Scattering Methods and their Application in Colloid and Interface Science


Author: Otto Glatter
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128135816
Category: Science
Page: 404
View: 4896

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Scattering Methods and their Application in Colloid and Interface Science offers an overview of small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering techniques (SAXS & SANS), as well as static and dynamic light scattering (SLS & DLS). These scattering techniques are central to the study of soft matter, such as colloidal dispersions and surfactant self-assembly. The theoretical concepts are followed by an overview of instrumentation and a detailed description of the evaluation techniques in the first part of the book. In the second part, several typical application examples are used to show the strength and limitations of these techniques. Features the latest input from the world-leading expert with personal experience in all the fields covered (SAXS, SANS, SLS and DLS) Includes unified notation throughout the book to enhance its readability Provides—in a single source—scattering theory, evaluation of techniques and a variety of applications

Colloid Science

Principles, Methods and Applications
Author: Terence Cosgrove
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444320181
Category: Science
Page: 394
View: 9676

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Colloidal systems are important across a range of industries, such as the food, pharmaceutical, agrochemical, cosmetics, polymer, paint and oil industries, and form the basis of a wide range of products (eg cosmetics & toiletries, processed foodstuffs and photographic film). A detailed understanding of their formation, control and application is required in those industries, yet many new graduate or postgraduate chemists or chemical engineers have little or no direct experience of colloids. Based on lectures given at the highly successful Bristol Colloid Centre Spring School, Colloid Science: Principles, Methods and Applications provides a thorough introduction to colloid science for industrial chemists, technologists and engineers. Lectures are collated and presented in a coherent and logical text on practical colloid science.

Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Water Quality Control


Author: Qing Chang
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128093196
Category: Science
Page: 276
View: 5141

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Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Water Quality Control provides basic but essential knowledge of colloid and interface science for water and wastewater treatment. Divided into two sections, chapters 1 to 8 presents colloid chemistry including simple history and basic concepts, diffusion and Brown Motion, sedimentation, osmotic pressure, optical properties, rheology properties, electric properties, emulsion, foam and gel, and so on; chapters 9 to provides interface chemistry theories including the surface of liquid, the surface of solution, and the surface of solid. This valuable book is the only one that presents colloid and interface chemistry from the water quality control perspective. This book was written for graduate students in the area of water treatment and environmental engineering, and it could be used as the reference for researchers and engineers in the same area. Concise content makes this suitable for both teaching and learning Focuses on water treatment technology and methods, links colloid and surface chemistry to water treatment applications Not only addresses all the important physical-chemistry principles and theories, but also presents new developed knowledge on water treatment Includes exercises, problems and solutions, which are very helpful for testing learning and understanding

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XIV


Author: Vitaly Buckin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540465456
Category: Science
Page: 382
View: 8291

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The 13th Conference of the European Colloid and Interface Society (ECIS 99) was held in September 1999 in Dublin, Ireland. It brought together scientists from academic research and industry within the field of physics and chemistry of colloids and interfaces. The Conference focused on the following topics: - Surfactant colloids; - Polymer colloids and solid particles; - Food colloids; - Soft matter interfaces; - Biosystems; - Rheology; - Experimental methods in colloid and interface science.

Colloid and Interface Science in Pharmaceutical Research and Development


Author: Hiroyuki Ohshima,Kimiko Makino
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444626085
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 532
View: 6225

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Colloid and Interface Science in Pharmaceutical Research and Development describes the role of colloid and surface chemistry in the pharmaceutical sciences. It gives a detailed account of colloid theory, and explains physicochemical properties of the colloidal-pharmaceutical systems, and the methods for their measurement. The book starts with fundamentals in Part I, covering fundamental aspects of colloid and interface sciences as applied to pharmaceutical sciences and thus should be suitable for teaching. Parts II and III treat applications and measurements, and they explains the application of these properties and their influence and use for the development of new drugs. Provides a clear description of the fundamentals of colloid and interface science relevant to drug research and development Explains the physicochemical/colloidal basis of pharmaceutical science Lists modern experimental characterization techniques, provides analytical equations and explanations on analyzing the experimental data Describes the most advanced techniques, AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy), SFA (Surface Force Apparatus) in detail

Bubble and Drop Interfaces


Author: Miller,Liggieri
Publisher: VSP
ISBN: 9004174958
Category: Science
Page: 560
View: 6333

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The book aims at describing the most important experimental methods for characterizing liquid interfaces, such as drop profile analysis, bubble pressure and drop volume tensiometry, capillary pressure technique, and oscillating drops and bubbles.

