Science As Power

Discourse and Ideology in Modern Society
Author: Stanley Aronowitz
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 9781452900100
Category:
Page: 384
View: 619

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Science has established itself as not merely the dominant but the only legitimate form of human knowledge. By tying its truth claims to methodology, science has claimed independence from the influence of social and historical conditions. Here, Aronowitz asserts that the norms of science are by no means self-evident and that science is best seen as a socially constructed discourse that legitimates its power by presenting itself as truth.

Freedom, Power and Political Morality

Essays for Felix Oppenheim
Author: I. Carter,M. Ricciardi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0333992717
Category: Political Science
Page: 244
View: 5323

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This collection of new essays on political and legal theory concentrates on themes dealt with in the work of Felix Oppenheim, including fundamental political and legal concepts and their implications for the scope of morality in politics and international relations. Among the issues addressed are the relationship between empirical and normative definitions of 'freedom', 'power' and 'interests', whether governments are free to act against the national interest, and whether they can ever be morally obliged to do so.

Symbolic Power, Politics, and Intellectuals

The Political Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu
Author: David L. Swartz
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226925021
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 6575

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Power is the central organizing principle of all social life, from culture and education to stratification and taste. And there is no more prominent name in the analysis of power than that of noted sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. Throughout his career, Bourdieu challenged the commonly held view that symbolic power—the power to dominate—is solely symbolic. He emphasized that symbolic power helps create and maintain social hierarchies, which form the very bedrock of political life. By the time of his death in 2002, Bourdieu had become a leading public intellectual, and his argument about the more subtle and influential ways that cultural resources and symbolic categories prevail in power arrangements and practices had gained broad recognition. In Symbolic Power, Politics, and Intellectuals, David L. Swartz delves deeply into Bourdieu’s work to show how central—but often overlooked—power and politics are to an understanding of sociology. Arguing that power and politics stand at the core of Bourdieu’s sociology, Swartz illuminates Bourdieu’s political project for the social sciences, as well as Bourdieu’s own political activism, explaining how sociology is not just science but also a crucial form of political engagement.

Voicing Concerns

Contemporary Chinese Critical Inquiry
Author: Gloria Davies
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1461715555
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 8236

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Opening a new window into Chinese intellectual discourse, this unique book is a critical engagement with the issues, problems, and meanings of contemporary Chinese intellectual thought. As key participants in these debates who have exercised a significant influence on the development of contemporary Chinese thought, the volume's contributors explore concerns over the role of the intellectual and the outcomes of knowledge production in the humanities. Masterfully translated, these essays provide a wide range of conflicting perspectives on contemporary Chinese intellectuality, yet they share in common the belief held by many Chinese intellectuals in the power of intellectual labor to shape and change social life. By showing how Western social and cultural theory as well as the May Fourth and pre-modern Confucian traditions are being adapted for contemporary Chinese intellectual use, the book highlights how Chinese academics have affirmed an independent critical role for themselves in post-Mao China and the scope of the knowledge industry that they have created and developed since 1979.

Theory and Power

On the Character of Modern Sciences
Author: Rolf Gruner
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789060320877
Category: Philosophy
Page: 238
View: 5818

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Education and Neoliberal Globalization


Author: Carlos Alberto Torres
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135853118
Category: Education
Page: 150
View: 7190

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This volume by noted critical education scholar Carlos Alberto Torres takes up the question of how structural changes in schooling and the growing impacts of neoliberalism and globalization affect social change, national development, and democratic educational systems throughout the world. The first section of the book offers analytical avenues to understand and criticize the practices and policies of neoliberal states, both domestically and internationally. More than a mere lament of the state of educational policy, however, Torres also documents the critiques and alternatives developed by social movements against neoliberal governments and policies. Ultimately, his work urges readers to engage in the struggle to resist the oppressive forces of neoliberal globalization, and proactively and deliberately act in informed ways to create a better world.

