Replication research in the social sciences


Author: James William Neuliep
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN: 9780803940918
Category: Education
Page: 517
View: 9990

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This book is essential reading for anyone conducting research in the social and behavioural sciences. No other volume offers researchers such concise and authoritative information on replication and its importance in the furtherance of knowledge. The 36 chapters include discussions on replication in behavioural research, editorial bias against replication research, and the replication process in social research.

Strategisches und operatives Produktionsmanagement

Empirie und Simulation
Author: Jürgen Strohhecker,Andreas Größler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783834917669
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 350
View: 3282

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Der Sammelband ehrt Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Peter Milling zu seinem 65. Geburtstag. Er vereint deutsche und internationale Beiträge, die das weite Feld des Produktionsmanagements thematisieren.

Die Wissenschaftslüge

Wie uns Pseudo-Wissenschaftler das Leben schwer machen
Author: Ben Goldacre
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104003033
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 432
View: 635

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Der große Sachbuch-Bestseller aus Großbritannien: Endlich wird entlarvt, wie uns Pseudo-Wissenschaftler belügen, um uns Medizin- und Kosmetikprodukte zu verkaufen »Von Zahnärzten empfohlen«.»Von Dermatologen getestet«. Doch mit welchem Ergebnis? Woher wissen wir, ob uns eine medizinische Behandlung hilft? Wie können wir überprüfen, was uns alternative Heilmethoden wie zum Beispiel die Homöopathie versprechen? Und warum glauben kluge, kritische Menschen hanebüchene Dinge, nur weil »die Wissenschaft« sie angeblich bewiesen hat? Ben Goldacre entlarvt mit so viel Witz wie Wissen die zweifelhafte Wissenschaft hinter vermeintlich geprüften und bewiesenen Fakten und zeigt uns, wie wir mit eigenen Mitteln schlechte von guter Wissenschaft unterscheiden können.

Birth Rites and Rights


Author: Fatemeh Ebtehaj,Jonathan Herring,Martin Johnson M.A., PhD., F.R.C.O.G.,Martin Richards
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847318576
Category: Law
Page: 306
View: 707

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This multi-disciplinary collection of essays from the Cambridge Socio-Legal Group is concerned with the varying circumstances, manner, timing and experiences of birth. It contains essays from a wide range of disciplines including law, medicine, anthropology, history and sociology, examining birth from the perspectives of mother, doctor, midwife and father. Questions considered in the book include: who has power during the birthing process? How has the experience of birth changed over time? Should birth mark a significant change in the legal status of the foetus? What is the proper role of birth registration? What role, if any, do fathers have in the birthing process? What legal rights should the woman have to refuse treatment during the birthing process? What is the significance of changes of the age at which women give birth? This stimulating collection of papers provides new insights into one of life's most momentous moments.

Research Methods in Child Welfare


Author: Amy J. L. Baker,Benjamin J. Charvat
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231512147
Category: Social Science
Page: 464
View: 5859

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Social service agencies are facing the same expectations in quality management and outcomes as private companies, compelling staff members and researchers to provide and interpret valid and useful research to stakeholders at all levels in the field. Child welfare agencies are particularly scrutinized. In this textbook, two highly experienced researchers offer the best techniques for conducting sound research in the field. Covering not only the methodological challenges but also the real-life constraints of research in child welfare settings, Amy J. L. Baker and Benjamin J. Charvat present a volume that can be used both for general research methods and as a practical guide for conducting research in the field of child welfare. Baker and Charvat devote an entire chapter to ethical issues involved in researching children and their families and the limits of confidentiality within this population. They weave a discussion of ethics throughout the book, and each chapter begins with a scenario that presents a question or problem to work through, enabling readers to fully grasp the methods in the context of a specific setting or area of concern. Special sections concentrate on the value of continuous quality-improvement activities, which enable the collection and analysis of data outside of the strictures of publishable research, and the implementation of program evaluations, which can be helpful in obtaining further research and programmatic funding.

