Science and Religious Anthropology

A Spiritually Evocative Naturalist Interpretation of Human Life
Author: Wesley J. Wildman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317059077
Category: Religion
Page: 294
View: 8133

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Science and Religious Anthropology explores the convergence of the biological sciences, human sciences, and humanities around a spiritually evocative, naturalistic vision of human life. The disciplinary contributions are at different levels of complexity, from evolution of brains to existential longings, and from embodied sociality to ecosystem habitat. The resulting interpretation of the human condition supports some aspects of traditional theological thinking in the world's religious traditions while seriously challenging other aspects. Wesley Wildman draws out these implications for philosophical and religious anthropology and argues that the modern secular interpretation of humanity is most compatible with a religious form of naturalistic humanism. This book resists the reduction of meaning and value questions while taking scientific theories about human life with full seriousness. It argues for a religious interpretation of human beings as bodily creatures emerging within a natural environment that permits engagement with the valuational potentials of reality. This engagement promotes socially borne spiritual quests to realize and harmonize values in everything human beings do, from the forging of cultures to the crafting of personal convictions.

Religion and Anthropology

A Critical Introduction
Author: Brian Morris
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521852418
Category: Religion
Page: 350
View: 9388

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"This important study provides a critical introduction to the social anthropology of religion, focusing on more recent classical ethnographies. Comprehensive, free of scholastic jargon, engaging, and comparative in approach, it covers all the major religious traditions that have been studied concretely by anthropologists: Shamanism, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Christianity and its relation to African and Melanesian religions, and contemporary Neo-Paganism"--P. [4] of cover.

Science and Religion, 1450–1900

From Copernicus to Darwin
Author: Richard G. Olson,Richard Olson
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801884009
Category: Religion
Page: 292
View: 1577

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This book explores the interactions between science and religion by focusing on a sequence of major religious and intellectual movements.

Bridging Science and Religion

Author: Ted Peters,Gaymon Bennett
Publisher: Fortress Press
ISBN: 9781451418798
Category: Religion
Page: 260
View: 6353

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This extraordinary volume models a fruitful interaction between the profound discoveries of the natural sciences and the venerable and living wisdoms of the world's major religions. Bridging Science and Religion brings together distin-guished contributors to the sciences, comparative philosophy, and religious studies to address the most important current questions in the field. Sponsored by the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences in Berkeley, it is an ideal starting point for novices, yet has much to offer academics, professionals, and students. Part 1 establishes a working methodology for bridge-building between scientific and religious approaches to reality. Part 2 lays down the challenge to current theological and ethical positions from genetics, neuroscience, natural law, and evolutionary biology. Part 3 offers a religious response to modern science from scholars working out of Islamic, Jewish, Hindu, Orthodox, Latin American Catholic, and Chinese contexts. Showcasing attitudes toward science from outside the West and an inclusive and comparative perspective, Bridging Science and Religion brings a new and timely dimension to this burgeoning field.

Religion and Science as Forms of Life

Anthropological Insights into Reason and Unreason
Author: Carles Salazar,Joan Bestard
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782384898
Category: Religion
Page: 238
View: 6867

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The relationships between science and religion are about to enter a new phase in our contemporary world, as scientific knowledge has become increasingly relevant in ordinary life, beyond the institutional public spaces where it traditionally developed. The purpose of this volume is to analyze the relationships, possible articulations and contradictions between religion and science as forms of life: ways of engaging human experience that originate in particular social and cultural formations. Contributions use this theoretical and ethnographic research to explore different scientific and religious cultures in the contemporary world.

Science and the World's Religions

Author: Patrick McNamara,Wesley J. Wildman
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 031338732X
Category: Psychology
Page: 302
View: 5008

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This trio of volumes contains essays that explore vital existential, moral, or metaphysical issues surrounding the relationship between the sciences and the world's religions.

