Reflexivity in Criminological Research

Experiences with the Powerful and the Powerless
Author: Aaron Winter
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137379405
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 2714

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This comprehensive collection contributes to, advances and consolidates discussions of the range of research methods in criminology through the presentation of diverse international case studies in which contributors reflect upon their experiences with powerless and powerful individuals or groups.

Reflexivity and Criminal Justice

Intersections of Policy, Practice and Research
Author: Sarah Armstrong,Jarrett Blaustein,Alistair Henry
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137546425
Category: Social Science
Page: 388
View: 3432

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This collection presents a diverse set of case studies and theoretical reflections on how criminologists engage with practitioners and policy makers while undertaking research. The contributions to this volume highlight both the challenges and opportunities associated with doing criminological research in a reflexive and collaborative manner. They further examine the ethical and practical implications of the ‘impact’ agenda in the higher education sector with respect to the production and the dissemination of criminological knowledge. Developed to serve as an internationally accessible reference volume for scholars, practitioners and postgraduate criminology students, this book responds to the awareness that criminology as a discipline increasingly encompasses not only the study of crime, but also the agencies, process and structures that regulate it. Key questions include: How can criminal justice policy be studied as part of the field of criminology? How do we account for our own roles as researchers who are a part of the policy process? What factors and dynamics influence, hinder and facilitate ‘good policy’?

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods


Author: David Gadd,Susanne Karstedt,Steven F Messner
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473971705
Category: Social Science
Page: 552
View: 3436

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Conducting research into crime and criminal justice carries unique challenges. This Handbook focuses on the application of 'methods' to address the core substantive questions that currently motivate contemporary criminological research. It maps a canon of methods that are more elaborated than in most other fields of social science, and the intellectual terrain of research problems with which criminologists are routinely confronted. Drawing on exemplary studies, chapters in each section illustrate the techniques (qualitative and quantitative) that are commonly applied in empirical studies, as well as the logic of criminological enquiry. Organized into five sections, each prefaced by an editorial introduction, the Handbook covers: • Crime and Criminals • Contextualizing Crimes in Space and Time: Networks, Communities and Culture • Perceptual Dimensions of Crime • Criminal Justice Systems: Organizations and Institutions • Preventing Crime and Improving Justice Edited by leaders in the field of criminological research, and with contributions from internationally renowned experts, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods is set to become the definitive resource for postgraduates, researchers and academics in criminology, criminal justice, policing, law, and sociology. David Gadd is Professor of Criminology at Manchester University School of Law where he is also Director of the Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice. Susanne Karstedt has a Chair in Criminology and Criminological Justice at the University of Leeds. Steven F. Messner is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology, University at Albany, State University of New York.

Doing Criminological Research


Author: Pamela Davies,Peter Francis
Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited
ISBN: 1526422077
Category: Social Science
Page: 576
View: 2294

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The new edition of this bestselling textbook comes completely revised and updated to take students on a guided tour of criminological research. As a trusted companion, this book brings together a range of experts in the field to provide key perspectives on how to prepare, do and present research. Concise and engaging, each chapter comes with a range of learning features and contextualised case studies, giving an in-depth review on conducting research projects. The book: Includes fascinating case studies on transnational crime and policing, victims, male offenders, institutional abuse and more Comes with study questions, activities, key terms and a glossary Includes visual material which highlights and illustrates key points Contains new chapters on mixed methods; web based criminological research; experimental criminological research and quantitative criminological research This is the go-to for any student studying criminology, essential to those conducting their own research in the field.

