Rivers and Floodplains

Forms, Processes, and Sedimentary Record
Author: John S. Bridge
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444311263
Category: Science
Page: 504
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Rivers and Floodplains is concerned with the origin, geometry, water flow, sediment transport, erosion and deposition associated with modern alluvial rivers and floodplains, how they vary in time and space, and how this information is used to interpret deposits of ancient rivers and floodplains. There is specific reference to the types and lifestyles of organisms associated with fluvial environments, human interactions with rivers and floodplains, associated environmental and engineering concerns, as well as the economic aspects of fluvial deposits, particularly the modeling of fluvial hydrocarbon reservoirs and aquifers. Methods of studying rivers and floodplains and their deposits are also discussed. Although basic principles are emphasized, many examples are detailed. Particular emphasis is placed on how an understanding of the nature of modern rivers and floodplains is required before any problems concerning rivers and floodplains, past or present, can be addressed rationally. Rivers and Floodplains is designed as a core text for senior undergraduate and graduate students studying modern or ancient fluvial environments, particularly in earth sciences, environmental sciences and physical geography, but also in civil and agricultural engineering. College teachers, researchers, and practising professionals will also find the book an invaluable reference. Presents a process-based approach, which is relevant to modern curricula. Discusses methods of studying rivers and floodplains and their deposits. Provides many detailed examples throughout the text. Emphasises the basic principles of this subject. As the first synthesis of this entire field, it will be a must-have for all students studying modern or ancient fluvial environments. Teachers, researchers and practising professionals will find this an invaluable reference tool. Rivers and Floodplains will also be of interest to geologists, geographers and engineers.

Sedimentary Processes, Environments and Basins

A Tribute to Peter Friend (Special Publication 38 of the IAS)
Author: Gary Nichols,Edward Williams,Chris Paola
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444304429
Category: Science
Page: 648
View: 7472

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For several decades Peter Friend has been one of the leading figures in sedimentary geology and throughout that time he has helped scores of other people by supervising doctoral students, collaborating with colleagues, especially in developing countries, and selflessly sharing ideas with fellow geologists. This collection of papers is a survey of the research frontier in basin dynamics, a field Peter Friend helped initiate, and a token of thanks from people who have benefited from an association with Peter during their careers. The papers in this book fall into four themes - Tectonics and sedimentation, Landscape evolution and provenance, Depositional systems and Fluvial sedimentation – which reflect Peter’s research interests and are all important areas of current research in sedimentary geology. There are both case studies and review articles on these themes which reflect recent work, but the collection can also be considered to be a ‘sampler’ of sedimentary geology for anyone with broad interests in the Earth sciences.

Rivers – Physical, Fluvial and Environmental Processes


Author: Paweł Rowiński,Artur Radecki-Pawlik
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319177192
Category: Science
Page: 613
View: 609

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This book describes the domain of research and investigation of physical, chemical and biological attributes of flowing water, and it deals with a cross-disciplinary field of study combining physical, geophysical, hydraulic, technological, environmental interests. It aims to equip engineers, geophysicists, managers working in water-related arenas as well as advanced students and researchers with the most up to date information available on the state of knowledge about rivers, particularly their physical, fluvial and environmental processes. Information from various but also interrelated areas available in one volume is the main benefit for potential readers. All chapters are prepared by leading experts from the leading research laboratories from all over the world.

Floodplains

Processes and Management for Ecosystem Services
Author: Jeffrey J. Opperman,Peter B. Moyle,Joan L. Florsheim,Eric W. Larsen,Amber D. Manfree
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520293061
Category: Nature
Page: 272
View: 6993

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"Floodplains provides an overview of floodplains and their management in temperate regions. It synthesizes decades of research on floodplain ecosystems, explaining hydrologic, geomorphic and ecological processes and how these processes can provide a range of benefits to society under appropriate management. Due to the widespread alteration of temperate floodplains, these benefits are often not realized. Drawing on the framework of reconciliation ecology, the authors explore how new concepts for floodplain ecosystem restoration and management can provide a broader range of benefits to society, ranging from healthy fish populations to flood-risk reduction. Case studies from California's Central Valley and elsewhere in temperate regions show how innovative management approaches are reshaping rivers and floodplains around the world."--Provided by publisher.

