Science As Power

Discourse and Ideology in Modern Society
Author: Stanley Aronowitz
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 9781452900100
Category:
Page: 384
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Science has established itself as not merely the dominant but the only legitimate form of human knowledge. By tying its truth claims to methodology, science has claimed independence from the influence of social and historical conditions. Here, Aronowitz asserts that the norms of science are by no means self-evident and that science is best seen as a socially constructed discourse that legitimates its power by presenting itself as truth.

Voicing Concerns

Contemporary Chinese Critical Inquiry
Author: Gloria Davies
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1461715555
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 7905

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Opening a new window into Chinese intellectual discourse, this unique book is a critical engagement with the issues, problems, and meanings of contemporary Chinese intellectual thought. As key participants in these debates who have exercised a significant influence on the development of contemporary Chinese thought, the volume's contributors explore concerns over the role of the intellectual and the outcomes of knowledge production in the humanities. Masterfully translated, these essays provide a wide range of conflicting perspectives on contemporary Chinese intellectuality, yet they share in common the belief held by many Chinese intellectuals in the power of intellectual labor to shape and change social life. By showing how Western social and cultural theory as well as the May Fourth and pre-modern Confucian traditions are being adapted for contemporary Chinese intellectual use, the book highlights how Chinese academics have affirmed an independent critical role for themselves in post-Mao China and the scope of the knowledge industry that they have created and developed since 1979.

Freedom, Power and Political Morality

Essays for Felix Oppenheim
Author: I. Carter,M. Ricciardi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0333992717
Category: Political Science
Page: 244
View: 2130

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This collection of new essays on political and legal theory concentrates on themes dealt with in the work of Felix Oppenheim, including fundamental political and legal concepts and their implications for the scope of morality in politics and international relations. Among the issues addressed are the relationship between empirical and normative definitions of 'freedom', 'power' and 'interests', whether governments are free to act against the national interest, and whether they can ever be morally obliged to do so.

Education and Neoliberal Globalization


Author: Carlos Alberto Torres
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135853118
Category: Education
Page: 150
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This volume by noted critical education scholar Carlos Alberto Torres takes up the question of how structural changes in schooling and the growing impacts of neoliberalism and globalization affect social change, national development, and democratic educational systems throughout the world. The first section of the book offers analytical avenues to understand and criticize the practices and policies of neoliberal states, both domestically and internationally. More than a mere lament of the state of educational policy, however, Torres also documents the critiques and alternatives developed by social movements against neoliberal governments and policies. Ultimately, his work urges readers to engage in the struggle to resist the oppressive forces of neoliberal globalization, and proactively and deliberately act in informed ways to create a better world.

The SAGE Handbook of Environment and Society


Author: Jules Pretty,Andy Ball,Ted Benton,Julia Guivant,David R Lee,David Orr,Max Pfeffer,Professor Hugh Ward
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446250083
Category: Science
Page: 640
View: 3928

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"A monumental and timely contribution to scholarship on society and environments. The handbook makes it easy and compelling for anyone to learn about that scholarship in its full manifestations and as represented by some of the most highly respected researchers and thinkers in the English-speaking world. It is wide-reaching in scope and far-reaching in its implications for public and private action, a definite must for serious researchers and their libraries." - Bonnie J McCay, Rutgers University "This is the desert island book for anyone interested in the relationship between society and the environment. The editors have assembled a masterful collection of contributions on every conceivable dimension of environmental thinking in the social sciences and humanities. No library should be without it!' - Robyn Eckersley, University of Melbourne The SAGE Handbook of Environment and Society focuses on the interactions between people, societies and economies, and the state of nature and the environment. Editorially integrated but written from multi-disciplinary perspectives, it is organised in seven sections: Environmental thought: past and present Valuing the environment Knowledges and knowing Political economy of environmental change Environmental technologies Redesigning natures Institutions and policies for influencing the environment Key themes include: locations where the environment-society relation is most acute: where, for example, there are few natural resources or where industrialization is unregulated; the discussion of these issues at different scales: local, regional, national, and global; the cost of damage to resources; and the relation between principal actors in the environment-society nexus. Aimed at an international audience of academics, research students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers, The SAGE Handbook of Environment and Society presents readers in social science and natural science with a manual of the past, present and future of environment-society links.