Sharing Research Data


Author: Committee on National Statistics,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309542049
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 4370

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Organization, Society and Politics

An Aristotelian Perspective
Author: K. Morrell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113702688X
Category: Political Science
Page: 218
View: 3599

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This thought-provoking book will appeal to both specialists and newcomers to Aristotle. Specialists will welcome the attention to original texts that underpin many of our ideas on politics, business studies, and other social sciences, whilst newcomers will appreciate the lucid summaries and applications that make Aristotle fascinatingly accessible.

Sourcebook for Political Communication Research

Methods, Measures, and Analytical Techniques
Author: Erik P. Bucy,R. Lance Holbert
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317709330
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 608
View: 4724

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The Sourcebook for Political Communication Research will offer scholars, students, researchers, and other interested readers a comprehensive source for state-of-the-art/field research methods, measures, and analytical techniques in the field of political communication. The need for this Sourcebook stems from recent innovations in political communication involving the use of advanced statistical techniques, innovative conceptual frameworks, the rise of digital media as both a means by which to disseminate and study political communication, and methods recently adapted from other disciplines, particularly psychology, sociology, and neuroscience. Chapters will have a social-scientific orientation and will explain new methodologies and measures applicable to questions regarding media, politics, and civic life. The Sourcebook covers the major analytical techniques used in political communication research, including surveys (both original data collections and secondary analyses), experiments, content analysis, discourse analysis (focus groups and textual analysis), network and deliberation analysis, comparative study designs, statistical analysis, and measurement issues.

The Essential Guide to Effect Sizes

Statistical Power, Meta-Analysis, and the Interpretation of Research Results
Author: Paul D. Ellis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139488155
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 8841

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This succinct and jargon-free introduction to effect sizes gives students and researchers the tools they need to interpret the practical significance of their results. Using a class-tested approach that includes numerous examples and step-by-step exercises, it introduces and explains three of the most important issues relating to the practical significance of research results: the reporting and interpretation of effect sizes (Part I), the analysis of statistical power (Part II), and the meta-analytic pooling of effect size estimates drawn from different studies (Part III). The book concludes with a handy list of recommendations for those actively engaged in or currently preparing research projects.

The Handbook of Emotion and Memory

Research and Theory
Author: Sven-Ake Christianson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317783581
Category: Psychology
Page: 528
View: 8275

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This important volume defines the state of the art in the field of emotion and memory by offering a blend of research review, unpublished findings, and theory on topics related to its study. As the first contemporary reference source in this area, it summarizes findings on implicit and explicit aspects of emotion and memory, addresses conceptual and methodological difficulties associated with different paradigms and current procedures, and presents broad theoretical perspectives to guide further research. This volume articulates the accomplishments of the field and the points of disagreement, and gives the brain, clinical, and cognitive sciences an invaluable resource for 21st-century researchers. Citing and analyzing the results of experiments as well as field and case studies, the chapters are organized around methodological approaches, biological-evolutionary perspectives, and clinical perspectives, and bring together experts in neuroscience, and both cognitive and clinical psychology. Questions addressed include: * What is the nature of emotional events and what do we retain from them? * Is there something about emotional events that causes them to be processed differently in memory? * Do emotional memories have special characteristics that differ from those produced by "ordinary" memory mechanisms or systems? * Do people with emotional disturbances remember differently than normal people? * Which factors play the most crucial role in functional amnesia?

Replication Research in Applied Linguistics


Author: Graeme Porte
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107021650
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 286
View: 9827

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The only book available dedicated to the theory and practice of replication research in Second Language Acquisition and Applied Linguistics. A replication study repeats a previous study to discover if its findings are reliable and/or can be generalised to other circumstances. This edited volume brings together a number of experts who argue in favour of a more central role for replication research in Second Language Acquisition and Applied Linguistics. The book provides a theoretical argument to support this view, as well as practical examples and model replication studies. It includes advice on how best to set up and execute replication research, and how to write up the findings for presentation to a journal. A paperback version is available separately.

