Regulating Code

Good Governance and Better Regulation in the Information Age
Author: Ian Brown (Internet consultant),Christopher T. Marsden
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262018829
Category: Law
Page: 267
View: 2038

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The case for a smarter "prosumer law" approach to Internet regulation that would better protect online innovation, public safety, and fundamental democratic rights. Internet use has become ubiquitous in the past two decades, but governments, legislators, and their regulatory agencies have struggled to keep up with the rapidly changing Internet technologies and uses. In this groundbreaking collaboration, regulatory lawyer Christopher Marsden and computer scientist Ian Brown analyze the regulatory shaping of "code"--the technological environment of the Internet--to achieve more economically efficient and socially just regulation. They examine five "hard cases" that illustrate the regulatory crisis: privacy and data protection; copyright and creativity incentives; censorship; social networks and user-generated content; and net neutrality. The authors describe the increasing "multistakeholderization" of Internet governance, in which user groups argue for representation in the closed business-government dialogue, seeking to bring in both rights-based and technologically expert perspectives. Brown and Marsden draw out lessons for better future regulation from the regulatory and interoperability failures illustrated by the five cases. They conclude that governments, users, and better functioning markets need a smarter "prosumer law" approach. Prosumer law would be designed to enhance the competitive production of public goods, including innovation, public safety, and fundamental democratic rights.

Handbuch Informelles Lernen


Author: Matthias Rohs
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658059532
Category: Education
Page: 674
View: 1781

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Informelles Lernen ist in den letzten Jahren von einer vermeintlichen ‚Restkategorie’ zu einem etablierten Bestandteil der Diskussion in vielen pädagogischen Handlungsfeldern geworden. Das Handbuch Informelles Lernen führt in diese Diskussion ein, indem es einen systematischen Überblick über die historische Genese, die theoretischen Grundlagen, empirische Erkenntnisse und forschungsmethodische Ansätze dieses Feldes gibt. Renommierte Expertinnen und Experten stellen den Diskussionsstand aus dem Blickwinkel verschiedener pädagogischer Teildisziplinen, Lebensphasen, Kontexte und Inhalte vor. Den digitalen Medien kommt dabei eine besondere Bedeutung zu, da sie für das informelle Lernen in allen pädagogischen Handlungsfelder relevant sind. Das Handbuch unterstützt damit eine breite Wahrnehmung des Diskurses und bietet Anregungen für eine tiefergehende Auseinandersetzung in Studium, Forschung und Praxis.

Das umkämpfte Netz

Macht- und medienbildungstheoretische Analysen zum Digitalen
Author: Ralf Biermann,Dan Verständig
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658150114
Category: Education
Page: 165
View: 1092

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Das Buch vereint ausgewählte interdisziplinäre Zugänge zu aktuellen Entwicklungen im und über das Internet. Im Kontext der Begriffe Internet, Bildung und Gesellschaft wird untersucht, wie Personen und Gruppen versuchen, weitgehenden Einfluss auf die zunehmende Digitalisierung der Gesellschaft zu nehmen. Themen wie Grundrechte im Netz, Identitätsbildung und Partizipations- und Bildungsmöglichkeiten werden aufgegriffen, um auf aktuelle Dynamiken und deren Implikationen für die Theoriebildung im Feld der Medienbildung hinzuweisen.

Global Free Expression - Governing the Boundaries of Internet Content


Author: Ben Wagner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319335138
Category: Law
Page: 184
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This book examines the changes in the governance of human expression as a result of the development of the Internet. It tells the story of the emergence of a global regime that almost completely lacks institutions, and develops a concept of ‘expression governance’ that focusses on the governance practices of key actors in Europe and North America. The book illuminates the increased disciplinary capacity of the Internet infrastructure that has become apparent to the public following Edward Snowden’s leaks in 2013, and provides a theoretical frame within which such changes can be understood. It argues that the Internet has developed a ‘global default’ of permissible speech that exists pervasively across the globe but beyond the control of any one actor. It then demonstrates why the emergence of such a ‘global default’ of speech is crucial to global conflict in the international relations of the Internet. The book concludes with an elaboration of the regulatory practices and theatrical performances that enable a global regime as well as the three key narratives that are embedded within it.

Policy Implications of Virtual Work


Author: Pamela Meil,Vassil Kirov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319520571
Category: Political Science
Page: 295
View: 335

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This collection presents an array of policy debates and implications emerging from virtual work. The authors cover a range of areas, including: conceptual debates, measuring virtual work; discourses and levels of policy intervention; the role of the sharing and collaborative economy; and resultant challenges for organized labour, law and regulation. The authors of the chapters analyse the ways in which processes of digitalization leading to virtual work impact so many aspects of our lives: the way we buy, sell, network, communicate, participate, create, consume, and, of course, the way we work. In turn they focus on the subsequent implications for the future of work as well as the viability of existing social protection systems. The developments examined here are salient for both policy stakeholders and for the academic community in areas such as labour sociology, industrial relations, gender studies, political economy, and economic geography.

