Principles of Geoarchaeology

A North American Perspective
Author: Michael R. Waters
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 9780816517701
Category: Science
Page: 398
View: 1895

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Geoarchaeological studies can significantly enhance interpretations of human prehistory by allowing archaeologists to decipher from sediments and soils the effects of earth processes on the evidence of human activity. While a number of previous books have provided broad geographic and temporal treatments of geoarchaeology, this new volume presents a single author's view intended for North American archaeologists. Waters deals with those aspects of geoarchaeologyÑstratigraphy, site formation processes, and landscape reconstructionÑmost fundamental to archaeology, and he focuses on the late Quaternary of North America, permitting in-depth discussions of the concepts directly applicable to that research. Assuming no prior geologic knowledge on the part of the reader, Waters provides a background in fundamental geological processes and the basic tools of geoarchaeology. He then proceeds to relate specific physical processes, microenvironments, deposits, and landforms associated with riverine, desert, lake, glacial, cave, coastal, and other environments to archaeological site formation, location, and context. This practical volume illustrates the contributions of geoarchaeological investigations and demonstrates the need to make such studies an integral part of archaeological research. The text is enhanced by more than a hundred line drawings and photographs. CONTENTS 1. Research Objectives of Geoarchaeology 2. Geoarchaeological Foundations: The Archaeological Site Matrix: Sediments and Soils / Stratigraphy / The Geoarchaeological Interpretation of Sediments, Soils, and Stratigraphy 3. Alluvial Environments: Streamflow / Sediment Erosion, Transport, and Deposition / Alluvial Environments: Rivers, Arroyos, Terraces, and Fans / Alluvial Landscapes Evolution and the Archaeological Record / Alluvial Landscape Reconstruction 4. Eolian Environments: Sediment Erosion, Transport, and Deposition / Sand Dunes / Loess and Dust / Stone Pavements / Eolian Erosion / Volcanic Ash (Tephra) 5. Springs, Lakes, Rockshelters, and Other Terrestrial Environments: Springs / Lakes / Slopes / Glaciers / Rockshelters and Caves 6. Coastal Environments: Coastal Processes / Late Quaternary Sea Level Changes / Coastal Environments / Coastal Landscape Evolution and the Archaeological Record / Coastal Landscape Reconstruction 7. The Postburial Disturbance af Archaeological Site Contexts: Cryoturbation / Argilliturbation / Graviturbation / Deformation / Other Physical Disturbances / Floralturbation / Faunalturbation 8. Geoarchaeological Research Appendix A: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating the Effects of Fluvial Landscape Evolution on the Archaeological Record Appendix B: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating Site-Specific Synchronic and Diachronic Alluvial Landscape Reconstructions Appendix C: Geoarchaeological Studies Illustrating Regional Synchronic and Diachronic Alluvial Landscape Reconstructions

Geological Methods for Archaeology


Author: Norman Herz,Ervan G. Garrison
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195090241
Category: Social Science
Page: 343
View: 4104

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This book discusses the application of geological methods and theory to archaeology. Written as a survey text covering appropriate methods and techniques taken from geology, geophysics, geochemistry, and geochronology, it shows the student the practicality and importance of each technique's use in solving archaeological problems. Specific techniques are illustrated by practical results obtained from the authors' use on archaeological digs. With an international geographical scope, the book draws on sites from both hemispheres, including the Franchthi Cave in Greece, St. Catherines Island in the U.S., the Roman site of Drand in France, and Monte Verde, Chile. The authors also address applications in less traditional areas such as underwater, historical, industrial, and conservation archaeology.

Archaeology


Author: Robert Kelly,David Thomas
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495602914
Category: Social Science
Page: 600
View: 3866

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This text pairs two of archaeology’s most recognized names: Robert L. Kelly and David Hurst Thomas, who together have over 70 years of experience leading excavations. The fifth edition of ARCHAEOLOGY reflects the most recent research and changes in the field, while covering core concepts in an exceptionally student-friendly fashion by using personalized examples and high interest topics. This edition continues a tradition of combining academic rigor with an engaging writing style that has made Kelly and Thomas’ ARCHAEOLOGY one of the most well-respected and best-selling texts in the discipline. The new, streamlined edition is enhanced with full-color photos and a completely new design. The rich array of supplemental resources includes a book companion website, as well as the option to use the CD-ROM developed by the authors entitled, DOING FIELDWORK: ARCHAEOLOGICAL DEMONSTRATIONS. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Geoarchaeology

The Earth-science Approach to Archaeological Interpretation
Author: George Robert Rapp,Christopher L. Hill
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300109665
Category: Science
Page: 339
View: 4579

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A detailed and far-ranging textbook which frames geologic concepts within an archaeological context, offering specific examples that demonstrate how geologic methods can be used to interpret the human past. The contents list is huge, but a few of the topics covered are: sediments and soils, provenance studies, geologic surveying, mapping and remote sensing, artifact identification and human-environment interaction. The second edition builds on the success and innovation of the first, and includes updates, new concepts and examples, an enhanced bibliography, and many new illustrations.

The Way the Wind Blows

Climate Change, History, and Human Action
Author: Roderick J. McIntosh,Joseph A. Tainter,Susan Keech McIntosh
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231505787
Category: Science
Page: 448
View: 8792

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Scientists and policymakers are beginning to understand in ever-increasing detail that environmental problems cannot be understood solely through the biophysical sciences. Environmental issues are fundamentally human issues and must be set in the context of social, political, cultural, and economic knowledge. The need both to understand how human beings in the past responded to climatic and other environmental changes and to synthesize the implications of these historical patterns for present-day sustainability spurred a conference of the world's leading scholars on the topic. The Way the Wind Blows is the rich result of that conference. Articles discuss the dynamics of climate, human perceptions of and responses to the environment, and issues of sustainability and resiliency. These themes are illustrated through discussions of human societies around the world and throughout history.

