The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations


Author: Savita Kumra,Ruth Simpson,Ronald J. Burke
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191632759
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 752
View: 2204

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The issue of gender in organizations has attracted much attention and debate over a number of years. The focus of examination is inequality of opportunity between the genders and the impact this has on organizations, individual men and women, and society as a whole. It is undoubtedly the case that progress has been made with women participating in organizational life in greater numbers and at more senior levels than has been historically the case, challenging notions that senior and/or influential organizational and political roles remain a masculine domain. The Oxford Handbook of Gender in Organizations is a comprehensive analysis of thinking and research on gender in organizations with original contributions from key international scholars in the field. The Handbook comprises four sections. The first looks at the theoretical roots and potential for theoretical development in respect of the topic of gender in organizations. The second section focuses on leadership and management and the gender issues arising in this field; contributors review the extensive literature and reflect on progress made as well as commenting on hurdles yet to be overcome. The third section considers the gendered nature of careers. Here the focus is on querying traditional approaches to career, surfacing embedded assumptions within traditional approaches, and assessing potential for alternative patterns to evolve, taking into account the nature of women's lives and the changing nature of organizations. In its final section the Handbook examines masculinity in organizations to assess the diversity of masculinities evident within organizations and the challenges posed to those outside the norm. In bringing together a broad range of research and thinking on gender in organizations across a number of disciplines, sub-disciplines, and conceptual perspectives, the Handbook provides a comprehensive view of both contemporary thinking and future research directions.

Self-Reinforcing Processes in and among Organizations


Author: J. Sydow,G. Schreyögg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230392830
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 266
View: 4340

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Management and organization research has rediscovered individual agency, innovation and entrepreneurship. As such, there is a risk of overlooking the power of self-reinforcing processes in and among organizations. This volume redirects attention to these processes, including: escalating commitment, organizational imprinting and path dependence.

The Origin and Evolution of New Businesses


Author: Amar V. Bhide
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198030102
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 432
View: 3951

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What is this mysterious activity we call entrepreneurship? Does success require special traits and skills or just luck? Can large companies follow their example? What role does venture capital play? In a field dominated by anecdote and folklore, this landmark study integrates more than ten years of intensive research and modern theories of business and economics. The result is a comprehensive framework for understanding entrepreneurship that provides new and penetrating insights. Examining hundreds of successful ventures, the author finds that the typical business has humble, improvised origins. Well-planned start-ups, backed by substantial venture capital, are exceptional. Entrepreneurs like Bill Gates and Sam Walton initially pursue small, uncertain opportunities, without much capital, market research, or breakthrough technologies. Coping with ambiguity and surprises, face-to-face selling, and making do with second-tier employees is more important than foresight, deal-making, or recruiting top-notch teams. Transforming improvised start-ups into noteworthy enterprises requires a radical shift, from "opportunistic adaptation" in niche markets to the pursuit of ambitious strategies. This requires traits such as ambition and risk-taking that are initially unimportant. Mature corporations have to pursue entrepreneurial activity in a much more disciplined way. Companies like Intel and Merck focus their resources on large-scale initiatives that scrappy entrepreneurs cannot undertake. Their success requires carefully chosen bets, meticulous planning, and the smooth coordination of many employees rather than the talents of a driven few. This clearly and concisely written book is essential for anyone who wants to start a business, for the entrepreneur or executive who wants to grow a company, and for the scholar who wants to understand this crucial economic activity.

Mathematical Ideas and Sociological Theory

Current State and Prospects
Author: Thomas J. Fararo
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780677166353
Category:
Page: 185
View: 3649

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First Published in 1984. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Idea of Labour Law


Author: Guy Davidov,Brian Langille
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191648078
Category: Law
Page: 456
View: 6625

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Labour law is widely considered to be in crisis by scholars of the field. This crisis has an obvious external dimension - labour law is attacked for impeding efficiency, flexibility, and development; vilified for reducing employment and for favouring already well placed employees over less fortunate ones; and discredited for failing to cover the most vulnerable workers and workers in the "informal sector". These are just some of the external challenges to labour law. There is also an internal challenge, as labour lawyers themselves increasingly question whether their discipline is conceptually coherent, relevant to the new empirical realities of the world of work, and normatively salient in the world as we now know it. This book responds to such fundamental challenges by asking the most fundamental questions: What is labour law for? How can it be justified? And what are the normative premises on which reforms should be based? There has been growing interest in such questions in recent years. In this volume the contributors seek to take this body of scholarship seriously and also to move it forward. Its aim is to provide, if not answers which satisfy everyone, intellectually nourishing food for thought for those interested in understanding, explaining and interpreting labour laws - whether they are scholars, practitioners, judges, policy-makers, or workers and employers.

Review of Management Accounting Research


Author: Magdy G. Abdel-Kader
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230353274
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 574
View: 9163

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A comprehensive review of contemporary research in management accounting. Provides a thorough critical analysis of recent issues published in the management accounting literature and identifies gaps for future research in each issue reviewed.

