Religion and Language in Post-Soviet Russia

Author: Brian P. Bennett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136736123
Category: Religion
Page: 186
View: 9504

Continue Reading →

Church Slavonic, one of the world's historic sacred languages, has experienced a revival in post-Soviet Russia. Blending religious studies and sociolinguistics, this is the first book devoted to Church Slavonic in the contemporary period. It is not a narrow study in linguistics, but uses Slavonic as a passkey into various wider topics, including the renewal and factionalism of the Orthodox Church; the transformation of the Russian language; and the debates about protecting the nation from Western cults and culture. It considers both official and popular forms of Orthodox Christianity, as well as Russia's esoteric and neo-pagan traditions. Ranging over such diverse areas as liturgy, pedagogy, typography, mythology, and conspiracy theory, the book illuminates the complex interrelationship between language and faith in post-communist society, and shows how Slavonic has performed important symbolic work during a momentous chapter in Russian history. It is of great interest to scholars of sociolinguistics and of religion, as well as to Russian studies specialists.

Renaissance of Classical Allusions in Contemporary Russian Media

Author: Svitlana Malykhina
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739178458
Category: Social Science
Page: 210
View: 6956

Continue Reading →

Renaissance of Classical Allusions in Contemporary Russian Media takes a unique perspective on Russian media, culture, and society by bridging linguistic anthropology and media studies. Svitlana Malykhina analyzes the role of classical allusions in media as a vehicle for either indoctrination or resistance. She explores how media language reflects cultural beliefs and heritage, and forms social identity and group membership.

Digital Orthodoxy in the Post-Soviet World

The Russian Orthodox Church and Web 2.0
Author: Mikhail Suslov
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 3838268717
Category: Religion
Page: 350
View: 899

Continue Reading →

This volume explores the relationship between new media and religion, focusing on the digital era’s impact on the Russian Orthodox Church. A believer may now enter a virtual chapel, light a candle through drag-and-drop, send an online prayer request, or worship virtual icons and relics. In recent years, however, Church leaders and public figures have become increasingly skeptical about new media. The internet, some of them argue, breaches Russia’s “spiritual sovereignty” and implants values and ideas alien to Russian culture. This collection examines how Orthodox ecclesiology has been influenced by its new digital environment, such as the intersection of virtual religious life with religious experience in the “real” church, the role of clerics on the Russian Web, and the transformation of the Orthodox notion of sobornost’ (catholicity), asking whether and how Orthodox activity on the internet can be counted as authentic religious practice.

Conversion After Socialism

Disruptions, Modernisms and Technologies of Faith in the Former Soviet Union
Author: Mathijs Pelkmans
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1845459628
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 7089

Continue Reading →

The large and sudden influx of missionaries into the former Soviet Union after seventy years of militant secularism has been controversial, and the widespread occurrence of conversion has led to anxiety about social and national disintegration. Although these concerns have been vigorously discussed in national arenas, social scientists have remained remarkably silent about the subject. This volume's focus on conversion offers a novel approach to the dislocations of the postsocialist experience. In eight well researched ethnographic accounts the authors analyze a range of missionary encounters as well as aspects of conversion and "anti-conversion" in different parts of the region, thus challenging the problematic idea that religious life after socialism involved a simple "revival" of repressed religious traditions. Instead, they unravel the unexpected twists and turns of religious dynamics, and the processes that have challenged popular ideas about religion and culture. The contributions show how conversion is rooted in the disruptive qualities of the new "capitalist experience" and document its unsettling effects on the individual and social level.

Religion, Politics and Nation-Building in Post-Communist Countries

Author: Greg Simons,David Westerlund
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472449711
Category: Political Science
Page: 234
View: 4969

Continue Reading →

The increasing significance and visibility of relationships between religion and public arenas and institutions following the fall of communism in Europe provide the core focus of this fascinating book. Leading international scholars consider the religious and political role of Christian Orthodoxy in the Russian Federation, Romania, Georgia and Ukraine alongside the revival of old, indigenous religions, often referred to as 'shamanistic' and look at how, despite Islam’s long history and many adherents in the south, Islamophobic attitudes have increasingly been added to traditional anti-Semitic, anti-Western or anti-liberal elements of Russian nationalism. Contrasts between the church’s position in the post-communist nation building process of secular Estonia with its role in predominantly Catholic Poland are also explored. Religion, Politics and Nation-Building in Post-Communist Countries gives a broad overview of the political importance of religion in the Post-Soviet space but its interest and relevance extends far beyond the geographical focus, providing examples of the challenges in the spheres of public, religious and social policy for all transitional countries.