Empires of Knowledge in International Relations

Education and Science as Sources of Power for the State
Author: Anna Wojciuk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351660861
Category: Political Science
Page: 242
View: 7788

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This volume offers the first systematic account of how education and science have become sources of power for the states in international relations and what factors have effected this development. Drawing together extensive empirical data on the USA, the EU, Japan, Korea, Singapore, and China, Wojciuk explores the factors and mechanisms through which education and science translate into the international position of different states, highlighting how they continue to contribute to the reproduction of the centre-periphery system in global politics. Written in an accessible style, the author argues that these factors increase the likelihood of success for states in international relations, even if in themselves, they cannot guarantee it. Specifying the ways in which education and science contribute to the power of a state in international relations, Wojciuk focuses on mechanisms involved in state-building processes and economic development, and invokes cases of successful competitive strategies involving education and science. This work will be of interest to scholars in a wide range of subjects including education research, international relations and international political economy.

Theory and Power

On the Character of Modern Sciences
Author: Rolf Gruner
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789060320877
Category: Philosophy
Page: 238
View: 7036

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How Scientists Explain Disease


Author: Paul Thagard
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691050836
Category: Medical
Page: 263
View: 1459

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How do scientists develop new explanations of disease? How do those explanations become accepted as true? And how does medical diagnosis change when physicians are confronted with new scientific evidence? These are some of the questions that Paul Thagard pursues in this book that develops a new, integrative approach to the study of science. How Scientists Explain Disease challenges both traditional philosophy of science, which has viewed science as largely a matter of logic, and contemporary science studies that view science as largely a matter of power. Drawing on theories of distributed computing and artificial intelligence, Paul Thagard develops new models that make sense of scientific change as a complex system of cognitive, social, and physical interactions.

Proceedings


Author: Royal Institution of Great Britain
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 7300

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Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Hydrogen Materials Science an Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials, Sudak, Crimea, Ukraine, September 14-20, 2003
Author: T. Nejat Veziroglu,Svetlana Yu. Zaginaichenko,Dmitry V. Schur,B. Baranowski,Anatoliy P. Shpak,Valeriy V. Skorokhod
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402026676
Category: Science
Page: 660
View: 3487

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The 2003 International Conference "Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials" was held in September 2003. In the tradition of the earlier ICHMS conferences, this meeting served as an interdisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of the most recent research on transition to hydrogen-based energy systems, technologies for hydrogen production, storage, utilization, materials, energy and environmental problems. The aim of the volume is to provide an overview of the latest scientific results on research and development in the different topics cited above. The representatives from industry, public laboratories, universities and governmental agencies have presented the most recent advances in hydrogen concepts, processes and systems, to evaluate current progress in these areas of investigations and to identify promising research directions for the future.

Science, Society and Power

Environmental Knowledge and Policy in West Africa and the Caribbean
Author: James Fairhead,Melissa Leach
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521535663
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 9527

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This book brings science to the heart of debates about globalization by exploring the globalization of science and its contrasting effects in Guinea (one of the world's poorest countries) and Trinidad (a more prosperous, industrialized and urbanized island). It focuses on environment, forestry and conservation, sciences that are central to these countries and involve resources that many depend upon for their livelihoods. Taking a unique ethnographic approach drawn from anthropology, development and science studies, the work will appeal to students and researchers across the social sciences, as well as policy-makers and practitioners.

The Demon-Haunted World

Science as a Candle in the Dark
Author: Carl Sagan
Publisher: Ballantine Books
ISBN: 0307801047
Category: Science
Page: 480
View: 942

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A prescient warning of a future we now inhabit, where fake news stories and Internet conspiracy theories play to a disaffected American populace “A glorious book . . . A spirited defense of science . . . From the first page to the last, this book is a manifesto for clear thought.”—Los Angeles Times How can we make intelligent decisions about our increasingly technology-driven lives if we don’t understand the difference between the myths of pseudoscience and the testable hypotheses of science? Pulitzer Prize-winning author and distinguished astronomer Carl Sagan argues that scientific thinking is critical not only to the pursuit of truth but to the very well-being of our democratic institutions. Casting a wide net through history and culture, Sagan examines and authoritatively debunks such celebrated fallacies of the past as witchcraft, faith healing, demons, and UFOs. And yet, disturbingly, in today's so-called information age, pseudoscience is burgeoning with stories of alien abduction, channeling past lives, and communal hallucinations commanding growing attention and respect. As Sagan demonstrates with lucid eloquence, the siren song of unreason is not just a cultural wrong turn but a dangerous plunge into darkness that threatens our most basic freedoms. Praise for The Demon-Haunted World “Powerful . . . A stirring defense of informed rationality. . . Rich in surprising information and beautiful writing.”—The Washington Post Book World “Compelling.”—USA Today “A clear vision of what good science means and why it makes a difference. . . . A testimonial to the power of science and a warning of the dangers of unrestrained credulity.”—The Sciences “Passionate.”—San Francisco Examiner-Chronicle

