Sacred Mobilities

Journeys of Belief and Belonging
Author: Avril Maddrell,Alan Terry
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131706030X
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 1287

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This collection draws on the Mobilities approach to look afresh at notions of the sacred where they intersect with people, objects and other things on the move. Consideration of a wide range of spiritual meanings and practices also sheds light on the motivations and experiences associated with particular mobilities. Drawing on rich, situated case studies, this multi-disciplinary collection discusses what mobility in the social sciences, arts and humanities can tell us about movements and journeys prompted by religious, more broadly ’spiritual’ and 'secular-sacred' practices and priorities. Problematizing the fixity of sacred places and times as territorially and temporally bounded entities that exist in opposition to ’profane’ everyday life, this collection looks at the intersection between the embodied-emotional-spiritual experience of places, travel, belief-practices and communities. It is this geographically-informed perspective on the interleaving of religious/ spiritual/ secular notions of the sacred with the material and more-than-representational attributes of associated mobilities and related practices which constitutes this volume’s original contribution to the field.

Carceral Mobilities

Interrogating Movement in Incarceration
Author: Jennifer Turner,Kimberley Peters
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317292022
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 6751

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Mobilities research is now centre stage in the social sciences with wide-ranging work that considers the politics underscoring the movements of people and objects, critically examining a world that is ever on the move. At first glance, the words ‘carceral’ and ‘mobilities’ seem to sit uneasily together. This book challenges the assumption that carceral life is characterised by a lack of movement. Carceral Mobilities brings together contributions that speak to contemporary debates across carceral studies and mobilities research, offering fresh insights to both areas by identifying and unpicking the manifold mobilities that shape, and are shaped by, carceral regimes. It features four sections that move the reader through the varying typologies of motion underscoring carceral life: tension; circulation; distribution; and transition. Each mobilities-led section seeks to explore the politics encapsulated in specific regimes of carceral movement. With contributions from leading scholars, and a range of international examples, this book provides an authoritative voice on carceral mobilities from a variety of perspectives, including criminology, sociology, history, cultural theory, human geography, and urban planning. This book offers a first port of call for those examining spaces of detention, asylum, imprisonment, and containment, who are increasingly interested in questions of movement in relation to the management, control, and confinement of populations.

The Ethics of Mobilities

Rethinking Place, Exclusion, Freedom and Environment
Author: Tore Sager
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317033787
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
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With this book the international academic discourse on mobility is taken a step further, through the intertwined perspectives of different social sciences, engineering and the humanities. The Ethics of Mobilities departs from the recent interest in social surveillance, raised by the use of technology for the surveillance and control of mobility as well as for transport. It widens this theme to encompass a broad scale of issues, ranging from freedom and escape to social exclusion and control, thus raising important questions of ethics, identity and religion; questions that are dealt with by a diverse, yet structured range of chapters, arranged around the themes of ethics and religion, and freedom and control. Through their variety and diversity of perspectives, the chapters of this book offer a substantial interdisciplinary contribution to the socially and environmentally relevant discussion about what a technically and economically accelerating mobility does to life and how it might be transformed to sustain a more life-enhancing future. Ethics of Mobilities will excite not only international interest, but will also appeal to scholars across a wide range of disciplines, in fields as diverse as theology and engineering.

The Orientalizing Revolution

Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age
Author: Walter Burkert,Margaret E. Pinder
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674643642
Category: History
Page: 225
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The rich and splendid culture of the ancient Greeks has often been described as emerging like a miracle from a genius of its own, owing practically nothing to its neighbors. Walter Burkert offers a decisive argument against that distorted view, replacing it with a balanced picture of the archaic period "in which, under the influence of the Semitic East, Greek culture began its unique flowering, soon to assume cultural hegemony in the Mediterranean". Burkert focuses on the "orientalizing" century 750-650 B.C., the period of Assyrian conquest, Phoenician commerce, and Greek exploration of both East and West, when not only eastern skills and images but also the Semitic art of writing were transmitted to Greece. He tracks the migrant craftsmen who brought the Greeks new techniques and designs, the wandering seers and healers teaching magic and medicine, and the important Greek borrowings from Near Eastern poetry and myth. Drawing widely on archaeological, textual, and historical evidence, he demonstrates that eastern models significantly affected Greek literature and religion in the Homeric age.

