Higher Education Choice in China

Social stratification, gender and educational inequality
Author: Xiaoming Sheng
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317803949
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 7469

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Much of the existing research on parental involvement and higher education choice examines the difference between the working class and the middle class, but little literature looks at different factions within the social classes. This book discusses higher education choice in China, particularly through the examination of social issues such as social stratification, parental involvement, and gender and educational inequality. Drawing from an empirical study based on Bourdieu’s theory, the book explores both inter-class and intra-class differences in China, providing an insight into how social class differences influence a number of issues, including: educational equality the role parents, especially mothers, play in higher education decision-making the relationship between traditional cultural norms gendered relationships within Chinese families. The sociology of higher education choices are derived through feedback from various sources, including both parents and students themselves. The book will be key reading for postgraduates and researchers in the fields of sociology, sociology of education, Chinese studies and Asian studies.

Sociological Foundation of Education


Author: Srinibas Bhattacharya
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
ISBN: 9788171566556
Category: Educational sociology
Page: 111
View: 9800

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From The Dawn Of Civilization, Man Has Been Marching In Search Of Wisdom. Various Experiments Are Projected Through Education, So That Humanity, Happiness And Harmony Be Wedded Together. Education Is Indispensable For Making Life And Living Meaningful And Purposive. Its Significance Cannot Be Fully Appreciated Unless It Is Looked At In Proper Perspectives Philosophical, Sociological And Psychological.The Sociological Foundation Of Education Has Added A New Dimension To Education As An Interdisciplinary Approach.Man Not Only Lives In A Society, He Grows And Functions In A Social Context And Various Factors Contribute To The Growth Of An Individual.Sociology Which Involves The Study Of Society, Social Process And Social Change Is A Growing Science. Education Can Hardly Be Separated From Society And So From Sociology.School Is A Miniature Society And What Happens In A Society Also Happens In A School Situation. Like Parents In A Family, Teachers Take Important Roles In A School.Culture Occupies A Significant Place In A Society. A Community Cannot Grow Without Culture. Similarly, A Society Cannot Survive Without Culture. As In Every Dynamic Society There Are Problems, So In Every School There Are Typical Situations. Teacher Has A Distinct Role As A Social Worker And Community Member.Obviously, Of All The Foundations Of Education, The Sociological Basis Has A More Practical Bearing On Day-To-Day Living. In The Present Book An Attempt Has Been Made To Analytically Deal With Education In Relation To Social Environment, Culture, Social Control, Social Stratification And Social Mobility, Social Change, And National Integration. In Addition, It Elucidates The Significance Of Education For Survival, Peace, Harmony, International Understanding, Emancipation Of Creative Consciousness Etc. The Present Indian Society And Its Problems In Educational Perspectives Have Been Particularly Studied.It Is Hoped That The Present Book Will Prove Immensely Useful For The Students And Teachers Of Both Education And Sociology. Even The General Readers Will Find It Highly Informative.

Principles of Education


Author: S.S. Chandra,Rajendra Kumar Sharma
Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist
ISBN: 9788171566334
Category: Education
Page: 246
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This Is A Comprehensive Book Covering (I) Principles Of Education, (Ii) Philosophy Of Education (Both Western And Indian), And (Iii) Sociology Of Education. It Covers The Syllabi Of All The Indian Universities For The Paper Principles Of Education For B.Ed., And M.Ed. Classes.The Book Has Been Presented In An Analytical Style. The Conclusions On Controversial Subjects Have Been Arrived At Through A Synthetic Approach. Subject Matter Has Been Drawn From Authentic Books By Western And Indian Authors. Language Of Treatment Has Been Kept As Simple As Possible. Examples Have Been Drawn From The Indian Context. Thus, The Authors Have Left No Stone Unturned To Make This Book An Authentic Textbook On The Subject.

The Challenge of Change

Perspectives on Family, Work, and Education
Author: Martina S. Horner,Malkah T. Notman,Carol C. Nadelson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461336465
Category: Social Science
Page: 329
View: 9004

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This book is a compilation and update of a group of provocative papers presented at the Radcliffe College invitational conference, "Perspectives on the Patterns of an Era: Family, Work, and Education." A scholarly event saluting Radcliffe's centenary, the conference examined a range of indicators of social change, particularly as they relate to women in America in the last two decades. The program was interdisciplinary, bringing together scholars from economics, history, psychology, sociol ogy, and psychiatry. Each conference participant was asked to explore, theoretically and empirically, the lessons of our social history and, as much as possible, to separate myth from reality with regard to recent changes in patterns of family life, work, and education. Particular emphasis was given to the examination of the rapid changes-or what have been assumed to be the rapid changes-of the last two decades. In addition, participants ana lyzed the perceived and actual costs and benefits associated with chang ing lifestyles, for women and men as individuals and for society as a whole. Finally, they considered the implications of their findings for the future and identified areas for further research.