Rationality and the Study of Religion

Author: Jeppe Sinding Jensen,Luther Martin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136480242
Category: Religion
Page: 224
View: 2684

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Does rationality, the intellectual bedrock of all science, apply to the study of religion? Religion, arguably the most subjective area of human behaviour, has particular challenges associated with its study. Attracting crowd-healers, conjurers, the pious and the prophetic alongside comparativists and sceptics, it excites opinions and generalizations whilst seldom explicitly staking out the territory for the discussions in which it partakes. Increasingly, scholars argue that religious study needs to define and critique its own field, and to distinguish itself from theology and other non-objective disciplines. Yet how can rational techniques be applied to beliefs and states of mind regarded by some as beyond the scope of human reason? Can these be made empirically testable, or comparable and replicable within academic communities? Can science explicate religion without reducing it to mere superstition, or redefine its truth in some empirical but meaningful way? Featuring contributions from leading international experts including Donald Wiebe, Roger Trigg and Michael Pye, Rationality and the Study of Religion gets under the surface of the religious studies discipline to expose the ideologies beneath. Reopening debate in a neglected yet philosophically significant field, it questions the role of rationality in religious anthropology, natural history and anti-scientific theologies, with implications not only for supposedly objective disciplines but for our deepest attitudes to personal experience. 'Interesting and important. Religion has long been associated with irrationality, both by its defenders and its critics, and the topic of rationality has been unjustly neglected The book certainly deserves to be widely circulated.' Greg Alles, Western Maryland College

On the Margins of Religion

Author: Frances Pine,João de Pina-Cabral
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857450115
Category: Religion
Page: 296
View: 1610

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Focusing on places, objects, bodies, narratives and ritual spaces where religion may be found or inscribed, the authors reveal the role of religion in contesting rights to places, to knowledge and to property, as well as access to resources. Through analyses of specific historical processes in terms of responses to socio-economic and political change, the chapters consider implicitly or explicitly the problematic relation between science (including social sciences and anthropology in particular) and religion, and how this connects to the new religious globalisation of the twenty-first century. Their ethnographies highlight the embodiment of religion and its location in landscapes, built spaces and religious sites which may be contested, physically or ideologically, or encased in memory and often in silence. Taken together, they show the importance of religion as a resource to the believers: a source of solace, spiritual comfort and self-willed submission.

Science and Religion

A Historical Introduction
Author: Gary B. Ferngren
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421421720
Category: Medical
Page: 504
View: 7995

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Weissenbacher, Stephen P. Weldon, and Tomoko Yoshida

Economics of Religion

Anthropological Approaches
Author: Lionel Obadia,Donald C. Wood
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1780522290
Category: Social Science
Page: 350
View: 3370

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Explores the fresh paradigms of 'religious economics' and 'economies of religion' under the scope of transdisciplinary and international perspectives. This title examines and appraises some of the theoretical developments and methodological innovations in religious and social sciences.

Religion in the Making

The Emergence of the Sciences of Religion
Author: Arie L. Molendijk,Peter Pels
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004112391
Category: Religion
Page: 318
View: 8334

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This volume deals with the emergence of a scientific discourse on religion in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in Europe and North America. This process is examined in a broad academic context, among different disciplines, in terms of socio-historical developments.

Religion Explained

Author: Pascal Boyer
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1407020870
Category: Religion
Page: 448
View: 2623

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Why are there religious beliefs in all cultures? Do they have features in common and why does religion persist in the face of science? Pascal Boyer shows how experimental findings in cognitive science, evolutionary biology and cultural anthropology are now providing precise answers to these general questions, and providing, for the first time, real answers to the question: Why do we believe?

Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science

Critical and Constructive Essays
Author: Fraser Watts,Léon P. Turner
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191512443
Category: Religion
Page: 288
View: 2862

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The cognitive science of religion is an inherently heterogeneous subject, incorporating theory and data from anthropology, psychology, sociology, evolutionary biology, and philosophy of mind amongst other subjects. One increasingly influential area of research in this field is concerned specifically with exploring the relationship between the evolution of the human mind, the evolution of culture in general, and the origins and subsequent development of religion. This research has exerted a strong influence on many areas of religious studies over the last twenty years, but, for some, the so-called 'evolutionary cognitive science of religion' remains a deeply problematic enterprise. This book's primary aim is to engage critically and constructively with this complex and diverse body of research from a wide range of perspectives. To these ends, the book brings together authors from a variety of relevant disciplines, in the thorough exploration of many of the key debates in the field. These include, for example: can certain aspects of religion be considered adaptive, or are they evolutionary by-products? Is the evolutionary cognitive science of religion compatible with theism? Is the evolutionary cognitive approach compatible with other, more traditional approaches to the study of religion? To what extent is religion shaped by cultural evolutionary processes? Is the evolutionary account of the mind that underpins the evolutionary cognitive approach the best or only available account? Written in accessible language, with an introductory chapter by Ilkka Pyssiäinen, a leading scholar in the field, this book is a valuable resource for specialists, undergraduate and graduate students, and newcomers to the evolutionary cognitive science of religion.