Popular Religion in Russia

'Double Belief' and the Making of an Academic Myth
Author: Stella Rock
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134369786
Category: Religion
Page: 248
View: 354

Continue Reading →

This book dispels the widely-held view that paganism survived in Russia alongside Orthodox Christianity, demonstrating that 'double belief', dvoeverie, is in fact an academic myth. Scholars, citing the medieval origins of the term, have often portrayed Russian Christianity as uniquely muddied by paganism, with 'double-believing' Christians consciously or unconsciously preserving pagan traditions even into the twentieth century. This volume shows how the concept of dvoeverie arose with nineteenth-century scholars obsessed with the Russian 'folk' and was perpetuated as a propaganda tool in the Soviet period, colouring our perception of both popular faith in Russian and medieval Russian culture for over a century. It surveys the wide variety of uses of the term from the eleventh to the seventeenth century, and contrasts them to its use in modern historiography, concluding that our modern interpretation of dvoeverie would not have been recognized by medieval clerics, and that 'double-belief' is a modern academic construct. Furthermore, it offers a brief foray into medieval Orthodoxy via the mind of the believer, through the language and literature of the period.

Politics of Religion and Nationalism

Federalism, Consociationalism and Seccession
Author: Ferran Requejo,Klaus-Jürgen Nagel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317566068
Category: Political Science
Page: 226
View: 3433

Continue Reading →

There are numerous examples of how religion and nationalism intertwine. In some cases, a common religion is the fundamental marker of a nation’s identity, whereas in others secular nationalism tries to hold together people of different religious beliefs. This book examines the link between religion and nationalism in contemporary polities. By exploring case studies on India, Russia, Israel, Canada, Chechnya, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Belgium, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Sri Lanka, Catalonia and the Basque Country, it seeks to understand the relationship between these two key societal forms of diversity and assess the interaction between religious and nationalist perspectives. Expert contributors examine a variety of phenomena, including secular nationalism, secessionism, and polities in which religious pluralism is evolving. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, religion and politics, nationalism, federalism, secession, political philosophy, racial and ethnic politics and comparative politics.

Suggestopedia and Language

Author: W. Jane Bancroft
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135300178
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 382
View: 3712

Continue Reading →

First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Russian and East European Books and Manuscripts in the United States

Proceedings of a Conference in Honor of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Bakhmeteff Archive of Russia
Author: Tanya Chebotarev,Jared S. Ingersoll
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317955382
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 154
View: 5957

Continue Reading →

Gain a better understanding of the past and cultures of Slavic and East European peoples with American archival collections! Russian and East European Books and Manuscripts in the United States, the first collection of its kind, offers perspectives from leading Slavic librarians, archivists and historians on the cultural history of Russian and East European exiles and immigrants to North America in the twentieth century. Editor Tanya Chebotarev—curator of the Bahkmeteff Archive at Columbia University—and a group of leading authorities document the concerted effort to preserve Russian and East European written culture outside the bounds of Communist power. This book is a vital addition to the collections of archivists, librarians, historians, and graduate students in Russian studies and American immigrations. Russian and East European Books and Manuscripts in the United States explores the role of Russian émigrés, librarians, and scholars in the United States in providing a haven for archival collections of Russian literature, art, and historical manuscripts at the height of panic during the Cold War. This essential resource celebrates the efforts made by archivists and librarians in collecting émigré materials. This book addresses many important related topics, such as: an introduction to the life and work of Boris Aleksandrovich Bakhmeteff—financial contributor to the Archive and the last Russian ambassador to the United States before the Bolsheviks’ seizure of power the Eurasianist movement—its roles and views on science, culture, and empire reflections of Russian émigrés on Soviet nationality policies during the 1920s and 1930s American collections on immigrants from the Russian Empire the New York Public Library—its role in collecting and describing vernacular Slavic and East European language and history materials to a diverse readership Columbia University Libraries’ Slavic and East European Collections—a historical overview of these extraordinarily rich collections of materials from or about the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the countries and people of Eastern Europe the Hoover Institution’s Polish émigré collections and the Polish state archives Russian archives online—present status and future prospects This book also details recent efforts to “repatriate” archival collections and libraries abroad and return them to their countries of origin. Disagreements between countries are already emerging, and Russian and East European Books and Manuscripts in the United States discusses their implications and the future of America’s Slavic archives.

Modern Pagan and Native Faith Movements in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Kaarina Aitamurto,Scott Simpson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317544625
Category: Religion
Page: 352
View: 4995

Continue Reading →

The resurgence of religiosity in post-communist Europe has been widely noted, but the full spectrum of religious practice in the diverse countries of Central and Eastern Europe has been effectively hidden behind the region's range of languages and cultures. This volume presents an overview of one of the most notable developments in the region, the rise of Pagan and "Native Faith" movements. Modern Pagan and Native Faith Movements in Central and Eastern Europe brings together scholars from across the region to present both systematic country overviews - of Armenia, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, and Ukraine - as well as essays exploring specific themes such as racism and the internet. The volume will be of interest to scholars of new religious movements especially those looking for a more comprehensive picture of contemporary paganism beyond the English-speaking world.

