Quaternary Environments


Author: M. A. J. Williams
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780340691519
Category: Science
Page: 329
View: 4215

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The second edition of this authoritative introduction to the global environmental fluctuations of the Quaternary period has been thoroughly revised and updated, and now includes two new chapters: one on Quaternary glaciations, its causes and feedback mechanisms, and one on the Milankovitch theory and its implications for Quaternary climatic oscillations. The book draws on examples from every continent, including Antarctica, and features a superb range of maps and illustrations. The time span covered includes relevant events during the Tertiary which set the stage for the Quaternary glaciations and associated changes in climate, vegetation, and prehistoric human development. Focusing on the interactions between geological, biological and hydrological processes, the book explores the effects of human impact on the environment and considers how far evidence from the Quartenary may be useful in predicting future environmental change.

Reconstructing Quaternary Environments


Author: J. John Lowe,Michael J.C Walker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317753712
Category: Science
Page: 538
View: 5853

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This third edition of Reconstructing Quaternary Environments has been completely revised and updated to provide a new account of the history and scale of environmental changes during the Quaternary. The evidence is extremely diverse ranging from landforms and sediments to fossil assemblages and geochemical data, and includes new data from terrestrial, marine and ice-core records. Dating methods are described and evaluated, while the principles and practices of Quaternary stratigraphy are also discussed. The volume concludes with a new chapter which considers some of the key questions about the nature, causes and consequences of global climatic and environmental change over a range of temporal scales. This synthesis builds on the methods and approaches described earlier in the book to show how a number of exciting ideas that have emerged over the last two decades are providing new insights into the operation of the global earth-ocean-atmosphere system, and are now central to many areas of contemporary Quaternary research. This comprehensive and dynamic textbook is richly illustrated throughout with full-colour figures and photographs. The book will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in Earth Science, Environmental Science, Physical Geography, Geology, Botany, Zoology, Ecology, Archaeology and Anthropology

Global Environments Through the Quaternary

Exploring Evironmental Change
Author: David Anderson,Andrew Goudie,Adrian Parker
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199697264
Category: Science
Page: 406
View: 9293

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Global Environments through the Quaternary delves into the environmental changes that have taken place during the Quaternary: the last 2.6 million years of geological history and the time during which humans have evolved and spread across the Earth. Taking you through the Pleistocene and the Holocene, the book describes the evidence that has helped us to characterize environmental changes during these two epochs; it then explores the changes captured bymore recent meteorological records in the period up to the present day. Throughout, it aims to convey the relevance of palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic studies to current environmental and climaticconcerns, whilst putting these concerns into perspective.

Nitrogen in the Environment


Author: J.L. Hatfield,R.F. Follett
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080569895
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 720
View: 7476

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Nitrogen is one of the most critical elements for all life forms. In agricultural systems it is essential for the production of crops for feed, food, and fiber. The ever-increasing world population requires increasing use of nitrogen in agriculture to supply human needs for dietary protein. Worldwide demand for nitrogen will increase as a direct response to increasing population. Nitrogen in the Environment provides a wholistic perspective and comprehensive treatment of nitrogen. The scope of this book is diverse covering a range of topics and issues related to furthering our understanding of nitrogen in the environment at farm and national levels. Issues of nitrogen from its effects on crops and human nutrition to nitrogen in ground water, watersheds, streams, rivers, and coastal marine environments are discussed to provide a broad view of the problem and support scientists, researchers, and engineers in formulating comprehensive solutions. * The only source which presents an international, wholistic perspective of the effects of nitrogen in the environment with worldwide mitigation practices * Provides details on how to improve the quality of the environment by analyzing the development of emerging technologies * Develops strategies to be used by soil scientists, agronomists, hydrologists, and geophysicists for broad scale improvement of nitrogen efficiency

Proteins in Food Processing


Author: Rickey Y. Yada
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081007299
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 674
View: 3779

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Proteins in Food Processing, Second Edition, reviews how proteins may be used to enhance the nutritional, textural and other qualities of food products. After two introductory chapters, the book discusses sources of proteins, examining the caseins, whey, muscle and soy proteins, and proteins from oil-producing plants, cereals and seaweed. Part Two illustrates the analysis and modification of proteins, with chapters on testing protein functionality, modeling protein behavior, extracting and purifying proteins and reducing their allergenicity. A final group of chapters delves into the functional value of proteins and how they are used as additives in foods. Completely revised and updated with new developments on all food protein analysis and applications, such as alternative proteins sources, proteins as emulsifiers, proteins in nanotechnology and egg proteins Reviews the wide range of protein sources available Examines ways of modifying protein sources Discusses the use of proteins to enhance the nutritional, textural and other qualities of food products