Christianity, Social Change, and Globalization in the Americas

Author: Anna Lisa Peterson,Manuel A. Vásquez,Philip J. Williams
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813529325
Category: History
Page: 259
View: 3271

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This volume resulted from a collaborative research project into responses of Protestant and Catholic religious communities in the Americas to the challenges of globalization. Contributors from the fields of religion, anthropology, political science, and sociology draw on fieldwork in Peru, El Salvador, and the United States to show the interplay of economic globalization, migration, and growing religious pluralism in Latin America. Organized around three central themes-family, youth, and community; democratization, citizenship, and political participation; and immigration and transnationalism-the book argues that, at the local level, religion helps people, especially women and youths, solidify their identities and confront the challenges of the modern world. Religious communities are seen as both peaceful venues for people to articulate their needs, and forums for building participatory democracies in the Americas. Finally, the contributors examine how religion enfranchises poor women, youths, and people displaced by war or economic change and, at the same time, drives social movements that seek to strengthen family and community bonds disrupted by migration and political violence.

Scientific Approaches to the Philosophy of Religion

Author: Yujin Nagasawa
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230291104
Category: Philosophy
Page: 280
View: 3427

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The philosophy of religion, one of the oldest areas of philosophy, has been advanced mainly through conceptual thinking. However, over the last few decades scientists have made discoveries with significant implications for this philosophical domain. Scientific Approaches to Philosophy of Religion opens new perspectives by applying scientific approaches to central problems in the field. The book's contributors tackle perennial problems in philosophy of religion by referring to relevant findings and theories in cognitive science, anthropology, developmental psychology, decision theory, biology, physics and cosmology. They address a wide range of topics, such as divine attributes; God, creation and evolution; God and the universe; religious beliefs; religious tolerance and disagreement; and the compatibility of science and religion.

The Anthropology of Religious Conversion

Author: Andrew Buckser,Stephen D. Glazier
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742517783
Category: Religion
Page: 236
View: 5896

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This text paints a picture of conversion far more complex than its customary image in anthropology and religious studies.

The Epic of Evolution

Science and Religion in Dialogue
Author: James Bradley Miller
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Category: Social Science
Page: 227
View: 6593

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For courses in Anthropology and Human Evolution. This collection of essays offers students the academic basis for discussing science and religion. The papers offer a better appreciation of the complexity of thinking in both scientific and religious traditions on evolution and the fertile common ground that is still in great need of exploration.

Science, Reason, and Anthropology

The Principles of Rational Inquiry
Author: James William Lett
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847685936
Category: Social Science
Page: 151
View: 4839

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For courses on anthropological theory, history, and methods... Science, Reason, and Anthropology explores the philosophical foundations of anthropology and identifies the fundamental principles of rational inquiry upon which all sound anthropological knowledge is based. As a field guide to critical thinking, with examples throughout, it is devoted to a thorough explication and analysis of the nature of reason and the practice of anthropological inquiry. Chapter one reviews the historical context of the contemporary debate between scientific and humanistic perspectives in anthropology, highlighting essential differences between the two approaches. Chapter two examines the nature of knowledge and explains the essential elements of epistemological analysis. Chapter three describes the basic features of the scientific method; it defines science as an objective, logical, and systematic approach to propositional knowledge, and explains each feature in detail. Chapter four applies the fundamental principles of critical thinking to an analysis of contemporary anthropological theory. Chapter five suggests a reconciliation between the scientific and humanistic approaches, arguing that the essential elements of sound reasoning are common to both perspectives. Science, Reason, and Anthropology argues forcefully for the preeminent value of the scientific approach in anthropology, but it does so while recognizing the inherent worth and innate appeal of the humanistic perspective. Even those who are not predisposed to share the author's conclusions will appreciate the clear and forthright manner with which he presents his arguments.

Patterns of Thought in Africa and the West

Essays on Magic, Religion and Science
Author: Robin Horton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521369268
Category: Religion
Page: 471
View: 3338

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A collection of Robin Horton's classic papers on African religion (1960-90), presenting a wide-ranging enquiry into religious thought.