Rare Earth

Why Complex Life is Uncommon in the Universe
Author: Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0387218483
Category: Science
Page: 338
View: 3586

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What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

Die Neuentdeckung des Himmels

Auf der Suche nach Leben im Universum
Author: Florian Freistetter
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 3446438823
Category: Science
Page: 264
View: 3696

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Seit wenigen Jahren haben wir den Beweis: Es gibt sie, fremde Welten, auf denen ideale Bedingungen für die Entstehung von Leben herrschen. Dank der Erkenntnisse moderner Astrophysik erhöht sich die Wahrscheinlichkeit täglich, dass wir dieses Leben irgendwo dort draußen aufspüren. Florian Freistetter schildert, wie die moderne Astronomie erst lernen musste, das Unsichtbare zu sehen, um Supererden und Heiße Jupiter zu finden. Wie die fremden Welten beschaffen sein müssen, damit auf ihnen Leben entstanden sein kann – und wie wir mit Hilfe neuer Teleskope bald herausbekommen, wie Außerirdische wirklich aussehen. "Die Neuentdeckung des Himmels" ist die Chronik eines der größten Abenteuer der Menschheit: der Suche nach einer Antwort auf die Frage "Sind wir allein im Universum?".

The Medea Hypothesis

Is Life on Earth Ultimately Self-Destructive?
Author: Peter Ward
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400829887
Category: Science
Page: 208
View: 8229

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In The Medea Hypothesis, renowned paleontologist Peter Ward proposes a revolutionary and provocative vision of life's relationship with the Earth's biosphere--one that has frightening implications for our future, yet also offers hope. Using the latest discoveries from the geological record, he argues that life might be its own worst enemy. This stands in stark contrast to James Lovelock's Gaia hypothesis--the idea that life sustains habitable conditions on Earth. In answer to Gaia, which draws on the idea of the "good mother" who nurtures life, Ward invokes Medea, the mythical mother who killed her own children. Could life by its very nature threaten its own existence? According to the Medea hypothesis, it does. Ward demonstrates that all but one of the mass extinctions that have struck Earth were caused by life itself. He looks at our planet's history in a new way, revealing an Earth that is witnessing an alarming decline of diversity and biomass--a decline brought on by life's own "biocidal" tendencies. And the Medea hypothesis applies not just to our planet--its dire prognosis extends to all potential life in the universe. Yet life on Earth doesn't have to be lethal. Ward shows why, but warns that our time is running out. Breathtaking in scope, The Medea Hypothesis is certain to arouse fierce debate and radically transform our worldview. It serves as an urgent challenge to all of us to think in new ways if we hope to save ourselves from ourselves.

A New History of Life

The Radical New Discoveries about the Origins and Evolution of Life on Earth
Author: Peter Ward,Joe Kirschvink
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1608199088
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 6043

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Charles Darwin's theories, first published more than 150 years ago, form the backbone of how we understand the history of the Earth. In reality, the currently accepted history of life on Earth is so flawed, so out of date, that it's past time we need a 'New History of Life.' In their latest book, Joe Kirschvink and Peter Ward will show that many of our most cherished beliefs about the evolution of life are wrong. Gathering and analyzing years of discoveries and research not yet widely known to the public, A New History of Life proposes a different origin of species than the one Darwin proposed, one which includes eight-foot-long centipedes, a frozen "snowball Earth†?, and the seeds for life originating on Mars. Drawing on their years of experience in paleontology, biology, chemistry, and astrobiology, experts Ward and Kirschvink paint a picture of the origins life on Earth that are at once too fabulous to imagine and too familiar to dismiss--and looking forward, A New History of Life brilliantly assembles insights from some of the latest scientific research to understand how life on Earth can and might evolve far into the future.

