Reporting Conflict


Author: James Rodgers
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 113700889X
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 3488

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In Reporting Conflict, a correspondent turned lecturer draws on his personal experience of journalism in wartime. The author, James Rodgers, has reported on world-changing conflicts. The book combines reflection on this personal experience with an assessment of other accounts of journalism in wartime, and academic studies on the subject.

Reporting Conflict

New Directions in Peace Journalism
Author: Jake Lynch,Johan Galtung
Publisher: University of Queensland Press(Australia)
ISBN: 9780702237676
Category: Political Science
Page: 225
View: 447

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Introducing a compelling new series that offers leading international thinking on conflict and peacebuilding. Journalists control our access to news. By pitching stories from particular angles, the media decides the issues for public debate. In Reporting Conflict, one of two inaugural titles in the New Approaches to Peace and Conflict series, Jake Lynch and Johan Galtung challenge reporters to tell the real story of conflicts around the world. The dominant kind of conflict reporting is what Lynch and Galtung call war journalism: conflicts are seen as good versus evil, and the score is kept with body counts. The media's handling of 9/11 and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq highlight the one-sided reporting that war journalism creates. Peace journalism uses a broader lens: why not report what caused the conflict, and how it might be resolved? Lynch and Galtung show how journalists could have reported the Korean War, the NATO bombing in Kosovo and the first Gulf War, sparking a more informed discussion of these important issues. This provocative book is essential reading for everyone who wants the media to tell the whole truth about conflict.

Journalism and Conflict in Indonesia

From Reporting Violence to Promoting Peace
Author: Steve Sharp
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415531497
Category: Social Science
Page: 255
View: 8447

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This book examines, through the case study of Indonesia over recent decades, how the reporting of violence can drive the escalation of violence, and how journalists can alter their reporting practices in order to have the opposite effect and promote peace. It discusses the nature of press freedom in Indonesia from 1966 onwards, considers the relationship between the press and politicians, and explores journalistse(tm) working methods. It goes on to outline in detail the communal wars in eastern Indonesia in the period 1999-2000, arguing that communication as much as physical preparations for violence were key to bringing about the wars, with journalistse(tm) rigid professional routines and newswriting conventions causing them to reproduce and enlarge the battle cries of those at war. The book concludes by advocating a "development communication" approach to journalism in transitional settings, in order to help journalists to counter the disintegrative tendencies of failing states and the communal strife that can result.

A Global Standard for Reporting Conflict


Author: Jake Lynch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136221891
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 206
View: 678

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A Global Standard for Reporting Conflict constructs an argument from first principles to identify what constitutes good journalism. It explores and synthesises key concepts from political and communication theory to delineate the role of journalism in public spheres. And it shows how these concepts relate to ideas from peace research, in the form of Peace Journalism. Thinkers whose contributions are examined along the way include Michel Foucault, Johan Galtung, John Paul Lederach, Edward Herman and Noam Chomsky, Manuel Castells and Jurgen Habermas. The book argues for a critical realist approach, considering critiques of ‘correspondence’ theories of representation to propose an innovative conceptualisation of journalistic epistemology in which ‘social truths’ can be identified as the basis for the journalistic remit of factual reporting. If the world cannot be accessed as it is, then it can be assembled as agreed – so long as consensus on important meanings is kept under constant review. These propositions are tested by extensive fieldwork in four countries: Australia, the Philippines, South Africa and Mexico.

Peace Journalism, War and Conflict Resolution


Author: Richard Keeble,John Tulloch,Florian Zollman
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9781433107269
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 373
View: 3420

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Peace Journalism, War and Conflict Resolution draws together the work of over twenty leading international writers, journalists, theorists and campaigners in the field of peace journalism. Mainstream media tend to promote the interests of the military and governments in their coverage of warfare. This major new text aims to provide a definitive, up-to-date, critical, engaging and accessible overview exploring the role of the media in conflict resolution. Sections focus in detail on theory, international practice, and critiques of mainstream media performance from a peace perspective; countries discussed include the U.S., U.K., Germany, Cyprus, Sweden, Canada, India, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea and the Philippines. Chapters examine a wide variety of issues including mainstream newspapers, indigenous media, blogs and radical alternative websites. The book includes a foreword by award-winning investigative journalist John Pilger and a critical afterword by cultural commentator Jeffery Klaehn.

