Qualitative Criminology

Stories from the Field
Author: Lorana Bartels,Kelly Richards
Publisher: Federation Press
ISBN: 9781876067243
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Page: 251
View: 9371

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Brings to life the stories behind the research of both emerging and established scholars in Australian criminology. The book's contributors provided honest, reflective, and decidedly unsanitised accounts of their qualitative research journeys.

Youth Gangs, Violence and Social Respect

Exploring the Nature of Provocations and Punch-Ups
Author: R. White
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137333855
Category: Political Science
Page: 227
View: 6672

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This is the first book dedicated to Australian youth gangs, exploring the subtleties and nuances of street life for young men and their quest for social respect. The key focus is on group violence and the ways in which the 'gang' provides a forum for the expression of this violence.

Innovative Justice


Author: Hannah Graham,Rob White
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136216863
Category: Social Science
Page: 170
View: 6944

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This book showcases innovative justice initiatives from around the world which engage offenders, practitioners and communities to reduce reoffending and support desistance and positive change. It is groundbreaking in bringing together inspiring ideas and pioneering practices to analyse how ‘justice done differently’ is making a difference. The voices and experiences of the people at the forefront of these innovative initiatives are presented throughout the book, including offenders, corrections staff and directors, the judiciary, scientists and academics, volunteers and community organisations. Strengths-based research methods are used to investigate and celebrate best practices and ‘good news stories’ from the field. The authors raise critical questions about what is considered innovative and effective, for whom and in what context, presenting their own conceptual approach for analysing innovation. With initiatives drawn from diverse jurisdictions and cultures – including the UK, Europe, Australia, Asia, the US and South America – this book showcases original ideas and refreshing developments that have the potential to transform rehabilitation and reintegration practices. The book’s substance and style will resonate with practitioners, students and academics across the interdisciplinary fields of criminology and criminal justice.

Criminological Research for Beginners

A Student's Guide
Author: Laura Caulfield,Jane Hill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135050317
Category: Social Science
Page: 246
View: 6592

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Criminological Research for Beginners is a comprehensive and engaging guide to research methods in Criminology. Written specifically for undergraduate students and novice researchers, this book has been designed as a practical guide to planning, conducting, and reporting research in the subject. By first inviting readers to consider the importance of criminological research, the book places related methodology firmly in the context of students’ broader study of Criminology, before moving on to provide a detailed guide to the practical processes of research. It is common for Criminology undergraduates to feel intimidated at the prospect of conducting their own research, and these students typically struggle to see the relevance of research methods to their own studies. This book speaks directly to the needs of such students, and includes contemporary examples and case studies that bring a topic that is often thought of as dry to life, providing a thorough and accessible practical guide that students can return to at each stage of their research, all the way through to their dissertation. This book covers: an examination of the theoretical, political, and ethical debates in criminological research; a complete guide to planning criminological research, assisting student researchers in identifying their research questions, choosing their research methods, and critiquing the available literature; guidance on the practicalities and processes of collecting data, a discussion of the process of analysing data and writing up research, Including an extensive glossary and an integrated companion website with extra examples, exercises, and videos to further develop students’ understanding, this book is essential reading for any undergraduate on a Criminological Research Methods course, or for anyone in need of practical guidance on any or every of the various stages involved in conducting thorough and effective criminological research.

Advancing Qualitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Heith Copes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317995074
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 6636

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For several decades qualitative research has been under-represented in criminological and criminal justice research. This book is designed to promote the understanding of qualitative research designs and to encourage their use among those seeking answers to questions about crime and justice. To this end a number of top qualitative scholars have been assembled to provide their insights on the topic. The chapters that appear delve into the state of qualitative methods in the discipline, the potential ethical and physical hazards of engaging in ethnographic research, how to make sense of and interpret participants’ stories, innovative ways to collect data, the value of using mixed methods to understand crime and justice issues, effective strategies for teaching fieldwork, and the inherent rewards of a career spent speaking with others. This book will be an ideal introduction for students and scholars of Criminal Justice, Criminology, and Sociology, regardless of whether their primary methodology is qualitative or quantitative. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Criminal Justice Education.