Basic Principles of Interface Science and Colloid Stability


Author: Tharwat F. Tadros
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110540894
Category: Science
Page: 302
View: 1919

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Volume 1 of the Handbook of Colloid and Interface Science is a survey of the theory of colloids in a variety of fields, as well as theircharacterization by rheology. It is an ideal reference work for research scientists, universities, and industry practitioners looking for a complete understanding of how colloids and interfaces behave.

Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XV


Author: Petros G. Koutsoukos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540457259
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 299
View: 2786

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The 14th Conference of the European Colloid and Interface Society (ECIS 2000) was held in September 2000, in Patras, GREECE. Researchers from the academia and the industrial sector met and presented research work divided in nine thematic sections: molecular interactions in thin films, polymer-surfactant interactions, structure and dynamics at interfaces, biocolloids, colloids in pharmaceutical and biological applications, new trends in colloid and interface science techniques, rheology, self assembly of amphiphiles and measurements in concentrated suspensions. Selected contributions from these thematic areas are presented in the present volume and show the up today achievements of the Colloid and Interface Science.

Nanocolloids

A Meeting Point for Scientists and Technologists
Author: Margarita Sanchez-Dominguez,Carlos Rodriguez-Abreu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128017589
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 536
View: 3246

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Nanocolloids: A Meeting Point for Scientists and Technologists presents an easy-to-read approach to current trends in nanoscale colloid chemistry, which offers relatively simple and economically feasible ways to produce nanomaterials. Nanocolloids have been the subjects of major development in modern technology, with many current and future applications. The book helps scientists and technologists to understand the different aspects of modern nanocolloid science. It outlines the underlying fundamental principles of nanocolloid science and covers applications ranging from emulsions to dispersions and suspensions. You will find details on experimental techniques and methods for the synthesis and characterization of nanocolloids, including the latest developments in nanoemulsions and nanoparticles. Edited by leading academics with over 10 years’ experience in the field of colloid and surfactant science. Each chapter is authored by recognized experts in the field. Outlines the underlying fundamental science behind nanocolloids. Provides comprehensive coverage of current topics and potential applications in nanocolloid science. Presents a multidisciplinary approach to help chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, materials scientists and pharmacologists, form an in-depth understanding of nanocolloid science.

Colloid and Interface Science V3

Adsorption, Catalysis, Solid Surfaces, Wetting, Surface Tension, And Water
Author: Milton Kerker
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 032314571X
Category: Science
Page: 568
View: 4581

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Colloid and Interface Science, Volume III: Adsorption, Catalysis, Solid Surfaces, Wetting, Surface Tension, and Water covers the proceedings of the International Conference on Colloids and Surfaces, held in San Juan, Puerto Rico on June 21-25, 1976. The conference is sponsored jointly by the Division of Colloid and Surface Chemistry of the American Chemical Society and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the Division and the 50th Colloid and Surface Science Symposium. This volume contains 56 chapters that cover the subjects of adsorption, catalysis, solid surfaces, wetting, surface tension, and water. Other topics discussed include chemisorption; analytical methods for surface analysis; reaction kinetics; polymeric colloid systems; hydrogel-water interface; and the effect of various parameters, such as temperature and pressure. The concluding chapters explore surface and interfacial tension measurement, capillarity, thermal expansion of water, and heat capacity of vicinal water.

Zeta Potential in Colloid Science

Principles and Applications
Author: Robert J. Hunter
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483214087
Category: Science
Page: 398
View: 8368

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Zeta Potential in Colloid Science: Principles and Applications covers the concept of the zeta potential in colloid chemical theory. The book discusses the charge and potential distribution at interfaces; the calculation of the zeta potential; and the experimental techniques used in the measurement of electrokinetic parameters. The text also describes the electroviscous and viscoelectric effects; applications of the zeta potential to areas of colloid science; and the influence of simple inorganic ions or more complex adsorbates on zeta potential. Physical chemists and people involved in the study of colloid science will find the book useful.

Bubble and Drop Interfaces


Author: Miller,Liggieri
Publisher: VSP
ISBN: 9004174958
Category: Science
Page: 560
View: 1068

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The book aims at describing the most important experimental methods for characterizing liquid interfaces, such as drop profile analysis, bubble pressure and drop volume tensiometry, capillary pressure technique, and oscillating drops and bubbles.