Objektivität


Author: Lorraine Daston,Peter Galison
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518584866
Category: Objectivity
Page: 530
View: 1725

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The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Couples and Family Relationships


Author: Patricia Noller,Gery C. Karantzas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444334506
Category: Psychology
Page: 498
View: 1351

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The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Couples and Family Relationships presents original articles from leading experts that link research, policy, and practice together to reflect the most current knowledge of contemporary relationships. Offers interesting new perspectives on a range of relationship issues facing twenty-first century Western society Helps those who work with couples and families facing with relationship issues Includes practical suggestions for dealing with relationship problems Explores diverse issues, including family structure versus functioning; attachment theory; divorce and family breakdown; communication and conflict; self regulation, partner regulation, and behavior change; care-giving and parenting; relationship education; and therapy and policy implications

Development as Action in Context

Problem Behavior and Normal Youth Development
Author: Rainer K. Silbereisen,Klaus Eyferth,Georg Rudinger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662024756
Category: Psychology
Page: 322
View: 7838

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Most contributions to this volume originated as papers given at an inter national conference on Integrative Perspectives on Youth Development held in Berlin (West) in May, 1983. This conference was part of a 6-year longi tudinal research program on the causes of substance use among adolescents in Berlin, which is now in its fourth year. The conference title deliberately did not refer to substance use. However, its relevance to an explanation of drug-related problem behavior was made evident to everyone invited to the conference. The search for integrative perspectives in youth development originated in a dilemma that became obvious during the planning of intensive research on concomitants of substance use. In the methodology for research on youth development, there were two lines of thought that seemed completely unre lated to each other: One line of thought was oriented toward the person, leaving situational aspects aside, while the other concentrated on ecological or situational determinants and thus neglected the aspects of development and internal processes. The integration of both these directions seemed to be an unusually promising approach for any project that aimed to understand changes in the individual within a rapidly changing urban setting. The best way to come closer to a resolution of that dilemma seemed to be an intensive exchange between the American and European scientific communities on this issue.

The Use of Models in the Social Sciences


Author: Lyndhurst Collins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136444963
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 2073

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Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences. This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press. Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1976 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.

Changing Order

Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice
Author: Harry Collins
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226113760
Category: Social Science
Page: 199
View: 788

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This fascinating study in the sociology of science explores the way scientists conduct, and draw conclusions from, their experiments. The book is organized around three case studies: replication of the TEA-laser, detecting gravitational rotation, and some experiments in the paranormal. "In his superb book, Collins shows why the quest for certainty is disappointed. He shows that standards of replication are, of course, social, and that there is consequently no outside standard, no Archimedean point beyond society from which we can lever the intellects of our fellows."—Donald M. McCloskey, Journal of Economic Psychology "Collins is one of the genuine innovators of the sociology of scientific knowledge. . . . Changing Order is a rich and entertaining book."—Isis "The book gives a vivid sense of the contingent nature of research and is generally a good read."—Augustine Brannigan, Nature "This provocative book is a review of [Collins's] work, and an attempt to explain how scientists fit experimental results into pictures of the world. . . . A promising start for new explorations of our image of science, too often presented as infallibly authoritative."—Jon Turney, New Scientist

Alternate Reality Games For Behavioral and Social Science Research


Author: Ruthanna Gordon
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 131278105X
Category: Education
Page: 130
View: 493

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By weaving fictional narratives and problem solving into everyday life, alternate reality games (ARGs) may be able to fill gaps left by traditional studies in the behavioral and social sciences. Researchers are exploring new ways to address concerns such as ecological validity, inconsistent replication, and recruitment of large and diverse sample populations. ARG-based research design, using familiar tools and multimedia venues to engage players in meaningful interaction within complex near

Context and Method in Qualitative Research


Author: Gale Miller,Robert Dingwall
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0803976321
Category: Social Science
Page: 226
View: 4362

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A critical examination of the principles and practice of qualitative research is provided in this book which examines the interplay between context and method, making it invaluable for both the experienced and the beginning researcher. A range of methodological and practical issues central to the concerns of qualitative researchers are addressed. These include: the validity and plausibility of qualitative methods; the problems encountered using specific techniques in a range of social settings; and the moral issues raised in qualitative research. These themes are related to practical issues which are illustrated by a breadth of examples and in-depth case studies. The contributors look at the methods and str