Reframing Social Citizenship

Author: Peter Taylor-Gooby
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191613851
Category: Political Science
Page: 234
View: 7912

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Throughout the world, governments are restructuring social and welfare provision to give a stronger role to opportunity, aspiration and individual responsibility, and to competition, markets and consumer choice. This approach centres on a logic of individual rational action: people are the best judges of what serves their own interests and government should give them as much freedom of choice as possible. The UK has gone further than any other major European country in reform and provides a useful object lesson. This book analyses the pressures on social citizenship from changes in work and the family, political actors, population ageing, and the processes within government in the relentless international process of globalization that have shaped the response. It examines the various social science approaches to agency and argues that the logic of rational action is able to explain how reciprocity arises and is sustained but offers a weak foundation for social inclusion and social trust. It will only sustain part of the welfare state. A detailed assessment of empirical evidence shows how the outcomes of the new policy framework correspond to its theoretical strengths and limitations. Reforms have achieved considerable success in delivering mass services efficiently. They are much less successful in redistributing to more vulnerable low income groups and in maintaining public trust in the structure of provision. The risk is that mistrustful and disquieted voters may be unwilling to support high spending on health care, pensions and other benefits at a time when they are most needed. In short, the reform programme was undertaken for excellent reasons in a difficult international context, but risks throwing the baby out with the bathwater.

Welfare, Inequality and Social Citizenship

Deprivation and Affluence in Austerity Britain
Author: Daniel Edmiston
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447337468
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 7657

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Offers a rare and vivid insight into the everyday lives, attitudes and behaviours of the rich as well as the poor across the UK, demonstrating how those marginalised and validated by the existing welfare system make sense of the prevailing socio-political settlement and their own position within it.

Policy change, public attitudes and social citizenship

Does neoliberalism matter?
Author: Humpage, Louise
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447323513
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 4612

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Neoliberal reforms have seen a radical shift in government thinking about social citizenship rights around the world. But have they had a similarly significant impact on public support for these rights? This unique book traces public views on social citizenship across three decades through attitudinal data from New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia. It argues that support for some aspects of social citizenship diminished more significantly under some political regimes than others, and that limited public resistance following the financial crisis of 2008-2009 further suggests the public ‘rolled over’ and accepted these neoliberal values. Yet attitudinal variances across different policy areas challenge the idea of an omnipotent neoliberalism, providing food for thought for academics, students and advocates wishing to galvanise support for social citizenship in the 21st century.

EU Citizenship and Federalism

Author: Dimitry Kochenov
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107072700
Category: Law
Page: 852
View: 5736

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Kochenov's definitive collection examines the under-utilised potential of EU citizenship, proposing and defending its position as a systemic element of EU law endowed with foundational importance. Leading experts in EU constitutional law scrutinise the internal dynamics in the triad of EU citizenship, citizenship rights and the resulting vertical delimitation of powers in Europe, analysing the far-reaching constitutional implications. Linking the constitutional question of federalism and citizenship, the volume establishes an innovative new framework where these rights become agents and rationales of European integration and legal change, located beyond the context of the internal market and free movement. It maps the role of citizenship in this shifting landscape, outlining key options for a Europe of the future.

Body Work in Health and Social Care

Critical Themes, New Agendas
Author: Julia Twigg,Carol Wolkowitz,Rachel Lara Cohen,Sarah Nettleton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444345842
Category: Social Science
Page: 182
View: 9208

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The first book to fully explore the multiple ways in which body work features in health and social care and the meanings of this work both for those employed to do it and those on whose bodies they work. Explores the commonalities between different sectors of work, including those outside health and social care Contributions come from an international range of experts Draws on perspectives from across the medical, therapeutic, and care fields Incorporates a variety of methodological approaches, from life history analysis to ethnographic studies and first person accounts

Contours of Citizenship

Women, Diversity and Practices of Citizenship
Author: Ms Laura Maratou-Alipranti,Professor Esther Ngan-ling Chow,Professor Evangelia Tastsoglou,Professor Margaret Abraham
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409499650
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 7432