Disparities in School Readiness

How Families Contribute to Transitions Into School
Author: Ann C. Crouter
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0805864350
Category: Education
Page: 335
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Significant disparities exist in children's behavioral and learning capacities that support successful transitions into school. In this new volume, leading researchers from a variety of disciplines review the latest data on how families influence their children's transitions into school. The inequalities that exist in school readiness, the roots of the inequalities, and the ways in which families exacerbate or minimize these inequalities, are explored. The book concludes with a review of policies and programs that represent the best practices for how families, schools and communities can address these disparities. Each of the following topics is explored through a lead essay followed by three critiques: Inequalities in school readiness and the community, school, and family characteristics that contribute to these inequalities. Family processes and contextual conditions that impact the acquisition of literacy, numeracy, language, and cognitive skills. The role that extracurricular activities play in shaping children's school achievement, including differences based on gender, ethnicity, race, and socioeconomic status. Family processes underlying the development of behavioral control and its impact on school readiness. Disparities in School Readiness paints a compelling, interdisciplinary portrait using a variety of types of data and data sets, including longitudinal data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Childhood and recent analyses of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study from the National Center for Education Statistics. Interdisciplinary in nature, this new book appeals to researchers in family studies, human development, education, psychology, social work, sociology, economics, and public policy interested in improving children's school transitions.

Handbook of Life-Span Development


Author: Lawerence K.W. Berg, PhD, Esq.,Karen L. Fingerman, PhD,Jacqui Smith, PhD,Cynthia Berg, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826110800
Category: Psychology
Page: 650
View: 8946

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"The handbook is an impressive collection of research studies and theories provided by knowledgeable contributors on life-span development from conception to old age."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly The doubling of our average life span since the turn of the 20th century is considered by many scholars to be one of the most important changes in human existence. This definitive text is the only volume to fully address, through a multidisciplinary perspective, the biological, cognitive, and psychological development that occurs from infancy through old age, and how the sociocultural and institutional factors interface with these changes. Edited by leading research scholars in the field of life-span development, the volume also includes contributions of specialists in behavioral genetics, socioemotional selectivity theory, neuroscience, ecological models, and more. It examines the dynamics of close relationships and informal ties among the elderly population, child-parent attachment relationships as a life-span phenomenon, developmental tasks across the lifespan, continuity and discontinuity in temperament and personality, the sociocultural context of cognition across the life span, and variability in approaches to social problem solving from early to later life. Given the number of recent demographic shifts, it also explores issues related to fertility, life expectancy, environmental contexts, technology, immigration, and public policy. Key Features: Integrates the full life span from infancy through old age in each chapter Considers multidisciplinary perspectives that address personal relationships, cognitive development, and social, emotional, and physical health across the life span Situates life-span development in ecological contexts (e.g., socioeconomic, neighborhood, and immigration status) Provides a concise but thorough resource for graduate seminars in life-span-related studies Highlights future issues in all areas of life-span study

Japan's Emerging Youth Policy

Getting Young Adults Back to Work
Author: Tuukka Toivonen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136203451
Category: Political Science
Page: 238
View: 7677

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From the 1960s onwards, Japan’s rapid economic growth coincided with remarkably smooth transitions from school to work and with internationally low levels of youth unemployment. However, this changed dramatically in the 1990s, and by the 2000s, youth employment came to be recognized as a serious concern requiring an immediate response. What shape did this response take? Japan’s Emerging Youth Policy is the first book to investigate in detail how the state, experts, the media as well as youth workers have reacted to the troubling rise of youth joblessness in early 21st century Japan. The answer that emerges is as complex as it is fascinating, but comprises two essential elements. First, instead of institutional ‘carrots and sticks’ as seen in Europe, actors belonging to mainstream Japan have deployed controversial labels such as NEET (‘Not in Education, Employment or Training’) to steer inactive youth into low-wage jobs. A second approach has been crafted by entrepreneurial youth support leaders that builds on what the author refers to as ‘communities of recognition’. As illustrated in this book using evidence from real sites of youth support, one such methodology consists of ‘exploring the user’ (i.e. the support-receiver) whereby complex disadvantages, family relationships and local employment contexts are skilfully negotiated. It is this second dimension in Japan’s response to youth exclusion that suggests sustainable, internationally attractive solutions to the employment dilemmas that virtually all post-industrial nations currently face but which none have yet seriously addressed. Based on extensive fieldwork that draws on both sociological and policy science approaches, this book will be welcomed by students, scholars and practitioners in the fields of Japanese and East Asian studies, comparative social policy, youth sociology, the sociology of social problems and social work.

