Science Research Writing for Non-native Speakers of English


Author: Hilary Glasman-Deal
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1848163118
Category: English language
Page: 257
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Introduction : How to use this book -- How to write an introduction -- Writing about methodology -- Writing about results -- Writing the discussion/conclusion -- Writing the abstract.

A Guide to Supervising Non-native English Writers of Theses and Dissertations

Focusing on the Writing Process
Author: John Bitchener
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136218394
Category: Education
Page: 166
View: 6846

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Focused on the writing process, A Guide to Supervising Non-native English Writers of Theses and Dissertations presents approaches that can be employed by supervisors to help address the writing issues or difficulties that may emerge during the provisional and confirmation phases of the thesis/dissertation journey. Pre-writing advice and post-writing feedback that can be given to students are explained and illustrated. A growing number of students who are non-native speakers of English are enrolled in Masters and PhD programmes at universities across the world where English is the language of communication. These students often encounter difficulties when writing a thesis or dissertation in English – primarily, understanding the requirements and expectations of the new academic context and the conventions of academic writing. Designed for easy use by supervisors, this concise guide focuses specifically on the relationship between reading for and preparing to write the various part-genres or chapters; the creation of argument; making and evaluating claims, judgements and conclusions; writing coherent and cohesive text; meeting the generic and discipline-specific writing conventions; designing conference abstracts and PowerPoint presentations; and writing journal articles.

English for Writing Research Papers


Author: Adrian Wallwork
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441979223
Category: Education
Page: 325
View: 5489

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Publishing your research in an international journal is key to your success in academia. This guide is based on a study of referees' reports and letters from journal editors on reasons why papers written by non-native researchers are rejected due to problems with English usage. It draws on English-related errors from around 5000 papers written by non-native authors, 500 abstracts by PhD students, and over 1000 hours of teaching researchers how to write and present research papers. With easy-to-follow rules and tips, and with examples taken from published and unpublished papers, you will learn how to: prepare and structure a manuscript increase readability and reduce the number of mistakes you make in English by writing concisely, with no redundancy and no ambiguity plan and organize your paper, and structure each paragraph and each sentence so that the reader can easily follow the logical build-up towards various conclusions write a title and an abstract that will attract attention and be read decide what to include in the various parts of the paper (Introduction, Methodology, Discussion etc) select from over 700 useful phrases highlight your claims and contribution avoid plagiarism and make it 100% clear whether you are referring to your own work or someone else’s choose the correct tenses and style (active or passive) Other books in the series: English for Presentations at International Conferences English for Academic Correspondence and Socializing English for Research: Usage, Style, and Grammar English for Academic Research: Grammar / Vocabulary / Writing Exercises Adrian Wallwork is the author of more than 20 ELT and EAP textbooks. He has trained several thousand PhD students and academics from 35 countries to prepare and give presentations. Since 1984 he has been revising research papers, and in 2009 he set up englishforacademics.com – a proofreading and editing service specifically for researchers.

Writing Scientific Research Articles

Strategy and Steps
Author: Margaret Cargill,Patrick O'Connor
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118570685
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 696

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This book shows scientists how to apply their analysis and synthesis skills to overcoming the challenge of how to write, as well as what to write, to maximise their chances of publishing in international scientific journals. The book uses analysis of the scientific article genre to provide clear processes for writing each section of a manuscript, starting with clear ‘story’ construction and packaging of results. Each learning step uses practical exercises to develop writing and data presentation skills based on reader analysis of well-written example papers. Strategies are presented for responding to referee comments, and for developing discipline-specific English language skills for manuscript writing and polishing. The book is designed for scientists who use English as a first or an additional language, and for individual scientists or mentors or a class setting. In response to reader requests, the new edition includes review articles and the full range of research article formats, as well as applying the book’s principles to writing funding applications. Web support for this book is available at www.writeresearch.com.au

Eloquent Science

A Practical Guide to Becoming a Better Writer, Speaker, and Atmospheric Scientist
Author: David Schultz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1935704036
Category: Science
Page: 440
View: 5330

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Mary Grace Soccio. My writing could not please this kindhearted woman, no matter how hard I tried. Although Gifed and Talented seventh-grade math posed no problem for me, the same was not true for Mrs. Soccio’s English class. I was frustrated that my frst assignment only netted me a C. I worked harder, making re- sion afer revision, a concept I had never really put much faith in before. At last, I produced an essay that seemed the apex of what I was capable of wr- ing. Although the topic of that essay is now lost to my memory, the grade I received was not: a B?. “Te best I could do was a B??” Te realization sank in that maybe I was not such a good writer. In those days, my youthful hubris did not understand abouc t apacity bui- ing. In other words, being challenged would result in my intellectual growth— an academic restatement of Nietzsche’s “What does not destroy me, makes me stronger.” Consequently, I asked to be withdrawn from Gifed and Talented English in the eighth grade.

