The Puzzler's Dilemma

From the Lighthouse of Alexandria to Monty Hall, a Fresh Look at Classic Conundr ums of Logic, Mathematics, and Life
Author: Derrick Niederman
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101560878
Category: Mathematics
Page: 224
View: 6982

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Calling all puzzlers... From mathematics to word puzzles, from logic to lateral thinking, veteran puzzle maker Derrick Niederman delights in tackling the trickiest brainteasers in a new way. Among the old chestnuts he cracks wide open are the following classics: Knights and knaves The monk and the mountain The dominoes and the chessboard The unexpected hanging The Tower of Hanoi Using real-world analogies, infectious humor, and a fresh approach, this deceptively simple volume will challenge, amuse, enlighten, and surprise even the most experienced puzzle solver.

Nerd-Kultur: Selbstbild und Fremdwahrnehmung von (Computer-)Nerds

Author: Tim Jänick
Publisher: Diplomica Verlag
ISBN: 3842846010
Category: Social Science
Page: 128
View: 1170

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Nerds. Fast jeder kennt einen. Jemanden, der ein ungewöhnliches Hobby hat. Jemanden, der sich stundenlang über kein anderes Thema unterhält. Jemanden, der möglicherweise auch auf der Arbeit noch davon erzählt. Möglicherweise ist der Leser selbst dieser jemand. Aber was macht diese Person zum Nerd? Was ist so besonders an der Gruppe der Nerds, das sie eine eigene Bezeichnung haben? Ist der fanatische Motorenfan, der sein Auto hegt und pflegt ein Nerd? Oder ist es der Computerspezialist aus der IT-Abteilung, der in seiner Freizeit Comics sammelt? Gibt es eine gemeinsame Nerd-Kultur, die eine eindeutige Aufteilung möglich macht? Die zentrale Frage ist, ob eine gemeinsame Nerd-Kultur existiert und was sie gegebenenfalls ausmacht. Dieses Buch stellt eine Rundreise durch Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft des öffentlichen Nerd-Bildes dar. Dabei erfolgt keine Beschränkung auf die theoretische Erörterung, sondern es gibt zudem einen Praxisteil mit Strategien für den Umgang mit Nerds.

Political Science as Puzzle Solving

Author: Bernard Grofman
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472087235
Category: Political Science
Page: 152
View: 4909

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Demonstrates that the combination of contextual knowledge and theoretical models improves our understanding of politics

Paradox Lost

A Cross-Contextual Definition of Levels of Abstraction
Author: Linda G. Elson,Alan Ponikvar
Publisher: Hampton Pr
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 217
View: 6505

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In this work the author is guided by an interest in bringing clarity by way of a definition to a central theme of communication theory - levels of abstraction. The author notes that a levels-perspective has been often employed in various fields of study but has not itslef been a topic of investigation. By rectifying this problem, the author hopes that there will be an appreciation of the explanatory scope of such a persepective. To this end, the works concluding chapter surveys and offers creative applications and suggestive implications of a levels approach to a wide variety of fields.

Dealing with Dilemmas

Where Business Analytics Fall Short
Author: Frank Buytendijk
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470768488
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 398

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Observing how business management is obsessed with analysis and numbers, Dealing with Dilemmas shows there is an entire class of problems that cannot be solved by analysis: business dilemmas. Dilemmas, representing a large part of strategic decision-making, require the opposite approach of analysis; synthesis. Dealing with Dilemmas shows how popular performance management methodologies can be used in new and previously unexplored ways. It authoritatively shows you how your business can move forward strategically in ways previously impossible. Shows dangers in current thinking around analytics and performance management Includes practical case examples and interviews with C-level executives and government officials world-wide, both in commercial enterprise and public sector Makes the most nebulous of management processes, strategy formulation, insightful and links it tightly to strategy execution and performance management. Filled with case studies and examples, this book reveals how your business can start solving dilemmas and move forward strategically.