Elements of Information Theory


Author: Thomas M. Cover,Joy A. Thomas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118585771
Category: Computers
Page: 792
View: 5205

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The latest edition of this classic is updated with new problem sets and material The Second Edition of this fundamental textbook maintains the book's tradition of clear, thought-provoking instruction. Readers are provided once again with an instructive mix of mathematics, physics, statistics, and information theory. All the essential topics in information theory are covered in detail, including entropy, data compression, channel capacity, rate distortion, network information theory, and hypothesis testing. The authors provide readers with a solid understanding of the underlying theory and applications. Problem sets and a telegraphic summary at the end of each chapter further assist readers. The historical notes that follow each chapter recap the main points. The Second Edition features: * Chapters reorganized to improve teaching * 200 new problems * New material on source coding, portfolio theory, and feedback capacity * Updated references Now current and enhanced, the Second Edition of Elements of Information Theory remains the ideal textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in electrical engineering, statistics, and telecommunications. An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.

Drug Benefits and Risks

International Textbook of Clinical Pharmacology - Revised 2nd Edition
Author: C.J. van Boxtel,B. Santoso,I.R. Edwards
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 160750345X
Category: Medical
Page: 848
View: 6902

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This updated and revised 2nd edition of Drug Benefits and Risks is an inclusive reference exploring the scientific basis and practice of drug therapy. The key concept is to look at the balance between the benefits and risks of drugs, but in this context also highlighting the social impact which drugs have in modern societies. Taking an evidence-based approach to the problem, the practice of clinical pharmacology and pharmacotherapy in the developing as well as the developed world is examined. For this purpose the book covers general clinical pharmacology, pharmacology of various drug groups and the treatments specific to various diseases; the book gives guidance on how doctors should act so that drugs can be used effectively and safely; and it encourages the rational use of drugs in society. This publication brings together a large amount of excellent content that will be invaluable for anyone working within, or associated with, the field of clinical pharmacology and pharmacotherapy - undergraduates, postgraduates, regulatory authorities and the pharmaceutical industry.

Thermodynamics of Natural Systems

Theory and Applications in Geochemistry and Environmental Science
Author: Greg Anderson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316802973
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 1345

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Thermodynamics deals with energy levels and energy transfers between states of matter, and is therefore fundamental to all branches of science. This new edition provides an accessible introduction to the subject, specifically tailored to the interests of Earth and environmental science students. Beginning at an elementary level, the first four chapters explain all necessary concepts via a simple graphical approach. Throughout the rest of the book, the author emphasizes the importance of field observations and demonstrates that, despite being derived from idealized circumstances, thermodynamics is crucial to understanding ore formation, acid mine drainage, and other real-world geochemical and geophysical problems. Exercises now follow each chapter, with answers provided at the end of the book. An associated website includes extra chapters and password-protected answers to additional problems. This textbook is ideal for undergraduate and graduate students studying geochemistry and environmental science.

Principles of Life


Author: David M. Hillis,H. Craig Heller
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1429257210
Category: Science
Page: 908
View: 4349

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For sample chapters, a video interview with David Hillis, and more information, visit www.whfreeman.com/hillispreview. Sinauer Associates and W.H. Freeman are proud to introduce Principles of Life. Written in the spirit of the reform movement that is reinvigorating the introductory majors course, Principles of Life cuts through the thicket of excessive detail and factual minutiae to focus on what matters most in the study of biology today. Students explore the most essential biological ideas and information in the context of the field’s defining experiments, and are actively engaged in analyzing research data. The result is a textbook that is hundreds of pages shorter (and significantly less expensive) than the current majors introductory books.

The Evolution of Plants


Author: Kathy Willis,Jennifer McElwain
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019929223X
Category: Nature
Page: 398
View: 6288

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Blends evidence from the fossil record and data from biomolecular studies to tell the story of plant evolution from the earliest forms of life to the present day. Its straightforward explanations and clear illustrations provide the most accessible introduction to plant evolution available.