Management of Education in the Information Age

The Role of ICT
Author: Ian D. Selwood,A. Fung,Christopher D. O'Mahoney
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0387356894
Category: Education
Page: 210
View: 1754

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This volume presents findings and insights from contemporary thinking and research on the application of Information Technology in Educational Management. It analyzes the ways in which ICT has been used, across a range of educational institutions, to support various aspects of educational management. It is the latest in a series of books produced by IFIP Working Group 3.7.

Turning Around Failing Schools

Leadership Lessons From the Organizational Sciences
Author: Joseph Murphy,Coby V. Meyers
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 1452294135
Category: Education
Page: 368
View: 8272

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Provides an in-depth examination of the causes and symptoms of degeneration and a two-part model for preventing educational collapse and crafting an effective turnaround.

The Illusion of Management Control

A Systems Theoretical Approach to Managerial Technologies
Author: N. Thygesen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230365396
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 247
View: 9980

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This book shows how a system theoretical concept of technology helps us to understand the paradoxes of control. It describes a phenomenon which shows regularity that is unexpected against the background of received knowledge within management studies. It presents a series of cases which touch upon a range of technologies within the public sector.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Training, Development, and Performance Improvement


Author: Kurt Kraiger,Jonathan Passmore,Nuno Rebelo dos Santos,Sigmar Malvezzi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118744624
Category: Psychology
Page: 552
View: 8576

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The latest Wiley Blackwell Handbook of OrganizationalPsychology uses a psychological perspective, and a uniquelyglobal focus, to review the latest literature and research in theinterconnected fields of training, development, and performanceappraisal. Maintains a truly global focus on the field with topinternational contributors exploring research and practice fromaround the world Offers researchers and professionals essential information forbuilding a talented organization, a critical and challenging taskfor organizational success in the 21st century Covers a diverse range of topics, including needs analysis, jobdesign, active learning, self-regulation, simulation approaches,360-degree feedback, and virtual learning environments

Organizational Behavior

Securing Competitive Advantage
Author: John A. Wagner III,John R. Hollenbeck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135257191
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 424
View: 1406

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Although the management of organizational behavior's importance should be evident, students often don't take the course that seriously. One common student response is that organizational behavior is nothing more than common sense. The field of organizational behavior is a valuable source of practical insight that managers can use to improve the workings of their own firms and to thrive where others might fail. Other textbook authors have avoided deep coverage and failed to build any sense of challenge. John Wagner and John Hollenbeck avoid these pitfalls and challenge students on many levels. They have made the key connection between theory and practice and understand students can excel when challenged to learn something meaningful. Organizational Behavior is written to motivate exceptional student performance. The content requires the student to think and take seriously organizational behavior and why its importance is one of the keys to securing competitive advantage.

Leadership

A Critical Text
Author: Simon Western
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446293300
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 384
View: 804

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When Simon Western's Leadership text first published, it received rave reviews from students, academics and practising leaders and managers all over the world. Written in an accessible style, the book challenges the notion of the individual or hero leader. Western develops the idea of leadership as a distributed process and provides a new framework for understanding and implementing this. Part one deconstructs leadership, providing a critical review and analysis of the key debates within leadership; part two reconstructs leadership, revealing the three dominant discourses of the Controller, Therapist and Messiah, and Eco-leadership discourse. Eco-leadership captures new leadership ideas and practices for twenty-first century organizations. This widely anticipated second edition has been updated in line with recent events and the latest practice and research, with end of chapter questions encouraging reflection on key issues. This insightful and inspiring text draws on Western's diverse consulting experience, combining theory and practice to offer insights into the real challenges facing leaders today. It is ideal reading for MBA and postgraduate students of Leadership, OB and HRM as well as practising managers and leaders. An electronic inspection copy is available for instructors.

Evolution and International Organization

Toward a New Level of Sociopolitical Integration
Author: V. Rittberger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401020019
Category: Political Science
Page: 131
View: 3195

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unlike the historical-descriptive or legalistic approaches still pervading the majority of publications on international organization, has an implicit (empirical-) theoretical orientation. As a concomitant development, Yalem notes an increasing methodological 6 sophistication among some students of international organization. However, except for some favorable comments on the evolving theory of international community formation, Yalem does not evaluate the contribution of the empirical-theory-cum methodology literature to the study of international organization. More recently, Riggs and his associates (1970) and Alger (1960-70; 1970) have taken it upon themselves to do just this. The analysis of the impact of bthavioralism on the study of the United Nations system by Robert Riggs and his associates is a rather devastating indictment. Though demonstrating a concern to present balanced and qualified conclusions from their pemsal of the relevant literature, they summarize their assessment in the following statement: Behavioral research has probably been the most disappointing in the area of its central concern, that of theory-building. The grand theories tend to be heuristic in nature, divorced from the essential data base; and the best-supported proposi tions have the natrowest theoretical significance. Despite its aims and pretensions, the approach has not yet produced a coherent set of explanatory propositions to bring order or scientific exactness to the study of international organization or any substantial segment of it (Riggs et al. , 1970: 230).

