Questions, Inferences, and Scenarios

Author: Andrzej Wisniewski
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781848901209
Category: Mathematics
Page: 190
View: 9224

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"The importance of questions is beyond doubt. But the degree of attention paid to them in logic and linguistics is still less than they deserve." (from the Preface) What is a question? How to represent questions in formal languages? How to model reasoning in which questions are involved? Can we prove anything by means of pure questioning? How to model goal-directed problem solving? These are the main issues of Andrzej Wi niewski's "Questions, Inferences, and Scenarios." This book offers a state-of-the-art exposition of Inferential Erotetic Logic, that is, an approach to the logic of questions focused on inferences which lead to questions as conclusions. Wi niewski characterizes semantic relations which determine validity of these inferences within the framework of Minimal Erotetic Semantics, applicable to a wide range of formal languages. He elaborates in detail the concept of erotetic search scenario, a tool for modelling problem solving. Moreover, the author presents some applications of Inferential Erotetic Logic in proof theory. Andrzej Wi niewski is one of the most prominent contemporary researchers in the logic of questions. Currently, he is a full professor at the Department of Logic and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Pozna, Poland.

Flexible Query Answering Systems

12th International Conference, FQAS 2017, London, UK, June 21–22, 2017, Proceedings
Author: Henning Christiansen,Hélène Jaudoin,Panagiotis Chountas,Troels Andreasen,Henrik Legind Larsen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319596926
Category: Computers
Page: 288
View: 9052

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Flexible Query Answering Systems, FQAS 2017, held in London, UK, in June 2017. The 21 full papers presented in this book together with 4 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 43 submissions. The papers cover the following topics: foundations of flexible querying; recommendation and ranking; technologies for flexible representations and querying; knowledge discovery and information/data retrieval; intuitionistic sets; and generalized net model.

Essays in Logical Philosophy

Author: Andrzej Wisniewski
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643903812
Category: Philosophy
Page: 117
View: 5234

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This collection of papers is written in the spirit of what is nowadays called 'Logical Philosophy.' The topics addressed include: skepticism and the criterion of truth, situational semantics, computational aspects of possible worlds semantics and question-answer systems, occurrent beliefs, the logical omniscience paradox, paraconsistency, and models of explanatory procedures. (Series: Development in Humanities - Vol. 12)

The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory

Author: Shalom Lappin,Chris Fox
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118882199
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 704
View: 6318

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The second edition of The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory presents a comprehensive introduction to cutting-edge research in contemporary theoretical and computational semantics. Features completely new content from the first edition of The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory Features contributions by leading semanticists, who introduce core areas of contemporary semantic research, while discussing current research Suitable for graduate students for courses in semantic theory and for advanced researchers as an introduction to current theoretical work

Inferences with Ignorance: Logics of Questions

Author: Peliš, Michal
Publisher: Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press
ISBN: 8024631814
Category: Mathematics
Page: 110
View: 6881

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Inferences with Ignorance focuses on two formal logic systems that employ the type of inferences in which questions are used in addition to statements. Not merely capturing questions as part of a logical apparatus, Michal Peliš also emphasizes the role of question-asking in communication. The book presents options for formalizing questions using sets of “direct answers,” demonstrates where questions are used in inferences, and explores asking questions and seeking answers as important components of everyday communication, proposing ways of using questions within a formal system that can capture a change in knowledge during this simple communication.

Research Methods in Linguistics

Author: Robert J. Podesva,Devyani Sharma
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107653312
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 568
View: 877

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A comprehensive guide to conducting research projects in linguistics, this book provides a complete training in state-of-the-art data collection, processing, and analysis techniques. The book follows the structure of a research project, guiding the reader through the steps involved in collecting and processing data, and providing a solid foundation for linguistic analysis. All major research methods are covered, each by a leading expert. Rather than focusing on narrow specializations, the text fosters interdisciplinarity, with many chapters focusing on shared methods such as sampling, experimental design, transcription and constructing an argument. Highly practical, the book offers helpful tips on how and where to get started, depending on the nature of the research question. The only book that covers the full range of methods used across the field, this student-friendly text is also a helpful reference source for the more experienced researcher and current practitioner.