Exploring Journalism Practice and Perception in Developing Countries


Author: Salawu, Abiodun,Owolabi, Toyosi Olugbenga Samson
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 152253377X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 339
View: 6006

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Media outlets play a pivotal role in fostering the positive and beneficial development of countries in modern society. By properly informing citizens of critical national concerns, the media can help to transform society and promote active participation. Exploring Journalism Practice and Perception in Developing Countries is a crucial reference source for the latest scholarly material on the impacts of development journalism on contemporary nations and the media’s responsibility to inform citizens of government and non-government activities. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as media regulation, freedom of expression, and new media technology, this book is ideally designed for researchers, academics, professionals, policy makers, and students interested in the role of journalist endeavors in developing nations.

Peace Journalism Principles and Practices

Responsibly Reporting Conflicts, Reconciliation, and Solutions
Author: Steven Youngblood
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317299736
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 268
View: 4522

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Long-time peace journalist Steven Youngblood presents the foundations of peace journalism in this exciting new textbook, offering readers the methods, approaches, and concepts required to use journalism as a tool for peace, reconciliation, and development. Guidance is offered on framing stories, ethical treatment of sensitive subjects, and avoiding polarizing stereotypes through a range of international examples and case studies spanning from the Iraq war to the recent unrest in Ferguson, Missouri. Youngblood teaches students to interrogate traditional media narratives about crime, race, politics, immigration, and civil unrest, and to illustrate where—and how—a peace journalism approach can lead to more responsible and constructive coverage, and even assist in the peace process itself.

Media and Conflict Reporting in Asia


Author: Shyam Tekwani
Publisher: AMIC
ISBN: 9814136050
Category: Asia
Page: 203
View: 8914

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This collection of 13 case studies examines the challenges faced by media practitioners reporting on conflicts across the diverse media ecologies of Asia. Topics covered include; media bias; resource limitations; professionalism; government intervention; poor working conditions and pay and physical and financial security.

Reporting War

Journalism in Wartime
Author: Stuart Allan,Barbie Zelizer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113429865X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 384
View: 2172

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Reporting War explores the social responsibilities of the journalist during times of military conflict. News media treatments of international crises, especially the one underway in Iraq, are increasingly becoming the subject of public controversy, and discussion is urgently needed. Each of this book's contributors challenges familiar assumptions about war reporting from a distinctive perspective. An array of pressing issues associated with conflicts over recent years are identified and critiqued, always with an eye to what they can tell us about improving journalism today. Special attention is devoted to recent changes in journalistic forms and practices, and the ways in which they are shaping the visual culture of war, and issues discussed, amongst many, include: the influence of censorship and propaganda 'us' and 'them' news narratives access to sources '24/7 rolling news' and the 'CNN effect' military jargon (such as 'friendly fire' and 'collateral damage') 'embedded' and 'unilateral' reporters tensions between objectivity and patriotism. The book raises important questions about the very future of journalism during wartime, questions which demand public dialogue and debate, and is essential reading for students taking courses in news and news journalism, as well as for researchers, teachers and practitioners in the field.

Reporting Conflict

A Handbook for Media Practitioners
Author: Laxmi Murthy
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789994632572
Category: War in mass media
Page: 76
View: 6388

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Digital Media and Reporting Conflict

Blogging and the BBC’s Coverage of War and Terrorism
Author: Daniel Bennett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136688072
Category: Social Science
Page: 292
View: 9255

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This book explores the impact of new forms of online reporting on the BBC’s coverage of war and terrorism. Informed by the views of over 100 BBC staff at all levels of the corporation, Bennett captures journalists’ shifting attitudes towards blogs and internet sources used to cover wars and other conflicts. He argues that the BBC’s practices and values are fundamentally evolving in response to the challenges of immediate digital publication. Ongoing challenges for journalism in the online media environment are identified: maintaining impartiality in the face of calls for more open personal journalism; ensuring accuracy when the power of the "former audience" allows news to break at speed; and overcoming the limits of the scale of the BBC’s news operation in order to meet the demands to present news as conversation. While the focus of the book is on the BBC’s coverage of war and terrorism, the conclusions are more widely relevant to the evolving practice of journalism at traditional media organizations as they grapple with a revolution in publication.

