Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles


Author: Craig F. Bohren,Donald R. Huffman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527618163
Category: Science
Page: 544
View: 880

Continue Reading →

Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles Treating absorption and scattering in equal measure, this self-contained, interdisciplinary study examines and illustrates how small particles absorb and scatter light. The authors emphasize that any discussion of the optical behavior of small particles is inseparable from a full understanding of the optical behavior of the parent material-bulk matter. To divorce one concept from the other is to render any study on scattering theory seriously incomplete. Special features and important topics covered in this book include: * Classical theories of optical properties based on idealized models * Measurements for three representative materials: magnesium oxide, aluminum, and water * An extensive discussion of electromagnetic theory * Numerous exact and approximate solutions to various scattering problems * Examples and applications from physics, astrophysics, atmospheric physics, and biophysics * Some 500 references emphasizing work done since Kerker's 1969 work on scattering theory * Computer programs for calculating scattering by spheres, coated spheres, and infinite cylinders

Electromagnetic Scattering by Particles and Particle Groups

An Introduction
Author: Michael I. Mishchenko
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521519926
Category: Science
Page: 450
View: 1561

Continue Reading →

A self-contained, accessible introduction to the basic concepts, formalism and recent advances in electromagnetic scattering, for researchers and graduate students.

Biomedical Photonics Handbook, Second Edition

Fundamentals, Devices, and Techniques
Author: Tuan Vo-Dinh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420085123
Category: Medical
Page: 850
View: 8614

Continue Reading →

Shaped by Quantum Theory, Technology, and the Genomics Revolution The integration of photonics, electronics, biomaterials, and nanotechnology holds great promise for the future of medicine. This topic has recently experienced an explosive growth due to the noninvasive or minimally invasive nature and the cost-effectiveness of photonic modalities in medical diagnostics and therapy. The second edition of the Biomedical Photonics Handbook presents recent fundamental developments as well as important applications of biomedical photonics of interest to scientists, engineers, manufacturers, teachers, students, and clinical providers. The first volume, Fundamentals, Devices, and Techniques, focuses on the fundamentals of biophotonics, optical techniques, and devices. Represents the Collective Work of over 150 Scientists, Engineers, and Clinicians Designed to display the most recent advances in instrumentation and methods, as well as clinical applications in important areas of biomedical photonics to a broad audience, this three-volume handbook provides an inclusive forum that serves as an authoritative reference source for a broad audience involved in the research, teaching, learning, and practice of medical technologies. What’s New in This Edition: A wide variety of photonic biochemical sensing technologies has already been developed for clinical monitoring of physiological parameters, such as blood pressure, blood chemistry, pH, temperature, and the presence of pathological organisms or biochemical species of clinical importance. Advanced photonic detection technologies integrating the latest knowledge of genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics allow sensing of early disease states, thus revolutionizing the medicine of the future. Nanobiotechnology has opened new possibilities for detection of biomarkers of disease, imaging single molecules, and in situ diagnostics at the single-cell level. In addition to these state-of-the-art advancements, the second edition contains new topics and chapters including: • Fiber Optic Probe Design • Laser and Optical Radiation Safety • Photothermal Detection • Multidimensional Fluorescence Imaging • Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging • Molecular Contrast Optical Coherence Tomography • Multiscale Photoacoustics • Polarized Light for Medical Diagnostics • Quantitative Diffuse Reflectance Imaging • Interferometric Light Scattering • Nonlinear Interferometric Vibrational Imaging • Multimodality Theranostics Nanoplatforms • Nanoscintillator-Based Therapy • SERS Molecular Sentinel Nanoprobes • Plasmonic Coupling Interference Nanoprobes Comprised of three books: Volume I: Fundamentals, Devices, and Techniques; Volume II: Biomedical Diagnostics; and Volume III: Therapeutics and Advanced Biophotonics, this second edition contains eight sections, and provides introductory material in each chapter. It also includes an overview of the topic, an extensive collection of spectroscopic data, and lists of references for further reading.

Introduction to Nanophotonics


Author: Sergey V. Gaponenko
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139643568
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 8071

Continue Reading →

Nanophotonics is where photonics merges with nanoscience and nanotechnology, and where spatial confinement considerably modifies light propagation and light-matter interaction. Describing the basic phenomena, principles, experimental advances and potential impact of nanophotonics, this graduate-level textbook is ideal for students in physics, optical and electronic engineering and materials science. The textbook highlights practical issues, material properties and device feasibility, and includes the basic optical properties of metals, semiconductors and dielectrics. Mathematics is kept to a minimum and theoretical issues are reduced to a conceptual level. Each chapter ends in problems so readers can monitor their understanding of the material presented. The introductory quantum theory of solids and size effects in semiconductors are considered to give a parallel discussion of wave optics and wave mechanics of nanostructures. The physical and historical interplay of wave optics and quantum mechanics is traced. Nanoplasmonics, an essential part of modern photonics, is also included.