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In an increasingly globalized world of collapsing economic borders and extending formal political and legal equality rights, active citizenship has the potential to expand as well as deepen. At the same time, with the rise of neo-liberalism, welfare state retrenchment, decline of state employment, re-privatization and the rising gap between rich and poor, the economic, social and political citizenship rights of certain categories of people are increasingly curtailed. This book examines the complexity of citizenship in historical and contemporary contexts. It draws on empirical research from a range of countries, contexts and approaches in addressing women and citizenship in a global/local world and covers a selection of diverse issues, both present and past, to include immigration, ethnicity, class, nationality, political and economic participation, institutions and the private and public spheres. This rich collection informs our understanding of the pitfalls and possibilities for women in the persistence and changes within the contours of citizenship.

Choice and Public Policy

The Limits to Welfare Markets
Author: Peter Taylor-Gooby
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780333731314
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 258
View: 7791

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Public policies increasingly emphasize active consumerism, entrepreneurship on the part of service providers and professionals, privatisation and an expanded role for markets. Choice and Public Policy draws on research by economists, psychologists, sociologists and public policy experts. The research demonstrates that the traditional rational choice model of economic behaviour is unsatisfactory in providing accounts of the way people choose in relation to work, saving, spending, investment and social welfare. It also shows that the public policies of active consumerism, public sector entrepreneurship and privatisation based on this approach are seriously flawed.

Reframing Europe's Future

Challenges and failures of the European construction
Author: Jody Jensen,Ferenc Miszlivetz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317619501
Category: Political Science
Page: 268
View: 3563

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The global financial crisis which erupted in 2008 had an astounding yet varied impact on the European Union (EU), with some countries benefiting from the crisis while others suffered. Today many more and varied voices articulate increasing frustration, dissatisfaction, distrust and cynicism with the current state of affairs in Europe. This book addresses the challenges and failures of the European construction today from an interdisciplinary perspective. It seeks to identify the deeper, structural causes of the failure of the European project by investigating a variety of aspects, placing Europe in a historical perspective and interpreting its trajectory in a global context. In doing so it argues that the EU, the unfinished European polity, the single European market, and the set of supranational institutions, are not sustainable in their present forms. This text will be of key interest to students and practitioners of international relations, economics, European studies, democracy and contemporary European and global challenges.

Greening Citizenship

Sustainable Development, the State and Ideology
Author: A. Scerri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137010312
Category: Science
Page: 235
View: 7687

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The greening of citizenship, the state and ideology has created both opportunities and bottlenecks for progressive political movements. Scerri argues that these are pursuing justice by making holistic demands for: fair distribution and status recognition, adequate representation and effective participation.

Reframing the International

Law, Culture, Politics
Author: Richard Falk,R.B.J. Walker,Lester Ruiz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136702091
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 5927

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Re-Framing the International insists that, if we are to properly face the challenges of the coming century, we need to re-examine international politics and development through the prism of ethics and morality. International relations must now contend with a widening circle of participants reflecting the diversity and uneveness of status, memory, gender, race, culture and class.

Risk and Society

Author: David Denney
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761947400
Category: Social Science
Page: 220
View: 1350

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What does it mean to live in `risk society'? How does the idea of risk change how we live with each other? Risk currently dominates individual and collective consciousness. Globally, insecurity is related to terrorism, pollution, global epidemics and famine, yet smoking, sunlight and travel have also become major preoccupations. This book provides a powerful and lucid account of risk in society today. Denney critically examines the social construction of risk, by considering a range of social theories, addressing the literature and providing an authoritative guide to the key issues raised. An analysis of the nature of risk to aspects of everyday life – of the meanings which have been assigned to notions of risk – is also considered. Finally, global themes such as terrorism, global regulation governance and developments in international relations are examined. This book will be required reading for students of risk within the fields of Sociology, International Relations and Media, Culture and Communications.