Comparative Media Law and Ethics


Author: Tim Crook
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135260915
Category: Law
Page: 496
View: 8097

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Providing practical and theoretical resources on media law and ethics for the United Kingdom and United States of America and referencing other legal jurisdictions such as France, Japan, India, China and Saudi Arabia, Comparative Media Law and Ethics is suitable for upper undergraduate and postgraduate study and for professionals in the media who need to work internationally. The book focuses on the law of the United Kingdom, the source of common law, which has dominated the English speaking world, and on the law of the USA, the most powerful cultural, economic, political and military power in the world. Media law and ethics have evolved differently in the US from the UK. This book investigates why this is the case. Throughout, media law and regulation is evaluated in terms of its social and cultural context.The book has a companion website at http://www.ma-radio.gold.ac.uk/cmle providing complementary resources and updated developments on the topics explored.

Shooting the Messenger

The Political Impact of War Reporting
Author: Paul L. Moorcraft,Philip M. Taylor
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN: 1574889478
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 336
View: 1103

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As the literature on military-media relations grows, it is informed by antagonism either from journalists who report on wars or from ex-soldiers in their memoirs. Academics who attempt more judicious accounts rarely have any professional military or media experience. A working knowledge of the operational constraints of both professions underscores Shooting the Messenger. A veteran war correspondent and think tank director, Paul L. Moorcraft has served in the British Ministry of Defence, while historian-by-training Philip M. Taylor is a professor of international communications who has lectured widely to the U.S. military and at NATO institutions. Some of the topics they examine in this wide-ranging history of military-media relations are: – the interface between soldiers and civilian reporters covering conflicts – the sometimes grey area between reporters' right or need to know and the operational security constraints imposed by the military – the military's manipulation of journalists who accept it as a trade-off for safer battlefield access – the resultant gap between images of war and their reality – the evolving nature of media technology and the difficulties—and opportunities—this poses to the military – journalistic performance in reporting conflict as an observer or a participant Moorcraft and Taylor provide a bridge over which each side can pass and a path to mutual understanding.

Witnesses To War

The History Of Australian Conflict Reporting
Author: Fay Anderson,Richard Trembath
Publisher: Melbourne Univ. Publishing
ISBN: 0522860222
Category: Social Science
Page: 512
View: 4185

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Witnesses to War is a landmark history of Australian war journalism covering the regional conflicts of the nineteenth century to the major conflicts of the twentieth: World War I, World War II, Vietnam and Bosnia through to recent and ongoing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Fay Anderson and Richard Trembath look at how journalists reported the horrors and politics of war, the rise of the celebrity journalist, issues of censorship and the ethics of 'embedding'. Interviews with over 40 leading journalists and photographers reveal the challenges of covering wars and the impact of the violence they witness, the fear and exhilaration, the regrets and successes, the private costs and personal dangers. Witnesses to War examines issues with continued and contemporary relevance, including the genesis of the Anzac ideal and its continued use; the representation of enemy and race and how technology has changed the nature of conflict reporting.

The August War in Georgia: Foreign Media Coverage


Author: Amalia Oganjanyan
Publisher: Diplomica Verlag
ISBN: 3842877781
Category: Social Science
Page: 168
View: 7345

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Reporting on a foreign war or a crisis is a challenging activity, a true professional test for a journalist. Media is often criticized for promoting violence by its conflict reporting: either by staying detached or by being biased. Peace, or conflict-sensitive, journalism was created for improvement of conflict coverage: it emphasizes the active role of journalists in de-escalation of conflict and encourages them to report on peaceful solutions. This relatively novel approach might be met with skepticism, as it appears too idealistic and demanding to be followed by journalists. In order to verify the applicability of peace journalism, this book presents a comparative analysis of six US, UK and German newspapers on how conflict-sensitive, or at least balanced, they were in their reporting on the Russia-Georgia war of 2008. The content analysis of those six media has demonstrated that the peace journalism approach is not easy to implement into practice due to some imperfections of its models; its parameters need to become more feasible and more specific. The case study has showed that those particular western media were neither conflict-sensitive nor war-oriented in their coverage of the Russia-Georgia war, and thus they kept the in-between stance. Overall, the reporting was balanced, particularly in its negative attitude towards all parties involved in the conflict.