Under a Green Sky

The Once and Potentially Future Greenhou
Author: Peter D. Ward
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0061755451
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 8169

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By looking backward at the course of great extinctions, a paleontologist sees what the future holds. More than 200 million years ago, a cataclysmic event known as the Permian extinction destroyed more than 90 percent of all species and nearly 97 percent of all living things. Its origins have long been a puzzle for paleontologists. During the 1990s and the early part of this century, a great battle was fought between those who thought that death had come from above and those who thought something more complicated was at work. Paleontologist Peter. D. Ward, fresh from helping prove that an asteroid had killed the dinosaurs, turned to the Permian problem, and he has come to a stunning conclusion. In his investigations of the fates of several groups of mollusks during that extinction and others, he discovered that the near-total devastation at the end of the Permian period was caused by rising levels of carbon dioxide leading to climate change. But it's not the heat (nor the humidity) that's directly responsible for the extinctions, and the story of the discovery of what is responsible makes for a fascinating, globe-spanning adventure. In Under a Green Sky, Ward explains how the Permian extinction as well as four others happened, and describes the freakish oceans—belching poisonous gas—and sky—slightly green and always hazy—that would have attended them. Those ancient upheavals demonstrate that the threat of climate change cannot be ignored, lest the world's life today—ourselves included—face the same dire fate that has overwhelmed our planet several times before.

The Twin Sister Planets Venus and Earth

Why are they so different?
Author: Robert J. Malcuit
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319113887
Category: Science
Page: 401
View: 1120

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This book explains how it came to be that Venus and Earth, while very similar in chemical composition, zonation, size and heliocentric distance from the Sun, are very different in surface environmental conditions. It is argued here that these differences can be accounted for by planetoid capture processes and the subsequent evolution of the planet-satellite system. Venus captured a one-half moon-mass planetoid early in its history in the retrograde direction and underwent its “fatal attraction scenario” with its satellite (Adonis). Earth, on the other hand, captured a moon-mass planetoid (Luna) early in its history in prograde orbit and underwent a benign estrangement scenario with its captured satellite.

Chance Or Purpose?

Creation, Evolution, and a Rational Faith
Author: Christoph Schönborn,Christoph von Schönborn
Publisher: Ignatius Press
ISBN: 9781586172121
Category: Religion
Page: 181
View: 8910

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Cardinal Christoph Schnborns article on evolution and creation in The New York Times launched an international controversy. Critics charged him with biblical literalism and creationism. In this book, Cardinal Schnborn responds to his critics by tackling the hard questions with a carefully-reasoned the "theology of creation." Can we still speak intelligently of the world as creation and affirm the existence of the Creator, or is God a delusion? How should an informed believer read Genesis? If God exists, why is there so much injustice and suffering? Are human beings a part of nature or elevated above it? What is man's destiny? Is everything a matter of chance or can we discern purpose in human existence? In his treatment of evolution, Cardinal Schnborn distinguishes the biological theory from evolutionism, the ideology that tries to reduce all of reality to mindless, meaningless processes. He argues that science and a rationally-grounded faith are not at odds and that what many people represent as science is really a set of philosophical positions that will not withstand critical scrutiny. Purpose or Chance? directly raises the philosophical and theological issues many scientists today overlook or ignore. The result is a vigorous, frank dialogue that acknowledges the respective insights of the philosopher, the theologian and the scientist, but which calls on them to listen and to learn from each another.

Venus: Dont Go There

What Science and Religion Reveal About Life After Death
Author: Michael T. Santini
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1491747005
Category: Religion
Page: 252
View: 2674

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Where do the unrighteous go after death? What is the plight of the guilty after the Day of Judgment? Are places like heaven, hell, and the lake of fire physical locations in the universe? Biblically based and scientifically reasoned answers to these questions, and more, lead to locating the planet Venus as one possible place for perdition. The book Venus: Don't Go There-What Science and Religion Reveal about Life after Death reviews past and present discoveries and provides future evidence for alliance between the physical sciences and the Bible. God ordained the sciences and religion to work together for the common good and to lead toward a comprehensive understanding of the future. Correlation between the Holy Scriptures and the sciences can work together to provide reasonable and meaningful truths. Through interdisciplinary study, the author deduces the ultimate destiny for unsaved humanity could be within the solar system, while providing a unique perspective to life after death.

International Environmental Law and Policy for the 21st Century

2nd Revised Edition
Author: Ved Nanda,George (Rock) Pring
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004250239
Category: Law
Page: 684
View: 1337

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International Environmental Law & Policy for the 21st Century, 2nd Revised Edition, provides a fresh, comprehensive, and in-depth analysis of the immense and challenging field of IEL, perfect for the needs of students, scholars, professionals, NGOs, and lay readers alike.