Stochasticity, Nonlinearity and Forecasting of Streamflow Processes


Author: Wen Wang
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586036218
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 210
View: 8306

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"Streamflow forecasting is of great importance to water resources management and flood defense. On the other hand, a better understanding of the streamflow process is fundamental for improving the skill of streamflow forecasting. The methods for forecasting streamflows may fall into two general classes: process-driven methods and data-driven methods. Equivalently, methods for understanding streamflow processes may also be broken into two categories: physically-based methods and mathematically-based methods. This publication focuses on using mathematically-based methods to analyze stochasticity and nonlinearity of streamflow processes based on univariate historic streamflow records, and presents data-driven models that are also mainly based on univariate streamflow time series. Six streamflow processes of five rivers in different geological regions are investigated for stochasticity and nonlinearity at several characteristic timescales (i.e., one day, one month, 1/3 month and one year). But only the streamflows of the upper Yellow River in northern China are considered for forecasting."

Bioanalytical Chemistry


Author: Susan R. Mikkelsen,Eduardo Cort?n
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118302540
Category: Medical
Page: 488
View: 8012

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A timely, accessible survey of the multidisciplinary field of bioanalytical chemistry Provides an all in one approach for both beginners and experts, from a broad range of backgrounds, covering introductions, theory, advanced concepts and diverse applications for each method Each chapter progresses from basic concepts to applications involving real samples Includes three new chapters on Biomimetic Materials, Lab-on-Chip, and Analytical Methods Contains end-of-chapter problems and an appendix with selected answers

Principles of Physical Biochemistry


Author: Kensal Edward Van Holde,W. Curtis Johnson,Pui Shing Ho
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780130464279
Category: Science
Page: 710
View: 6665

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The Second Edition of Principles of Physical Biochemistry provides the most current look at the theory and techniques used in the study of the physical chemistry of biological and biochemical molecules--including discussion of mass spectrometry and single-molecule methods. As leading experts in biophysical chemistry, these well-known authors offer unique insights and coverage not available elsewhere. Physical techniques currently used by practicing biochemists, including new chapters dedicated to extended material on mass spectrometry and single-molecule methods are included. The book's streamlined organization groups all hydrodynamic methods in Chapter 5 and combines Raman spectroscopy with the spectroscopy section. Relevant problems and applications help readers develop critical-thinking skills that they can apply to real biochemical and biological situations facing professionals in the industry. Biological Macromolecules; Thermodynamics and Biochemistry; Molecular Thermodynamics; Statistical Thermodynamics; Methods for the Separation and Characterization of Macromolecules; X-Ray Diffraction; Scattering From Solutions of Macromolecules; Quantum Mechanics and Spectroscopy; Absorption Spectroscopy; Linear and Circular Dichroism; Emission Spectroscopy; Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Macromolecules in Solution: Thermodynamics and Equilibria; Chemical Equilibria Involving Macromolecules; Mass Spectrometry of Macromolecules; Single-Molecule Methods. A useful reference for biochemistry professionals or for anyone interested in learning more about biochemistry.

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology


Author: Timothy Darvill
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199534055
Category: Social Science
Page: 547
View: 7107

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The most wide-ranging and up-to-date dictionary of its kind providing useful information about archaeological terms, themes, theories, sites, places, artefacts and archaeologists ... from amphora to ziggurat. Will be especially useful to students, amateurs and enthusiasts, travellers, and anyone seeking to extend their knowledge horizon. Taking AD 1700 as the cut-off point, the dictionary contains over 5,000 concise and often referenced entries mostly relating to Britain, Europe and the Americas. The dictionary concludes with eleven `Quick Reference' sections on subjects such as conventions, stratigraphy, geology, periods, dynasties, emperors and rulers. The second edition is fully updated, with new evidence, insights and entires, and is now accompanied by dedicated webpages and bibliographic web links.

Molecular Biomethods Handbook


Author: John M. Walker,Ralph Rapley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781603273756
Category: Science
Page: 1124
View: 7729

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Recent advances in the biosciences have led to a range of powerful new technologies, particularly nucleic acid, protein and cell-based methodologies. The most recent insights have come to affect how scientists investigate and define cellular processes at the molecular level. This book expands upon the techniques included in the first edition, providing theory, outlines of practical procedures, and applications for a range of techniques. Written by a well-established panel of research scientists, the book provides an up-to-date collection of methods used regularly in the authors’ own research programs.

