Professional Ethics in Criminal Justice

Being Ethical when No One is Looking
Author: Jay S. Albanese
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205594092
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 205
View: 6535

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A well balanced survey of ethics presented through applications to the criminal justice system. The text introduces the reader to ethical decision making in the first chapter and then moves through three major ethical perspectives: virtue, formalism, and utilitarianism. The text then moves to the social and criminal justice context where ethics is discussed in separate chapters as it relates to law, police, courts, and corrections, and liability in general. The final chapter looks to the future development of ethics in everyday life.

Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics


Author: Bruce A. Arrigo
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483389790
Category: Social Science
Page: 1216
View: 6902

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Federal, state, county, and municipal police forces all have their own codes of conduct, yet the ethics of being a police officer remain perplexing and are often difficult to apply in dynamic situations. The police misconduct statistics are staggering and indicate that excessive use of force comprises almost a quarter of misconduct cases, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and false arrest being the next most prevalent factors. The ethical issues and dilemmas in criminal justice also reach deep into the legal professions, the structure and administration of justice in society, and the personal characteristics of those in the criminal justice professions. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics includes A to Z entries by experts in the field that explore the scope of ethical decision making and behaviors within the spheres of criminal justice systems, including policing, corrections, courts, forensic science, and policy analysis and research. This two-volume set is available in both print and electronic formats. Features: Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries that guide readers to the next steps in their research journeys. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology highlights the development of the field and places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the fields of law and ethics; and a Resource Guide provides lists of classic books, academic journals, websites and associations focused on criminal justice ethics. Reports and statistics from such sources as the FBI, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court are included in an appendix. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide, index, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics provides a general, non-technical yet comprehensive resource for students who wish to understand the complexities of criminal justice ethics.

The Encyclopedia of Theoretical Criminology


Author: J. Mitchell Miller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470658444
Category: Reference
Page: 1048
View: 7649

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The two–volume Encyclopedia of Theoretical Criminology, available in print and online, is the definitive reference resource for theoretical criminology. This encyclopedia offers a state–of–the–art survey of leading theories, concepts, and key figures in the field. It combines this breadth of coverage with the authority and international perspective of an experienced team of contributors, creating a definitive reference resource for students, scholars, and professionals. Comprehensive: Broad coverage spans the origins and evolution of leading theories, major theorists, concepts, applications, and degree of empirical support for both criminology and justice Authoritative: Edited by a leading team of experts in the field and enhanced by contributions from an international group of leading criminology and criminal justice scholars International: Offers a global perspective from an international team of leading scholars, including coverage of the strong and rapidly growing body of work on criminology in Europe and other areas Wide–ranging: Includes coverage of theories of justice, crime, applied criminology, and traditional and alternative criminological theories Multi–format: Publishing simultaneously as a two–volume print set and via Wiley Online Library; visit www.theoreticalcriminology.com for further details

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems


Author: Harry R. Dammer,Jay S. Albanese
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 128506786X
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 1218

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Offering a comprehensive analysis, bestselling COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS, 5e compares the various criminal justice systems throughout the world using six model countries: China, England, France, Germany, Japan, and Saudi Arabia. The book illustrates the different types of law and justice systems while exploring the historical, political, economic, social, and cultural influences on each system. It examines important aspects of each type of justice system--common law, civil law, socialist law, and sacred (Islamic) law--to highlight the similarities and differences of each. Completely up to date, it provides expanded coverage of such high-profile topics as human trafficking, Internet pornography, identity theft, transnational policing, terrorism and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective


Author: Preston Elrod,Professor and Division Chair School of Justice Studies Eastern Kentucky University Preston Elrod,R. Scott Ryder
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449667600
Category: Law
Page: 500
View: 5446