Novel Methods to Study Interfacial Layers


Author: D. Moebius,R. Miller
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080537771
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 532
View: 6039

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This book presents a number of selected papers given at the LB9 conference, held in Potsdam, Germany, in August 2000. It is dedicated to new techniques and methodologies for studying interfacial layers. One group of manuscripts deals with the application of surface plasmons at solid interfaces, used for example in resonance spectroscopy and light scattering. New applications of various types of Atomic Force Microscopy are reported making use of various modifications of tips. A number of chapters are dedicated to light emitting diodes built with the help of LB layers. The aim of these studies is the improvement of efficiency. Electrochemical methods were described as tools for developing sensors, in particular miniaturised pH or gas sensors. The application of synchrotron X-ray and NMR techniques have been described in detail in two extended chapters. It is demonstrated how molecular information can be detected by these methods for various types of interfacial layers. This monograph, along with 130 papers that have been submitted for publication in the special issues of relevant journals, represent the proceedings of the LBP conference.

Dynamic light scattering

the method and some applications
Author: Wyn Brown
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198539421
Category: Science
Page: 735
View: 2698

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Dynamic light scattering is a new method for investigating macromolecular systems. The importance of the technique lies in its non-invasive character. It can be employed on extremely small fluid volumes, the instrumentation is relatively inexpensive and allows the rapid determination of diffusion coefficients as well as providing information on relaxation time distributions for the macromolecular components of complex systems. This volume is directed in part to the philosophy and current practice in dynamic light scattering. Single photon correlation techniques are introduced; a discussion of noise on photon correlation functions is given and data analysis in dynamic light scattering to polymer structure analysis is presented; and a comprehensive introduction to diffusing wave spectroscopy is given. Theoretical developments relating dynamic light scattering to the viscoelasticity of polymers in solution and in the bulk are described. A secondary aim of the work is to illustrate the widely varying fields in which the technique finds application. Chapters address multicomponent mixtures, polyelectrolytes, dense polymer systems, gels, rigid rods, micellar systems and the application of dynamic light scattering to biological systems.

Issues in Materials and Manufacturing Research: 2011 Edition


Author: N.A
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464963304
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 7148
View: 333

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Issues in Materials and Manufacturing Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Materials and Manufacturing Research. The editors have built Issues in Materials and Manufacturing Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Materials and Manufacturing Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Materials and Manufacturing Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Colloids and Interfaces with Surfactants and Polymers


Author: James Goodwin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470748974
Category: Science
Page: 388
View: 1036

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From blood to milk, pumice to gelatine, most scientists interact with colloids on a daily basis without any real knowledge of their nature. Building on the success of the first edition, Colloids and Interfaces with Surfactants and Polymers Second Edition is a user-friendly, non-technical introduction to colloids and interfaces. Includes: Many practical examples of colloid and interface science An enhanced section on fluorescence microscopy, a widely used technique in biological systems for the optical imaging of cellular structures A new section on phenomenology (the principle of time/temperature superposition), which enables the experimentalist to extend the frequency range of their rheological instruments New information on sedimentation and strategies for the control of sedimentation, which is critical in many dispersions of commercial importance Fresh treatments of traditional theoretical topics like the electrical double-layer, colloidal interactions, wetting behavior and light scattering, as well as more recent advances in polymer science, statistical mechanics and the use of neutrons In-depth discussions of widely used techniques with mathematics used in a straight-forward way so quantitative descriptions of colloid and interface properties can be derived Colloids and Interfaces with Surfactants and Polymers Second Edition explains all the fundamental concepts of colloids and interfaces as well as detailing some of the more advanced aspects which might be useful in specific applications. Intended for undergraduate and graduate courses in colloids and soft materials, the book is also relevant to those in the chemical, coatings, cosmetics, ceramics, food, pharmaceutical and oil industries. For Powerpoint slides of all the figures in the book, please see the Instructor Companion website at http://bcs.wiley.com/he-bcs/Books?action=index&bcsId=5121&itemId=0470518804

Chemical Physics of Solids and Their Surfaces


Author: M. W. Roberts,J. M. Thomas
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 0851863108
Category: Reference
Page: 190
View: 4219

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Reflecting the growing volume of published work in this field, researchers will find this book an invaluable source of information on current methods and applications.