Reflexivity in Criminological Research

Experiences with the Powerful and the Powerless
Author: Aaron Winter
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137379405
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 9166

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This comprehensive collection contributes to, advances and consolidates discussions of the range of research methods in criminology through the presentation of diverse international case studies in which contributors reflect upon their experiences with powerless and powerful individuals or groups.

Narrative Criminology

Understanding Stories of Crime
Author: Lois Presser,Sveinung Sandberg
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479891592
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 9034

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Stories are much more than a means of communication—stories help us shape our identities, make sense of the world, and mobilize others to action. In Narrative Criminology, prominent scholars from across the academy and around the world examine stories that animate offending. From an examination of how criminals understand certain types of crime to be less moral than others, to how violent offenders and drug users each come to understand or resist their identity as ‘criminals’, to how cultural narratives motivate genocidal action, the case studies in this book cover a wide array of crimes and justice systems throughout the world. The contributors uncover the narratives at the center of their essays through qualitative interviews, ethnographic fieldwork, and written archives, and they scrutinize narrative structure and meaning by analyzing genres, plots, metaphors, and other components of storytelling. In doing so, they reveal the cognitive, ideological, and institutional mechanisms by which narratives promote harmful action. Finally, they consider how offenders’ narratives are linked to and emerge from those of conventional society or specific subcultures. Each chapter reveals important insights and elements for the development of a framework of narrative criminology as an important approach for understanding crime and criminal justice. An unprecedented and landmark collection, Narrative Criminology opens the door for an exciting new field of study on the role of stories in motivating and legitimizing harm.

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412960525
Category: Social Science
Page: 319
View: 9523

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Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This book uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. This is a briefer version of Ronet Bachman and Russell K Schutt ’s successful The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, written in a less formal style, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience, and less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods. It is ideal for students who need to understand how criminal justice research is done and appreciate the results, but may never do research themselves in the professional lives.

Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime


Author: Marc Cools,Sofie De Kimpe,Brice De Ruyver
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9046602176
Category: Law
Page: 261
View: 2517

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In today's globalized society, an international exchange of ideas and views is indispensable within the field of social sciences, including criminology and criminal justice studies. The research group Governance of Security (GofS) fosters contemporary international discourses on issues of crime and crime control. In 2008, GofS started a research paper series, combining theoretical and empirical articles on issues reflecting the research activities of GofS. This research group is a collaboration between Ghent University and Ghent University College in Belgium. GofS concentrates its research around the study of administrative and judicial policy that have been developed with respect to new issues of crime and insecurity. The GofS series - Governance of Security Research Papers (GofS) - is published by Maklu Publishing (Belgium). Contemporary Issues in the Empirical Study of Crime - Volume 1 of GofS's series Governance of Security Research Papers - includes the following: Drugs and Crime: Are They Hand in Glove? A Review of Literature * The Study of Public Expenditure on Drugs: A Useful Evaluation Tool for Policy * Corporations as a Blind Spot in Research: Explanations for a Criminological Tunnel Vision * The Nominal Group Technique: A Participative Research Technique Holding Great Potential for Criminology * Analytical Criminology: A Style of Theorizing and Analyzing the Micro-Macro Context of Acts of Crime * The Geography of Social Cohesion and Crime at the Municipality Level * Disentangling Neighbourhood and School Contextual Variation in Serious Offending: Assessing the Effect of Ecological Disadvantage * Itinerant Crime Groups: Mobility Attributed to Anchor Points? * Patterns of Drug Use Before, During and After Detention: A Review of Epidemiological Literature.

Introduction to Criminology


Author: Hugh D. Barlow
Publisher: Harpercollins College Division
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 596
View: 8015

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Barlow's Introduction to Criminology is a comprehensive introduction to crime, criminality, and societal responses from a sociological perspective. Strong coverage of historical trends is a key feature of the text, allowing students to examine recent events within a context of social change. This edition has been updated throughout with current information and examples to reflect society's changing response to criminal behavior, including new coverage of small business crime, motorcycle gangs, community policing, AIDS in prison, and the theories behind intelligence and crime and female crime.