From Depositional Systems to Sedimentary Successions on the Norwegian Continental Margin (Special Publication 46 of the IAS)


Author: Allard W. Martinius,R. Ravn?s,J. A. Howell,R. J. Steel,J. P. Wonham
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118920457
Category: Science
Page: 712
View: 5472

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The Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS), focus of this special publication, is a prolific hydrocarbon region and both exploration and production activity remains high to this day with a positive production outlook. A key element today and in the future is to couple technological developments to improving our understanding of specific geological situations. The theme of the publication reflects the immense efforts made by all industry operators and their academic partners on the NCS to understand in detail the structural setting, sedimentology and stratigraphy of the hydrocarbon bearing units and their source and seal. The papers cover a wide spectrum of depositional environments ranging from alluvial fans to deepwater fans, in almost every climate type from arid through humid to glacial, and in a variety of tectonic settings. Special attention is given to the integration of both analogue studies and process-based models with the insights gained from extensive subsurface datasets.

Geomorphology in the Anthropocene


Author: Andrew S. Goudie,Heather A. Viles
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316785262
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 4807

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The Anthropocene is a major new concept in the Earth sciences and this book examines the effects on geomorphology within this period. Drawing examples from many different global environments, this comprehensive volume demonstrates that human impact on landforms and land-forming processes is profound, due to various driving forces, including: use of fire; extinction of fauna; development of agriculture, urbanisation, and globalisation; and new methods of harnessing energy. The book explores the ways in which future climate change due to anthropogenic causes may further magnify effects on geomorphology, with respect to future hazards such as floods and landslides, the state of the cryosphere, and sea level. The book concludes with a consideration of the ways in which landforms are now being managed and protected. Covering all major aspects of geomorphology, this book is ideal for undergraduate and graduate students studying geomorphology, environmental science and physical geography, and for all researchers of geomorphology.

Overland Flow

Hydraulics And Erosion Mechanics
Author: Anthony J Parsons
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203498666
Category: Science
Page: 456
View: 1497

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Encompassing geomorphology, hydrology and agricultural engineering, this provides an interdisciplinary review of a topic important in both Scientific And Practical Terms - With The Specific Aim Of Promoting interaction between modellers, field workers and laboratory experimentalists.

Rivers in the Landscape

Science and Management
Author: Ellen Wohl
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118414918
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 9699

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Rivers in the Landscape: Science and Management offers a comprehensive and accessible overview of the current state of knowledge for river process and form, taking a holistic approach to the subject with coverage of integrated river science and management in practice. The processes and forms present in channelized surface flow–rivers–are systematically explored in this book to • emphasize the connectivity between rivers and the greater landscape by explicitly considering the interactions between rivers and tectonics, climate, biota, and human activities; • provide a concise summary of the current state of knowledge for physical process and form in rivers; • reflect the diversity of river environments, from mountainous, headwater channels to large, lowland, floodplain rivers and from the arctic to the tropics; • reflect the diverse methods that scientists use to characterize and understand river process and form, including remote sensing, field measurements, physical experiments, and numerical simulations; • reflect the increasing emphasis on quantification in fluvial geomorphology and the study of Earth surfaces in general; • provide both an introduction to the classic, foundational papers on each topic, and a guide to the latest, particularly insightful and integrative references. Aimed at advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and professionals looking for a concise summary of physical aspects of rivers, this book emphasizes general principles and conceptual models, as well as concrete examples of each topic drawn from the extensive literature on river process and form.

Alluvial Fan Flooding


Author: Committee on Alluvial Fan Flooding,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309055423
Category: Nature
Page: 182
View: 5905

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Alluvial fans are gently sloping, fan-shaped landforms common at the base of mountain ranges in arid and semiarid regions such as the American West. Floods on alluvial fans, although characterized by relatively shallow depths, strike with little if any warning, can travel at extremely high velocities, and can carry a tremendous amount of sediment and debris. Such flooding presents unique problems to federal and state planners in terms of quantifying flood hazards, predicting the magnitude at which those hazards can be expected at a particular location, and devising reliable mitigation strategies. Alluvial Fan Flooding attempts to improve our capability to determine whether areas are subject to alluvial fan flooding and provides a practical perspective on how to make such a determination. The book presents criteria for determining whether an area is subject to flooding and provides examples of applying the definition and criteria to real situations in Arizona, California, New Mexico, Utah, and elsewhere. The volume also contains recommendations for the Federal Emergency Management Agency, which is primarily responsible for floodplain mapping, and for state and local decisionmakers involved in flood hazard reduction.

