehensive in its coverage, the book is based not only on an exhaustive reading of secondary material but also incorporates a wealth of new evidence from previously little-used or unused primary sources.

Roots of a region

Southern folk culture
Author: John A. Burrison
Publisher: Univ Pr of Mississippi
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 236
View: 8597

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Roots of a Region reveals the importance of folk traditions in shaping and expressing the American South. This overview covers the entire region and all forms of expression-oral, musical, customary, and material. --from publisher description

America, history and life


Author: American Bibliographical Center,EBSCO Publishing (Firm)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: United States
Page: N.A
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Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.

A history of the native woodlands of Scotland, 1500-1920


Author: T. Christopher Smout,Alan R. MacDonald,Fiona J. Watson
Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 434
View: 776

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The first modern history of Scottish woodlands, this highly illustrated volume explores the changing relationship between trees and people from the time of Scotland's first settlement, focusing on the period 1500 to 1920. Drawing on work in natural science, geography and history, as well as on the authors' own research, it presents an accessible and readable account that balances social, economic and environmental factors. Two opening chapters describe the early history of the woodlands. The book is then divided into chapters that consider traditional uses and management, the impact of outsiders on the pine woods and the oakwoods in the first phase of exploitation, and the effect of industrialization. Separate chapters are devoted to case studies of management at Strathcarron, Glenorchy, Rothiemurchus, and on Skye.

Current Contents

Arts & humanities
Author: Institute for Scientific Information (Philadelphia)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7143

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