The Fourth Revolution

How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality
Author: Luciano Floridi
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667706
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 3044

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Who are we, and how do we relate to each other? Luciano Floridi, one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy, argues that the explosive developments in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is changing the answer to these fundamental human questions. As the boundaries between life online and offline break down, and we become seamlessly connected to each other and surrounded by smart, responsive objects, we are all becoming integrated into an "infosphere". Personas we adopt in social media, for example, feed into our 'real' lives so that we begin to live, as Floridi puts in, "onlife". Following those led by Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud, this metaphysical shift represents nothing less than a fourth revolution. "Onlife" defines more and more of our daily activity - the way we shop, work, learn, care for our health, entertain ourselves, conduct our relationships; the way we interact with the worlds of law, finance, and politics; even the way we conduct war. In every department of life, ICTs have become environmental forces which are creating and transforming our realities. How can we ensure that we shall reap their benefits? What are the implicit risks? Are our technologies going to enable and empower us, or constrain us? Floridi argues that we must expand our ecological and ethical approach to cover both natural and man-made realities, putting the 'e' in an environmentalism that can deal successfully with the new challenges posed by our digital technologies and information society.

Networks and States

The Global Politics of Internet Governance
Author: Milton L. Mueller
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262288796
Category: Computers
Page: 320
View: 9284

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When the prevailing system of governing divides the planet into mutually exclusive territorial monopolies of force, what institutions can govern the Internet, with its transnational scope, boundless scale, and distributed control? Given filtering/censorship by states and concerns over national cybersecurity, it is often assumed that the Internet will inevitably be subordinated to the traditional system of nation-states. In Networks and States, Milton Mueller counters this, showing how Internet governance poses novel and fascinating governance issues that give rise to a global politics and new transnational institutions. Drawing on theories of networked governance, Mueller provides a broad overview of Internet governance from the formation of ICANN to the clash at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), the formation of the Internet Governance Forum, the global assault on peer-to-peer file sharing, and the rise of national-level Internet control and security concerns. Internet governance has become a source of conflict in international relations. Networks and States explores the important role that emerging transnational institutions could play in fostering global governance of communication-information policy.

Government 2.0

Using Technology to Improve Education, Cut Red Tape, Reduce Gridlock, and Enhance Democracy
Author: William D. Eggers
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742541764
Category: Computers
Page: 299
View: 9902

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A well-written, lively, optimistic book that calls for the transformation of technology in government from 'lipstick on a bulldog to total information awareness.' This book is proactive in nature (see what these governments are really doing), does not call for a wholesale and costly transformation, and employs a subtle shaming of those governments that have not yet joined the 21st century. William Eggers's argument, conservative in nature, states that the world of politics would quickly and markedly benefit from this digital transformation in terms of a fiscal payoff, but a more profound change would result as governments become more transparent, more democratic, and more efficient.

Der Aufstieg der Netzwerkgesellschaft

Das Informationszeitalter. Wirtschaft. Gesellschaft. Kultur
Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658113227
Category: Social Science
Page: 646
View: 5038

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Manuel Castells entwirft in seinem Werk eine Soziologie des Informationszeitalters. Auf der Grundlage reichhaltigen empirischen Materials analysiert und interpretiert er die Entwicklung von der Industriegesellschaft zur Informationsgesellschaft. Seit seinem ersten Erscheinen 1996 in den USA hat das Werk einen beispiellosen Siegeszug durch die wissenschaftlich interessierte Leserschaft genommen.

History of U.S. Political Parties


Author: Arthur Meier Schlesinger
Publisher: Chelsea House Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 4553
View: 5702

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Discussions of the development, programs, constituencies, and achievements of all major parties, and includes speeches, letters, and other politically-relevant materials.

The Global Information Infrastructure

Agenda for Cooperation
Author: Albert Gore,Ronald H. Brown
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788131844
Category:
Page: 49
View: 2449

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Provides perspective on how to build and maintain the Global Information Infrastructure (GII). Discusses what the critical foundation should be and how to encourage the use of the GII. Identifies the areas in which governments can take independent action or with the cooperation of others, can work constructively to facilitate the development of the GII. Enunciates five basic principles: encourage private investment, promote competition, provide open access, create a flexible regulatory environment, and ensure universal service. GII key contacts.

Risks, Rewards and Regulation of Unconventional Gas

A Global Perspective
Author: R. Quentin Grafton,Ian G. Cronshaw,Michal C. Moore
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110712008X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 650
View: 5746

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This book explains the drivers and implications of unconventional gas at regional, national and global scales with case studies and in-depth analyses.