Kreuz und Kreml

Geschichte der orthodoxen Kirche in Russland
Author: Thomas Bremer
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
ISBN: 3451809575
Category: Religion
Page: 272
View: 2192

Continue Reading →

Das Standardwerk des Ostkirchenexperten Thomas Bremer erscheint in einer zweiten, stark überarbeiteten und aktualisierten Auflage. Nach einem Durchgang durch die Kirchengeschichte der Russischen Orthodoxen Kirche werden wichtige Themen wie Ausbreitung und Mission, die Beziehung zwischen Staat und Kirche, die Frömmigkeit oder das Mönchtum dargestellt. Auch werden Fragen wie die Haltung der russischen Orthodoxie zum Westen oder ihre Position zu den aktuellen Ereignissen in der Ukraine erörtert.

Power and Legitimacy

Challenges from Russia
Author: Per-Arne Bodin,Stefan Hedlund,Elena Namli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415677769
Category: Social Science
Page: 245
View: 8167

Continue Reading →

This book sheds new light on the continuing debate within political thought as to what constitutes power, and what distinguishes legitimate from illegitimate power. It does so by considering the experience of Russia, a polity where experiences of the legitimacy of power and the collapse of power offer a contrast to Western experiences on which most political theory, formulated in the West, is based. The book considers power in a range of contexts – philosophy and discourse; the rule of law and its importance for economic development; the use of culture and religion as means to legitimate power; and liberalism and the reasons for its weakness in Russia. The book concludes by arguing that the Russian experience provides a useful lens through which ideas of power and legitimacy can be re-evaluated and re-interpreted, and through which the idea of "the West" as the ideal model can be questioned.

Contemporary Ukraine on the Cultural Map of Europe

Author: Larissa M. L. Zaleska Onyshkevych,Maria G. Rewakowicz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317473779
Category: Social Science
Page: 496
View: 888

Continue Reading →

The concept of a 'return to Europe' has been integral to the movement for Ukrainian national rebirth since the nineteenth century. While the goal of a more fully reformed politics remains elusive, numerous expressions of Ukrainian culture continue to develop in the European spirit. This wide-ranging book explores Ukraine's European cultural connection, especially as it has been reestablished since the country achieved independence in 1991. The contributors discusses many aspects of Ukraine's contemporary culture - history, politics, and religion in Part I; literary culture in Part II; and language, popular culture, and the arts in Part III. What emerges is a fascinating picture of a young country grappling with its divided past and its colonial heritage, yet asserting its voice and preferences amid the diverse and at times conflicting realities of the contemporary political scene. Europe becomes a powerful point of reference, a measure against which the situation in post-independence Ukraine is gouged and debated. This framework allows for a better understanding of the complexities deeply ingrained in the social fabric of Ukrainian society.

Discourse and Transformation in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Aleksandra Galasinska,Michal Krzyzanowski
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 9780230521025
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 243
View: 1125

Continue Reading →

This interdisciplinary volume explores the discursive construction of post-1989 social change in Central and Eastern Europe. Encompassing a set of national case studies on countries such as Czech Republic, former East-Germany, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia or other Balkan states, the volume explores processes of post-communist transformation from the point of view of accelerating and unique dynamics of linguistic and discursive practices. Highlighting the micro-macro link, those practices are examined within - as well as at the cross-section of - the public domain (in politics, media, religion or civil society) and the private sphere (within individual experiences of post-communism). Providing in-depth, systematic analysis of discourse in different situations, contributions to the volume analyse diverse forms of social, political, cultural, economic or institutional transformation in post-communist contexts. The analysis points to several differences and similarities between ways in which discourse influences the unprecedented social change across Central and Eastern Europe.

Caucasia between the Ottoman empire and Iran, 1555-1914

Author: Raoul Motika,Michael Ursinus
Publisher: Reichert Verlag
Category: History
Page: 222
View: 9208