Optical Clearing of Tissues and Blood


Author: Valeriĭ Viktorovich Tuchin
Publisher: Society of Photo Optical
ISBN: 9780819460066
Category: Science
Page: 254
View: 9202

Continue Reading →

This book describes an optical clearing method based on reversible reduction of tissue scattering due to refractive index matching of scatterers and ground matter. This technique, which has been of great interest for research and application in the last decade, is a promising technique for future developments in the fields of tissue imaging, spectroscopy, phototherapy, and laser surgery.

Light Scattering by Small Particles


Author: H. C. van de Hulst
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486139751
Category: Science
Page: 496
View: 968

Continue Reading →

Comprehensive treatment of light-scattering properties of small, independent particles, including a full range of useful approximation methods for researchers in chemistry, meteorology, and astronomy. 46 tables. 59 graphs. 44 illustrations.

Grundlagen der Photonik


Author: Bahaa E. A. Saleh,Malvin Carl Teich
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527406777
Category: Optoelectronics
Page: 1406
View: 5667

Continue Reading →

Schon die erste Auflage des englischen Lehrbuchs 'Fundamentals of Photonics' zeichnete sich durch seine ausgewogene Mischung von Theorie und Praxis aus, und deckte in detaillierter Darstellung die grundlegenden Theorien des Lichts ab. Es umfasste sowohl die Themen Strahlenoptik, Wellenoptik, elektromagnetische Optik, Photonenoptik, sowie die Wechselwirkung von Licht und Materie, als auch die Theorie der optischen Eigenschaften von Halbleitern. Die Photonik-Technologie hat eine rasante Entwicklung genommen seit der Publikation der ersten Ausgabe von 'Fundamentals of Photonics' vor 15 Jahren. Die nun vorliegende Zweite Auflage des Marksteins auf dem Gebiet der Photonik trägt mit zwei neuen und zusätzlichen Kapiteln den neuesten technologischen Fortschritten Rechnung: Photonische Kristalle sowie Ultrakurzpuls-Optik. Zudem wurden alle Kapitel gründlich überarbeitet und viele Abschnitte hinzugefügt, so z.B. über Laguerre-Gauss Strahlen, die Sellmeier-Gleichung, Photonenkristall-Wellenleiter, photonische Kristallfasern, Mikrosphären-Resonatoren, Optische Kohärenz Tomographie, Bahndrehimpuls des Photons, Bohrsche Theorie, Raman-Verstärker, rauscharme Avalanche-Photodioden, Abstimmkurven und Dispersions-Management.

Astronomical Photometry

A Guide
Author: C. Sterken,J. Manfroid
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792316534
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 9368

Continue Reading →

Small and large telescopes are being installed all around the world. Astronomers have thus acquired better access to more modern equipment; not in the least to photometers, which are very important tools for the contemporary observer. This development of higher quality and more sensitive equipment makes it very necessary to improve the accuracy of the measurements. This guide helps the astronomer and astronomy student to improve the quality of their photometric measurements and to extract a maximum of information from their observations. The book is based on the authors' observing experience, spending numerious nights behind various instruments at many different observatories.

Theorie der Elementarteilchen


Author: Klaus Sibold
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322801179
Category: Science
Page: 197
View: 8979

Continue Reading →

Nach einer historisch orientierten Einleitung werden die Grundbegriffe der Quantenfeldtheorie eingeführt. Zusammen mit einer Erläuterung der Symmetrien in der klassischen und Quantenphysik bilden sie die Basis zur Darstellung der bekannten Wechselwirkungen: elektromagnetische, schwache und starke. Bemerkungen zur Renormierung ergänzen die qualitative Beschreibung. Ziel ist es, die theoretischen Grundlagen der Teilchenphysik möglichst elementar darzulegen.

IR-Spektroskopie

Eine Einführung
Author: Helmut G¿nzler,Hans-Ulrich Gremlich
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527662871
Category: Science
Page: 365
View: 8082

Continue Reading →

Die lange erwartete, vierte Auflage des Lehrbuchklassikers zur IR-Spektroskopie! Will man Substanzen eindeutig charakterisieren und auf ihre Reinheit berpr fen, f hrt kein Weg an der IR-Spektroskopie als Analysemethode vorbei. Pr zise und leicht verst ndlich, aktuell und sehr praxisbezogen lernen die k nftigen Anwender alles, was sie ber die IR-Spektroskopie wissen m ssen: - Aufbau und Handhabung von Spektrometern, - Vorbereitung der Proben und deren Messung, - qualitative Interpretation der Spektren, - quantitative Bestimmungen, - spezielle Anwendungsgebiete und - spezielle und verwandte Methoden. Zahlreiche Hinweise auf weiterf hrende Literatur vermitteln eine gute Orientierung bei speziellen Fragestellungen, und helfen dabei, sich zum Experten weiterzuentwickeln.

