Privacy in Context

Technology, Policy, and the Integrity of Social Life
Author: Helen Nissenbaum
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804772894
Category: Law
Page: 304
View: 4699

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Privacy is one of the most urgent issues associated with information technology and digital media. This book claims that what people really care about when they complain and protest that privacy has been violated is not the act of sharing information itself—most people understand that this is crucial to social life —but the inappropriate, improper sharing of information. Arguing that privacy concerns should not be limited solely to concern about control over personal information, Helen Nissenbaum counters that information ought to be distributed and protected according to norms governing distinct social contexts—whether it be workplace, health care, schools, or among family and friends. She warns that basic distinctions between public and private, informing many current privacy policies, in fact obscure more than they clarify. In truth, contemporary information systems should alarm us only when they function without regard for social norms and values, and thereby weaken the fabric of social life.

Das metrische Wir

Über die Quantifizierung des Sozialen
Author: Steffen Mau
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518751727
Category: Political Science
Page: 308
View: 3933

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Ob Bildung, Gesundheit oder Konsum: Über so ziemlich jeden Aspekt unserer Person und unseres Verhaltens werden inzwischen Daten gesammelt. Schritt für Schritt entsteht so eine Gesellschaft der Sternchen, Scores, Likes und Listen, in der alles und jeder ständig vermessen und bewertet wird. Das beginnt beim alljährlichen Hochschulranking, reicht über die Quantified-Self-Bewegung fitnessbegeisterter Großstädter, die über das Internet ihre Bestzeiten miteinander vergleichen, bis hin zur Beurteilung der Effizienz politischer Maßnahmen. Steffen Mau untersucht die Techniken dieser neuen Soziometrie und zeigt ihre Folgen auf. Die Bewertungssysteme der quantifizierten Gesellschaft, so sein zentraler Gedanke, bilden nicht einfach die Ungleichheiten in der Welt ab, sondern sind letztlich mitentscheidend bei der Verteilung von Lebenschancen.

Privatheit

Eine Genealogie
Author: Raymond Geuss
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518296936
Category: Liberalism
Page: 142
View: 7268

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Publicity and the Canadian State

Critical Communications Perspectives
Author: Kirsten Kozolanka
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442669314
Category: Social Science
Page: 392
View: 3545

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Publicity pervades our political and public culture, but little has been written that critically examines the basis of the modern Canadian “publicity state.” This collection is the first to focus on the central themes in the state’s relationship with publicity practices and the “permanent campaign,” the constant search by politicians and their strategists for popular consent. Central to this political popularity contest are publicity tools borrowed from private enterprise, turning political parties into sound bites and party members into consumers. Publicity and the Canadian State is the first sustained study of the contemporary practices of political communication, focusing holistically on the tools of the publicity state and their ideological underpinnings: advertising, public opinion research, marketing, branding, image consulting, and media and information management, as well as related topics such as election law and finance, privacy, think-tank lobbying, and non-election communication campaigns. Bringing together contemporary Canadian analysis by scholars in a number of fields, this collection will be a welcome new resource for academics, public relations and policy professionals, and government communicators at all levels.

Privacy, Due Process and the Computational Turn

The Philosophy of Law Meets the Philosophy of Technology
Author: Mireille Hildebrandt,Katja de Vries
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134619154
Category: Computers
Page: 272
View: 3103

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Privacy, Due process and the Computational Turn: The Philosophy of Law Meets the Philosophy of Technology engages with the rapidly developing computational aspects of our world including data mining, behavioural advertising, iGovernment, profiling for intelligence, customer relationship management, smart search engines, personalized news feeds, and so on in order to consider their implications for the assumptions on which our legal framework has been built. The contributions to this volume focus on the issue of privacy, which is often equated with data privacy and data security, location privacy, anonymity, pseudonymity, unobservability, and unlinkability. Here, however, the extent to which predictive and other types of data analytics operate in ways that may or may not violate privacy is rigorously taken up, both technologically and legally, in order to open up new possibilities for considering, and contesting, how we are increasingly being correlated and categorizedin relationship with due process – the right to contest how the profiling systems are categorizing and deciding about us.

Unpopular Privacy

What Must We Hide?
Author: Anita Allen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199913188
Category: Philosophy
Page: 280
View: 8274

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Can the government stick us with privacy we don't want? It can, it does, and according to Anita L. Allen, it may need to do more of it. Privacy is a foundational good, Allen argues, a necessary tool in the liberty-lover's kit for a successful life. A nation committed to personal freedom must be prepared to mandate privacy protections for its people, whether they eagerly embrace them or not. This unique book draws attention to privacies of seclusion, concealment, confidentiality and data-protection undervalued by their intended beneficiaries and targets--and outlines the best reasons for imposing them. Allen looks at laws designed to keep website operators from collecting personal information, laws that force strippers to wear thongs, and the myriad employee and professional confidentiality rules--including insider trading laws--that require strict silence about matters whose disclosure could earn us small fortunes. She shows that such laws recognize the extraordinary importance of dignity, trust and reputation, helping to preserve social, economic and political options throughout a lifetime.

