Problems of long-term imprisonment


Author: A. E. Bottoms,Roy Light,University of Cambridge. Institute of Criminology
Publisher: Gower Pub Co
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 927

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Long-Term Imprisonment


Author: Timothy J. Flanagan
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0803970331
Category: Social Science
Page: 262
View: 8220

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The use of long-term imprisonment as a response to crime, the effects of long-term incarceration and the strategies used by inmates to adjust to confinement are the focus of this volume. The book explores the prison experience from the male and the female perspective and discusses the correctional management challenges posed by long-term incarceration. Comprising a set of articles originally published in The Prison Journal the book is complemented by research reports, an analysis of long-term inmates confined in United States and Canadian prisons, and essays written by long-term prisoners.

The Effects of Imprisonment


Author: Alison Liebling,Shadd Maruna
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134012462
Category: Social Science
Page: 512
View: 6138

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As the number of prisoners in the UK, USA and elsewhere continues to rise, so have concerns risen about the damaging short term and long term effects this has on prisoners. This book brings together a group of leading authorities in this field, both academics and practitioners, to address the complex issues this has raised, to assess the implications and results of research in this field, and to suggest ways of mitigating the often devastating personal and psychological consequences of imprisonment.

Murderers and Life Imprisonment

Containment, Treatment, Safety and Risk
Author: Eric Cullen,Tim Newell
Publisher: Waterside Press
ISBN: 1872870562
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 9755

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All about life imprisonment, the most severe sentence that can be passed in the UK and the ways in which the system tries to deal with dangerous and high-risk offenders - by a prison governor and psychologist with long experience of working with such people.

Proceedings


Author: Consejo de Europa
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789287140821
Category: Prison administration
Page: 166
View: 8828

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Marking Time in the Golden State

Women's Imprisonment in California
Author: Candace Kruttschnitt,Rosemary Gartner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521532655
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 2416

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In recent decades, the nature of criminal punishment has undergone change in the United States. This case study of women serving time in California in the 1960s and 1990s examines key points in this recent history. In this 2005 book, the authors begin with a look at imprisonment at the California Institution for Women in the early 1960s, when the rehabilitative model dominated official discourse. They compare women's experiences in the 1990s, at the California Institution for Women and the Valley State Prison, when the recent 'get tough' era was near its peak. Drawing on archival data, interviews, and surveys, their analysis considers the relationships among official philosophies and practices of imprisonment, women's responses to the prison regime, and relations between women prisoners. The experiences of women prisoners reflected the transformations Americans have witnessed in punishment over recent decades, but they also mirrored the deprivations and restrictions of imprisonment.

Crime and Punishment in America


Author: Elliott Currie
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1250024218
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 907

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An acclaimed criminologist examines America's ongoing war against violent crime, arguing that ever-increasing rates of imprisonment have not reduced--and will not reduce--crime rates and offering a range of tested alternatives based on deterrence. Tour.

Police Innovation

Contrasting Perspectives
Author: David Weisburd,Anthony A. Braga
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139454331
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 7801

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Over the last three decades American policing has gone through a period of significant change and innovation. In what is a relatively short historical time frame the police began to reconsider their fundamental mission, the nature of the core strategies of policing, and the character of their relationships with the communities that they serve. This volume brings together leading police scholars to examine eight major innovations which emerged during this period: community policing, broken windows policing, problem oriented policing, pulling levers policing, third party policing, hot spots policing, Compstat and evidence-based policing. Including advocates and critics of each of the eight police innovations, this comprehensive book assesses the evidence on impacts of police innovation on crime and public safety, the extent of the implementation of these new approaches in police departments, and the dilemmas these approaches have created for police management. This book will appeal to students, scholars and researchers.