Astromineralogy


Author: Thomas Henning
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540443231
Category: Science
Page: 281
View: 565

Continue Reading →

Astromineralogy deals with the science of gathering mineralogical information from the astronomical spectroscopy of asteroids, comets and dust in the circumstellar environments in general. It is only recently, however, that this field has received a tremendous boost with the reliable identification of minerals by the Infrared Space Observatory. This book is the first comprehensive and coherent account of this exciting field. Beyond addressing the specialist in the field, the book is intended as a high-level but readable introduction to astromineralogy for both the nonspecialist researcher and the advanced student.

Moderne Physik


Author: Paul A. Tipler,Ralph A. Llewellyn
Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
ISBN: 9783486582758
Category: Science
Page: 963
View: 9563

Continue Reading →

Endlich liegt die anschauliche und fundierte Einführung zur Modernen Physik von Paul A. Tipler und Ralph A. Llewellyn in der deutschen Übersetzung vor. Eine umfassende Einführung in die Relativitätstheorie, die Quantenmechanik und die statistische Physik wird im ersten Teil des Buches gegeben. Die wichtigsten Arbeitsgebiete der modernen Physik - Festkörperphysik, Kern- und Teilchenphysik sowie die Kosmologie und Astrophysik - werden in der zweiten Hälfte des Buches behandelt. Zu weiteren zahlreichen Spezialgebieten gibt es Ergänzungen im Internet beim Verlag der amerikanischen Originalausgabe, die eine Vertiefung des Stoffes ermöglichen. Mit ca. 700 Übungsaufgaben eignet sich das Buch hervorragend zum Selbststudium sowie zur Begleitung einer entsprechenden Vorlesung. Die Übersetzung des Werkes übernahm Dr. Anna Schleitzer. Die Bearbeitung und Anpassung an Anforderungen deutscher Hochschulen wurde von Prof. Dr. G. Czycholl, Prof. Dr. W. Dreybrodt, Prof. Dr. C. Noack und Prof. Dr. U. Strohbusch durchgeführt. Dieses Team gewährleistet auch für die deutsche Fassung die wissenschaftliche Exaktheit und Stringenz des Originals.

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology


Author: N.A
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123743961
Category: Science
Page: 2774
View: 6824

Continue Reading →

From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.

An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation


Author: K. N. Liou
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080491677
Category: Science
Page: 583
View: 566

Continue Reading →

This Second Edition of An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation has been extensively revised to address the fundamental study and quantitative measurement of the interactions of solar and terrestrial radiation with molecules, aerosols, and cloud particles in planetary atmospheres. It contains 70% new material, much of it stemming from the investigation of the atmospheric greenhouse effects of external radiative perturbations in climate systems, and the development of methodologies for inferring atmospheric and surface parameters by means of remote sensing. Liou's comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of atmospheric radiation was developed for students, academics, and researchers in atmospheric sciences, remote sensing, and climate modeling. Balanced treatment of fundamentals and applications Includes over 170 illustrations to complement the concise description of each subject Numerous examples and hands-on exercises at the end of each chapter

The Physics of Atoms and Quanta

Introduction to Experiments and Theory ; with ... 173 Problems and Solutions
Author: Hermann Haken,Hermann P. J. Haken,Hans Christoph Wolf
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540672746
Category: Science
Page: 503
View: 1068

Continue Reading →

The Physics of Atoms and Quanta is a thorough introduction to experiments and theory in this field. Every classical and modern aspect is covered and discussed in detail. The sixth edition includes new developments, as well as new experiments in quantum entanglement, Schrodingers cat, the quantum computer, quantum information, the atom laser, and much more. A wealth of experiments and problems are included. As this reference ends with the fundamentals of classical bonding, it leads into the authors' more advanced book Molecular Physics and Elements of Quantum Chemistry.

Magnetic Fields of Galaxies


Author: A.A. Ruzmaikin,D.D. Sokoloff,A.M. Shukurov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027724502
Category: Science
Page: 313
View: 6265

Continue Reading →

Magnetism, when extended beyond normal frameworks into cosmic space is characterized by an enormous spatial scale. Because of their large sizes the nature of magnets such as the Earth and the Sun is entirely different from the nature of a horseshoe magnet. The source of cosmic magnetism is associated with the hydrodynamic motions of a highly conductive medium. In this aspect, cosmic magnets resemble a dynamo. However, currents in the dynamo flow along properly ordered wires, while chaotic, turbulent motions are dominant inside stars and liquid planetary cores. This makes more intriguing and surprising the fact that these motions maintain a regular magnetic field. Maintenance of magnetic fields is even more impressive in huge magnets, i.e. galaxies. In fact, we are living inside a giant dynamo machine, the Milky Way galaxy. Although the idea of the global magnetic field of our Galaxy was clearly proposed almost 40 years ago, firm observational evidence and definite theoretical concepts of galactic magnetism have been developed only in the last decade. This book is the first attempt at a full and consistent presentation of this problem. We discuss both theoretical views on the origin of galactic magnetism and the methods of observational study. Previous discussions were on the level of review articles or separate chapters in monographs devoted to cosmic magnetic fields (see, e.g., H. K. Moffatt, 1978, E. N. Parker, 1979 and Zeldovich et aI., 1983).