The Fourth Revolution

How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality
Author: Luciano Floridi
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667706
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 3620

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Who are we, and how do we relate to each other? Luciano Floridi, one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy, argues that the explosive developments in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is changing the answer to these fundamental human questions. As the boundaries between life online and offline break down, and we become seamlessly connected to each other and surrounded by smart, responsive objects, we are all becoming integrated into an "infosphere". Personas we adopt in social media, for example, feed into our 'real' lives so that we begin to live, as Floridi puts in, "onlife". Following those led by Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud, this metaphysical shift represents nothing less than a fourth revolution. "Onlife" defines more and more of our daily activity - the way we shop, work, learn, care for our health, entertain ourselves, conduct our relationships; the way we interact with the worlds of law, finance, and politics; even the way we conduct war. In every department of life, ICTs have become environmental forces which are creating and transforming our realities. How can we ensure that we shall reap their benefits? What are the implicit risks? Are our technologies going to enable and empower us, or constrain us? Floridi argues that we must expand our ecological and ethical approach to cover both natural and man-made realities, putting the 'e' in an environmentalism that can deal successfully with the new challenges posed by our digital technologies and information society.

Privacy: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Raymond Wacks
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191038806
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
View: 9938

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Some would argue that scarcely a day passes without a new assault on our privacy. In the wake of the whistle-blower Edward Snowden's revelations about the extent of surveillance conducted by the security services in the United States, Britain, and elsewhere, concerns about individual privacy have significantly increased. The Internet generates risks, unimagined even twenty years ago, to the security and integrity of information in all its forms. The manner in which information is collected, stored, exchanged, and used has changed forever; and with it, the character of the threats to individual privacy. The scale of accessible private data generated by the phenomenal growth of blogs, social media, and other contrivances of our information age pose disturbing threats to our privacy. And the hunger for gossip continues to fuel sensationalist media that frequently degrade the notion of a private domain to which we reasonably lay claim. In the new edition of this Very Short Introduction, Raymond Wacks looks at all aspects of privacy to include numerous recent changes, and considers how this fundamental value might be reconciled with competing interests such as security and freedom of expression. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Analyzing Social Media Data and Web Networks


Author: M. Cantijoch,R. Gibson,S. Ward
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137276770
Category: Social Science
Page: 303
View: 5921

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As governments, citizens and organizations have moved online there is an increasing need for academic enquiry to adapt to this new context for communication and political action. This adaptation is crucially dependent on researchers being equipped with the necessary methodological tools to extract, analyze and visualize patterns of web activity. This volume profiles the latest techniques being employed by social scientists to collect and interpret data from some of the most popular social media applications, the political parties' own online activist spaces, and the wider system of hyperlinks that structure the inter-connections between these sites. Including contributions from a range of academic disciplines including Political Science, Media and Communication Studies, Economics, and Computer Science, this study showcases a new methodological approach that has been expressly designed to capture and analyze web data in the process of investigating substantive questions.

Critical Digital Studies

A Reader, Second Edition
Author: Arthur Kroker,Marilouise Kroker
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442666714
Category: Social Science
Page: 624
View: 7377

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Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.

Technocreep

The Surrender of Privacy and the Capitalization of Intimacy
Author: Thomas P. Keenan
Publisher: Greystone Books
ISBN: 1771641231
Category: Computers
Page: 224
View: 987

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“Technology is rapidly moving into our bodies,” writes cyber expert Keenan, “and this book gives a chilling look ahead into where that road may lead us – on a one way trip to the total surrender of privacy and the commoditization of intimacy.” Here is the definitive dissection of privacy-eroding and life-invading technologies, coming at you from governments, corporations, and the person next door. Take, for example, “Girls Around Me”: a Russian-made iPhone App that allowed anyone to scan the immediate vicinity for girls and women who checked in on Foursquare and had poorly secured Facebook profiles. It combined this information in a way never intended by the original poster. Going to a Disney theme park? Your creepy new “MagicBand” will alert Minnie Mouse that you’re on the way and she’ll know your kid’s name when you approach her. Thinking about sending your DNA off to Ancestry.com for some “genetic genealogy”? Perhaps you should think again: your genetic information could be used against you. With security scares like the Heartbleed bug (which compromised even supposedly safe internet behemoths like Google and Yahoo!) becoming more commonplace, this book is a must-read for anybody who values their privacy in a wired world.

An Education in Facebook?

Higher Education and the World's Largest Social Network
Author: Mike Kent,Tama Leaver
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134676158
Category: Education
Page: 232
View: 9577

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An Education in Facebook? examines and critiques the role of Facebook in the evolving landscape of higher education. At times a mandated part of classroom use, at others an informal network for students, Facebook has become an inevitable component of college life, acting alternately as an advertising, recruitment and learning tool. But what happens when educators use a corporate product, which exists outside of the control of universities, to educate students? An Education in Facebook? provides a broad discussion of the issues educators are already facing on college campuses worldwide, particularly in areas such as privacy, copyright and social media etiquette. By examining current uses of Facebook in university settings, this book offers both a thorough analytical critique as well as practical advice for educators and administrators looking to find ways to thoughtfully integrate Facebook and other digital communication tools into their classrooms and campuses.