The Subcultural Imagination

Theory, Research and Reflexivity in Contemporary Youth Cultures
Author: Shane Blackman,Michelle Kempson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317549716
Category: Social Science
Page: 204
View: 3137

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The Subcultural Imagination discusses young adults in subcultures and examines how sociologists use qualitative research methods to study them. Through the application of the ideas of C. Wright Mills to the development of theory-reflexive ethnography, this book analyses the experiences of young people in different subcultural settings, as well as reflecting on how young people in subcultures interact in the wider context of society, biography and history. From Cuba to London, and Bulgaria to Asia, this book delves into urban spaces and street corners, young people’s parties, gigs, BDSM fetish clubs, school, the home, and feminist zines to offer a picture of live sociology in practice. In three parts, the volume explores: history, biography and subculture; practising reflexivity in the field; epistemologies, pedagogies and the subcultural subject. The book offers cutting edge theory and rich empirical research on social class, gender and ethnicities from both established and new researchers across diverse disciplinary backgrounds. It moves the subcultural debate beyond the impasse of the term’s relevance, to one where researchers are fully engaged with the lives of the subcultural subjects. This innovative edited collection will appeal to scholars and students in the areas of sociology, youth studies, media and cultural studies/communication, research methods and ethnography, popular music studies, criminology, politics, social and cultural theory, and gender studies.

Qualitative Research in Criminology (1999)


Author: Fiona Brookman,Lesley Noaks,Emma Wincup
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351141422
Category: Social Science
Page: 194
View: 4378

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Published in 1999, this text brings together detailed reflexive accounts of authors’ experiences of conducting research on a variety of criminological topics. The broad aim of the book is to critically review how qualitative methods can be effectively deployed in the area of criminology. The conclusions reached in the text are diverse, reflecting the range of qualitative methods considered and the particular criminological topics to which they are applied. A common theme throughout is that whilst qualitative research can help to provide valid and meaningful information on criminological issues, researchers need to carefully reflect upon both the methodological and ethical dimensions of their work. The book will appeal to those who wish to understand the experience of conducting qualitative research on aspects of crime and criminal justice. This will include undergraduate and postgraduate students undertaking research for the first time, as well as experienced researchers and teachers. This book was originally published as part of the Cardiff Papers in Qualitative Research series edited by Paul Atkinson, Sara Delamont and Amanda Coffey. The series publishes original sociological research that reflects the tradition of qualitative and ethnographic inquiry developed at Cardiff. The series includes monographs reporting on empirical research, edited collections focussing on particular themes, and texts discussing methodological developments and issues.

Engaging with Ethics in International Criminological Research


Author: Michael Adorjan,Rose Ricciardelli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317382889
Category: Social Science
Page: 244
View: 2137

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Despite a voluminous literature detailing the procedures of research ethics boards and institutional ethical review processes, there are few texts that explore the realpolitik of conducting criminal research in practice. This book explores the unique lived experiences of scholars engaging with ethics during their criminological research, and focuses on the ethical dilemmas that researchers encounter both in the field and while writing up results for publication. Who benefits from criminological research? What are the roles and impacts of ethics review boards? How do methodological and theoretical decisions factor in to questions of ethical conduct and research ethics governance? This book is divided into four parts: Part I, Institutional arrangements and positionality, explores the ongoing and expanding process of ethics protocol and procedures, principles of confidentiality, and the positionality of the researcher. Part II, Trust and research with vulnerable populations, examines the complexity of work involving prisoners, indigenous peoples and victims of extreme violence, power dynamics between researchers and participants, and the challenges of informed consent. Part III, Research on and with police, reflects on the importance of transparent relations with police, best practices, and the consequences of undertaking research in authoritarian contexts. Part IV, Emerging areas, scrutinizes the ethics of carceral tours and suggests possible alternatives, and offers one of the first sociological and criminological examinations of dark net cryptomarkets. Drawing upon the experiences of international experts, this book aims to provoke further reflection on and discussion of ethics in practice. This book is ideal for students undertaking courses on research methods in criminology, as well as a key resource for criminology researchers around the world.