War and the Media

Reporting Conflict 24/7
Author: Daya Kishan Thussu,Des Freedman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446239160
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 266
View: 2599

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`No book is more timely than this collection, which analyses brilliantly the Western media's relentless absorption into the designs of dominant, rapacious power' - John Pilger `A most timely book, with many valuable insights' - Martin Bell O.B.E `It has long been known that the outcome of war is deeply influenced by the battle to win 'hearts and minds'. This book provides a stimulating set of perspectives which combine the analyses of prominent academics with the experiences of leading journalists' - Professor Tom Woodhouse, University of Bradford `This volume represents an all-star cast of authors who have a tremendous amount of knowledge about media and world conflict. One of its strengths is that it doesn't focus entirely narrowly on media, but puts the discussion of media issues in the context of changes in the world order in military doctrine' - Professor Daniel C. Hallin, University of California `This book comes just in time. A coherent and wide-ranging collection of data, analyses and insights that help our understanding of the complex interaction between communication and conflict. A major intellectual contribution to critical thinking about the early 21st century' - Cees J Hamelink, Professor International Communication, University of Amsterdam With what new tools do governments manage the news in order to prepare us for conflict? Are the media responsible for turning conflict into infotainment? Is reporting gender specific? How do journalists view their role in covering distant wars? This book critically examines the changing contours of media coverage of war and considers the complexity of the relationship between mass media and governments in wartime. Assessing how far the political, cultural and professional contexts of media coverage have been affected by 9/11 and its aftermath, the volume also explores media representations of the `War on Terrorism' from regional and international perspectives, including new actors such as the Qatar-based Al-Jazeera - the pan-Arabic television network. One key theme of the book is how new information and communication technologies are influencing the production, distribution and reception of media messages. In an age of instant global communication and round-the-clock news, powerful governments have refined their public relations machinery, particularly in the way warfare is covered on television, to market their version of events effectively to their domestic as well as international viewing public. Transnational in its intellectual scope and in perspectives, War and the Media includes essays from internationally known academics along with contributions from media professionals working for leading broadcasters such as BBC World and CNN.

Journalists at War

The Dynamics of News Reporting During the Falklands Conflict
Author: David E. Morrison,Howard Tumber
Publisher: Sage Publications (CA)
ISBN: N.A
Category: Conflit des Malouines, 1982 - Journalistes
Page: 370
View: 3208

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In the years since the conclusion of hostilities, a number of books about the Falkland Conflict have been published. Journalists At War is unique among them, and will become the definitive source for understanding journalists at work during unusual wartime conditions. The authors have interviewed every journalist who sailed with the Task Force to cover the war. The book allows them to recount their experiences and comment on their professional approaches and practices. This ethnographic approach, write the authors, offers near perfect vision, a kind of bell-jar condition, for observing journalists going about being journalists. Thus, Morrison and Tumber use the story of the coverage of this war as a general treatise on the profession of journalism: they demonstrate that other journalists, in similar situations, would show similar patterns of behavior. The authors also examine the handling of the news in London and question the role of information in liberal democracies during war time. Their conclusions about the medias relationships with the military, the government, and the public, are provocative, and differ from those expressed in previous accounts. Essential reading for undergraduate and graduate level students in journalism, politics and mass communication "A remarkably comprehensive analysis of how print and electronic journalism covered the 1982 Falklands War. . . . Their style is lucid. . . . The appendices and an index are helpful. Appropriate for upper-division undergraduates." --Choice "An exceptional contribution to the study of news work in particular and mass communication in general. . . . In sum, this work humanizes journalism by placing news workers in the contexts oftheir actions, and permits them to tell much of their own story. It is apparent that this story diverges in some ways from that told by other chroniclers of the Falklands coverage. In this respect, Morrison and Tumber have contributed to the dialogue about war, peace, and the news media. That this is a significant dialogue to pursue seems beyond question." --David L. Altheide, Arizona State University "Not only very readable and informative, but also important." --The News Line

Debates in Peace Journalism


Author: Jake Lynch
Publisher: Sydney University Press
ISBN: 1920899138
Category: Journalistic ethics
Page: 255
View: 4870

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In Debates in Peace Journalism, Jake Lynch traces the major controversies in this emerging field - philosophical, pedagogical and professional - and links his own contributions to them with important new material. The book is intended for those wishing to immerse themselves in the main conceptual currents of peace journalism, and to navigate their own path around some of its rocks and shoals.