International Handbook of Behavior Modification and Therapy

Second Edition
Author: Alan S. Bellack,Michel Hersen,Alan E. Kazdin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461305233
Category: Psychology
Page: 908
View: 5560

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It is particularly gratifying to prepare a second edition of a book, because there is the necessary impli cation that the first edition was well received. Moreover, now an opportunity is provided to correct the problems or limitations that existed in the first edition as well as to address recent developments in the field. Thus, we are grateful to our friends, colleagues, and students, as well as to the reviewers who have expressed their approval of the first edition and who have given us valuable input on how the revision could best be structured. Perhaps the first thing that the reader will notice about the second edition is that it is more extensive than the first. The volume currently has 41 chapters, in contrast to the 31 chapters that comprised the earlier version. Chapters 3, 9, 29, and 30 of the first edition either have been dropped or were combined, whereas 14 new chapters have been added. In effect, we are gratified in being able to reflect the continued growth of behavior therapy in the 1980s. Behavior therapists have addressed an ever-increasing number of disorders and behavioral dysfunctions in an increasing range of populations. The most notable advances are taking place in such areas as cognitive approaches, geriatrics, and behavioral medicine, and also in the treatment of childhood disorders.

Urban Youth and Photovoice

Visual Ethnography in Action
Author: Melvin Delgado
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199381348
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
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The past decade brought forth a wave of excitement and promise for researchers and practitioners interested in community practice as an approach based on social justice principles and an embrace of community participatory actions. But, effective community practice is predicated on the availability and use of assessment methods that not only capture and report on conditions, but also simultaneously set the stage for social change efforts. This research, therefore, serves the dual purpose of generating knowledge and also being an integral part of social intervention. Research done in this way, however, requires new tools. Photovoice is one such tool - a form of visual ethnography that invites participants to represent their community or point of view through photographs, accompanied by narratives, to be shared with each other and with a broader community. Urban Youth and Photovoice focuses on the use of this method within urban settings and among adolescents and young adults - a group that is almost naturally drawn to the use of photography (especially digital and particularly in today's era of texting, facebook, and instagram) to showcase photovoice as an important qualitative research method for social workers and others in the social sciences, and providing readers with detailed theoretical and practical account of how to plan, implement, and evaluate the results of a photovoice project focused on urban youth.

Writing History in the Global Era


Author: Lynn Hunt
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393245772
Category: History
Page: 208
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Leading historian Lynn Hunt rethinks why history matters in today’s global world and how it should be written. George Orwell wrote that “history is written by the winners.” Even if that seems a bit too cut-and-dried, we can say that history is always written from a viewpoint but that viewpoints change, sometimes radically. The history of workers, women, and minorities challenged the once-unquestioned dominance of the tales of great leaders and military victories. Then, cultural studies—including feminism and queer studies—brought fresh perspectives, but those too have run their course. With globalization emerging as a major economic, cultural, and political force, Lynn Hunt examines whether it can reinvigorate the telling of history. She hopes that scholars from East and West can collaborate in new ways and write wider-ranging works. At the same time, Hunt argues that we could better understand the effects of globalization in the past if we knew more about how individuals felt about the changes they were experiencing. She proposes a sweeping reevaluation of individuals’ active role and their place in society as the keys to understanding the way people and ideas interact. She also reveals how surprising new perspectives on society and the self—from environmental history, the history of human-animal interactions, and even neuroscience—offer promising new ways of thinking about the meaning and purpose of history in our time.

Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials


Author: Diana Kendall
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495096563
Category: Science
Page: 600
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Sharpen your sociological skills . . . connect with sociology . . . and master the concepts with Kendall's expert guidance! Vivid and compelling, Kendall's text uses real-life stories and unique Lived Experiences to introduce you to the study of sociology. Kendall takes you on an exciting journey that lets you experience sociological theory and research and see for yourself how it can be applied to everyday life and to the pressing social issues we face. As you explore body image, poverty, suicide, Hurricane Katrina and the war in Iraq, you'll see the relevance of sociology to your own life-and, you'll see how accurately the book's real-life stories mirror the diversity in society. Plus, Kendall presents ideas on how you can get involved and effect social change. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Retirement and the Hidden Epidemic

The Complex Link Between Aging, Work Disengagement, and Substance Misuse -- and What To Do About It
Author: Peter A. Bamberger,Samuel B. Bacharach
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199374147
Category: Psychology
Page: 248
View: 3806