Reflexivity

Theory, Method and Practice
Author: Karen Lumsden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138911864
Category: Social sciences
Page: 240
View: 8271

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The benefits of reflexivity and its practice in social science research has become largely accepted amongst social researchers, however at present little guidance is given as to the actual practice of �doing� reflexivity. Reflexivity: Theory, Method and Practice draws together methodological, theoretical and philosophical discussions of reflexivity in the social sciences, and interrogates reflexivity as a tool and practice of researchers in the contemporary public engagement and impact context which social researchers and academics are required to negotiate. It explores historical debates on reflexivity and situates these within the practice of various social science methods. The volume examines ethical and moral questions and dilemmas around our relationships with the researched, how they shape the direction of research, the (co-)construction of knowledge, and the identity/ies of the social researcher. This book unpacks philosophical and theoretical debates, providing guidance for researchers on the practice of reflexivity from the beginning to the end (and beyond), of the research process. It is essential reading for an international audience including social researchers, academics, PhD and Masters students in the social sciences and cognate disciplines, as well as undergraduate social science students interested in research methods.

Communities, Identities and Crime


Author: Basia Spalek
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1861348045
Category: Political Science
Page: 241
View: 2886

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This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.

Criminological Research

Understanding Qualitative Methods
Author: Lesley Noaks,Emma Wincup
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412933064
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 6571

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'Noaks and Wincup's book is useful primarily to criminology students for its clarity, use of illustrative case studies, exercises and end-of-chapter suggested further reading' - The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice Criminological Research offers a comprehensive guide to both the theory and practice of qualitative criminological research. Through a detailed yet concise explanation, the reader is shown how a variety of methods and approaches work and how their outcomes may be interpreted. Practically focused throughout, the book also offers constructive advice for students analysing and writing their research projects. Key features of the book include: - An innovative framework - combining different methodologies and approaches - A variety of `real-life' examples and case studies - enriches the book for the reader - A set of practical exercises and further reading sections in each chapter - pedagogical and student-focussed throughout - A broad coverage - includes discussions of ethnography, interviewing, documentary evidence and data-analysis - A detailed and practical discussion of the politics of research, such as issues of access, ethics and confidentiality The book has a flowing narrative and student-friendly structure which makes it accessible to students. Written by experts in the field, it will be an invaluable resource for students and researchers, helping them to undertake effective research in both criminology and courses in qualitative research in related disciplines.

Qualitative Interviews


Author: Sabina Misoch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110354616
Category: Social Science
Page: 301
View: 5333

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Qualitative interviews are a key tool in modern research practice. What are the different forms of the qualitative interview? Which method is suitable for which situation? How does one conduct qualitative interviews in practice? The book answers these and other questions by presenting methodological principles and different interview methods with schemata, figures, and examples, along with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages.

Cash

Roman
Author: Richard Price
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104026629
Category: Fiction
Page: 528
View: 5496

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Die literarische Sensation Drei Männer werden nachts in der Lower East Side von zwei dunkelhäutigen Jugendlichen überfallen. Einer der drei wird erschossen, die Täter fliehen. Der Hauptzeuge, Eric, verstrickt sich bei der Polizei immer tiefer in Widersprüche. Detective Matty Clark kommen jedoch bald Zweifel an seiner Schuld. Richard Price lässt in seinem hymnisch gefeierten Bestseller die Fassade des strahlenden, ›neuen‹ New Yorks bröckeln und zeigt die dahinter liegenden Risse, die unter dem Glamour verborgene Macht und Gewalt. »Cash« ist ein Röntgenblick auf die Lower East Side, ein großer Roman von einem meisterhaften Gegenwartschronisten.