The Sacred in the City


Author: Liliana Gómez,Walter Van Herck
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 144118810X
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 9090

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This book reflects the way in which the city interacts with the sacred in all its many guises, with religion and the human search for meaning in life. As the process of urbanization of society is accelerating thus giving an increasing importance to cities and the 'metropolis', it is relevant to investigate the social or cultural cohesion that these urban agglomerations manifest. Religion is keenly observed as witnessing a growth, crucially impacting cultural and political dynamics, as well as determining the emergence of new sacred symbols and their inscription in urban spaces worldwide. The sacred has become an important category of a new interpretation of social and cultural transformation processes. From a unique broader perspective, the volume focuses on the relationship between the city and the sacred. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, combining the expertise of philosophers, historians, architects, social geographers, sociologists and anthropologists, it draws a nuanced picture of the different layers of religion, of the sacred and its diverse forms within the city, with examples from Europe, South America and the Caribbean, and Africa.

Pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman and Early Christian Antiquity

Seeing the Gods
Author: Jas' Elsner,Ian Rutherford
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191566756
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 532
View: 6434

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This book presents a range of case-studies of pilgrimage in Graeco-Roman antiquity, drawing on a wide variety of evidence. It rejects the usual reluctance to accept the category of pilgrimage in pagan polytheism and affirms the significance of sacred mobility not only as an important factor in understanding ancient religion and its topographies but also as vitally ancestral to later Christian practice.

The 1926/27 Soviet Polar Census Expeditions


Author: David G. Anderson
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9780857450449
Category: Social Science
Page: 346
View: 3386

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In 1926/27 the Soviet Central Statistical Administration initiated several yearlong expeditions to gather primary data on the whereabouts, economy and living conditions of all rural peoples living in the Arctic and sub-Arctic at the end of the Russian civil war. Due partly to the enthusiasm of local geographers and ethnographers, the Polar Census grew into a massive ethnological exercise, gathering not only basic demographic and economic data on every household but also a rich archive of photographs, maps, kinship charts, narrative transcripts and museum artifacts. To this day, it remains one of the most comprehensive surveys of a rural population anywhere. The contributors to this volume – all noted scholars in their region – have conducted long-term fieldwork with the descendants of the people surveyed in 1926/27. This volume is the culmination of eight years’ work with the primary record cards and was supported by a number of national scholarly funding agencies in the UK, Canada and Norway. It is a unique historical, ethnographical analysis and of immense value to scholars familiar with these communities’ contemporary cultural dynamics and legacy.

Sacred Worlds

An Introduction to Geography and Religion
Author: Chris Park
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113487734X
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 3110

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This book, the first in the field for two decades, looks at the relationships between geography and religion. It represents a synthesis of research by geographers of many countries, mainly since the 1960s. No previous book has tackled this emerging field from such a broad, interdisciplinary perspective, and never before have such a variety of detailed case studies been pulled together in so comparative or illuminating a way. Examples and case studies have been drawn from all the major world religions and from all continents from both a historical and contemporary perspective. Major themes covered in the book include the distribution of religion and the processes by which religion and religious ideas spread through space and time. Some of the important links between religion and population are also explored. A great deal of attention is focused on the visible manifestations of religion on the cultural landscape, including landscapes of worship and of death, and the whole field of sacred space and religious pilgrimage.

Contemporary Encounters in Gender and Religion

European Perspectives
Author: Lena Gemzöe,Marja-Liisa Keinänen,Avril Maddrell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319425986
Category: Religion
Page: 364
View: 2931

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The fields of gender and religious studies have often been criticized for neglecting to engage with one another, and this volume responds to this dearth of interaction by placing the fields in an intimate dialogue. Taking a multi-disciplinary approach and drawing on feminist scholarship, the book undertakes theoretical and empirical explorations of relational and co-constitutive encounters of gender and religion. Through varied perspectives, the chapters address three interrelated themes: religion as practice, the relationship between religious practice and religion as prescribed by formal religious institutions, and the feminization of religion in Europe.