The Divorced Dad Dilemma

Author: Gerald S. Mayer
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595141927
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 108
View: 6219

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At last, the confused and hurt father, experiencing the loss of marriage, family life, and routine contact with his children, can find calm and loving guidance in how to live in changed circumstances. So much written about divorce and single parenting is addressed to women. Until recently, a caring father has had relatively little guidance for his conduct in the painful process of dismantling a traditional family and establishing a new basis for relating to his former spouse and his children. Gerald S. Mayer, in The Divorced Dad Dilemma, provides this critically needed guidance in an authoratative, gentle, and thorough manner.

Die geheime Benedict Gesellschaft und die große Entscheidung

Author: Trenton Lee Stewart
Publisher: Bloomoon
ISBN: 3845801433
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 416
View: 6134

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Reynie, Kleber, Kate und Constance sind mit ihren Familien zu Gast bei Mr Benedict, wenn auch einen Tick unfreiwillig! Aber solange sich in dem Haus der gefährliche »Flüsterer« befindet, ist jede Vorsichtsmaßnahme angebracht – wenn auch vergeblich! Denn die Maschine verschwindet plötzlich und beinahe spurlos.

Game Theory

A Critical Text
Author: Shaun Hargreaves Heap,Yanis Varoufakis
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415250955
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 369
View: 8408

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In recent years game theory has swept through all of the social sciences. Its practitioners have great designs for it, claiming that it offers an opportunity to unify the social sciences and that it it the natural foundation of a rational theory of society. Game Theory is for those who are intrigued but baffled by these claims, and daunted by the technical demands of most introductions to the subject. Requiring no more than simple arithmetic, the book: * Traces the origins of Game Theory and its philosophical premises * Looks at its implications for the theory of bargaining and social contract theory * Gives a detailed exposition of all of the major `games' including the famous `prisoner's dilemma' * Analyses cooperative, non cooperative, repeated, evolutionary and experimental games

Understanding Elections

Author: Torrey Maloof
Publisher: Teacher Created Materials
ISBN: 142589660X
Category: Education
Page: 120
View: 7659

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Improve understanding of the election process for students in grades 3-5 by introducing and exploring the connections between national, state, and local elections. Students will learn to think critically about the election process while using the provided primary sources to increase comprehension. Featuring simulations, extension activities, and flexible lesson plans, this resource makes exploring the election process with students easy and engaging.

A Quantitative Tour of the Social Sciences

Author: Andrew Gelman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521861985
Category: Mathematics
Page: 350
View: 2381

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In this book, prominent social scientists describe quantitative models in economics, history, sociology, political science, and psychology.

Spelling, Grade 6

Author: Spectrum
Publisher: Carson-Dellosa Publishing
ISBN: 1620577542
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 184
View: 1085

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Spectrum Spelling brings curriculum content reading passages to life! The lessons, perfect for students in grade 6, strengthen spelling skills by focusing on dipthongs, regular and irregular plurals, related words, Greek and Latin roots, and more! Each book features full-color artwork, easy-to-understand directions, and a dictionary of spelling words. They are also aligned to national and state standards and include a complete answer key. Today, more than ever, students need to be equipped with the essential skills they need for school achievement and for success on proficiency tests. The Spectrum series has been designed to prepare students with these skills and to enhance student achievement. Developed by experts in the field of education, each title in the Spectrum workbook series offers grade-appropriate instruction and reinforcement in an effective sequence for learning success. Perfect for use at home or in school, and a favorite of parents, homeschoolers, and teachers worldwide, Spectrum is the learning partner students need for complete achievement.