Der Allesverkäufer

Jeff Bezos und das Imperium von Amazon
Author: Brad Stone
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593421453
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 399
View: 9682

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Bewundert, gefürchtet und hart kritisiert: Firmengründer Jeff Bezos und sein Unternehmen Amazon mit Sitz in Seattle ist mit seinen 182 Millionen Kunden längst nicht nur der größte Online-Einzelhändler der Welt. In beängstigendem Tempo treibt der Erfinder des Kindle die digitale Wirtschaft vor sich her und erobert immer mehr Geschäftsfelder - von Hardware, Logistik und digitalem Content über Web-Hosting und dem Griff nach internationalen Web-Domains bis zu einem geheimen Raumfahrtprojekt. Was ist das Geheimnis des Systems Amazon? Wer zahlt den Preis? Der Technologieexperte Brad Stone ist der Erste mit Zugang zum Zentrum der Macht. Er liefert den spannenden Insiderblick auf Licht und Schatten der Erfolgsgeschichte des Netzgiganten, auf das Profil seines rücksichtslos kompetitiven Gründers sowie den Ausblick auf seine Zukunft.


Einstein, Bohr und die große Debatte über das Wesen der Wirklichkeit
Author: Manjit Kumar
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783827010193
Page: 540
View: 4118

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Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences

From Heresy to Truth
Author: James Lawrence Powell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538456
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 9292

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Over the course of the twentieth century, scientists came to accept four counterintuitive yet fundamental facts about the Earth: deep time, continental drift, meteorite impact, and global warming. When first suggested, each proposition violated scientific orthodoxy and was quickly denounced as scientific—and sometimes religious—heresy. Nevertheless, after decades of rejection, scientists came to accept each theory. The stories behind these four discoveries reflect more than the fascinating push and pull of scientific work. They reveal the provocative nature of science and how it raises profound and sometimes uncomfortable truths as it advances. For example, counter to common sense, the Earth and the solar system are older than all of human existence; the interactions among the moving plates and the continents they carry account for nearly all of the Earth's surface features; and nearly every important feature of our solar system results from the chance collision of objects in space. Most surprising of all, we humans have altered the climate of an entire planet and now threaten the future of civilization. This absorbing scientific history is the only book to describe the evolution of these four ideas from heresy to truth, showing how science works in practice and how it inevitably corrects the mistakes of its practitioners. Scientists can be wrong, but they do not stay wrong. In the process, astonishing ideas are born, tested, and over time take root.

Evolution and the Emergent Self

The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature
Author: Raymond L. Neubauer
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231521685
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 7850

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Evolution and the Emergent Self is an eloquent and evocative new synthesis that explores how the human species emerged from the cosmic dust. Lucidly presenting ideas about the rise of complexity in our genetic, neuronal, ecological, and ultimately cosmological settings, the author takes readers on a provocative tour of modern science's quest to understand our place in nature and in our universe. Readers fascinated with "Big History" and drawn to examine big ideas will be challenged and enthralled by Raymond L. Neubauer's ambitious narrative. How did humans emerge from the cosmos and the pre-biotic Earth, and what mechanisms of biological, chemical, and physical sciences drove this increasingly complex process? Neubauer presents a view of nature that describes the rising complexity of life in terms of increasing information content, first in genes and then in brains. The evolution of the nervous system expanded the capacity of organisms to store information, making learning possible. In key chapters, the author portrays four species with high brain:body ratios—chimpanzees, elephants, ravens, and dolphins—showing how each species shares with humans the capacity for complex communication, elaborate social relationships, flexible behavior, tool use, and powers of abstraction. A large brain can have a hierarchical arrangement of circuits that facilitates higher levels of abstraction. Neubauer describes this constellation of qualities as an emergent self, arguing that self-awareness is nascent in several species besides humans and that potential human characteristics are embedded in the evolutionary process and have emerged repeatedly in a variety of lineages on our planet. He ultimately demonstrates that human culture is not a unique offshoot of a language-specialized primate, but an analogue of fundamental mechanisms that organisms have used since the beginning of life on Earth to gather and process information in order to buffer themselves from fluctuations in the environment. Neubauer also views these developments in a cosmic setting, detailing open thermodynamic systems that grow more complex as the energy flowing through them increases. Similar processes of increasing complexity can be found in the "self-organizing" structures of both living and nonliving forms. Recent evidence from astronomy indicates that planet formation may be nearly as frequent as star formation. Since life makes use of the elements commonly seeded into space by burning and expiring stars, it is reasonable to speculate that the evolution of life and intelligence that happened on our planet may be found across the universe.