Winged Faith

Rethinking Globalization and Religious Pluralism through the Sathya Sai Movement
Author: Tulasi Srinivas
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231520522
Category: Religion
Page: 448
View: 5299

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The Sathya Sai global civil religious movement incorporates Hindu and Muslim practices, Buddhist, Christian, and Zoroastrian influences, and "New Age"-style rituals and beliefs. Shri Sathya Sai Baba, its charismatic and controversial leader, attracts several million adherents from various national, ethnic, and religious backgrounds. In a dynamic account of the Sathya Sai movement's explosive growth, Winged Faith argues for a rethinking of globalization and the politics of identity in a religiously plural world. This study considers a new kind of cosmopolitanism located in an alternate understanding of difference and contestation. It considers how acts of "sacred spectating" and illusion, "moral stakeholding" and the problems of community are debated and experienced. A thrilling study of a transcultural and transurban phenomenon that questions narratives of self and being, circuits of sacred mobility, and the politics of affect, Winged Faith suggests new methods for discussing religion in a globalizing world and introduces readers to an easily critiqued yet not fully understood community.

Gender, Mobilities, and Livelihood Transformations

Comparing Indigenous People in China, India, and Laos
Author: Ragnhild Lund,Kyoko Kusakabe,Smita Mishra Panda,Yunxian Wang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135082057
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 200
View: 6648

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In the era of globalization many minority populations are subject to marginalization and expulsion from their traditional habitats due to rapid economic restructuring and changing politico-spatial relations. This book presents an analytical framework for understanding how mobility is an inherent part of such changes. The book demonstrates how current neoliberal policies are making people increasingly on the move – whether voluntarily or forced, and whether individually, as family, or as whole communities – and how such mobility is changing the livelihoods of indigenous people, with particular focus on how these transformations are gendered. It queries how state policies and cross-border and cross-regional connections have shaped and redefined the livelihood patterns, rights and citizenship, identities, and gender relations of indigenous peoples. It also identifies the dynamic changes that indigenous men and women are facing, given rapid infrastructure improvements and commercialization and/or industrialization in their places of Environment. With a focus on mobility, this innovative book gives students and researchers in development studies, gender studies, human geography, anthropology and Asian studies a more realistic assessment of peoples livelihood choices under a time of rapid transformation, and the knowledge produced may add value to present development policies and practices.

Mobilités culturelles - Cultural Mobilities


Author: Pascal Gin,Walter Moser
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press
ISBN: 2760319830
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 3971

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La mobilité – la capacité à se déplacer ou à être déplacé – est un élément si omniprésent dans la vie moderne qu’elle est tenue pour acquise, presque imperceptible en raison de sa constante présence. Dans Mobilités culturelles – Cultural Mobilities, des chercheurs du Canada et du Brésil, écrivant en anglais et en français, s’interrogent sur l’impact et l’influence qu’a la mobilité sur les dynamiques culturelles au sein de leurs deux pays et entre eux. Explorant le mouvement – des gens, des idées et des créations culturelles – et les processus qui affectent ce mouvement, ils apportent de nouvelles perspectives sur la manière dont la mobilité structure les conditions culturelles contemporaines. Intrinsèquement interdisciplinaire, le volume s’appuie sur des contributions provenant entre autres des domaines de la géographie urbaine, des arts visuels, du cinéma, de la littérature, de la danse et du journalisme, soulignant la mobilité comme un domaine important de la recherche universitaire. Aussi intrinsèquement interculturel, il utilise une approche comparative Sud–Nord qui révèle les points communs et les différences entre les contextes canadien et brésilien. Mobilités culturelles – Cultural Mobilities propose une méthode pour l’étude de la mobilité en tant que force culturelle dans la société contemporaine. Mobility – the ability to move or be moved – is such a ubiquitous element of modern life that it is taken for granted, almost unnoticeable because of its constant presence. In Mobilités culturelles – Cultural Mobilities, scholars from Canada and Brazil, writing in both English and French, consider the impact and influence of mobility on cultural dynamics within and between their countries. Exploring movement – of people, ideas and cultural creations – and the processes that affect this movement, they provide new insights into how mobility shapes contemporary cultural conditions. Intrinsically interdisciplinary, the volume includes contributions from the fields of urban geography, visual arts, film, literature, dance and journalism, among others, highlighting mobility as an important area of scholarly enquiry. Also intrinsically intercultural, it employs a South–North comparative approach that reveals the intersections and differences between the Canadian and Brazilian contexts. Mobilités culturelles – Cultural Mobilities charts a path for the study of mobility as a cultural force in contemporary society.