Norms, Values, and Society


Author: Herlinde Pauer-Studer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401724547
Category: Philosophy
Page: 350
View: 918

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Norms, Values, and Society is the second Yearbook of the Vienna Circle Institute, which was founded in October 1991. The main part of the book contains original contributions to an international symposium the Institute held in October 1993 on ethics and social philosophy. The papers deal among others with questions of justice, equality, just social institutions, human rights, the connections between rationality and morality and the methodological problems of applied ethics. The Documentation section contains previously unpublished papers by Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Charles W. Morris and Edgar Zilsel, and the review section presents new publications on the Vienna Circle. The Vienna Circle Institute is devoted to the critical advancement of science and philosophy in the broad tradition of the Vienna Circle, as well as to the focusing of cross-disciplinary interest on the history and philosophy of science in a social context. The Institute's Yearbooks will, for the most part, document its activities and provide a forum for the discussion of exact philosophy, logical and empirical investigations, and analysis of language.

Contexts of Nursing

An Introduction
Author: John Daly,Sandra Speedy,Debra Jackson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0729579255
Category: Medical
Page: 400
View: 7475

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Contexts of Nursing 3e builds on the strengths of previous editions and continues to provide nursing students with comprehensive coverage of core ideas and perspectives underpinning the practice of nursing. The new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated. New material on Cultural Awareness and Contemporary Approaches in Nursing has been introduced to reflect the realities of practice. Nursing themes are discussed from an Australian and New Zealand perspective and are supported by illustrated examples and evidence. Each chapter focuses on an area of study within the undergraduate nursing program and the new edition continues its discussions on history, culture, ethics, law, technology, and professional issues within the field of nursing. update and revised with strong contributions from a wide range of experienced educators from around Australia & New Zealand new Chapter 17 Becoming a Nurse Leader has been introduced into the third edition to highlight the ongoing need of management in practice Chapter 20 Cultural Awareness Nurses working with indigenous people is a new chapter which explores cultural awareness, safety and competence Chapter 22 Using informatics to expand awareness engages the reader on the benefits of using technology evidence-based approach is integrated throughout the text learning objectives, key words and reflective questions are included in all chapters

Archaeological Theory and the Politics of Cultural Heritage


Author: Laurajane Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134367953
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 759

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This controversial book is a survey of how relationships between indigenous peoples and the archaeological establishment have got into difficulty, and a crucial pointer to how to move forward from this point. With lucid appraisals of key debates such as NAGPRA, Kennewick and the repatriation of Tasmanian artefacts, Laurajane Smith dissects the nature and consequences of this clash of cultures. Smith explores how indigenous communities in the USA and Australia have confronted the pre-eminence of archaeological theory and discourse in the way the material remains of their past are cared for and controlled, and how this has challenged traditional archaeological thought and practice. Essential reading for all those concerned with developing a just and equal dialogue between the two parties, and the role of archaeology in the research and management of their heritage.

Fashionable Nonsense

Postmodern Intellectuals' Abuse of Science
Author: Alan Sokal,Jean Bricmont
Publisher: Picador
ISBN: 1466862408
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 5834

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In 1996 physicist Alan Sokal published an essay in Social Text--an influential academic journal of cultural studies--touting the deep similarities between quantum gravitational theory and postmodern philosophy. Soon thereafter, the essay was revealed as a brilliant parody, a catalog of nonsense written in the cutting-edge but impenetrable lingo of postmodern theorists. The event sparked a furious debate in academic circles and made the headlines of newspapers in the U.S. and abroad. Now in Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals' Abuse of Science, Sokal and his fellow physicist Jean Bricmont expand from where the hoax left off. In a delightfully witty and clear voice, the two thoughtfully and thoroughly dismantle the pseudo-scientific writings of some of the most fashionable French and American intellectuals. More generally, they challenge the widespread notion that scientific theories are mere "narrations" or social constructions.

Why Gould Was Wrong


Author: Nils K. Oeijord
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595752039
Category: Science
Page: 722
View: 3887

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Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was a leading critic of human behavioral genetics, human sociobiology, evolutionary psychology, and the modern evolutionary synthesis. Why Gould Was Wrong explains why Gould's claims were horribly wrong.