Ișiklar

ethnoarchäologische Untersuchungen zur Formation und Transformation archäologischer Siedlungskontexte
Author: Stephan W. E. Blum
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Ethnoarchaeology
Page: 297
View: 8161

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Mauerschau

Festschrift für Manfred Korfmann
Author: Manfred Korfmann,Rüstem Aslan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783935383103
Category: Archaeology
Page: 1248
View: 4187

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Ice Age People of North America

Environments, Origins, and Adaptations
Author: Robson Bonnichsen,Karen L. Turnmire
Publisher: Oregon State University Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 536
View: 9385

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This volume provides an up-to-date summary of important new discoveries from Northeast Asia and North America that are changing perceptions about the origin of the First Americans. Even though the peopling of the Americas has been the focus of scientific investigations for more than half a century, there is still no definitive evidence that will allow specialists to say when the First Americans initially arrived or who they were. However, this in no way diminishes the significance of the many new contributions being made in the field. The nineteen papers collected here provide regional archaeological syntheses and address such topics as ice marginal dynamics, the impact of plant nutrients in glacial margins, and periglacial ecology of large mammals. The concluding chapter discusses conceptual frameworks used to explain the peopling of the Americas.

Behavioral Archaeology

Principles and Practice
Author: Michael B. Schiffer
Publisher: Equinox
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 220
View: 457

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Behavioral archaeology offers a way of examining the past by highlighting human engagement with the material culture of the time. 'Behavioral Archaeology: Principles and Practice' offers a broad overview of the methods and theories used in this approach to archaeology. Opening with an overview of the history and key concepts, the book goes on to systematically cover both principles and practice: the philosophy of science and the scientific method; artifacts and human behavior; archaeological inference; formation processes of the archaeological record; technological change; behavioral change; and ritual and religion. Detailed case studies show the relevance of behavioral method and theory to the wider field of archaeological studies. The book will be invaluable to students of archaeology and anthropology.

Métodos Y Técnicas de Investigación Histórica i


Author: PERÉX AGORRETA María Jesús (Coordinadora)
Publisher: Editorial UNED
ISBN: 8436265114
Category: History
Page: 676
View: 7166

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Este libro constituye la herramienta de trabajo para cursar la asignatura de Métodos y Técnicas de Investigación Histórica I del nuevo grado del EEES (Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior) en Geografía e Historia de la UNED, aunque también puede ser de utilidad para todos aquellos que estén interesados en cuestiones de metodología y de técnicas de investigación referidas a la Prehistoria, la Arqueología y la Historia Antigua. Con ella se pretende introducir a los estudiantes en lo que supone la metodología de la investigación histórica, mostrarles la problemática que plantean determinadas fuentes y proporcionales unas técnicas que les permitan el análisis y la comprensión de documentos históricos de muy diversa índole.

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial


Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191650390
Category: Social Science
Page: 872
View: 7500

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The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Archaeology in Practice

A Student Guide to Archaeological Analyses
Author: Jane Balme,Alistair Paterson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405148861
Category: Social Science
Page: 464
View: 4915

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Archaeology in Practice: A Student Guide to ArchaeologicalAnalyses offers students in archaeology laboratory courses adetailed and invaluable how-to manual of archaeological methods andprovides insight into the breadth of modern archaeology. Written by specialists of material analyses, whose expertiserepresents a broad geographic range Includes numerous examples of applications of archaeologicaltechniques Organized by material types, such as animal bones, ceramics,stone artifacts, and documentary sources, or by themes, such asdating, ethics, and report writing Written accessibly and amply referenced to provide readers witha guide to further resources on techniques and theirapplications Enlivened by a range of boxed case studies throughout the maintext

Remote Sensing in Archaeology

An Explicitly North American Perspective
Author: Jay K. Johnson
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817353437
Category: Social Science
Page: 322
View: 5474

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The coming of age of a technology first developed in the 1950s. All the money spent by the United States space program is not spent looking at the stars. NASA is composed of a vast and varied network of scientists across the academic spectrum involved in research and development programs that have wide application on planet Earth. Several of the leaders in the field of remote sensing and archaeology were recently brought together for a NASA-funded workshop in Biloxi, Mississippi. The workshop was organized specifically to show these archaeologists and cultural resource managers how close we are to being able to “see” under the dirt in order to know where to excavate before ever putting a shovel in the ground. As the book that resulted from this workshop demonstrates, this fantasy is quickly becoming a reality. In this volume, eleven archaeologists reveal how the broad application of remote sensing, and especially geophysical techniques, is altering the usual conduct of dirt archaeology. Using case studies that both succeeded and failed, they offer a comprehensive guide to remote sensing techniques on archaeological sites throughout North America. Because this new technology is advancing on a daily basis, the book is accompanied by a CD intended for periodic update that provides additional data and illustrations. with contributions by: R. Berle Clay, Lawrence B. Conyers, Rinita A. Dalan, Marco Giardino, Thomas J. Green, Michael L. Hargrave, Bryan S. Haley, Jay K. Johnson, Kenneth L. Kvamme, J. J. Lockhart, Lewis Somers