European Welfare Policy

Squaring the Welfare Circle
Author: Vic George,Peter Taylor-Gooby
Publisher: Palgrave
ISBN: 9780333609170
Category: Social Science
Page: 234
View: 5580

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This broad and accessible text examines one of the most crucial issues facing western governments today: how to raise sufficient funds to meet the rising aspirations of their electorate for more and better welfare services. Looking at seven European countries representing different policy traditions, government ideologies and levels of economic affluence, it discusses health, social security, housing, personal social services and education policies against a background of economic, demographic and familial change.

Rethinking History, Reframing Identity

Memory, Generations, and the Dynamics of National Identity in Poland
Author: Alexandra Wangler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3531192264
Category: Social Science
Page: 347
View: 2215

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This book contributes to the theoretical and methodological discussion about how the diverging experiences of generations and their historical memories play a role in the process of national identity formation. Drawing from narratives gathered within the Ukrainian minority in northern Poland and centered on the collective trauma of Action Vistula, where in 1947 about 140,000 Ukrainians were resettled from south-eastern Poland and relocated to the north-western areas, this study shows that three generations vary considerably with regard to their understandings of home, integration, history and religion. Thus, generational differences are an essential element in the analysis and understanding of social and political change. The findings of this study provide a contribution to debates about the process based nature of national identity, the role of trauma in creating generational consciousness and how generations should be conceptualized.

The Double Crisis of the Welfare State and What We Can Do About It

Author: P. Taylor-Gooby
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137328118
Category: Political Science
Page: 138
View: 7812

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This book analyses the immediate challenges from headlong cuts, root-and-branch restructuring and the longer-term pressures from population ageing. It demonstrates that a more humane and generous welfare state that will build social inclusiveness is possible and shows how it can be achieved.

Broadening the Dementia Debate

Towards Social Citizenship
Author: Ruth Bartlett,Deborah O'Connor
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1847421776
Category: Political Science
Page: 151
View: 3984

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This book examines dementia from a social citizenship perspective. It looks at rights, status(es) and participation and shows how this framework can be applied in practice.

Radical Welfare State Retrenchment

A Comparative Analysis
Author: Peter Starke
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
Category: Political Science
Page: 266
View: 9746

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This book offers an international comparative analysis of welfare state retrenchment.

Reframing Demographic Change in Europe

Perspectives on Gender and Welfare State Transformations
Author: Heike Kahlert,Waltraud Ernst
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643104111
Category: Social Science
Page: 227
View: 7505

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Demographic change in Europe has been a topic of great public and political interest since the 1990s. The central aim of this book is to create new questions for research by connecting the topics of demographic change, of the restructuring of the welfare state and of change in gender relations. The articles have a closer look at the interrelation of these social and political changes by highlighting different national situations as well as different theoretical and empirical aspects. They try to reframe the 'problem' of demographic change by analyzing it in the context of gender and welfare state transformations.

Reframing Randolph

Labor, Black Freedom, and the Legacies of A. Philip Randolph
Author: Andrew E. Kersten,Clarence Lang
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814764649
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 3910

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At one time, Asa Philip Randolph (1889-1979) was a household name. As president of the all-black Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP), he was an embodiment of America’s multifaceted radical tradition, a leading spokesman for Black America, and a potent symbol of trade unionism and civil rights agitation for nearly half a century. But with the dissolution of the BSCP in the 1970s, the assaults waged against organized labor in the 1980s, and the overall silencing of labor history in U.S. popular discourse, he has been largely forgotten among large segments of the general public before whom he once loomed so large. Historians, however, have not only continued to focus on Randolph himself, but his role (either direct, or via his legacy) in a wide range of social, political, cultural, and even religious milieu and movements. The authors of Reframing Randolph have taken Randolph’s dusty portrait down from the wall to reexamine and reframe it, allowing scholars to regard him in new, and often competing, lights. This collection of essays gathers, for the very first time, many genres of perspectives on Randolph. Featuring both established and emergent intellectual voices, this project seeks to avoid both hagiography and blanket condemnation alike. The contributors represent the diverse ways that historians have approached the importance of his long and complex career in the main political, social, and cultural currents of twentieth-century African American specifically, and twentieth-century U.S. history overall. The central goal of Reframing Randolph is to achieve a combination of synthetic and critical reappraisal.