Network Analysis and Tourism

From Theory to Practice
Author: Noel Scott,Rodolfo Baggio,Prof. Chris Cooper
Publisher: Channel View Publications
ISBN: 1845413105
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 220
View: 616

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This book aims to provide a comprehensive review of the contribution of network analysis to the understanding of tourism destinations and organizations. Theoretical and methodological aspects are discussed along with a series of applications. While this is a relatively new approach in the tourism literature, in other social and natural sciences network analysis has a long tradition and has provided important insights for the knowledge of the structure and the dynamics of many complex systems. The study of network structures, both from a quantitative and qualitative point of view, can deliver a number of useful outcomes also for the analysis of tourism destinations and organizations.

Authority and Autonomy

Paradoxes in Modern Knowledge Work
Author: Susanne Ekman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137272880
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 253
View: 8451

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Offers a detailed and entertaining analysis of the daily interactions between managers and employees in creative knowledge intensive organizations. Based on vivid examples, the book shows how both managers and employees entertain contradictory understandings of their mutual commitment.

The Necessary Nature of Future Firms

Attributes of Survivors in a Changing World
Author: George P. Huber
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761930361
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 307
View: 8497

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Firms - like all living systems - must be congruent with, aligned with, compatible with their environments, or they will not survive. Among the features examined in depth are practices and structural arrangements that enable firms to more rapidly and effectively: sense and interpret threats and opportunities; get decisions made; acquire and manage knowledge; innovate; and change - while simultaneously dealing with the needs for efficiency, flexibility, and employee commitment.

Sociology in Government

The Galpin-Taylor Years in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1919-1953
Author: Olaf F. Larson,Edward O. Moe,Julie N. Zimmerman
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271045361
Category: Social Science
Page: 360
View: 7973

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From 1919 through 1953, the U.S. Department of Agriculture housed the Division of Farm Population and Rural Life&—the first unit within the federal government established specifically for sociological research. Distinguished sociologists Charles Galpin and Carl Taylor provided key leadership for 32 of its 34 years as the Division sought to understand the social structure of rural America and to do public policy-oriented research. It reached the height of its influence during the New Deal and World War II as it helped implement modern liberal policies in America's farming sector, attempting to counteract the harsh effects of modern industrialism on the rural economy. In addition, the Division devoted resources to studying both the history and the contemporary state of rural social life. Sociology in Government offers the first detailed historical account and systematic documentation of this remarkable federal office. The Division of Farm Population and Rural Life was an archetypal New Deal governmental body, deeply engaged in research on agricultural planning and action programs for the disadvantaged in rural areas. Its work continued during World War II with farm labor and community organization work. Larson and Zimmerman emphasize the Division's pioneering practices, presenting it as one model for applying the discipline of sociology in the government setting. Published in cooperation with the American Sociological Association, Sociology in Government preserves the history of this pathbreaking research unit whose impact is still felt today.

World Yearbook of Education 2014

Governing Knowledge: Comparison, Knowledge-Based Technologies and Expertise in the Regulation of Education
Author: Tara Fenwick,Eric Mangez,Jenny Ozga
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317814576
Category: Education
Page: 240
View: 7940

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This latest volume in the World Yearbook of Education Series focuses on a major and highly significant development in the governing of education across the globe: the use of knowledge-based technologies as key policy sources. A combination of factors has produced this shift: first, the massive expansion of technological capacity signalled by the arrival of ‘big data’ that allows for the collection, circulation and processing of extensive system knowledge. The rise of data has been observed and discussed extensively, but its role in governing and the rise of comparison as a basis for action is now a determining practice in the field of education. Comparison provides the justification for ‘modernising’ policy in education, both in the developed and developing world, as national policy makers (selectively) seek templates of success from the high performers and demand solutions to apparent underperformance through the adoption of the policies favoured by the likes of Singapore, Finland and Korea. In parallel, the growth of particular forms of expertise: the rise and rise of educational consultancy, the growth of private (for profit) involvement in provision of educational goods and services and the increasing consolidation of networks of influence in the promotion of ‘best practice’ are affecting policy decisions. Through these developments, the nature of knowledge is altered, along with the relationship between knowledge and politics. Knowledge in this context is co-constructed: it is not disciplinary knowledge, but knowledge that emerges in the sharing of experience. This book provides a global snapshot of a changing educational world by giving detailed examples of a fundamental shift in the governing and practice of education learning by: • Assessing approaches to the changing nature of comparative knowledge and information • Tracking the translation and mobilisation of these knowledges in the governing of education/learning; • Identification of the key experts and knowledge producers/circulators/translators and analysis of how best to understand their influence; • Mapping of the global production of these knowledges in terms of their range and reach the interrelationships of actors and their effects in different national settings. Drawing on material from around the world, the book brings together scholars from different backgrounds who provide a tapestry of examples of the global production and national reception and mediation of these knowledges and who show how change enters different national spaces and consider their effects in different national settings.