Masculinities in the Criminological Field

Control, Vulnerability and Risk-Taking
Author: Dr Ingrid Lander,Dr Nina Jon,Dr Signe Ravn
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472410157
Category: Social Science
Page: 268
View: 6132

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Over recent decades criminological research has changed from a gender-blind discipline which equated crime with men and thus ignored questions about gender, to an approach that studied gender by showing statistical differences between men and women, and then finally to a more inclusive and elaborate gender-theoretical approach to crime and crime control. However, despite this development, research on gender - and in particular research on gendered norms and the construction and enactment of masculinities - within the criminological field has been unable to keep up with developments in gender research. Since 1990, only a few anthologies with a gender-theoretical orientation focusing on masculinities within the criminological research field have been published. Many of the theoretical developments in gender research still have difficulties in reaching into mainstream criminology, partly because such developments are often published in feminist and/or gender theoretical journals. This volume both problematizes and renders visible conceptions and norms regarding male behaviour and masculinities and shows how these affect the criminological field through providing a theoretically sound and clear gender perspective to this field of research. With sections based around the following three themes: negotiations of masculinity in institutional settings, vulnerable masculinities and risk-taking and masculinities, this volume will be of interest to scholars of criminology, sociology, social work and gender studies, as well as policy-makers, and law enforcement professionals.

Demarginalizing Voices

Commitment, Emotion, and Action in Qualitative Research
Author: Jennifer M. Kilty,Sheryl C. Fabian,Maritza Felices-Luna
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774827998
Category: Social Science
Page: 368
View: 1661

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Numerous books explore the "how to" of qualitative research, but few discuss what it means to actually engage in it. In Demarginalizing Voices, scholars share personal stories about their research with marginalized populations, including Aboriginal peoples, sex workers, the dead and the dying, the imprisoned or recently released, and the homeless and hospitalized. They address issues of activism, emotional attachment, and the challenges of adopting innovative methods within the constraints of ethics review boards. These powerful accounts from the cutting-edge of qualitative research not only create a space in academia that centres marginalized voices, they open up the field to new debates and discussion.

The Craft of Qualitative Research

A Handbook
Author: Steven W. Kleinknecht,Lisa-Jo K. van den Scott,Carrie B. Sanders
Publisher: Canadian Scholars
ISBN: 1773380974
Category: Social Science
Page: 412
View: 4923

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The Craft of Qualitative Research is a consultative handbook that offers students a superb introduction to the practice of conducting qualitative research. Kleinknecht, van den Scott, and Sanders bring together a rich collection of perspectives, ideas, and experiences from scholars and professionals who span all stages of the academic career, from graduate students to emeritus professors. Highly accessible and practical, this text equips readers with the tools necessary to manage and overcome obstacles, biases, and power dynamics while researching in the field. Over the course of ten sections, every stage of the qualitative research process is explored, including planning, reflecting on ethical considerations, gaining entry to the field, collecting and analyzing data, leaving the field, and disseminating findings. Representing a diversity of academic disciplines, the fifty-five contributors share their knowledge gained and challenges encountered on the ground, providing a behind-the-scenes look at the reality of doing fieldwork. Filled with sound advice, engaging stories, and active learning exercises, this edited collection will help develop the skills and confidence needed to conduct qualitative research, making it the perfect resource for students in the social sciences, particularly sociology, anthropology, criminology, health studies, and social work.

Understanding and Responding to Drug Use

The Role of Qualitative Research
Author: Jane Fountain,Gloria Greenwood
Publisher: European Communities
ISBN: 9789291680887
Category: Psychology
Page: 351
View: 7021

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This monograph is the product of the decision of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) to launch a project in 1996 to obtain a comprehensive overview of qualitative research on drugs in Europe. The opening section highlights the multiple roles of qualitative research in understanding and responding to drug use. Part II addresses the impact of qualitative research on policy-making. Part III provides examples of research conducted in European Union cities that has been specifically designed to identify and verify new trends in drug use. Part IV on risk behaviour demonstrates how qualitative research methods have made a considerable contribution to the knowledge and understanding of health risks associated with drug injecting. Subsequent sections consider the theme of social exclusion, drug markets, and drug services evaluation. The final section is given over to qualitative research on drug use within a global research agenda. It reveals the scale of qualitative drug research varies greatly between countries, that little is published in the drug-specific scientific journals and that high quality work often appears to fail to influence policy. The monograph concludes that a comprehensive approach should include the training of individual experts and research teams and exchanges of experience between researchers across and beyond Europe.