Research Ethics in Criminology

Dilemmas, Issues and Solutions
Author: Malcolm Cowburn,Loraine Gelsthorpe,Azrini Wahidin
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317621468
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 8733

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Ethical principles and concerns are at the heart of criminological research and can arise at the planning, implementation and reporting stages. It is vital that researchers are aware of the issues involved so that they can make informed decisions about the implications of certain choices. This cutting-edge book charts the changing topography of ethics, governance and accountability for social science research in criminology, contributes to the developing discourse on research ethics and demonstrates the importance as to why research ethics should be taken seriously. Bringing together a range of experts who consider both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. This book examines the key issues and challenges of ethical research. Topics covered include: the measures in place to ensure ethical research practice for social scientists; the relationship between state funding and research findings; the challenge of researching sensitive areas; the changing face of governance and accountability for academic criminology. Research Ethics in Criminology is a comprehensive and accessible text that is ideal for students studying criminological research methods. Supplementary material includes key points, chapter summaries, critical thinking questions, key definitions, case examples, and recommendations for further reading. This book will provide a thorough grounding in the ethical issues faced by researchers, as well as an understanding of the role and purpose of ethics committees.

Understanding Criminological Research

A Guide to Data Analysis
Author: John Martyn Chamberlain
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446291138
Category: Social Science
Page: 264
View: 9634

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Criminological research lies at the heart of criminological theory, influences social policy development, as well as informs criminal justice practice. The ability to collect, analyse and present empirical data is a core skill every student of criminology must learn. Written as an engaging step-by-step guide and illustrated by detailed case studies, this book guides the reader in how to analyse criminological data. Key features of the book include: o Guidance on how to identify a research topic, designing a research study, accounting for the role of the researcher and writing up and presenting research findings. o A thorough account of the development of qualitative and quantitative research methodologies and data analysis within the field of criminology. o Relevant and up-to-date case studies, drawn from internationally published criminological research sources. o Clear and accessible chapter content supported by helpful introductions, concise summaries, self-study questions and suggestions for further reading. Understanding Criminological Research: A Guide to Data Analysis in invaluable reading for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in criminology and criminal justice.

New Directions in Criminological Theory


Author: Steve Hall,Simon Winlow
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136306269
Category: Social Science
Page: 376
View: 4647

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This edited collection brings together established global scholars and new thinkers to outline fresh concepts and theoretical perspectives for criminological research and analysis in the 21st century. Criminologists from the UK, USA, Canada and Australia evaluate the current condition of criminological theory and present students and researchers with new and revised ideas from the realms of politics, culture and subjectivity to unpack crime and violence in the precarious age of global neoliberalism. These ideas range from the micro-realm of the ‘personality disorder’ to the macro-realm of global ‘power-crime’. Rejecting or modifying the orthodox notion that crime and harm are largely the products of criminalisation and control systems, these scholars bring causes and conditions back into play in an eclectic yet thematic way that should inspire students and researchers to once again investigate the reasons why some individuals and groups elect to harm others rather than seek sociability. This collection will inspire new criminologists to both look outside their discipline for new ideas to import, and to create new ideas within their discipline to reinvigorate it and further strengthen its ability to explain the crimes and harms that we see around us today. This book will be of particular interest to academics and both undergraduate and postgraduate students in the field of criminology, especially to those looking for theoretical concepts and frameworks for dissertations, theses and research reports.

Drugs, Clubs and Young People

Sociological and Public Health Perspectives
Author: Bill Sanders
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317147693
Category: Psychology
Page: 208
View: 9723

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In this volume, contributors employ sociological and public health perspectives to offer insights into behaviours common at raves and nightclubs. The volume provides theoretical observations on illicit club drug use and supply, helping to challenge current orthodoxies on the role of drug use within young peoples' lives. Drawing material from the USA, UK and Hong Kong, the volume allows the demystification of stereotypical presentations surrounding young people who attend clubs and/or use club drugs. This work provides a badly needed and objective analysis of youthful drug use, and a foundation from which future sociological and public studies on young people, clubs and drugs - as well as young people themselves - will benefit.