The Environment in Anthropology (Second Edition)

A Reader in Ecology, Culture, and Sustainable Living
Author: Nora Haenn,Allison Harnish,Richard Wilk
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479854271
Category: Social Science
Page: 592
View: 2366

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The Environment in Anthropology presents ecology and current environmental studies from an anthropological point of view. From the classics to the most current scholarship, this text connects the theory and practice in environment and anthropology, providing readers with a strong intellectual foundation as well as offering practical tools for solving environmental problems. Haenn, Wilk, and Harnish pose the most urgent questions of environmental protection: How are environmental problems mediated by cultural values? What are the environmental effects of urbanization? When do environmentalists’ goals and actions conflict with those of indigenous peoples? How can we assess the impact of “environmentally correct” businesses? They also cover the fundamental topics of population growth, large scale development, biodiversity conservation, sustainable environmental management, indigenous groups, consumption, and globalization. This revised edition addresses new topics such as water, toxic waste, neoliberalism, environmental history, environmental activism, and REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), and it situates anthropology in the multi-disciplinary field of environmental research. It also offers readers a guide for developing their own plan for environmental action. This volume offers an introduction to the breadth of ecological and environmental anthropology as well as to its historical trends and current developments. Balancing landmark essays with cutting-edge scholarship, bridging theory and practice, and offering suggestions for further reading and new directions for research, The Environment in Anthropology continues to provide the ideal introduction to a burgeoning field. Instructor's Guide

Enzymes in Farm Animal Nutrition


Author: Michael Richard Bedford,Gary G. Partridge
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845936744
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 319
View: 1767

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From alpha-galactosidases to xylanases, Enzymes in Farm Animal Nutrition, 2nd Edition provides a comprehensive guide to all aspects associated with enzyme supplemented animal feeds. Detailing economic, environmental and technological impacts, this new edition brings the reader up to date with the considerable advances of the last decade, providing a unique insight into the current market. Chapters cover a wide range of topics using a variety of evidence from both in vitro and in vivo studies, providing a better understanding of the complex links between feed enzyme function, digestive physiology and ultimately animal performance. Particular attention is paid to new methods for the evaluation of enzyme responses, including holo-analysis. The authors provide a detailed discussion of the various enzyme classes that have been introduced into the market, exploring current use in the global industry and assessing the likely future trends and practices.

Phosphor Handbook


Author: Shigeo Shionoya,William M. Yen,Hajime Yamamoto
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420005235
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1080
View: 3890

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A benchmark publication, the first edition of the Phosphor Handbook set the standard for references in this field. Completely revised and updated, this second edition explores new and emerging fields such as nanophosphors, nanomaterials, UV phosphors, quantum cutters, plasma display phosphors, sol-gel and other wet phosphor preparation techniques, preparation through combustion, bioluminescence phosphors and devices, and new laser materials such as OLED. It also contains new chapters on the applications of phosphors in solid state lighting, photoionization of luminescent centers in insulating phosphors, and recent developments in halide-based scintillators. The handbook provides a comprehensive description of phosphors with an emphasis on practical phosphors and their uses in various kinds of technological applications. It covers the fundamentals, namely the basic principles of luminescence, the principle phosphor materials, and their optical properties. The authors describe phosphors used in lamps, cathode-ray tubes, x-ray, and ionizing radiation detection. They cover common measurement methodology used to characterize phosphor properties, discuss a number of related items, and conclude with the history of phosphor technology and industry.

Simple Statistical Tests for Geography


Author: Danny McCarroll
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498758894
Category: Mathematics
Page: 360
View: 6247

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This book is aimed directly at students of geography, particularly those who lack confidence in manipulating numbers. The aim is not to teach the mathematics behind statistical tests, but to focus on the logic, so that students can choose the most appropriate tests, apply them in the most convenient way and make sense of the results. Introductory chapters explain how to use statistical methods and then the tests are arranged according to the type of data that they require. Diagrams are used to guide students toward the most appropriate tests. The focus is on nonparametric methods that make very few assumptions and are appropriate for the kinds of data that many students will collect. Parametric methods, including Student’s t-tests, correlation and regression are also covered. Although aimed directly at geography students at senior undergraduate and graduate level, this book provides an accessible introduction to a wide range of statistical methods and will be of value to students and researchers in allied disciplines including Earth and environmental science, and the social sciences.