Alice im Quantenland


Author: Robert Gilmore
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322850099
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 239
View: 6885

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Alice sitzt gelangweilt vor dem Fernseher; da fällt ihr Blick auf "Alice im Wunderland", das sie kürzlich gelesen hat. Sie sehnt sich danach, vergleichbare Abenteuer zu erleben, stürzt und fällt in Ohnmacht. In ihrem Traum fällt sie durch den Bildschirm hindurch, wo sie - verkleinert - auf die Elektronen trifft, die als Strahl den Bildschirm zum Leuchten bringen. Das ist erst der Anfang der Geschichte, in der Alice nach und nach die Besonderheiten der Quantenwelt kennenlernt. Sie begegnet Menschen wie Niels Bohr, die sie unter ihre Fittiche nehmen, und steht mit Elektronen und Quarks auf du und du. In dieser neuen Form der Geschichte von Alice beschreibt Robert Gilmore - selbst angesehener Physiker - kenntnisreich und amüsant, welche Besonderheiten uns die Welt der Elektronen und Quarks bietet. Schließlich wird Alice (und damit den Lesern) klargemacht, daß nach 70 Jahren der Forschung auf diesem Gebiet ungelöste Fragen an die Grundlagen der Quantentheorie übriggeblieben sind, die vielleicht nie gelöst werden können. Rezension erschienen in: junge wissenschaft Ausgabe / Band 12Jg., Heft 45, S. 60f Feb. 97 (...) ist es dem Autor in hervorragender Weise gelungen, eine didaktisch äußerst wertvolle Darstellung der Quantenmechanik zu präsentieren(...) (...)erreicht damit einen wesentlich größerenLeserkreis(...) (...)sehr abgerundetes Bild der Quantenphysik(...) (...)in sehr geschickter Weise(...) (...)in sehr prägnanter Form, jedoch in fachlicher Hinsicht völlig korrekt(...) (...)Als besonders gelungen darf man die Übersetzung aus dem englischen Original bezeichnen(...) (...)Sehr lobenswert erwähnt werden muß wohl auch die vom deutschen Übersetzer vorgenommene Aktualisierung beim inzwischen gelungenen Nachweis des top-Quark am Fermilab(...) (...)Der rezensent ist davon überzeugt, daß auch der versierte Physiker dieses Buch mit großem Genuß lesen muß(...)

Quantenrealität

Jenseits der Neuen Physik
Author: HERBERT
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 303486681X
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 342
View: 7988

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Die Ordnung der Zeit


Author: Carlo Rovelli
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644000751
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 9746

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Leben wir in der Zeit oder lebt die Zeit vielleicht nur in uns? Alle theoretischen Physiker von Weltrang, die den großen und kleinen Kräften des Universums nachspüren, beschäftigen sich immer wieder mit der entscheidenden Frage, was Zeit ist. Wenn ihre großen Modelle die Zeit zur Erklärung des Elementaren nicht mehr brauchen, wie kommt es dann, dass sie für unser Leben so wichtig ist? Geht es wirklich ohne sie? Carlo Rovelli gibt in diesem Buch überraschende Antworten. Er nimmt uns mit auf eine Reise durch unsere Vorstellungen der von der Zeit und spürt ihren Regeln und Rätseln nach. Ein großes, packend geschriebenes Lese-Abenteuer, ein würdiger Nachfolger des Welt-Bestsellers "Sieben kurze Lektionen über Physik".

Quanten

Einstein, Bohr und die große Debatte über das Wesen der Wirklichkeit
Author: Manjit Kumar
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783827010193
Category:
Page: 540
View: 3525

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Quantenphysik für Dummies


Author: Steven Holzner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527668004
Category: Science
Page: 316
View: 7840

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Von den Grundlagen bis zur Streutheorie – das Wichtigste zur Quantenmechanik Die Quantenphysik ist ein zentrales und spannendes, wenn auch von vielen Schülern und Studenten ungeliebtes Thema der Physik. Aber keine Sorge! Steven Holzner erklärt Ihnen verständlich und lebendig, was Sie über Quantenphysik wissen müssen. Er erläutert die Grundlagen von Drehimpuls und Spin, gibt Ihnen Tipps, wie Sie komplexe Gleichungen lösen und nimmt den klassischen Problemen der Quantenphysik den Schrecken. Dabei arbeitet er mit Beispielen, die er ausführlich erklärt und gibt Ihnen so zusätzliche Sicherheit auf einem vor Unschärfen wimmelnden Feld.

Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics


Author: John Von Neumann
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691028934
Category: Mathematics
Page: 445
View: 9155

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This text shows that insights in quantum physics can be obtained by exploring the mathematical structure of quantum mechanics. It presents the theory of Hermitean operators and Hilbert spaces, providing the framework for transformation theory, and using th

Physics and Whitehead

Quantum, Process, and Experience
Author: Timothy E. Eastman,Hank Keeton
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791459133
Category: Science
Page: 322
View: 8488

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Leading scholars explore the connections between quantum physics and process philosophy.

QUANTUM MECHANICS IN PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY WITH APPLICATIONS TO BIOLOGY


Author: RABI MAJUMDAR
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120348826
Category: Science
Page: 428
View: 8103

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This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the principles and applications of quantum mechanics with equal emphasis on concept building and problem solving. The book follows an integrated approach to expose the students to applications of quantum mechanics in both physics and chemistry streams. A chapter is devoted to biological applications as well, to evince the interest of the students pursuing courses in Biotechnology and Bioinformatics. Such unique organization of the book makes it suitable for both Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Chemistry courses, where the common areas like molecular structure and spectroscopy are emphasized. The book, in its second edition, continues to serve as an ideal textbook for the first-year postgraduate students of both physics and chemistry as well as for senior undergraduate students pursuing honours courses in these disciplines. It has been thoroughly revised and enlarged with the introduction of a new chapter on “Quantum Statistics and Planck's Law of Black-Body Radiation”, some important sections in various chapters and more worked-out examples. The book helps students learn difficult concepts of quantum mechanics with simpler mathematics and intuitive language, but without sacrificing rigour. It has informal classroom type approach suitable for self-learning. Key Features • Gives about 200 worked-out examples and chapter-end problems with hints and answers related to different areas of modern science including biology. • Highlights important technological developments based on Quantum Mechanics, such as electron microscope, scanning tunnelling microscope, lasers, Raman spectroscopy and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). • Provides adequate number of illustrations. • Includes detailed mathematical derivations separately in Appendices for a more rigorous approach.

Spectral Theory and Quantum Mechanics

With an Introduction to the Algebraic Formulation
Author: Valter Moretti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8847028353
Category: Mathematics
Page: 728
View: 5866

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This book pursues the accurate study of the mathematical foundations of Quantum Theories. It may be considered an introductory text on linear functional analysis with a focus on Hilbert spaces. Specific attention is given to spectral theory features that are relevant in physics. Having left the physical phenomenology in the background, it is the formal and logical aspects of the theory that are privileged. Another not lesser purpose is to collect in one place a number of useful rigorous statements on the mathematical structure of Quantum Mechanics, including some elementary, yet fundamental, results on the Algebraic Formulation of Quantum Theories. In the attempt to reach out to Master's or PhD students, both in physics and mathematics, the material is designed to be self-contained: it includes a summary of point-set topology and abstract measure theory, together with an appendix on differential geometry. The book should benefit established researchers to organise and present the profusion of advanced material disseminated in the literature. Most chapters are accompanied by exercises, many of which are solved explicitly.