Technical Writing and Professional Communication

For Nonnative Speakers of English
Author: Thomas N. Huckin
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 746
View: 2427

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Developed for use by non-native speakers of English enrolled in Technical Writing and Communication courses. Technical Writing and Professional Communication, 2/e, places technical writing in its context, showing students how to consider their purpose and their audience when writing reports, memos, and correspondence. Formerly titled Technical Writing and Professional Communication: A Handbook for Nonnative Speakers, the new edition features a case running throughout seven chapters, dynamically illustrating the writing process. The revision also provides complete coverage of the new computer technologies and the new attention to the intercultural concerns in today's business world.

The Dominance of English as a Language of Science

Effects on Other Languages and Language Communities
Author: Ulrich Ammon
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110869489
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 491
View: 4364

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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE brings to students, researchers and practitioners in all of the social and language-related sciences carefully selected book-length publications dealing with sociolinguistic theory, methods, findings and applications. It approaches the study of language in society in its broadest sense, as a truly international and interdisciplinary field in which various approaches, theoretical and empirical, supplement and complement each other. The series invites the attention of linguists, language teachers of all interests, sociologists, political scientists, anthropologists, historians etc. to the development of the sociology of language.

Scientific Writing = Thinking in Words


Author: David Lindsay
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN: 064310223X
Category: Science
Page: 128
View: 4207

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Telling people about research is just as important as doing it. But many researchers, who, in all other respects, are competent scientists, are afraid of writing. They are wary of the unwritten rules, the unspoken dogma and the inexplicably complex style, all of which seem to pervade conventional thinking about scientific writing. This book has been written to expose these phantoms as largely smoke and mirrors, and replace them with principles that make communicating research easier and encourage researchers to write confidently. It presents a way of thinking about writing that emulates the way good scientists think about research. It concentrates on the structure of articles, rather than simply on grammar and syntax. So, it is an ideal reference for researchers preparing articles for scientific journals, posters, conference presentations, reviews and popular articles; for students preparing theses; and for researchers whose first language is not English. Scientific Writing = Thinking in Words expounds principles that produce scientific articles in a wide range of disciplines that are focussed, concise and, best of all, easy to write and read. As one senior scientist observed, ‘This book not only made me a better writer; it made me a better scientist’.

The Craft of Scientific Presentations

Critical Steps to Succeed and Critical Errors to Avoid
Author: Michael Alley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387225870
Category: Science
Page: 241
View: 2382

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This timely and hugely practical work provides a score of examples from contemporary and historical scientific presentations to show clearly what makes an oral presentation effective. It considers presentations made to persuade an audience to adopt some course of action (such as funding a proposal) as well as presentations made to communicate information, and it considers these from four perspectives: speech, structure, visual aids, and delivery. It also discusses computer-based projections and slide shows as well as overhead projections. In particular, it looks at ways of organizing graphics and text in projected images and of using layout and design to present the information efficiently and effectively.

Writing Scientific Papers in English Successfully

Your Complete Roadmap
Author: Ethel Schuster Editor,Haim Levkowitz Editor,Osvaldo N Oliveira Jr Editor
Publisher: Hyprtek.Com, Incorporated
ISBN: 9788588533974
Category: Communication in science
Page: 194
View: 9486

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"Having to communicate in English is necessary in today's world. English is the lingua franca of science, and of the speedy communications we depend on, namely the Internet, the World Wide Web, social media, crowdsourcing, and other information-sharing resources. The challenge to produce well-written papers is especially hard for non-native speakers of English, the majority of scientists around the world. Effective scientific writing requires both mastery of the English language and proficiency in the specific academic genre ... We have developed a strategy to tackle the problems faced by writers who are new to the scientific writing genre and style. This strategy can help both non-natives attempting to overcome the language barrier and native speakers of English ... This book is divided into two parts: the first part provides the theoretical foundations of scientific writing. The second part details the strategies, techniques, and tools that are at the heart of our approach"--Preface

Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers. Second Edition


Author: Mimi Zeiger
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071503854
Category: Science
Page: 440
View: 8288

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Provides immediate help for anyone preparing a biomedical paper by givin specific advice on organizing the components of the paper, effective writing techniques, writing an effective results sections, documentation issues, sentence structure and much more. The new edition includes new examples from the current literature including many involving molecular biology, expanded exercises at the end of the book, revised explanations on linking key terms, transition clauses, uses of subheads, and emphases. If you plan to do any medical writing, read this book first and get an immediate advantage.