Intimisierung des Öffentlichen

Zur multiplen Privatisierung des Öffentlichen in der digitalen Ära
Author: Patrik Ettinger,Mark Eisenegger,Marlis Prinzing,Roger Blum
Publisher: Springer VS
ISBN: 9783658240516
Category: Social Science
Page: 313
View: 6425

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Die Beiträge dieses Sammelbandes der Reihe Mediensymposium befassen sich mit der Intimisierung des Öffentlichen im digitalen Zeitalter. Die Autoren diskutieren die theoretischen Grundlagen der Grenzziehung zwischen dem Öffentlichen und dem Privaten/Intimen. Sie rekonstruieren die Etablierung des Intimen in traditionellen Medien und in Social Media. Außerdem fragen sie nach den Konsequenzen der Intimisierung des Öffentlichen für die Gesellschaft und nach der Rationalität der politischen Kommunikation.

The Dark Net

Unterwegs in den dunklen Kanälen der digitalen Unterwelt
Author: Jamie Bartlett
Publisher: Plassen Verlag
ISBN: 3864702976
Category: Political Science
Page: 390
View: 6489

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Das 'Dark Net' ist eine Unterwelt. Es besteht aus den geheimsten und verschwiegensten Ecken des verschlüsselten Webs. Ab und zu gerät ein Teil dieser Unterwelt in die Schlagzeilen, beispielsweise wenn eine Plattform für Online-Drogenhandel zerschlagen wird. Abgesehen davon wissen wir jedoch so gut wie nichts darüber. Bis heute. Basierend auf umfangreichen Recherchen, exklusiven Interviews und schockierendem, authentischem Material zeigt Jamie Bartlett, wie sich völlige Anonymität auf Menschen auswirken kann, und porträtiert faszinierende, abstoßende oder auch gefährliche Subkulturen, darunter Trolle und Pädophile, Dealer und Hacker, Extremisten, Bitcoin-Programmierer und Bürgerwehren.

New Documentary Ecologies

Emerging Platforms, Practices and Discourses
Author: K. Nash,C. Hight,C. Summerhayes
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137310499
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 254
View: 1516

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Providing a unique collection of perspectives on the persistence of documentary as a vital and dynamic media form within a digital world, New Documentary Ecologies traces this form through new opportunities of creating media, new platforms of distribution and new ways for audiences to engage with the real.

The new Wigmore

a treatise on evidence : evidentiary privileges
Author: Edward J. Imwinkelried,Richard D. Friedman
Publisher: Aspen Publishers
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 2111
View: 8945

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Values at Play in Digital Games


Author: Mary Flanagan,Helen Nissenbaum
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262027666
Category: Computers
Page: 224
View: 1982

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All games express and embody human values, providing a compelling arena in which we play out beliefs and ideas. "Big ideas" such as justice, equity, honesty, and cooperation -- as well as other kinds of ideas, including violence, exploitation, and greed -- may emerge in games whether designers intend them or not. In this book, Mary Flanagan and Helen Nissenbaum present Values at Play, a theoretical and practical framework for identifying socially recognized moral and political values in digital games. Values at Play can also serve as a guide to designers who seek to implement values in the conception and design of their games. After developing a theoretical foundation for their proposal, Flanagan and Nissenbaum provide detailed examinations of selected games, demonstrating the many ways in which values are embedded in them. They introduce the Values at Play heuristic, a systematic approach for incorporating values into the game design process. Interspersed among the book's chapters are texts by designers who have put Values at Play into practice by accepting values as a design constraint like any other, offering a real-world perspective on the design challenges involved.

Sphären der Gerechtigkeit

ein Plädoyer für Pluralität und Gleichheit
Author: Michael Walzer
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593380358
Category:
Page: 478
View: 2931

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Die wissenschaftliche Gerechtigkeitsdebatte, jahrelang dominiert von John Rawls'”Theorie der Gerechtigkeit“, erhielt 1983 durch Michael Walzer eine bedeutende Wendung. In Abgrenzung von Rawls und anderen Gerechtigkeitstheoretikern entwickelte Walzer in seinem inzwischen klassisch gewordenen Werk seine Vision einer”komplexen Gleichheit“. Er geht davon aus, dass wahre Gerechtigkeit nicht durch einen wörtlich verstandenen Gleichheitsbegriff verwirklicht werden kann: Vielmehr verlangen verschiedene wichtige Güter - Reichtum, Macht, Arbeit, Liebe - auch verschiedene Modi der Verteilung. Walzer setzt sich nachdrücklich für einen neuen pluralistischen Gleichheitsbegriff ein, der bis heute nichts an Aktualität verloren hat.