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A Fully Revised and Updated Edition of the Essential Juvenile Justice Textbook The juvenile justice system is a multifaceted entity that continually changes under the influence of decisions, policies, and laws. Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective, Fourth Edition is the most comprehensive reference on the juvenile justice system available. Reader-friendly but thorough, the text contains the most up-to-date research on juvenile justice operations and their effectiveness and is authored by two experts in the field. It presents contemporary topics in juvenile justice and situates them within a historical and theoretical context, covering juvenile justice history, the development of the juvenile court in the U.S., and contemporary juvenile justice practice, as well as chapters on status and violent offenders, and working in juvenile justice. Myth v. Reality boxes, FYI boxes, and Comparative Focus boxes provide students with important information, challenge preconceived ideas students may have about juvenile justice practice, critically examine juvenile justice practice, and maintain student interest. The fully revised and updated fourth edition includes the latest statistics and research data, new photos and figures, coverage of contemporary court cases, and new pedagogical features. Ideally suited for undergraduate students in juvenile justice courses, as well as graduate students and professionals seeking a comprehensive juvenile justice reference, Juvenile Justice: A Social, Historical, and Legal Perspective, Fourth Edition is the leading juvenile justice textbook on the market today.

Organized Crime in Our Times


Author: Jay S. Albanese
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1437744540
Category: Law
Page: 424
View: 3608

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Organized Crime in Our Times provides readers with a clear understanding of organized crime, including its definition and causes, how it is categorized under the law, models to explain its persistence, and the criminal justice response to organized crime, including investigation, prosecution, defense, and sentencing. This book organizes information in a meaningful way, offering a comprehensive history of the Mafia in the United States; a legal analysis of the offenses that underlie organized crimes; specific attention to modern manifestations of organized crime activity, such as human smuggling, Internet crimes, and other transnational criminal operations; and the application of ethics to the study of organized crime. This edition includes new tables and figures, and special features on popular biographies and movies that tie to relevant content in the text. Appendices include a glossary and timeline on organized crime in the United States. Chapters are enhanced by updated photos, tables, charts, and critical thinking exercises that help students apply and evaluate concepts to actual case examples. Every chapter includes two student-friendly special features: Organized Crime Biography and Organized Crime at the Movies. A glossary gives students a quick reference for looking up important definitions of organized crime-related terms, and a Timeline of Organized Crime in the United States highlights important events in the history of organized crime.

Traditional Organized Crime in the Modern World

Responses to Socioeconomic Change
Author: Dina Siegel,Henk van de Bunt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146143212X
Category: Social Science
Page: 196
View: 8135

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Despite strenuous efforts from local, national, and international law enforcement, organized crime continues to thrive and prosper—even centuries-old crime outfits are surviving the global forces of mass migration and multinational business and finance. From traditional gangland enterprises such as narcotics, gambling, and prostitution, the world’s mafias have moved into new sources of illegal income, including high-tech arms smuggling, money laundering, and identity fraud. Traditional Crime in the Modern World tracks these organizations—the Italian and Mexican mafias, Columbian drug cartels, Chinese triads, and others—across five continents as they adapt to change, and assesses their prospects in the short and long term. World events such as the collapse of the Soviet Union and the 9/11 terror attacks are discussed in the context of contributing to emerging markets for illicit goods and services, and to evolving partnerships among criminal entities. This timely volume: • Provides a comprehensive overview of how mafia-like structures function today. • Analyzes in depth national crime situations with global implications. • Examines the migration of organized crime groups and their operations in their new countries. • Gauges the influence of digital and other technologies on organized crime. • Where applicable, notes the links between organized crime and national political institutions. • Describes the impact of the global financial crisis on crime organizations. Concise, compelling, and deeply documented, Traditional Crime in the Modern World is an eye-opening resource for researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, particularly with an interest in organized crime and trafficking, as well as related topics of Demography, Political Science, and International Relations.