Writing and Presenting in English

The Rosetta Stone of Science
Author: Petey Young
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080469324
Category: Education
Page: 124
View: 9250

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The Rosetta Stone of Science is a useful and practical guide to presenting scientific research in the English language. It is written specifically for scientists who would like to improve the effectiveness with which they use the English language and improve their communicative skills in order to become published and develop more confidence in presenting their work at international conferences. Part 1 of the book covers the style preferred by today's leading journals, discusses how to prepare models for writing research papers, and provides advice for writing abstracts, proposals, and editing. Examples of cover letters are also given. Part 2 discusses the various arts and techniques used by successful presenters at scientific conferences. The content of the book is presented in a light, simple and informative manner making The Rosetta Stone of Science an entertaining and instructive read. This book will prove invaluable to all scientists, research fellows, post-docs, and graduate students whose first language is not English.

How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper


Author: Robert Day,Barbara Gastel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107670748
Category: Science
Page: 300
View: 6197

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An essential guide for succeeding in today's competitive environment, this book provides beginning scientists and experienced researchers with practical advice on writing about their work and getting published. This new, updated edition discusses the latest print and Internet resources. Preparing, submitting and publishing scientific papers is now largely electronic, and the book has been revised to reflect this. New material includes more information on including supplementary material online, using reference management software, and preparing tables and figures; expanded sections on structuring a discussion section and the strengths and limitations of the research; and additional material on international aspects of scientific writing. The book guides readers through the processes involved in writing and publishing for scientific journals, from choosing a suitable journal to presenting results and citing references. It covers ethical issues in scientific publishing; explains rights and permissions; and discusses writing grant proposals, giving presentations and writing for general audiences.

PhraseBook for Writing Papers and Research in English


Author: Stephen Howe,Kristina Henriksson
Publisher: The Whole World Company
ISBN: 1903384052
Category: Reference
Page: 305
View: 3496

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The PhraseBook for Writing Papers and Research gives you a bank of over 5000 words and phrases to help you write, present and publish in English. Phrases are divided into around 30 main sections, such as Introducing a Study, Arguing For and Against, Reviewing other Work, Summarizing and Conclusions. Writing Help sections give advice on university and research writing, helping you to avoid many common errors in English. Main chapters include Style, Spelling, Punctuation, Grammar, Vocabulary, Numbers and Time. The 4th edition also includes a University and Research Thesaurus to help you improve your academic vocabulary, as well as a Glossary of University and Research Terminology. The PhraseBook is used in more than 30 countries in subjects ranging from Medicine, Engineering, Science and Technology to Law, Business and Economics, Geography, History, Sociology, Psychology, Language and Education. Over 5000 words and phrases to help you write, present and publish in English Written by PhD authors Specially designed for non-native speakers Suitable for university and research writing from student to researcher and faculty level Includes most frequent words in academic English Exercises for individual and classroom use British and American English "This material, prepared by experienced editors, is certainly very useful" Photosynthetica Example phrases Introducing your work The study will begin by outlining... This study addresses a number of issues... The following section sets out... ...to examine the research problem in detail ...to shed light on a number of problem areas in current theory The paper presented here is based in part on an earlier study Arguing for and against This becomes clear when one examines... This lends weight to the argument that... Support for this interpretation comes from... While it may well be valid that..., this study argues the importance of... A serious drawback of this approach is... One of the prime failings of this theory or explanation is... Reviewing other work X takes little or no account of... There is little evidence to suggest that... The study offers only cursory examination of... X gives a detailed if not always tenable analysis of... The authors' claim that...is not well founded. X's explanation is not implausible, if not entirely satisfactory. Analysis and explanation If, for the sake of argument, we assume... One of the most obvious consequences of...is... Although it may well be true that..., it is important not to overlook... It is important to distinguish carefully between... The extent to which this reflects...is unclear. A more plausible explanation for or of...would... The reason for...is unknown, but...has been suggested by X as a possible factor. Summary and conclusions Concluding this section, we can say that... Chapter X draws together the main findings of the paper. A number of key issues have been addressed in this study. This study has highlighted a number of problem areas in existing theory. While the initial findings are promising, further research is necessary. The results of this study suggest a number of new avenues for research.