The Search for Extraterrestrials

Intercepting Alien Signals
Author: Monte Ross
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387740708
Category: Science
Page: 176
View: 5071

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Follow Monte Ross of the Laser Space Signal Observatory as he explores the challenges in searching for evidence of extraterrestrials, the programs that have failed, and those that continue. The book circumvents the failure of searches at radio frequencies by being the first to explore electromagnetic frequencies besides RF and microwave as possible signal sources, taking into consideration all the ways that extraterrestrials might try to communicate with us. Throughout the presentation, all the ideas, concepts, and approaches are explained clearly, without the use of complex math or physics.

20 Compelling Evidences That God Exists

Discover Why Believing in God Makes So Much Sense
Author: Ken Boa,Robert M. Bowman, Jr.
Publisher: David C Cook
ISBN: 0781409411
Category: Religion
Page: 224
View: 7964

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Is it Reasonable to Believe? Remarkably, even though millions upon millions of us do believe in God, when we are asked why we have such faith, we become tongue-tied and struggle to give a reason for our hope. No wonder those who don't believe God exists remain unconvinced—there's too few of us ready to speak on God's behalf! Ken Boa and Robert Bowman have provided a resource that tackles the most profound arguments from philosophy, science, sociology, psychology, and history ... and presents twenty clear, concise, and compelling evidences that show that faith in God—and specifically Jesus Christ—is reasonable.

The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon

Author: Brad Stone
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448127513
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 464
View: 3410

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**Winner of the 2013 Financial Times and Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year Award** Though Amazon.com started off delivering books through the mail, its visionary founder, Jeff Bezos, was never content with being just a bookseller. He wanted Amazon to become ‘the everything store’, offering limitless selection and seductive convenience at disruptively low prices. To achieve that end, he developed a corporate culture of relentless ambition and secrecy that's never been cracked. Until now... Jeff Bezos stands out for his relentless pursuit of new markets, leading Amazon into risky new ventures like the Kindle and cloud computing, and transforming retail in the same way that Henry Ford revolutionized manufacturing. Amazon placed one of the first and largest bets on the Internet. Nothing would ever be the same again.

Wir sind Götter

Author: Dennis E. Taylor
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 3641221811
Category: Fiction
Page: 448
View: 3915

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Eigentlich hat Bob Johansson nie an ein Leben nach dem Tod geglaubt. Als er nach einem tödlichen Autounfall als Künstliche Intelligenz eines Raumschiffes wieder erwacht, ist er natürlich geschockt. Doch damit nicht genug – er ist der intelligente Computer einer von Neuman Probe, das heißt er wurde tausendfach repliziert. Bob und seine Kopien werden ausgeschickt, um in den Tiefen des Weltalls nach neuen, bewohnbaren Planeten zu suchen. Dabei stoßen sie nicht nur auf ein primitives Alien-Volk, das sie als Götter verehrt, sondern auch auf eine feindliche Spezies, die droht, die Erde anzugreifen – und die Bobs sind die Einzigen, die sie noch aufhalten können ...

Der blinde Mörder

Author: Margaret Atwood
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 3492977448
Category: Fiction
Page: 704
View: 5062

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Kanada, in den 1930er Jahren: Laura, fünfzehnjährige Tochter eines Fabrikanten, verfällt einem Gewerkschaftsagitator. Doch auch für ihre Schwester Iris verkörpert er das romantische Ideal eines Mannes. Als Laura von seinem Tod erfährt, begeht sie Selbstmord. Zurück bleibt ein Manuskript mit dem Titel »Der blinde Mörder«, das Laura postum berühmt macht. Aber ist sie wirklich die Autorin? Iris versucht Jahre später, sich rückblickend Klarheit über die Geschehnisse zu verschaffen.