British Emigration to British North America

The First Hundred Years (Revised and Enlarged Edition)
Author: Helen I. Cowan
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442637722
Category: History
Page: 321
View: 1720

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In 1928 Miss Cowan published in the series "University of Toronto Studies, History and Economics" her first work on population movements: British Emigration to British North America, 1783-1837. This study has remained a standard reference on its subject and for some time has been available for purchase only through second-hand channels. In the intervening years Miss Cowan maintained an active interest in this field of history; for the present volume she has revised the earlier study in the light of her own and others' investigations and has expanded her discussion to include another quarter-century. The book is an attempt to give students and general readers something of the story of the outpouring of British subjects who peopled British North America in the years before Confederation. Economic dislocations coincident with the Napoleonic Wars and the industrial and agricultural revolutions were causing a vast uprooting of population. At the same time, the beginning of political and humanitarian reform brought a demand for assistance in poor relief, for land, labour and other improvements at home and for government aid in emigrating to the colonies. The author describes the various policies of governments on emigration, the activities of timber, mercantile and land companies which became greatly interested in the flow of population overseas, and the efforts of individual and societies to held the needy who took part in this epic movement.

Labour and Capital in Canada 1650-1860

Author: H. Clare Pentland
Publisher: James Lorimer & Company
ISBN: 9780888623782
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 280
View: 8840

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First published in 1981, H. Clare Pentland's Labour and Capital in Canada 1650-1860 is a seminal work that analyzes the shaping of the Canadian working class and the evolution of capitalism in Canada. Pentland's work focuses on the relationship between the availability and nature of labour and the development of industry. From that idea flows an absorbing account that explores patterns of labour, patterns of immigration and the growth of industry. Pentland writes of the massive influx of immigrants to Canada in the 1800s--taciturn highland Scots who eked out a meagre living on subsistence farms; shrewd lowlanders who formed the basis of an emerging business class; skilled English artisans who brought their trades and their politics to the new land; Americans who took to farming; and Irish who came in droves, fleeing the poverty and savagery of an Ireland under the heel of Britain. Labour and Capital in Canada is a classic study of the peoples who built Canada in the first two centuries of European occupation.

Encyclopedia of North American Immigration

Author: John Powell
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 143811012X
Category: United States
Page: 464
View: 1294

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Presents an illustrated A-Z reference containing more than 300 entries related to immigration to North America, including people, places, legislation, and more.

After the Hector

The Scottish Pioneers of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, 1773-1852
Author: Lucille H. Campey
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 1770703020
Category: History
Page: 400
View: 485

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This is the first fully documented and detailed account, produced in recent times, of one of the greatest early migrations of Scots to North America. The arrival of the Hector in 1773, with nearly 200 Scottish passengers, sparked a huge influx of Scots to Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. Thousands of Scots, mainly from the Highlands and Islands, streamed into the province during the late 1700s and the first half of the nineteenth century. Lucille Campey traces the process of emigration and explains why Scots chose their different settlement locations in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. Much detailed information has been distilled to provide new insights on how, why and when the province came to acquire its distinctive Scottish communities. Challenging the widely held assumption that this was primarily a flight from poverty, After the Hector reveals how Scots were being influenced by positive factors, such as the opportunity for greater freedoms and better livelihoods. The suffering and turmoil of the later Highland Clearances have cast a long shadow over earlier events, creating a false impression that all emigration had been forced on people. Hard facts show that most emigration was voluntary, self-financed and pursued by people expecting to improve their economic prospects. A combination of push and pull factors brought Scots to Nova Scotia, laying down a rich and deep seam of Scottish culture that continues to flourish. Extensively documented with all known passenger lists and details of over three hundred ship crossings, this book tells their story. "The saga of the Scots who found a home away from home in Nova Scotia, told in a straightforward, unembellished, no-nonsense style with some surprises along the way. This book contains much of vital interest to historians and genealogists." - Professor Edward J. Cowan, University of Glasgow "...a well-written, crisp narrative that provides a useful outline of the known Scottish settlements up to the middle of the 19th century...avoid[s] the sentimental ’victim & scapegoat approach’ to the topic and instead has provided an account of the attractions and mechanisms of settlement...." - Professor Michael Vance, St. Mary’s University, Halifax

A Darkened House

Cholera in Nineteenth-Century Canada
Author: Geoffrey Bilson
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442633638
Category: Medical
Page: 236
View: 4097