An Introduction to Empirical Legal Research

Author: Lee Epstein,Andrew D. Martin
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191646555
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 2256

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Is the death penalty a more effective deterrent than lengthy prison sentences? Does a judge's gender influence their decisions? Do independent judiciaries promote economic freedom? Answering such questions requires empirical evidence, and arguments based on empirical research have become an everyday part of legal practice, scholarship, and teaching. In litigation judges are confronted with empirical evidence in cases ranging from bankruptcy and taxation to criminal law and environmental infringement. In academia researchers are increasingly turning to sophisticated empirical methods to assess and challenge fundamental assumptions about the law. As empirical methods impact on traditional legal scholarship and practice, new forms of education are needed for today's lawyers. All lawyers asked to present or assess empirical arguments need to understand the fundamental principles of social science methodology that underpin sound empirical research. An Introduction to Empirical Legal Research introduces that methodology in a legal context, explaining how empirical analysis can inform legal arguments; how lawyers can set about framing empirical questions, conducting empirical research, analysing data, and presenting or evaluating the results. The fundamentals of understanding quantitative and qualitative data, statistical models, and the structure of empirical arguments are explained in a way accessible to lawyers with or without formal training in statistics. Written by two of the world's leading experts in empirical legal analysis, drawing on years of experience in training lawyers in empirical methods, An Introduction to Empirical Legal Research will be an invaluable primer for all students, academics, or practising lawyers coming to empirical research - whether they are embarking themselves on an empirical research project, or engaging with empirical arguments in their field of study, research, or practice.

Studien über Hysterie (Vollständige Ausgabe)

Author: Sigmund Freud,Josef Breuer
Publisher: e-artnow
ISBN: 8026826159
Category: Psychology
Page: 222
View: 356

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Dieses eBook: "Studien über Hysterie (Vollständige Ausgabe)" ist mit einem detaillierten und dynamischen Inhaltsverzeichnis versehen und wurde sorgfältig korrekturgelesen. Die Studien über Hysterie von Josef Breuer und Sigmund Freud wurden 1895 veröffentlicht und gelten als die erste Abhandlung der klassischen Psychoanalyse. Es handelt sich um eine Sammlung von Aufsätzen, die sich zunächst mit dem älteren Begriff der Hysterie nach Paul Julius Möbius (1888) beschäftigen, aber schnell neue, vor allem ätiologische Konzepte vorstellten. Freud entwickelte im Fortgang sein eigenes Konzept, das auf der Annahme unbewusster Prozesse als spezifisch hysterische Vorgänge basierte, und stellte später eine psychotherapeutische Behandlungsmethode vor, die auf hypnotische und kathartische Elemente verzichten konnte. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) war ein österreichischer Neurologe, Tiefenpsychologe, Kulturtheoretiker und Religionskritiker. Als Begründer der Psychoanalyse erlangte er weltweite Bekanntheit. Freud gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts; seine Theorien und Methoden werden bis heute viel diskutiert. Josef Breuer (1842-1925) war ein Wiener Arzt, Physiologe und Philosoph. Neben Sigmund Freud gilt er als Mitbegründer der Psychoanalyse.

Wie kleine Kinder schlau werden

selbständiges Lernen im Alltag
Author: John Caldwell Holt
Publisher: Beltz
ISBN: 9783407228550
Page: 232
View: 2013

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Ausgehend von der Beobachtung des kindlichen Spielens erläutert der Autor, wie Kinder denken und lernen.

The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic

Selected Essays
Author: Jaakko Hintikka,Merrill B.P. Hintikka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792300403
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 245
View: 4152

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somewhat like Henkin's nonstandard interpretation of higher-order logics, while the right semantics [or logical modalities is an analogue to the standard of type theory in Henkin's sense. interpretation Another possibility would be to follow W.V. Quine's advice to give up logi­ cal modalities as being beyond repair. Or we could also try to develop a logic of conceptual possibility, restricting the range of our "possible worlds" to those compatible with the transcendental presuppositions of our own conceptual sys­ tem. This looks in fact like one of the most interesting possible theories I have dreamt of developing but undoubtedly never will. Its kinship with Kant's way of thinking should be obvious. Besides putting the entire enterprise of possible-worlds semantics into a perspective, we can also see that the actual history of possible-worlds seman­ tics is more complicated than it might first appear to be. For the standard in­ terpretation of modal logics has reared its beautiful head repeatedly in the writings of Stig Kanger, Richard Montague the pre-Montague-semantics theorist, and Nino Cocchiarella.

Die Street Corner Society

Die Sozialstruktur eines Italienerviertels
Author: William Foote Whyte
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110809648
Category: Social Science
Page: 403
View: 960

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Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik

eine logisch-mathematische untersuchung über den begriff der zahl
Author: Gottlob Frege
Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag
ISBN: 9783487400280
Page: 119
View: 2870

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Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen

Author: August Petermann,Ernst Behm,Alexander Georg Supan,Paul Max Harry Langhans,Nikolaus Creutzburg,Hermann Haack
Publisher: N.A
Category: Geography
Page: N.A
View: 1214

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Vols. 54-57 include section "Kartographischer Monatsbericht von Hermann Haack" (title varies) v. 1-4, 1906-11.