The SAGE Handbook of Environment and Society


Author: Jules Pretty,Andy Ball,Ted Benton,Julia Guivant,David R Lee,David Orr,Max Pfeffer,Professor Hugh Ward
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446250083
Category: Science
Page: 640
View: 4846

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"A monumental and timely contribution to scholarship on society and environments. The handbook makes it easy and compelling for anyone to learn about that scholarship in its full manifestations and as represented by some of the most highly respected researchers and thinkers in the English-speaking world. It is wide-reaching in scope and far-reaching in its implications for public and private action, a definite must for serious researchers and their libraries." - Bonnie J McCay, Rutgers University "This is the desert island book for anyone interested in the relationship between society and the environment. The editors have assembled a masterful collection of contributions on every conceivable dimension of environmental thinking in the social sciences and humanities. No library should be without it!' - Robyn Eckersley, University of Melbourne The SAGE Handbook of Environment and Society focuses on the interactions between people, societies and economies, and the state of nature and the environment. Editorially integrated but written from multi-disciplinary perspectives, it is organised in seven sections: Environmental thought: past and present Valuing the environment Knowledges and knowing Political economy of environmental change Environmental technologies Redesigning natures Institutions and policies for influencing the environment Key themes include: locations where the environment-society relation is most acute: where, for example, there are few natural resources or where industrialization is unregulated; the discussion of these issues at different scales: local, regional, national, and global; the cost of damage to resources; and the relation between principal actors in the environment-society nexus. Aimed at an international audience of academics, research students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers, The SAGE Handbook of Environment and Society presents readers in social science and natural science with a manual of the past, present and future of environment-society links.

Development Theory

Deconstructions/Reconstructions
Author: Jan Nederveen Pieterse
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761952930
Category: Political Science
Page: 195
View: 8364

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The thoughts and works of one of the leading commentators on the theory and policy of development are contained in this volume. The book looks widely over issues of Eurocentricism, critical globalism, intercultural transaction, delinking and post-development theory and presents ideas for the future of the field. Throughout, the author tries to connect issues of development with the latest thinking in sociology, critical theory and social science generally. This comprehensive book will be used as a barometer of critical thought in the field today. The writing has come out of many years of teaching and travelling in developing countries and reflects the author's unusual and detailed experience of conditions in Europe, Asia, A

How Scientists Explain Disease


Author: Paul Thagard
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691050836
Category: Medical
Page: 263
View: 4466

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How do scientists develop new explanations of disease? How do those explanations become accepted as true? And how does medical diagnosis change when physicians are confronted with new scientific evidence? These are some of the questions that Paul Thagard pursues in this book that develops a new, integrative approach to the study of science. How Scientists Explain Disease challenges both traditional philosophy of science, which has viewed science as largely a matter of logic, and contemporary science studies that view science as largely a matter of power. Drawing on theories of distributed computing and artificial intelligence, Paul Thagard develops new models that make sense of scientific change as a complex system of cognitive, social, and physical interactions.

Norms, Values, and Society


Author: Herlinde Pauer-Studer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401724547
Category: Philosophy
Page: 350
View: 1627

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Norms, Values, and Society is the second Yearbook of the Vienna Circle Institute, which was founded in October 1991. The main part of the book contains original contributions to an international symposium the Institute held in October 1993 on ethics and social philosophy. The papers deal among others with questions of justice, equality, just social institutions, human rights, the connections between rationality and morality and the methodological problems of applied ethics. The Documentation section contains previously unpublished papers by Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Charles W. Morris and Edgar Zilsel, and the review section presents new publications on the Vienna Circle. The Vienna Circle Institute is devoted to the critical advancement of science and philosophy in the broad tradition of the Vienna Circle, as well as to the focusing of cross-disciplinary interest on the history and philosophy of science in a social context. The Institute's Yearbooks will, for the most part, document its activities and provide a forum for the discussion of exact philosophy, logical and empirical investigations, and analysis of language.

Proceedings


Author: Royal Institution of Great Britain
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 6364

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Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Hydrogen Materials Science an Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials, Sudak, Crimea, Ukraine, September 14-20, 2003
Author: T. Nejat Veziroglu,Svetlana Yu. Zaginaichenko,Dmitry V. Schur,B. Baranowski,Anatoliy P. Shpak,Valeriy V. Skorokhod
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402026676
Category: Science
Page: 660
View: 5099

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The 2003 International Conference "Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials" was held in September 2003. In the tradition of the earlier ICHMS conferences, this meeting served as an interdisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of the most recent research on transition to hydrogen-based energy systems, technologies for hydrogen production, storage, utilization, materials, energy and environmental problems. The aim of the volume is to provide an overview of the latest scientific results on research and development in the different topics cited above. The representatives from industry, public laboratories, universities and governmental agencies have presented the most recent advances in hydrogen concepts, processes and systems, to evaluate current progress in these areas of investigations and to identify promising research directions for the future.