Offending Girls

Young Women and Youth Justice
Author: Gilly Sharpe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136617841
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 7865

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At the dawn of the twenty-first century, panic about girls’ offending in Britain reached fever pitch. No longer sugar and spice, a ‘new breed’ of girl, the hedonistic, violent, binge-drinking ‘ladette’, was reported to have emerged. At the same time, the number of young women entering the youth justice system, including youth custody, increased dramatically. Offending Girls challenges simplistic and demonising popular representations of 'bad' girls and examines what exactly is new about the ‘new’ offending girl. In the light of enormous social and cultural changes affecting girls’ lives, and expectations of them, since previous British research in this area, the book investigates whether popular stereotypes problematising female youthful behaviour resonate with the accounts of criminalised young women themselves, and to what extent they have infiltrated professional youth justice discourse. Through the lens of original detailed qualitative research in two Youth Offending Teams and a Secure Training Centre – the first study of its kind since the 'modernisation' of the youth justice system over a decade ago – Offending Girls questions whether the ‘new’ youth justice system is delivering justice for girls and young women. It also contends that the panic about an ‘unprecedented crime wave’ amongst girls is not supported by robust evidence, but that the interventionist thrust which characterises contemporary youth justice has had a particularly pernicious impact on girls. It will be key reading for students and academics working in the areas of criminology, criminal and youth justice, education, gender studies, youth studies, social work, sociology and social policy, as well as youth and criminal justice practitioners and policy-makers.

The Routledge Handbook of Qualitative Criminology


Author: Heith Copes,J. Mitchell Miller
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135114935
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 1624

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Despite illustrious origins dating to the 1920s, qualitative crime research has long been overshadowed by quantitative inquiry. After decades of limited use, there has been a notable resurgence in crime ethnography, naturalistic inquiry, and related forms of fieldwork addressing crime and related social control efforts. The Routledge Handbook of Qualitative Criminology signals this momentum as the first major reference work dedicated to crime ethnography and related fieldwork orientations. Synthesizing the foremost topics and issues in qualitative criminology into a single definitive work, the Handbook provides a "first-look" reference source for scholars and students alike. The collection features twenty original chapters on leading qualitative crime research strategies, the complexities of collecting and analyzing qualitative data, and the ethical propriety of researching active criminals and incarcerated offenders. Contributions from both established luminaries and talented emerging scholars highlight the traditions and emerging trends in qualitative criminology through authoritative overviews and "lived experience" examples. Comprehensive and current, The Routledge Handbook of Qualitative Criminology promises to be a sound reference source for academics, students and practitioners as ethnography and fieldwork realize continued growth throughout the 21st Century.

Theorising Modernity

Reflexivity, Environment & Identity in Giddens' Social Theory
Author: Martin O'Brien,Sue Penna,Colin Hay
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317884183
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 9708

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What is modernity? Do we all experience modernity in the same way? How should we understand contemporary social change? This volume explores questions of modernity through critical engagements with the work of Anthony Giddens, focusing in particular on the relationships between his social theory and political sociology. Three substantive areas - reflexivity, environment and identity - are examined theoretically through the relationships between reflexivity and rationality, life politics and institutional power, and universalism and 'difference'. As well as specifically addressing Giddens' reconstruction of sociology, the contributors also explore a wide variety of critical issues currently occupying centre stage in social theory. These include questions about the character of contemporary societies, the periodisation of social change, the processes of change by which societies are constantly made and remade by people, the relationships between the 'social' and the 'natural', the formation and maintenance of identities and matters of epistemology and methodology in social science. Theorising Modernity will be of interest to undergraduate and postgraduate students of sociology, modern political thought, social geography and social policy and to social scientists trying to make sense of the modernity debate. Martin O'Brien is Research at the University of Derby. Sue Penna is a Lecturer in Applied Social Science at Lancaster University. Colin Hay is a Lecturer in the Department of Political Science and International Studies at the University of Birmingham (UK), a Visiting Fellow of the Department of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (US) and Research Affiliate of the Centre for European Studies at Harvard University (US).