Qualitative Reasoning

Modeling and Simulation with Incomplete Knowledge
Author: Benjamin Kuipers
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262111904
Category: Computers
Page: 418
View: 8959

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Introduction to qualitative reasoning; Concepts of qualitative simulation; The QSIM representation; Solving qualitative constraints; Dynamic qualitative simulation; Case studies: elementary qualitative models; Comparative statics; Region transitions; Semi-quantitative reasoning; Higher-order derivatives; Global dynamical constraints; Time-scale abstraction; Component-connection models; Compositional modeling; QSIM functions; Creating and debugging a QSIM model; Index.

Computational Discovery of Scientific Knowledge

Introduction, Techniques, and Applications in Environmental and Life Sciences
Author: Saso Dzeroski,Ljupco Todorovski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354073919X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 327
View: 9545

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This survey provides an introduction to computational approaches to the discovery of communicable scientific knowledge and details recent advances. It is partly inspired by the contributions of the International Symposium on Computational Discovery of Communicable Knowledge, held in Stanford, CA, USA in March 2001, a number of additional invited contributions provide coverage of recent research in computational discovery.

Knowledge Sharing in the Integrated Enterprise

Interoperability Strategies for the Enterprise Architect
Author: Peter Bernus,Mark Fox
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0387297669
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 458
View: 7900

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Enterprise Architects, in their endeavor to achieve Enterprise Integration, have limited guidance on how best to use Enterprise Models and Modeling Tools to support their practice. It is widely recognized that the practice of engineering enterprises needs a number of models, but how to maintain the relation between these models with ease is still a problem. Model interoperability is an issue on multiople counts: - How to interchange models between enterprise modeling tools? - How to maintain the interdependencies between models - whether they describe the enterprise on the same level (but from different points of view), or from the same point of view (but on different levels of abstraction and granularity)? - How to maintain a coherent and evolving set of enterprise models in support onf continuous change processes? - How to use and reuse enterprise models as a knowledge resource? The answers to these questions are of great importance to anyone who is implementing ISO9001:2000 requirements, whether through using enterprise architecture practice or not - although it can be argued that a well executed architecture practice should satisfy ISO9001 without additional effort. This volume attacks the problem on three fronts: 1. Authors working in international standardisation and tool development as well as in enterprise modeling research present the latest developments in semantic integration; 2. Authors who are practitioners of, or conducting active research in, enterprise architecting methodologies give an account on the latest developments and strategic directions in architecture frameworks and methodologies; 3. Authors who use or develop information integration infrastructures present best practice and future trends of this aspect of enterprise integration. Chapters of this book include contributions to the International Conference on Enterprise Integration and Modelling Technology (ICEIMT'04), and those presented at the Design of Information Infrastructure Systems for Manufacturing (DIISM'04) Workshop. While DIISM is traditionally oriented at supporting manufacturing practice, the results have a far greater domain of applicability.

Qualitative Spatial Reasoning with Topological Information

Author: Jochen Renz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540707360
Category: Computers
Page: 212
View: 6468

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Spatial knowledge representation and reasoning with spatial knowledge are relevant issues for many application areas such as robotics, geographical information systems, and computer vision. Exceeding purely quantitative approaches, more recently initiated qualitative approaches allow for dealing with spatial information on a more abstract level that is closer to the way humans think and speak. Starting out with the qualitative, topological constraint calculus RCC8 proposed by Randell, Cui, and Cohn, this work presents answers to a variety of open questions regarding RCC8. The open issues concerning computational properties are solved by exploiting a broad variety of results and methods from logic and theoretical computer science. Questions concerning practical performance are addressed by large-scale empirical computational experiments. The most impressive result is probably the complete classification of computational properties for all fragments of RCC8.


Author: Luc De Raedt,Arno Siebes
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Category: Database management
Page: N.A
View: 1233

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proceedings of the Sixteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Stockholm, Sweden, July 31-August 6, 1999
Author: Thomas L. Dean,International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Pub
Category: Computers
Page: 1452
View: 3352

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Artificial Intelligence in Thermal Systems Design

Concepts and Applications
Author: Enrico Sciubba,Roberto Melli
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 9781560725992
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 274
View: 1016

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Book and disk. This book deals with the application of a powerful set of techniques, collectively denominated Artificial Intelligence to general problems in the fields of the design, monitoring and control of thermal systems for energy conversion, with a heavier accent on design applications. As an introduction it gives some indications of the possible applications of AI in the area of the design and operation of thermal powerplants, and a tentative list of the actually implemented applications: the fact that the latter is much longer than the former is a sure symptom that the field of 'AI applications to Process Engineering' is in its infancy. Since AI techniques have been successfully and extensively employed in fields other than powerplant design, it is likely that the topics covered in this book will enjoy a rapid development in the near future. The dissemination of AI-related concepts in indeed one of the scopes of this essay.


10th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Author: Bernd Neumann
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471936084
Category: Computers
Page: 898
View: 3182

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ECAI 92 August 3-7, 1992, Vienna, Austria Proceedings Edited by Bernd Neumann University of Hamburg, Germany The 10th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, held in Austria, August 1992, attracted an unusually large number of contributed papers, reflecting the scope and strength of current Al research. Almost 200 selected papers, covering essential areas of Al, are presented in this volume. Such core subjects as Automated Reasoning and Knowledge Representation are given extensive treatment. Attention is also focused on important application issues and real-world problems.