Thinking Ahead - Essays on Big Data, Digital Revolution, and Participatory Market Society


Author: Dirk Helbing
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319150782
Category: Computers
Page: 194
View: 6415

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The rapidly progressing digital revolution is now touching the foundations of the governance of societal structures. Humans are on the verge of evolving from consumers to prosumers, and old, entrenched theories – in particular sociological and economic ones – are falling prey to these rapid developments. The original assumptions on which they are based are being questioned. Each year we produce as much data as in the entire human history - can we possibly create a global crystal ball to predict our future and to optimally govern our world? Do we need wide-scale surveillance to understand and manage the increasingly complex systems we are constructing, or would bottom-up approaches such as self-regulating systems be a better solution to creating a more innovative, more successful, more resilient, and ultimately happier society? Working at the interface of complexity theory, quantitative sociology and Big Data-driven risk and knowledge management, the author advocates the establishment of new participatory systems in our digital society to enhance coordination, reduce conflict and, above all, reduce the “tragedies of the commons,” resulting from the methods now used in political, economic and management decision-making. The author Physicist Dirk Helbing is Professor of Computational Social Science at the Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences and an affiliate of the Computer Science Department at ETH Zurich, as well as co-founder of ETH’s Risk Center. He is internationally known for the scientific coordination of the FuturICT Initiative which focuses on using smart data to understand techno-socio-economic systems. “Prof. Helbing has produced an insightful and important set of essays on the ways in which big data and complexity science are changing our understanding of ourselves and our society, and potentially allowing us to manage our societies much better than we are currently able to do. Of special note are the essays that touch on the promises of big data along with the dangers...this is material that we should all become familiar with!” Alex Pentland, MIT, author of Social Physics: How Good Ideas Spread - The Lessons From a New Science "Dirk Helbing has established his reputation as one of the leading scientific thinkers on the dramatic impacts of the digital revolution on our society and economy. Thinking Ahead is a most stimulating and provocative set of essays which deserves a wide audience.” Paul Ormerod, economist, and author of Butterfly Economics and Why Most Things Fail. "It is becoming increasingly clear that many of our institutions and social structures are in a bad way and urgently need fixing. Financial crises, international conflicts, civil wars and terrorism, inaction on climate change, problems of poverty, widening economic inequality, health epidemics, pollution and threats to digital privacy and identity are just some of the major challenges that we confront in the twenty-first century. These issues demand new and bold thinking, and that is what Dirk Helbing offers in this collection of essays. If even a fraction of these ideas pay off, the consequences for global governance could be significant. So this is a must-read book for anyone concerned about the future." Philip Ball, science writer and author of Critical Mass “This collection of papers, brought together by Dirk Helbing, is both timely and topical. It raises concerns about Big Data, which are truly frightening and disconcerting, that we do need to be aware of; while at the same time offering some hope that the technology, which has created the previously unthought-of dangers to our privacy, safety and democracy can be the means to address these dangers by enabling social, economic and political participation and coordination, not possible in the past. It makes for compelling reading and I hope for timely action.”Eve Mitleton-Kelly, LSE, author of Corporate Governance and Complexity Theory and editor of Co-evolution of Intelligent Socio-technical Systems

Governance im 21. Jahrhundert


Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9789264589360
Category:
Page: 264
View: 8682

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Mit dem Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts stehen weitere dramatische Umwälzungen in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft an der Tagesordnung. Der Bericht untersucht Chancen und Risiken wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und technologischer Natur.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 7381

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Niles' Weekly Register


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7160

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Containing political, historical, geographical, scientifical, statistical, economical, and biographical documents, essays and facts: together with notices of the arts and manu factures, and a record of the events of the times.

America's Three Regimes : A New Political History

A New Political History
Author: Morton Keller Professor of History Brandeis University
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198043570
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 3572

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When historians take the long view, they look at "ages" or "eras" (the Age of Jackson, the Progressive Era). But these time spans last no longer than a decade or so. In this groundbreaking new book, Morton Keller divides our nation's history into three regimes, each of which lasts many, many decades, allowing us to appreciate, as never before, the slow steady evolution of American public life. Americans like to think of our society as eternally young and effervescent. But the reality is very different. A proper history of America must be as much about continuity, persistence, and evolution as about transformation and revolution. To provide this proper history, Keller groups America's past into three long regimes--Deferential and Republican, from the colonial period to the 1820s; Party and Democratic, from the 1830s to the 1930s; and Populist and Bureaucratic, from the 1930s to the present. This approach yields many new insights. We discover, for instance, that the history of colonial America, the Revolution, and the Early Republic is a more unified story than usually assumed. The Civil War, industrialization, and the Progressive era did relatively little to alter the character of the democratic-party regime that lasted from the 1830s to the 1930s. And the populist-bureaucratic regime in which we live today has seen changes in politics, government, and law as profound as those that occurred in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. As Keller underscores the sheer staying power of America's public institutions, he sheds light on current concerns as well: in particular, will the current political polarization continue or will more moderate forces prevail. Here then is a major contribution to United States history--an entirely new way to look at our past, our present, and our future--packed with provocative and original observations about American public life.