Continue Reading →

Bedingt durch den Zerfall der Sowjetunion und die anschliessende Grundung neuer Nationalstaaten erlebte die Beschaftigung mit Kaukasien in den letzten Jahren in Deutschland, Frankreich, Grossbritannien und den USA nach vielen Jahrzehnten einen kraftigen Aufschwung. Im Mittelpunkt des wissenschaftlichen Interesses standen dabei besonders die Konfliktlagen im Kaukasien der Gegenwart und deren Vorgeschichte. Beinahe zwangslaufig ergab sich daraus eine Konzentration auf die Rolle des Reiches im Norden bei der Genese regionaler Konflikte sowie bei der Herausbildung ethnischer und nationaler Identitaten und bei der Modernisierung des Landes. Bisher wurde dabei jedoch zuwenig berucksichtigt, dass dieselbe Region schon uber sehr viel langere Zeitraume hinweg an der Peripherie der antiken Grossreiche in Kleinasien und dem iranischen Hochland gelegen war. In diesem Raum standen sich in ost-westlicher Richtung der sassanidische Iran und das Romische Reich gegenuber und rangen jahrhundertelang um Hegemonie. Spater galt dies in ahnlicher Weise fur Byzanz und das muslimische Kalifat. Mit der Entstehung des Osmanischen Reiches und dem Aufstieg der Safawiden blieb dieser geographische Raum bis in die Neuzeit hinein durch den politischen Gegensatz zweier Reiche bestimmt, die auch in konfessioneller Hinsicht die Vorherrschaft uber die kaukasischen Regionen anstrebten. Im vorliegenden Band kommen ausgewiesene Spezialisten zu Wort, die sich erfolgreich bemuhen, dieser historischen Sachlage gerecht zu werden.

Paganism, Traditionalism, Nationalism

Narratives of Russian Rodnoverie
Author: Kaarina Aitamurto
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317084438
Category: Religion
Page: 222
View: 6000

Continue Reading →

Rodnoverie was one of the first new religious movements to emerge following the collapse of the Soviet Union, its development providing an important lens through which to view changes in post-Soviet religious and political life. Rodnovers view social and political issues as inseparably linked to their religiosity but do not reflect the liberal values dominant among Western Pagans. Indeed, among the conservative and nationalist movements often associated with Rodnoverie in Russia, traditional anti-Western and anti-Semitic rhetoric has recently been overshadowed by anti-Islam and anti-migrant tendencies. Providing a fascinating overview of the history, organisations, adherents, beliefs and practices of Rodnoverie this book presents several different narratives; as a revival of the native Russian or Slavic religion, as a nature religion and as an alternative to modern values and lifestyles. Drawing upon primary sources, documents and books this analysis is supplemented with extensive fieldwork carried out among Rodnoverie communities in Russia and will be of interest to scholars of post-Soviet society, new religious movements and contemporary Paganism in general.

Translation in Russian Contexts

Culture, Politics, Identity
Author: Brian James Baer,Susanna Witt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131530533X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 350
View: 9433

Continue Reading →

This volume represents the first large-scale effort to address topics of translation in Russian contexts across the disciplinary boundaries of Slavic Studies and Translation Studies, thus opening up new perspectives for both fields. Leading scholars from Eastern and Western Europe offer a comprehensive overview of Russian translation history examining a variety of domains, including literature, philosophy and religion. Divided into three parts, this book highlights Russian contributions to translation theory and demonstrates how theoretical perspectives developed within the field help conceptualize relevant problems in cultural context in pre-Soviet, Soviet, and post-Soviet Russia. This transdisciplinary volume is a valuable addition to an under-researched area of translation studies and will appeal to a broad audience of scholars and students across the fields of Translation Studies, Slavic Studies, and Russian and Soviet history.

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 2008

Author: N.A
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781857434248
Category: Europe, Eastern
Page: 776
View: 5449

Continue Reading →

Extensive coverage of the political, economic and social affairs of the region. This impartial up-to-date survey of the countries and territories that make up the region includes: * incisive analysis by acknowledged experts * the latest statistics on the major economic indicators and population * invaluable directory material. General Survey * leading authorities on the region analyse topics of regional importance including: An Economic Survey of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS); International Relations of Russia and the CIS; The Politics of Energy in the Caspian Sea Region; Uneven Progress towards Democracy in the Region; Poverty and Social Welfare; Organized Crime; The Politics of Water in Central Asia; and Environmental Degradation. Country Surveys Individual chapters on every country containing: * an introductory survey, containing essays on the geography, recent history and economy of each country, which includes a map and full chronology * an extensive statistical survey of economic indicators, which include area and population, health and welfare, agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, industry, finance, trade, transport, tourism, media and education. * a full directory containing names, addresses, contact numbers and e-mail and internet addresses for the following areas: the constitution, the government, legislature, local government, political organizations, diplomatic representation, the judiciary, religion, the media, finance, trade and industry, transport, tourism, culture, education, social welfare, the environment and defence * a useful bibliography, providing sources for further research. Who's Who in Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia * biographical details on more than 160 of the leading political figures in the region. Regional Information * detailed information on the following: regional organizations; research institutes; a select periodicals bibliography and a select books bibliography.


Europa zwischen Hitler und Stalin
Author: Timothy Snyder
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783423347563
Category: Europe, Eastern
Page: 522
View: 305

Continue Reading →