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From its first appearance in 1832 until the last scares of 1871, cholera aroused fear in British North America. The disease killed 20,000 people and its psychological effects were enormous. Cholera unsettled governments, undermined the medical profession, exposed inadequacies in public health, and widened the division between rich and poor. In a fascinating and disturbing book, Geoffrey Bilson traces the story of the cholera epidemics as they ravaged the Canadas and the Atlantic colonies. The political repercussions were extensive, particularly in Lower Canada. Governments, both colonial and municipal, imposed various public health measures, including quarantine. These actions were always temporary and poorly enforced, and they sometimes met with violent opposition, especially among the poor and the immigrants, hit hardest by cholera. Even the panic that ensued from the periodic onslaughts of the disease could not overcome the prevailing laissez-faire attitude towards public health legislation. The medical profession was equally helpless. Doctors could neither cure the disease nor isolate its cause, and public sentiment against them ran high. A Darkened House is important reading for those interested in Canada’s social, political, and medical history.

Yearning for the Land

A Search for Homeland in Scotland and America
Author: John W. Simpson
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 030756133X
Category: Nature
Page: 304
View: 7922

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A beautiful, meditative memoir mixed with travel and history, this unique book is the story of one American’s search for a deeper connection to the land. Drawn by a sense that he is missing a critical link to his home in suburban Ohio, John W. Simpson heads for rural Scotland, where he encounters his own family history as well as estate owners and tenant farmers who have centuries-long ties to their land. As he travels, he meditates on the legacy of the great 19th century conservationist John Muir, who himself developed a complex love of the land when he immigrated from Scotland’s North Sea coast to the fields and forests of Wisconsin. As Simpson physically retraces Muir’s journey he wonders what sense of belonging Muir found on the frontier that modern America, with its strip malls and housing developments, has forgotten. A fascinating story of changing perceptions and values from the Old World to the New, Yearning for the Land shows us just how much roots matter—both in our own lives, and in the many ways time and history, landscape and community are tightly intertwined. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Peoples of Canada

A Pre-Confederation History
Author: J. M. Bumsted
Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195416893
Category: History
Page: 542
View: 4761

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The Peoples of Canada examines the history of Canada from the First Peoples before contact with the earliest European settlers to Confederation in 1867. The volume examines pre-contact northern North America exploration in the 16th and 17th centuries; settlement in the Atlantic provinces, the St. Lawrence Valley, and New France; the growth the political changes that brought about the confederation of the four provinces of British North America into the Dominion of Canada; and the expansionof Canada's domain, society, and economy in the 19th century.

Scottish emigration and Scottish society

proceedings of the Scottish Historical Studies Seminar, University of Strathclyde 1990-1991
Author: Thomas Martin Devine
Publisher: John Donald
Category: Civilization, Modern
Page: 178
View: 4620

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Kith and Kin

Canada, Britain, and the United States from the Revolution to the Cold War
Author: C. C. Eldridge
Publisher: Cardiff : University of Wales Press
Category: History
Page: 231
View: 8652

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The British Empire

Themes and Perspectives
Author: S. E. Stockwell
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Category: Political Science
Page: 355
View: 5649

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This edited work adopts a distinctive thematic approach to the history of British imperialism from the 18th to the 20th century. Each contributor offers a personal assessment of the topic at hand, and examines key interpretive debates among historians.

A Dictionary of Scottish Emigrants to the U. S. A.

Author: Donald Whyte
Publisher: Genealogical Publishing Com
ISBN: 0806348178
Category: Reference
Page: 520
View: 2919

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Would you be willing to give up all aspects of your public religion for peace on Earth? Is God dead, and man abandoned to his own fate, or is help coming? How much longer will the universe leave us on our own? Do you care what modern mathematics and physics are doing to your everyday reality? Can the human genome be reprogrammed like your laptop computer? This is the story of God returning to earth and choosing a scientist as his next prophet. As at any time in the history of the world, everyday events and global chaos intermingle. Why now? Is God angry enough to bring fire, and nuclear destruction? Is God choosing new believers and giving them a technological rainbow? The Family of Man survives and prospers through war, pestilence, personal dangers, and the Second Dark Ages. Will they succeed and go to the stars, or will the world turn on them? Much of the action' is intellectual, mathematical, religious, genetic, political, astronomical, but some people will die bloody deaths. Begin with the first Theorem of the New Deists: Religion is fundamentally evil, and God does not approve of it. Follow the Fifth Prophet and his Family of Man as they attempt to build a new Eden on Earth.