The Prison and the Gallows

The Politics of Mass Incarceration in America
Author: Marie Gottschalk
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139455214
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 6913

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The United States has built a carceral state that is unprecedented among Western countries and in US history. Nearly one in 50 people, excluding children and the elderly, is incarcerated today, a rate unsurpassed anywhere else in the world. What are some of the main political forces that explain this unprecedented reliance on mass imprisonment? Throughout American history, crime and punishment have been central features of American political development. This 2006 book examines the development of four key movements that mediated the construction of the carceral state in important ways: the victims' movement, the women's movement, the prisoners' rights movement, and opponents of the death penalty. This book argues that punitive penal policies were forged by particular social movements and interest groups within the constraints of larger institutional structures and historical developments that distinguish the United States from other Western countries.

Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America


Author: Jeremy Travis,Christy Visher
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521849166
Category: Law
Page: 264
View: 3555

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The contributors question the causes of public concern about the number of returning prisoners, the public safety consequences of prisoners returning to the community and the political and law enforcement responses to the issue.

Prisons, Punishment and the Pursuit of Security


Author: Deborah Drake
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230282938
Category: Social Science
Page: 220
View: 9338

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Nation states around the globe are struggling with increasing concerns over human and global insecurity. Within this climate crime and criminal justice policies in many countries have become key areas of political focus, with the prison poised to play an important role in security strategies. This book problematises the persistent use of prisons and punishment and their role in pursuing higher levels of human security. Drawing on extensive, qualitative research in men's long-term, maximum-security prisons in England, questions are raised about the means by which security is pursued. The book argues against the use of severe sanctions as a means through which to calm public fears, achieve greater political legitimacy, and improve public security. By considering problems of security alongside those of long-term prisons, the book grapples with thorny and perennial problems associated with violence, vengeance and calls for punishment.

The Prisoner Society

Power, Adaptation and Social Life in an English Prison
Author: Ben Crewe
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019162974X
Category: Law
Page: 544
View: 6893

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While the use of imprisonment continues to rise in developed nations, we have little sociological knowledge of the prison's inner world. Based on extensive fieldwork in a medium-security prison in the UK, HMP Wellingborough, The Prisoner Society: Power, Adaptation and Social Life in an English Prison provides an in-depth analysis of the prison's social anatomy. It explains how power is exercised by the institution, individualizing the prisoner community and demanding particular forms of compliance and engagement. Drawing on prisoners' life stories, it shows how different prisoners experience and respond to the new range of penal practices and frustrations. It then explains how the prisoner society - its norms, hierarchy and social relationships - is shaped both by these conditions of confinement and by the different backgrounds, values and identities that prisoners bring into the prison environment.

Street Justice

Retaliation in the Criminal Underworld
Author: Bruce A. Jacobs,Richard Wright
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521617987
Category: Social Science
Page: 154
View: 3183

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This study examines the structure, process and forms of retaliation in contemporary urban America where street criminals employ it instead of recourse to the criminal justice system. It explores retaliation from a first hand perspective, based on interviews with currently active street criminals rather than prisoners.

English Society and the Prison

Time, Culture, and Politics in the Development of the Modern Prison, 1850-1920
Author: Alyson Brown
Publisher: Boydell Press
ISBN: 9781843830177
Category: History
Page: 205
View: 9138

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Prison disturbances during the period reveal inadequacies of the practice and philosophy of custodial sentencing.

Prisoner Reentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration


Author: Daniel P. Mears,Joshua C. Cochran
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 148331670X
Category: Social Science
Page: 344
View: 9309

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Understanding and Improving Prisoner Reentry Outcomes Prisoner Reentry is an engaging and comprehensive examination of prisoner reentry and how to improve public safety, well-being, and justice in the “era of mass incarceration.” Renowned authors Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran investigate historical trends in incarceration and punishment policy, the salience of in-prison and post-prison contexts and experiences for reentry, and the importance of understanding group differences in offending, punishment, and social context. Using extensive reliance on both theory and empirical research, the authors identify how reentry reflects criminal justice policy in America and, at the same time, has profound implications for crime prevention and justice. Readers will develop a diverse foundation for current policies, identify the implications of reentry for families, community, and society at large, and gain a conceptual and empirical toolkit for analyzing and improving the lives of those released from prison.