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Evidence from both local and national surveys suggests that substance misuse and abuse among older adults in the United States is a "hidden epidemic" that poses a major threat to the welfare and quality of life of older drinkers and their families, and has significant public health implications. Based on their findings from a 10-year, NIH-funded study of retirement, aging, and substance misuse, Peter Bamberger and Samuel Bacharach examine the complex web of factors contributing to the precipitation and exacerbation of substance problems among older adults. They discuss the individual and public health implications of such problems, as well as some of the evidence-based steps that may be taken to prevent their emergence and help those in need of assistance for policy-makers and health practitioners. This book provides a single-source review of the latest research assessing the magnitude and costs of older-adult substance abuse, as well as detailed analysis of the epidemiology of older-adult substance abuse. The authors provide an analysis of the efficacy of alternative prevention and treatment strategies, and present scientific evidence in a user-friendly format, highlighting extensive interview data to accompany their statistical results. The illustrations offered by these real life cases not only provide a sense of richness and understanding to a complex issue, but also offer a fitting reminder to the reader that this is an issue affecting people we know and families like our own.

Education and the Reverse Gender Divide in the Gulf States

Embracing the Global, Ignoring the Local
Author: Natasha Ridge
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 0807773042
Category: Education
Page: 216
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In this groundbreaking work, the author provides a close examination of the relationship between gender and education in the Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC) and reveals that women’s participation and achievement in education is rapidly outpacing that of men’s. Ridge refers to this situation as a “reverse gender divide” and examines the roots and causes of this imbalance, as well as implications for the future. Based on timely material that is largely unavailable to other scholars, the book further describes how GCC countries, in their desire to be perceived as modern nation states, have enacted and embraced education policies that leave no space for local policymakers to acknowledge boys’ deficits and challenges. In addition to the important implications for educational policy and practice, the author also explores wider social and political issues, such as the impact on the workforce and future sustainable development in the region. "This book offers a refreshing perspective on education in the Gulf States. Reframing the conversation about gender equity in education, Natasha Ridge studies how teachers and schools contribute to the growing educational marginalization of young boys in the Middle East. This book should be required reading for anyone interested in the region and in deeply understanding the centrality of gender equity as a goal of modern education." —Fernando M. Reimers, Ford Foundation Professor of International Education, Harvard Graduate School of Education "Focusing on the resource-rich monarchy states of the Arabian Gulf, Natasha Ridge makes a compelling and nuanced case that the international discourse on gender and education has overlooked the growing academic marginalization of boys. Analyzing relevant political, economic, and social factors, she provides a critically important study that dispels myths, examines the impacts of gender-related educational disparity, and offers thought-provoking suggestions relevant in the Gulf countries and beyond." —Ann Austin, professor, Higher, Adult, and Lifelong Education, Michigan State University "This volume provides a well-researched and insightful examination of gender differences in school achievement and retention in the Gulf States. It makes a timely and important contribution as it debunks widely held misconceptions and adds nuance to our understanding of the dynamics of education and employment in the region. This volume in a ‘must-read’ both for those concerned with gender issues in education and those interested in the social and economic development of the Middle East." —David W. Chapman, professor, University of Minnesota Natasha Ridge is the executive director of the Sheikh Saud Bin Saqr Al Qasimi Foundation for Policy Research based in Ras Al Khaimah (RAK), UAE. She has also been an educational consultant for the World Bank, UNICEF, and USAID in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.

Curriculum: Construction and Critique


Author: Prof Alistair Ross,Alistair Ross
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135714991
Category: Education
Page: 208
View: 9466

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Although curriculum is central to the schooling process, debates about it are rarely well informed. Over the past ten years there has been a dearth of books that have informed the debate by examining curriculum in a broader context, beyond the National Curriculum. Ross, in this refreshing re-examination of the area, opens up a more general debate on how the curriculum is shaped and the compromises made between different ideologies of the nature and purpose of education.

Das unbeschriebene Blatt

Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104903905
Category: Social Science
Page: 768
View: 6063

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Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort zur Neuausgabe! Auf John Locke geht die Vorstellung zurück, der Mensch sei ein leeres Blatt, auf dem im Verlauf des Lebens die persönlichen Erfahrungen eingetragen werden. In seinem mittlerweile klassischen Buch »Das unbeschriebene Blatt. Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur« bezieht Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker ganz die Gegenposition: Mit Witz, Brillanz und Gelehrsamkeit analysiert er die Geschichte dieser Idee und zeigt, wie falsch sie ist – mit allen kruden Auswirkungen auf Vorstellungen von Sexualität, Rasse, Kindererziehung, Intelligenz usw. Die Rolle der Gene wird systematisch unterschätzt; aber das bedeutet nicht, dass wir ihnen völlig ausgeliefert sind. Pinker zeigt nämlich auch, wie befreiend diese Sichtweise sein kann. Ein unterhaltsames und anschauliches Buch zur Natur des Menschen, ein echter Lesegenuss.