Girls and Aggression

Contributing Factors and Intervention Principles
Author: Harold Mytum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306482243
Category: Medical
Page: 252
View: 2785

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Although research on aggressive men and boys has been plentiful, much less attention has been directed toward aggression in girls and women. The increasing number of young women who find themselves living violent lives, both as perpetrators and victims, has led to urgent calls for more information on understanding what causes, what perpetuates and what can be done about this problem. Addressing this need, Girls and Aggression presents a range of interdisciplinary perspectives on risk and protective factors, developmental pathways and intervention principles specific to the problem of aggression and violence in the lives of young women. Contributions come from the fields of psychology, criminology, education, and sociology, and use both qualitative and quantitative methodologies to explore the issues. Girls and Aggression will be of interest to academic researchers and mental health practitioners alike by providing an up-to-date and comprehensive view of this important and underexplored area.

The Emotional Nature of Qualitative Research


Author: Kathleen Gilbert
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420039288
Category: Medical
Page: 224
View: 5873

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This book focuses on the place sand purpose of emotions in the research process, and explores the appropriate boundaries. Designed to explore how to manage the emotional content of research, the text service as a supplemental to qualitative research method courses, and is an excellent reference for the professional as well.

The Male Clock

A Futuristic Novel about a Fertility Crisis, Gender Politics, and Identity
Author: William Marsiglio,Kendra Siler-Marsiglio
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9463000135
Category: Education
Page: 266
View: 8757

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As speculative fiction informed by social science and biomedical perspectives, The Male Clock propels readers into a futuristic, yet believable world transformed by SGEV – a debilitating virus that drastically compromises men’s ability to procreate. Set mostly in the years 2034-2042, Jordan Giordano, a prominent American journalist, navigates a world steeped in personal misfortune and public controversy. Jordan chronicles his intimate struggle to become a father and family man while doing investigative reporting related to the ever changing social landscape with its radically altered sexual politics, heated public debates, and new technologies. The troubled era is defined by its upswing in baby farming, pharma company transgressions, new S.W.A.T.-based and bioterrorism technologies, sperm retrieval companies, sperm ID cards, devices preventing wet dreams, a surge in lesbian relationships and male prostitution, sperm-donating priests, and more. Because the novel explores the gendered dimensions to family, interpersonal relations, reproductive and public health, and identity issues it can serve as a provocative supplemental text for diverse courses in sociology, psychology, gender studies, sexualities, history, public health, and related fields. The plot should resonate with young people as well as persons thinking about or trying to have children. Ultimately, The Male Clock will compel people to question how individuals and groups cope with unwanted social change that challenges our identities and social conventions. “Edgy and provocative, The Male Clock is a creative blend of sci-fi and social science that takes the reader into a dystopian future where men’s fertility is threatened and societal norms of masculinities and femininities are turned on their head. Ideal for instructors looking to integrate diverse materials into their gender, sexuality, or families courses.” – Dana Berkowitz, Associate Professor, Sociology and Women's and Gender Studies, Louisiana State University “The Male Clock has exciting possibilities for the classroom of the 21st century: joining smart social science with speculative fiction to help students imagine a dystopian future, and hopefully also to forge positive alternative futures.” – Michael A. Messner, Professor of Sociology and Gender Studies, University of Southern California “The Male Clock is an intriguing twist on normative gender tropes about sex and fertility. With thought-provoking insight into a host of social science topics and a fast-paced sci-fi storyline, The Male Clock is sure to be a useful tool for courses related to gender, sexuality, relationships, family, and health.” – Gayle Kaufman, Professor of Sociology and Gender and Sexuality Studies, Davidson College William Marsiglio, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of Sociology and Criminology & Law, University of Florida, and Fellow in the National Council of Family Relations. Kendra Siler-Marsiglio, Ph.D. (Microbiology and Cell Science), writes health columns, podcasts, and scripts and is a former researcher in Animal Science and Neuroscience departments.