Mobility, Meaning and Transformations of Things

shifting contexts of material culture through time and space
Author: Hans Peter Hahn,Hadas Weis
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1782970843
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 6160

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Things travel around the globe: they are shipped as mass consumer goods, or transported as souvenirs or gifts. There are infinite ways for things to be mobile, not only in the era of globalisation but since the beginning of time, as the earliest traces of long distance trading show. This book investigates the mobility of things from archaeological and anthropological perspectives. Material Objects are characterised by temporal continuity, embodying a prior existence with lingering effects. Yet the material continuity disguises the transformations they may undergo, which only become evident upon closer examination. Objects are in perpetual flux, leaving visible traces of their age, usage, and previous life. While travelling through time, objects also circulate through space, and their spatial mobility alters their meaning and use with respect to new cultural horizons. As objects transform through time and space, so does the value attributed to them. Mapping out itineraries of value in the realm of the material, allows us to grasp the nature of a given social formation through the shape and meaning taken on by its valued 'stuff'. It also provides insights into the nature of materiality, through the value ascribed to objects at a given point in time and space. This edited volume brings together studies of material culture, materiality and value, with regard to the mobility of objects, with the aim of tracing the ways in which societies constitute their valued objects and how the realm of the material reflects upon society.

Ceremonial Culture in Pre-modern Europe


Author: Nicholas Howe
Publisher: University of Notre Dame Press
ISBN: 9780268030759
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 2697

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"In this volume, Nicholas Howe has brought together original and important essays focusing on medieval and early modern processions in Western Europe. The contributors share numerous insights that will interest scholars in anthropology, history of religion, performance history, social history, medieval and Early Modern studies, and art history." --Diane Wolfthal, Arizona State University "The perceptively analyzed case studies in this volume constitute a reader's guide on how to interpret ritual and other ephemeral forms of celebration, as well their concrete manifestation in the visual arts." --Patricia Fortini Brown, Princeton University "A ground-breaking collection of compelling and wonderfully cohesive essays, which sets the standard for future study of ceremonial culture. Nicholas Howe and his collaborators are to be congratulated for having revealed so many of the ways in which this operated as a force for both continuity and change in pre-modern Europe." --Alastair Minnis, Yale University The essayists in this volume identify and recover the excitement and dynamism that characterized ceremonial culture in pre-modern Europe. Each turns to key issues: the relation between public and private space, the development of fully-realized dramas and rituals from earlier forms, and the semiotic code that ceremonies manifested to their audiences. Their subjects include the "Adventus" procession at Chartres; Epiphany and Palm Sunday rituals in medieval Moscow; the staged entry of the future Emperor Charles V into Bruges in 1515; and ceremonies in Italian Renaissance cities interpreted through the lens of Renaissance optical theory. What emerges from each essay is a deeper understanding that any ceremony is, finally, an attempt to close the divide between abstract and literal, ideal and actual.