Criminal Justice


Author: Jay S. Albanese
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 598
View: 3902

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Criminal Justice, 2/e is written by an experienced author, scholar, and past president of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Jay Albanese. It is carefully written in an appealing narrative style and is comprehensive without attempting to be encyclopedic. Albanese emphasizes critical thinking and problem solving in every chapter. Themes of this edition include: the role of balance in the criminal justice system, the role of social, cultural, political, economic, and historical contexts of crime, the law, and punishment, and the influence of mass media and popular culture on criminal justice. For anyone interested in learning more about criminal justice.

Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice


Author: Philip Reichel,Jay Albanese
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483321967
Category: Social Science
Page: 576
View: 4897

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Transnational crime and justice will characterize the 21st century in same way that traditional street crimes dominated the 20th century. In the Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice, Philip Reichel and Jay Albanese bring together top scholars from around the world to offer perspectives on the laws, crimes, and criminal justice responses to transnational crime. This concise, reader-friendly handbook is organized logically around four major themes: the problem of transnational crime; analysis of specific transnational crimes; approaches to its control; and regional geographical analyses. Each comprehensive chapter is designed to be explored as a stand-alone topic, making this handbook an important textbook and reference tool for students and practitioners alike.

White-collar Crime in America


Author: Jay S. Albanese
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 9780023012617
Category: True Crime
Page: 202
View: 1242

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A systematic typology of white collar crime based on criminal justice categories rather than a sociological approach.

Transnational Organized Crime

An Overview from Six Continents
Author: Jay Albanese,Philip Reichel
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483325024
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 8961

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Transnational Organized Crime: An Overview from Six Continents explores the expansive topic of transnational organized crime, incorporating expert perspectives found throughout the world’s six inhabited continents: North America, Central and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. Editors Jay S. Albanese and Philip L. Reichel gather the knowledge and expertise of numerous authors, researchers, and practitioners in this field who are either native to each world region, have extensively travelled and worked there, or are recognized scholars for those regions. Through this unique text, readers will begin to understand the geographic, cultural, and regional similarities and differences underying the common threat of transnational organized crime, as well as how to address the global expansion of organized crime today.

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook


Author: J. Mitchell Miller
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 960
View: 5630

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Criminology has experienced tremendous growth over the last few decades, evident, in part, by the widespread popularity and increased enrollment in criminology and criminal justice departments at the undergraduate and graduate levels across the U.S. and internationally. Evolutionary paradigmatic shift has accompanied this surge in definitional, disciplinary and pragmatic terms. Though long identified as a leading sociological specialty area, criminology has emerged as a stand-alone discipline in its own right, one that continues to grow and is clearly here to stay. Criminology, today, remains inherently theoretical but is also far more applied in focus and thus more connected to the academic and practitioner concerns of criminal justice and related professional service fields. Contemporary criminology is also increasingly interdisciplinary and thus features a broad variety of ideological orientations to and perspectives on the causes, effects and responses to crime. 21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook provides straightforward and definitive overviews of 100 key topics comprising traditional criminology and its modern outgrowths. The individual chapters have been designed to serve as a “first-look” reference source for most criminological inquires. Both connected to the sociological origins of criminology (i.e., theory and research methods) and the justice systems’ response to crime and related social problems, as well as coverage of major crime types, this two-volume set offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of criminology. From student term papers and masters theses to researchers commencing literature reviews, 21st Century Criminology is a ready source from which to quickly access authoritative knowledge on a range of key issues and topics central to contemporary criminology. This two-volume set in the SAGE 21st Century Reference Series is intended to provide undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that will serve their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but not so much jargon, detail, or density as a journal article or research handbook chapter. 100 entries or "mini-chapters" highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in this field ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. Curricular-driven, chapters provide students with initial footholds on topics of interest in researching term papers, in preparing for GREs, in consulting to determine directions to take in pursuing a senior thesis, graduate degree, career, etc. Comprehensive in coverage, major sections include The Discipline of Criminology, Correlates of Crime, Theories of Crime & Justice, Measurement & Research, Types of Crime, and Crime & the Justice System. The contributor group is comprised of well-known figures and emerging young scholars who provide authoritative overviews coupled with insightful discussion that will quickly familiarize researchers, students, and general readers alike with fundamental and detailed information for each topic. Uniform chapter structure makes it easy for students to locate key information, with most chapters following a format of Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References. Availability in print and electronic formats provides students with convenient, easy access wherever they may be.