A System for Intelligently Guiding Numerical Experimentation by Computer
Author: Kenneth M. Yip
Publisher: MIT Press (MA)
Category: Computers
Page: 242
View: 850

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In a cross-disciplinary study that has important implications for research in artificial intelligence and complex nonlinear dynamics, Yip shows how to automate key aspects of this style of reasoning.


proceedings of the Fourteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Montréal, Québec, Canada, August 20-25, 1995
Author: International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence
Publisher: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 2077
View: 3797

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Leben 3.0

Mensch sein im Zeitalter Künstlicher Intelligenz
Author: Max Tegmark
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843716706
Category: Social Science
Page: 528
View: 8159

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Die Nobelpreis-Schmiede Massachusetts Institute of Technology ist der bedeutendste technologische Think Tank der USA. Dort arbeitet Professor Max Tegmark mit den weltweit führenden Entwicklern künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen, die ihm exklusive Einblicke in ihre Labors gewähren. Die Erkenntnisse, die er daraus zieht, sind atemberaubend und zutiefst verstörend zugleich. Neigt sich die Ära der Menschen dem Ende zu? Der Physikprofessor Max Tegmark zeigt anhand der neusten Forschung, was die Menschheit erwartet. Hier eine Auswahl möglicher Szenarien: - Eroberer: Künstliche Intelligenz übernimmt die Macht und entledigt sich der Menschheit mit Methoden, die wir noch nicht einmal verstehen. - Der versklavte Gott: Die Menschen bemächtigen sich einer superintelligenten künstlichen Intelligenz und nutzen sie, um Hochtechnologien herzustellen. - Umkehr: Der technologische Fortschritt wird radikal unterbunden und wir kehren zu einer prä-technologischen Gesellschaft im Stil der Amish zurück. - Selbstzerstörung: Superintelligenz wird nicht erreicht, weil sich die Menschheit vorher nuklear oder anders selbst vernichtet. - Egalitäres Utopia: Es gibt weder Superintelligenz noch Besitz, Menschen und kybernetische Organismen existieren friedlich nebeneinander. Max Tegmark bietet kluge und fundierte Zukunftsszenarien basierend auf seinen exklusiven Einblicken in die aktuelle Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz.

Logische Grundlagen der Künstlichen Intelligenz

Author: Nils J. Nilsson
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322928810
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 576
View: 9064

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Das Buch ist die deutsche Übersetzung des Standardwerkes der Stanforder Professoren Michael R. Genesereth und Nils J. Nilsson.Im Unterschied zu deutschen Lehrbüchern der Informatik zeichnet sich das Buch dadurch aus, daß es einen gut lesbaren Überblick gibt, ohne allzu formalistisch zu werden, gleichwohl aber von hohem Niveau ist und die Ergebnisse jüngster Forschung berücksichtigt. Das Buch empfiehlt sich sowohl für Studenten und Dozenten der Inf ormatik, aber auch für Forscher aus anderen Gebieten, die von den Grundlagen der Künstlichen Intelligenz profitieren möchten.

Repräsentation und Verarbeitung räumlichen Wissens

Author: Christian Freksa,Christopher Habel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642842356
Category: Computers
Page: 355
View: 3763

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Ein zentraler Problemkreis der neueren KI-Forschung ist die Repräsentation des Gegenständlichen. Insbesondere stellt sich die Frage, wie räumliche Konstellationen zu repräsentieren und zu verarbeiten sind. Primäres Ziel des vorliegenden Bandes ist es, einen Überblick über die aktuelle Forschung im Bereich von Repräsentation und Verarbeitung räumlichen Wissens zu geben. Die Beiträge des Bandes decken das gesamte Spektrum der kognitionsorientierten KI-Forschung ab, von Arbeiten, die, in der Tradition der Kybernetik bzw. Neurophysiologie stehend, Aspekte der Raumorientierung in biologischen Systemen betreffen, über formale Ansätze zur Bildverarbeitung und Integration von Bild- und Sprachverarbeitung, die an Fragestellungen der Theoretischen Informatik orientiert sind, bis zu Ansätzen, die die natürlichsprachliche Verarbeitung räumlicher Konstellationen durch Menschen und Maschinen betreffen. Ein weiteres Ziel des Bandes besteht darin, die Basis für eine interdisziplinäre Bearbeitung der Thematik zu schaffen. Der vorliegende Band enthält die überarbeiteten Fassungen von Vorträgen, die bei dem Workshop "Repräsentation und Verarbeitung räumlichen Wissens" der Fachgruppe Kognition der GI im November 1988 gehalten wurden. Zusätzlich wurden einige ergänzende Beiträge aufgenommen. Das Buch wird durch eine umfangreiche Bibliographie abgerundet.


Proceedings of the Fifteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence and the Tenth Annual Conference on Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence (2 volume set)
Author: American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)
Publisher: AAAI Press
ISBN: 9780262510981
Category: Computers
Page: 1242
View: 4344

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The annual AAAI National Conference provides a forum for information exchange and interaction among researchers from all disciplines of AI. Contributions include theoretical, experimental, and empirical results. Topics cover principles of cognition, perception, and action; the design, application, and evaluation of AI algorithms and systems; architectures and frameworks for classes of AI systems; and analysis of tasks and domains in which intelligent systems perform. New this year is an Integrated AI Systems Track, which recognizes the importance to the AI field of the shared goal of building "artificial intelligences" that perform valued activities in real environments by integrating capabilities from AI's diverse subdisciplines. Distributed for AAAI Press