The Scientist's Guide to Writing

How to Write More Easily and Effectively throughout Your Scientific Career
Author: Stephen B. Heard
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400881145
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 6462

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The ability to write clearly is critical to any scientific career. The Scientist's Guide to Writing provides practical advice to help scientists become more effective writers so that their ideas have the greatest possible impact. Drawing on his own experience as a scientist, graduate adviser, and editor, Stephen Heard emphasizes that the goal of all scientific writing should be absolute clarity; that good writing takes deliberate practice; and that what many scientists need are not long lists of prescriptive rules but rather direct engagement with their behaviors and attitudes when they write. He combines advice on such topics as how to generate and maintain writing momentum with practical tips on structuring a scientific paper, revising a first draft, handling citations, responding to peer reviews, managing coauthorships, and more. In an accessible, informal tone, The Scientist's Guide to Writing explains essential techniques that students, postdoctoral researchers, and early-career scientists need to write more clearly, efficiently, and easily. Emphasizes writing as a process, not just a product Encourages habits that improve motivation and productivity Explains the structure of the scientific paper and the function of each part Provides detailed guidance on submission, review, revision, and publication Addresses issues related to coauthorship, English as a second language, and more

Writing Research Papers

A Complete Guide
Author: James D. Lester (Deceased),James D. Lester Jr.
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 0134575903
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 416
View: 1604

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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. The definitive research paper guide, Writing Research Papers combines a traditional and practical approach to the research process with the latest information on electronic research and presentation. This market-leading text provides students with step-by-step guidance through the research writing process, from selecting and narrowing a topic to formatting the finished document. Writing Research Papers backs up its instruction with the most complete array of samples of any writing guide of this nature. The text continues its extremely thorough and accurate coverage of citation styles for a wide variety of disciplines. The fifteenth edition maintains Lester's successful approach while bringing new writing and documentation updates to assist the student researcher in keeping pace with electronic sources.

Does Science Need a Global Language?

English and the Future of Research
Author: Scott L. Montgomery
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226535037
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 5211

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In early 2012, the global scientific community erupted with news that the elusive Higgs boson had likely been found, providing potent validation for the Standard Model of how the universe works. Scientists from more than one hundred countries contributed to this discovery—proving, beyond any doubt, that a new era in science had arrived, an era of multinationalism and cooperative reach. Globalization, the Internet, and digital technology all play a role in making this new era possible, but something more fundamental is also at work. In all scientific endeavors lies the ancient drive for sharing ideas and knowledge, and now this can be accomplished in a single tongue— English. But is this a good thing? In Does Science Need a Global Language?, Scott L. Montgomery seeks to answer this question by investigating the phenomenon of global English in science, how and why it came about, the forms in which it appears, what advantages and disadvantages it brings, and what its future might be. He also examines the consequences of a global tongue, considering especially emerging and developing nations, where research is still at a relatively early stage and English is not yet firmly established. Throughout the book, he includes important insights from a broad range of perspectives in linguistics, history, education, geopolitics, and more. Each chapter includes striking and revealing anecdotes from the front-line experiences of today’s scientists, some of whom have struggled with the reality of global scientific English. He explores topics such as student mobility, publication trends, world Englishes, language endangerment, and second language learning, among many others. What he uncovers will challenge readers to rethink their assumptions about the direction of contemporary science, as well as its future.

Lexical Bundles in Native and Non-native Scientific Writing

Applying a corpus-based study to language teaching
Author: Danica Salazar
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027269521
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 212
View: 6443

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This book presents an investigation of lexical bundles in native and non-nativescientific writing in English, whose aim is to produce a frequency-derived, statistically- and qualitatively-refined list of the most pedagogically useful lexical bundles in scientific prose: one that can be sorted and filtered by frequency, key word, structure and function, and includes contextual information such as variations, authentic examples and usage notes. The first part of the volumediscusses the creation of this list based on a multimillion-word corpus of biomedical research writing and reveals the structure and functions of lexical bundles and their role in effective scientific communication. A comparative analysis of a non-native corpus highlights non-native scientists’ difficulties’ inemploying lexical bundles. The second part of the volume explores pedagogical applications and provides a series of teaching activities that illustrate how EAP teachers or materials designers can use the list of lexical bundles in their practice.

Successful Scientific Writing

A Step-by-Step Guide for the Biological and Medical Sciences
Author: Janice R. Matthews,Robert W. Matthews
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139465434
Category: Reference
Page: N.A
View: 620

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The detailed, practical, step-by-step advice in this user-friendly guide will help students and researchers to communicate their work more effectively through the written word. Covering all aspects of the writing process, this concise, accessible resource is critically acclaimed, well-structured, comprehensive, and entertaining. Self-help exercises and abundant examples from actual typescripts draw on the authors' extensive experience working both as researchers and with them. Whilst retaining the user-friendly and pragmatic style of earlier editions, this third edition has been updated and broadened to incorporate such timely topics as guidelines for successful international publication, ethical and legal issues including plagiarism and falsified data, electronic publication, and text-based talks and poster presentations. With advice applicable to many writing contexts in the majority of scientific disciplines, this book is a powerful tool for improving individual skills and an eminently suitable text for classroom courses or seminars.