Contexts of Nursing

An Introduction
Author: John Daly,Sandra Speedy,Debra Jackson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0729579255
Category: Medical
Page: 400
View: 1532

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Contexts of Nursing 3e builds on the strengths of previous editions and continues to provide nursing students with comprehensive coverage of core ideas and perspectives underpinning the practice of nursing. The new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated. New material on Cultural Awareness and Contemporary Approaches in Nursing has been introduced to reflect the realities of practice. Nursing themes are discussed from an Australian and New Zealand perspective and are supported by illustrated examples and evidence. Each chapter focuses on an area of study within the undergraduate nursing program and the new edition continues its discussions on history, culture, ethics, law, technology, and professional issues within the field of nursing. update and revised with strong contributions from a wide range of experienced educators from around Australia & New Zealand new Chapter 17 Becoming a Nurse Leader has been introduced into the third edition to highlight the ongoing need of management in practice Chapter 20 Cultural Awareness Nurses working with indigenous people is a new chapter which explores cultural awareness, safety and competence Chapter 22 Using informatics to expand awareness engages the reader on the benefits of using technology evidence-based approach is integrated throughout the text learning objectives, key words and reflective questions are included in all chapters

Rethinking Scientific Literacy


Author: Wolff-Michael Roth,Angela Calabrese Barton
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415948432
Category: Education
Page: 227
View: 8093

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This book presents a new and entirely different perspective on scientific literacy in that it valorizes the capacities of human beings to participate in worldly affairs and to change their life contexts.

Why Gould Was Wrong


Author: Nils K. Oeijord
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595752039
Category: Science
Page: 722
View: 2106

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Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was a leading critic of human behavioral genetics, human sociobiology, evolutionary psychology, and the modern evolutionary synthesis. Why Gould Was Wrong explains why Gould's claims were horribly wrong.

Virtually Sacred

Myth and Meaning in World of Warcraft and Second Life
Author: Robert M. Geraci
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199379971
Category: Computers
Page: 352
View: 2276

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Millions of users have taken up residence in virtual worlds, and in those worlds they find opportunities to revisit and rewrite their religious lives. Robert M. Geraci argues that virtual worlds and video games have become a locus for the satisfaction of religious needs, providing many users with devoted communities, opportunities for ethical reflection, a meaningful experience of history and human activity, and a sense of transcendence. Using interviews, surveys, and his own first-hand experience within the virtual worlds, Geraci shows how World of Warcraft and Second Life provide participants with the opportunity to rethink what it means to be religious in the contemporary world. Not all participants use virtual worlds for religious purposes, but many online residents use them to rearrange or replace religious practice as designers and users collaborate in the production of a new spiritual marketplace. Using World of Warcraft and Second Life as case studies, this book shows that many residents now use virtual worlds to re-imagine their traditions and work to restore them to "authentic" sanctity, or else replace religious institutions with virtual communities that provide meaning and purpose to human life. For some online residents, virtual worlds are even keys to a post-human future where technology can help us transcend mortal life. Geraci argues that World of Warcraft and Second Life are "virtually sacred" because they do religious work. They often do such work without regard for-and frequently in conflict with-traditional religious institutions and practices; ultimately they participate in our sacred landscape as outsiders, competitors, and collaborators.

The Paranormal and the Politics of Truth

A Sociological Account
Author: Jeremy Northcote
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 1845404106
Category: Social Science
Page: 254
View: 4115

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This book is based on the author's ten-year research into the politics of belief surrounding paranormal ideas. Through a detailed examination of the participants, issues, strategies and underlying factors that constitute the contemporary paranormal debate, the book explores the struggle surrounding the status of paranormal phenomena. It examines, on the one hand, how the principal arbiters of religious and scientific truths - the Church and the academic establishment - reject paranormal ideas as "occult" and "pseudo-scientific", and how, on the other hand, paranormal enthusiasts attempt to resist such labels and instead establish paranormal ideas as legitimate knowledge. The author contends that the paranormal debate is the outcome of wider discursive processes that are concerned with the construction and negotiation of truth in Western society generally. More specifically, the debate is seen as an aspect of the "boundary work" that defines the contours of religious and scientific orthodoxy. The book paves new ground in understanding the nature of belief relating to a topic that has long held fascination to academics and lay people alike – paranormal ideas. It develops a discursive framework for understanding a contemporary social phenomenon, hence placing the study at the cutting edge of ethnographic development that seeks to integrate discursive perspectives with empirical accounts of sociological phenomena. Most importantly, the study is intended to contribute to the debate surrounding communicative action, by outlining a discursive perspective on the negotiation of ideational differences that goes beyond the incommensurability theories that have dominated the sociology of communication and knowledge.