Continental margin sedimentation

from sediment transport to sequence stratigraphy
Author: Charles A. Nittrouer,International Association of Sedimentologists
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781405169349
Category: Science
Page: 549
View: 8249

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This volume on continental margin sedimentation brings together an expert editorial and contributor team to create a state-of-the-art resource. Taking a global perspective, the book spans a range of timescales and content, ranging from how oceans transport particles, to how thick rock sequences are formed on continental margins. Summarizes and integrates our understanding of sedimentary processes and strata associated with fluvial dispersal systems on continental shelves and slopes Explores timescales ranging from particle transport at one extreme, to deep burial at the other Insights are presented for margins in general, and with focus on a tectonically active margin (northern California) and a passive margin (New Jersey), enabling detailed examination of the intricate relationships between a wide suite of sedimentary processes and their preserved stratigraphy Includes observational studies which document the processes and strata found on particular margins, in addition to numerical models and laboratory experimentation, which provide a quantitative basis for extrapolation in time and space of insights about continental-margin sedimentation Provides a research resource for scientists studying modern and ancient margins, and an educational text for advanced students in sedimentology and stratigraphy

Dynamics of epeiric seas


Author: Brian R. Pratt,Chris Holmden,Geological Association of Canada
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Submarine geology
Page: 406
View: 7775

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River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2007, Two Volume Set

Proceedings of the 5th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, Enschede, NL, 17-21 September 2007
Author: C. Marjolein Dohmen-Janssen,Suzanne J.M.H. Hulscher
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780415453639
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1271
View: 4487

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Around the world, many people live, work and recreate in river, estuarine and coastal areas, systems which are also important wildlife habitats. It is imperative to understand the physics of such systems. A key element here is morphodynamics: the mutual interaction and adjustment of landform topography and fluid dynamics involving the motion of sediment. The numerous interacting processes involved, such as large- and small-scale hydrodynamics, sediment transport dynamics, growth and decay of bed perturbations or larger bed forms, biological processes and human interferences make morphodynamics a challenging scientific issue. These proceedings bring together contributions from some 200 scientists from more than 20 countries and present and discuss the latest scientific research developments on this topic. In addition, five key-note papers are included that introduce the specific themes of the conference: - Relations between scales and long-term morphodynamics - Biogeomorphology - Small-scale processes and grain sorting - Morphodynamic free behaviour - Human interferences in morphodynamics The book provides an excellent overview of the state of the art knowledge on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics and will be of interest to academics, engineers, planners, national and local authorities and all those involved in managing river, estuarine and coastal habitats.

Interpreting the Past

Essays on Human, Primate, and Mammal Evolution in Honor of David Pilbeam
Author: David R. Pilbeam,Daniel Lieberman,Richard J. Smith,Jay Kelley
Publisher: Brill Academic Pub
ISBN: 9780391042476
Category: Social Science
Page: 305
View: 2619

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This volume reviews major topics in human, primate, and mammalian evolution with an emphasis on systematic paleoenvironmental and behavioral questions, and the epistemological problems of interpreting the past with fossil data.

Sedimentology and Stratigraphy


Author: Gary Nichols
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118687779
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 3643

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This fully revised and updated edition introduces the reader to sedimentology and stratigraphic principles, and provides tools for the interpretation of sediments and sedimentary rocks. The processes of formation, transport and deposition of sediment are considered and then applied to develop conceptual models for the full range of sedimentary environments, from deserts to deep seas and reefs to rivers. Different approaches to using stratigraphic principles to date and correlate strata are also considered, in order to provide a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of sedimentology and stratigraphy. The text and figures are designed to be accessible to anyone completely new to the subject, and all of the illustrative material is provided in an accompanying CD-ROM. High-resolution versions of these images can also be downloaded from the companion website for this book at: www.wiley.com/go/nicholssedimentology.

California Rivers and Streams

The Conflict Between Fluvial Process and Land Use
Author: Jeffrey F. Mount
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520916937
Category: Nature
Page: 376
View: 8121

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California Rivers and Streams provides a clear and informative overview of the physical and biological processes that shape California's rivers and watersheds. Jeffrey Mount introduces relevant basic principles of hydrology and geomorphology and applies them to an understanding of the differences in character of the state's many rivers. He then builds on this foundation by evaluating the impact on waterways of different land use practices—logging, mining, agriculture, flood control, urbanization, and water supply development. Water may be one of California's most valuable resources, but it is far from being one we control. In spite of channels, levees, lines and dams, the state's rivers still frequently flood, with devastating results. Almost all the rivers in California are dammed or diverted; with the booming population, there will be pressure for more intervention. Mount argues that Californians know little about how their rivers work and, more importantly, how and why land-use practices impact rivers. The forceful reconfiguration and redistribution of the rivers has already brought the state to a critical crossroads. California Rivers and Streams forces us to reevaluate our use of the state's rivers and offers a foundation for participating in the heated debates about their future.