Stochastic Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Spacetime

A Consistent Unification of Relativity and Quantum Theory Based on Stochastic Spaces
Author: Eduard Prugovečki,Margaret Prugovecki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027716170
Category: Gardening
Page: 302
View: 3492

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The principal intent of this monograph is to present in a systematic and self-con tained fashion the basic tenets, ideas and results of a framework for the consistent unification of relativity and quantum theory based on a quantum concept of spacetime, and incorporating the basic principles of the theory of stochastic spaces in combination with those of Born's reciprocity theory. In this context, by the physicial consistency of the present framework we mean that the advocated approach to relativistic quantum theory relies on a consistent probabilistic interpretation, which is proven to be a direct extrapolation of the conventional interpretation of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. The central issue here is that we can derive conserved and relativistically convariant probability currents, which are shown to merge into their nonrelativistic counterparts in the nonrelativistic limit, and which at the same time explain the physical and mathe matical reasons behind the basic fact that no probability currents that consistently describe pointlike particle localizability exist in conventional relativistic quantum mechanics. Thus, it is not that we dispense with the concept oflocality, but rather the advanced central thesis is that the classical concept of locality based on point like localizability is inconsistent in the realm of relativistic quantum theory, and should be replaced by a concept of quantum locality based on stochastically formulated systems of covariance and related to the aforementioned currents.

Der Geist im Atom

Eine Diskussion der Geheimnisse der Quantenphysik
Author: DAVIES
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3034860463
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 191
View: 1405

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Consciousness and Quantum Mechanics

Life in Parallel Worlds : Miracles of Consciousness from Quantum Reality
Author: Michael B. Mensky
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814291420
Category: Science
Page: 246
View: 513

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The phenomenon of consciousness includes mysterious aspects providing a basis for many spiritual doctrines (including religions) and psychological practices. These directions of human knowledge are usually considered to contradict the laws of science. However, quantum mechanics ? in a sense, the mysterious direction of science ? allows us to include the phenomena of consciousness and life as well as the relevant phenomena in the sphere of science.Wolfgang Pauli, one of the pioneers of quantum mechanics, together with great psychologist Carl Gustav Jung, guessed about the relation between quantum mechanics and consciousness in the beginning of the twentieth century. However, only ?many-worlds? interpretation of quantum mechanics, proposed in 1957 by Hugh Everett III, gave the real basis for the systematic investigation of this relation.Roger Penrose, one of the apologists of the relation between quantum mechanics and consciousness, claimed in his Last book ?The Road to Reality? that the Everett's interpretation may be estimated only after creating the theory of consciousness. Thereagainst, the author has proposed in 2000 and further elaborates in this book, the so-called Extended Everett's Concept, that allows one to derive the main features of consciousness and super-consciousness (intuition, or direct vision of truth) from quantum mechanics. This is exposed in this book in a form intelligible for a wide audience.

Hidden Worlds in Quantum Physics


Author: Gerard Gouesbet
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486315746
Category: Science
Page: 432
View: 2952

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Authoritative text emphasizes history and philosophical foundations in a manner interesting to lay readers as well as students and professionals. Topics include hidden-variable and causal theories and pilot wave. 2013 edition.

Schrödinger’s Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics


Author: Michael Bitbol
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400917724
Category: History
Page: 292
View: 1843

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This book is the final outcome of two projects. My first project was to publish a set of texts written by Schrodinger at the beginning of the 1950's for his seminars and lectures at the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. These almost completely forgotten texts contained important insights into the interpretation of quantum mechanics, and they provided several ideas which were missing or elusively expressed in SchrOdinger's published papers and books of the same period. However, they were likely to be misinterpreted out of their context. The problem was that current scholarship could not help very much the reader of these writings to figure out their significance. The few available studies about SchrOdinger's interpretation of quantum mechanics are generally excellent, but almost entirely restricted to the initial period 1925-1927. Very little work has been done on Schrodinger's late views on the theory he contributed to create and develop. The generally accepted view is that he never really recovered from his interpretative failure of 1926-1927, and that his late reflections (during the 1950's) are little more than an expression of his rising nostalgia for the lost ideal of picturing the world, not to say for some favourite traditional picture. But the content and style of Schrodinger's texts of the 1950's do not agree at all with this melancholic appraisal; they rather set the stage for a thorough renewal of accepted representations. In order to elucidate this paradox, I adopted several strategies.