Prisoner's Dilemma

Author: William Poundstone
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 0307763781
Category: Mathematics
Page: 320
View: 9649

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Should you watch public television without pledging?...Exceed the posted speed limit?...Hop a subway turnstile without paying? These questions illustrate the so-called "prisoner's dilemma", a social puzzle that we all face every day. Though the answers may seem simple, their profound implications make the prisoner's dilemma one of the great unifying concepts of science. Watching players bluff in a poker game inspired John von Neumann—father of the modern computer and one of the sharpest minds of the century—to construct game theory, a mathematical study of conflict and deception. Game theory was readily embraced at the RAND Corporation, the archetypical think tank charged with formulating military strategy for the atomic age, and in 1950 two RAND scientists made a momentous discovery. Called the "prisoner's dilemma," it is a disturbing and mind-bending game where two or more people may betray the common good for individual gain. Introduced shortly after the Soviet Union acquired the atomic bomb, the prisoner's dilemma quickly became a popular allegory of the nuclear arms race. Intellectuals such as von Neumann and Bertrand Russell joined military and political leaders in rallying to the "preventive war" movement, which advocated a nuclear first strike against the Soviet Union. Though the Truman administration rejected preventive war the United States entered into an arms race with the Soviets and game theory developed into a controversial tool of public policy—alternately accused of justifying arms races and touted as the only hope of preventing them. A masterful work of science writing, Prisoner's Dilemma weaves together a biography of the brilliant and tragic von Neumann, a history of pivotal phases of the cold war, and an investigation of game theory's far-reaching influence on public policy today. Most important, Prisoner's Dilemma is the incisive story of a revolutionary idea that has been hailed as a landmark of twentieth-century thought.

The Potencies of God(s)

Schelling's Philosophy of Mythology
Author: Edward Allen Beach
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791409732
Category: Philosophy
Page: 317
View: 6696

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This book explores the metaphysical, epistemological, and hermeneutical theories of Schelling s final system concerning the nature and meaning of religious mythology. This perspective is not surprising since Schelling regarded religion (not science or philosophy) as embodying the most complete manifestation of truth. Beach examines Schelling s novel attempt to account for the changing historical forms of religion in terms of a complex theory of dynamic spiritual powers, or potencies. He shows that these are not mere representations, ideas, or projected feelings created by ancient myth-makers for the benefit of a credulous populace. Instead, Beach demonstrates that these potencies should be seen as animate powers inhabiting the unconscious strata of a people s collective mind."

Order without law

how neighbors settle disputes
Author: Robert C. Ellickson
Publisher: Harvard Univ Pr
Category: Law
Page: 302
View: 1619

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In Order without Law Robert C. Ellickson shows that law is far less important than is generally thought. He demonstrates that people largely govern themselves by means of informal rules-social norms-that develop without the aid of a state or other central coordinator. Integrating the latest scholarship in law, economics, sociology, game theory, and anthropology, Ellickson investigates the uncharted world within which order is successfully achieved without law. The springboard for Ellickson's theory of norms is his close investigation of a variety of disputes arising from the damage created by escaped cattle in Shasta County, California. In "The Problem of Social Cost" --the most frequently cited article on law--economist Ronald H. Cease depicts farmers and ranchers as bargaining in the shadow of the law while resolving cattle-trespass disputes. Ellickson's field study of this problem refutes many of the behavioral assumptions that underlie Coase's vision, and will add realism to future efforts to apply economic analysis to law. Drawing examples from a wide variety of social contexts, including whaling grounds, photocopying centers, and landlord-tenant relations, Ellickson explores the interaction between informal and legal rules and the usual domains in which these competing systems are employed. Order without Law firmly grounds its analysis in real-world events, while building a broad theory of how people cooperate to mutual advantage.

What Would You Do?, Leader's Guide

A Game of Ethical and Moral Dilemma
Author: Lorraine L. Ukens
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0787985376
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 64
View: 7956

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The Leader's Guide contains everything needed to introduce and facilitate the game including: background information on the Prisoner's dilemma game structure, an overview of the game, facilitator processing notes, debriefing questions with discussion notes on a variety of topics, and suggested learning extensions. -- Back cover