The Myth of the Sacred

The Charter, the Courts, and the Politics of the Constitution in Canada
Author: Donald E. Abelson,Patrick James,Michael Lusztig
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773524354
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 9136

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In this collection the authors challenge the "myth of the sacred" - the idea that certain aspects of the constitutional process - judicial political behaviour, interest group politics, and centralization of power - are untouchable politically. They suggest that certain actors and institutions have contributed to a myth about the normative basis of Canadian constitutional politics, a myth perpetuated through the popular media as well as much of the scholarly literature. Such actors often disguise their overtly political behavior with a cloak of impartiality, presenting their actions as furthering the public good and therefore immune to challenge. The Myth of the Sacred seeks to challenge this ideal. At its core this myth embodies the Trudeauian ideal of Canadian society - one that features a constitution that empowers impartial judges at the expense of politically motivated legislators; one that allows each individual to enjoy a uniform range of rights, freedoms, and means of belonging to the larger Canadian society; and one that seeks to ensure the primacy of the national government rather than the provincial. Trudeau called his vision the Just Society. But justice is an illusive and amorphous concept. Defining it, much less institutionalizing it, is fraught with risk. In modern liberal democracies, justice is typically understood as the product of some mix of liberty and equality, process and substance, with the amount of each component varying according to taste. It is not unusual for political actors to seek to institutionalize their own formulas for justice, but it is also not reasonable to expect these formulas to go unchallenged. Such a challenge represents the dominant theme of this volume. Contributors include Donald E. Abelson, Tom Flanagan (University of Calgary), Patrick James, James B. Kelly (Brock University), Michael Lusztig, Christopher P. Manfredi (McGill University), Hudson Meadwell (McGill University), Anthony A. Peacock (Utah State University), Mark Rush (Washington and Lee University), and Shannon I. Smithey (Kent State University).

Sacred Space in Israel and Palestine

Religion and Politics
Author: Marshall J. Breger,Yitzhak Reiter,Leonard Hammer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136490337
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 1801

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Religion and religious nationalism have long played a central role in many ethnic and national conflicts, and the importance of religion to national identity means that territorial disputes can often focus on the contestation of holy places and sacred territory. Looking at the case of Israel and Palestine, this book highlights the nexus between religion and politics through the process of classifying holy places, giving them meaning and interpreting their standing in religious and civil law, within governmental policy, and within international and local communities. Written by a team of renowned scholars from within and outside the region, this book follows on from Holy Places in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Confrontation and Co-existence to provide an insightful look into the politics of religion and space. Examining Jerusalem’s holy basin from a variety of perspectives and disciplines, it provides unique insights into the way Jewish, Christian and Muslim authorities, scholars and jurists regard sacred space and the processes, grass roots and official, by which spaces become holy in the eyes of particular communities. Filling an important gap in the literature on Middle East peacemaking, the book will be of interest to scholars and students of the Middle East conflict, conflict resolution, political science, urban studies and history of religion.

Christian Pilgrimage, Landscape and Heritage

Journeying to the Sacred
Author: Avril Maddrell,Veronica della Dora,Alessandro Scafi,Heather Walton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135013136
Category: Religion
Page: 204
View: 712

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This volume provides a theoretically and empirically-grounded study of the significance of landscape in the experience of Christian pilgrimage across different denominations and its intersection with cultural heritage and tourism. The book focuses on pilgrimages to Meteora (Greece), Subiaco (Italy) and the Isle of Man. These are each sites of scenic beauty that boast a rich heritage associated respectively to Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Ecumenical/ Protestant denominations. The study discusses different Christian theologies, practices and perspectives on the nature and the purpose of pilgrimage in these traditions. It draws on participant experiential accounts, archival research, and interviews with clergy, laity and local stakeholders. Special attention is paid to the themes of sacred space and practice, aesthetics, mobilities, embodiment and performance, emotional geographies, theology, cultural heritage, consumption and commodification, and the pilgrim-tourist continuum.

The Monastic School of Gaza


Author: Bruria Bitton-Ashkelony,Arieh Kofsky
Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
ISBN: 9789004147379
Category: Religion
Page: 249
View: 7903

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The book deals with the history of the monastic community in the region of Gaza in Late antiquity. It examines the monastic career and teachings of central figures such as Abba Isaiah, Peter the Iberian, Barsanuphius and John, and Dorotheus. The social, religious and material aspects of this community are discussed in comparison with other contemporary monastic centers.