Criminal Justice Ethics

Theory and Practice
Author: Cyndi Banks
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1412995450
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 2502

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The importance of ethics in criminal justice -- Ethics and the police -- Racial discrimination in the criminal justice system --Lawyers and ethics -- The purpose of criminal punishment -- Ethics in Corrections --The ethics of criminal justice policy making -- Ethics and the "war on terrorism" --Media ethics and criminal justice -- Duty and principle -- Considering the consequences --The importance of character -- Egoism, pleasure and indifference -- A sense of justice --Caring for others.

Nikomachische Ethik


Author: Aristotle
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781484071892
Category: Philosophy
Page: 228
View: 1012

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Aristoteles: Nikomachische Ethik Edition Holzinger. Taschenbuch Berliner Ausgabe, 2013 Vollständiger, durchgesehener Neusatz mit einer Biographie des Autors bearbeitet und eingerichtet von Michael Holzinger Die »Nikomachische Ethik« entstand vermutlich im letzten Lebensabschnitt von Aristoteles, also in den Jahren vor 322 vor Chr. Erstdruck in lateinischer Übersetzung: Straßburg (vor 10.4.1496). Erstdruck des griechischen Originals: Venedig 1498. Erste vollständige deutsche Übersetzung durch Daniel Jenisch, Danzig 1791. Der Text folgt der deutschen Übersetzung durch Adolf Lasson von 1909. Die Überschriften stammen vom Übersetzer. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Aristoteles: Nikomachische Ethik. Ins Deutsche übertragen von Adolf Lasson, Jena: Eugen Diederichs, 1909. Herausgeber der Reihe: Michael Holzinger Reihengestaltung: Viktor Harvion Umschlaggestaltung unter Verwendung des Bildes: Hayez, Francesco: Aristoteles Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 10 pt

Krieg der Welten


Author: H.G. Wells
Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG
ISBN: 3257609264
Category: Fiction
Page: 352
View: 8416

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H. G. Wells schuf 1898 mit dem ›Krieg der Welten‹ den ersten Roman einer interplanetarischen Invasion, der das Vorbild zahlloser Marsmenschen-Märchen wurde. Orson Welles produzierte 1938 nach diesem SF-Klassiker das berühmteste Hörspiel aller Zeiten: obwohl als Hörspiel angekündigt, brach Panik aus, die Menschen verließen fluchtartig die Städte, weinten, beteten und glaubten an das Ende der Welt.

Der Staat


Author: Platon
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3843030944
Category: Philosophy
Page: 356
View: 9142

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Platon: Der Staat Entstanden etwa in der Mitte der siebziger Jahre des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Erstdruck (in lateinischer Übersetzung durch Marsilio Ficino) in: Opera, Florenz o. J. (ca. 1482/84). Erstdruck des griechischen Originals in: Hapanta ta tu Platônos, herausgegeben von M. Musuros, Venedig 1513. Erste deutsche Übersetzung (in Auszügen) durch G. Lauterbeck unter dem Titel »Summa der Platonischen Lere, von den Gesetzen und Regierung des gemeinen Nutzes« in: G. Lauterbeck, Regentenbuch, Leipzig 1572. Erste vollständige deutsche Übersetzung durch Johann Friedrich Kleuker unter dem Titel »Die Republik oder ein Gespräch über das Gerechte« in: Werke, 2. Band, Lemgo 1780. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Wilhelm Siegmund Teuffel (Buch I-V) und Wilhelm Wiegand (Buch VI-X) von 1855/56. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Platon: Sämtliche Werke. Berlin: Lambert Schneider, [1940]. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Raffael, Die Schule von Athen (Detail). Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens
Author: Howard S. Becker
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658012544
Category: Social Science
Page: 197
View: 9357

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​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.