Primitive Classification (Routledge Revivals)


Author: Emile Durkheim,Marcel Mauss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135174318
Category: Philosophy
Page: 102
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In this influential work, first published in English in 1963, Durkheim and Mauss claim that the individual mind is capable of classification and they seek the origin of the ‘classificatory function’ in society. On the basis of an intensive examination of forms and principles of symbolic classification reported from the Australian aborigines, the Zuñi and traditional China, they try to establish a formal correspondence between social and symbolic classification. From this they argue that the mode of classification is determined by the form of society and that the notions of space, time, hierarchy, number, class and other such cognitive categories are products of society. Dr Needham’s introduction assesses the validity of Durkhiem and Mauss’s argument, traces its continued influence in various disciplines, and indicates its analytical value for future researches in social anthropology.

Categories and Classifications

Maussian Reflections on the Social
Author: N. J. Allen
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781571818089
Category: Social Science
Page: 165
View: 6073

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Marcel Mauss (1872-1950), Durkheim's nephew, was a key figure among Durkheimians and helped to found the distinctive French tradition in the social sciences at the start of the 20th century. He dominated the teaching of social anthropology in Paris between the Wars, and his Essay on the Gift (1925) is a well established classic. However, it is only recently that the breadth and freshness of his oeuvre as a whole is being reassessed and is gaining wider appreciation. Having found inspiration in Mauss's texts for over twenty years, the author here explores not only what he thought but also how his ideas can be developed and applied in new ways. Thus Durkheim and Mauss's notion of "primitive classification," often misunderstood, is well exemplified by Indo-European ideology as analysed by Georges Dumezil and current comparativists, and it is argued that this ancient ideology influenced the Durkheimian classification of "social facts." Mauss's reflections on kinship and social aggregation point us towards aspects of proto-human societies that are underemphasized by contemporary palaeoanthropology, and his vision of world history in terms of emic categories - fundamental ideas such as person, space, totality, substance - casts new light on much we take for granted, as well as on The Gift. Mauss specialized in religion, and his treatment of the rubric goes beyond his uncle's unitary definition in terms of the sacred. In assembling and presenting his essays on this intellectual giant, the author tries both to convey the range and quality of Mauss's mind and to take further his scattered and partial insights.

Culture

Critical Concepts in Sociology
Author: Chris Jenks
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415226905
Category: Social Science
Page: 1668
View: 7855

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Offers various views on the concept of culture, including articles by such authors as Walter Benjamin, Georg Simmel, T.S. Eliot, and Bronislaw Malinowski.

Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates


Author: James H. Thorp
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123748550
Category: Science
Page: 1021
View: 3765

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The third edition of Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates continues the tradition of in-depth coverage of the biology, ecology, phylogeny, and identification of freshwater invertebrates from the USA and Canada. This text serves as an authoritative single source for a broad coverage of the anatomy, physiology, ecology, and phylogeny of all major groups of invertebrates in inland waters of North America, north of Mexico.

Principles of Tzeltal Plant Classification

An Introduction to the Botanical Ethnography of a Mayan-Speaking, People of Highland, Chiapas
Author: Brent Berlin,Dennis E. Breedlove,Peter H. Raven
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483220982
Category: Science
Page: 684
View: 930

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Principles of Tzeltal Plant Classification: An Introduction to the Botanical Ethnography of a Mayan-Speaking People of Highland Chiapas covers the underlying classificatory principles used by the Tzeltal to order the vast array of organisms of the plant world. The book describes the setting of the research, both from a botanical and ethnographic view; the general outline of Tzeltal plant classification and nomenclature; and the methods used to collect data. The text also discusses the rich ethnolinguistic terminology used by the Tzeltal in describing and discussing the structure of plants, referred to as ethnophytography; and the cultural significance of plants to the Tzeltal in agriculture, food types, house building, and other areas of material culture where plants and plant products are of major importance. The individual description of all known Tzeltal plant classes is also encompassed in detail. Botanists and ethnobotanists will find the book invaluable.

The Maze Maker

A Novel
Author: Michael Ayrton
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022604243X
Category: Fiction
Page: 328
View: 1658

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“I address you across more than three thousand years, you who live at the conjunction of the Fish and the Water-carrier,” speaks Daedalus, an artisan, inventor, and designer born into an utterly alien family of heroes who value acts of war above all else, a world where his fellow Greeks seem driven only to destroy—an existence he feels compelled to escape. In this fictional autobiography of the father of Icarus, “Apollo’s creature,” a brilliant but flawed man, writer and sculptor Michael Ayrton harnesses the tales of the past to mold a myth for our times. We learn of Daedalus’s increasingly ambitious artifacts and inventions; his fascination with Minoan culture, commerce, and religion, and his efforts to adapt to them; how he comes to design the maze of the horned Minotaur; and how, when he decides that he must flee yet again, he builds two sets of wax wings—wings that will be instruments of his descent into the underworld, a place of both purgatory and rebirth. A compelling mix of history, fable, lore, and meditations on the enigma of art, The Maze Maker will ensnare classicists, artists, and all lovers of story in its convolutions of life and legend. “I never understood the pattern of my life,” writes Daedalus, “so that I have blundered through it in a maze.”

Race and Racism in Modern East Asia

Western and Eastern Constructions
Author: Rotem Kowner,Walter Demel
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004237291
Category: Social Science
Page: 593
View: 3968

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Race and Racism in Modern East Asia juxtaposes Western racial constructions of East Asians with constructions of race and their outcomes in modern East Asia. This groundbreaking volume also offers an analysis of these constructions, their evolution and their interrelations.

Our Knowledge is Not Primitive

Decolonizing Botanical Anishinaabe Teachings
Author: Wendy Djinn Geniusz
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815632047
Category: Nature
Page: 214
View: 2392

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Traditional Anishinaabe (Ojibwe or Chippewa) knowledge, like the knowledge systems of indigenous peoples around the world, has long been collected and presented by researchers who were not a part of the culture they observed. The result is a "colonized" version of the knowledge, one that is distorted and trivialized by an ill-suited Eurocentric paradigm of scientific investigation and classification. In Our Knowledge Is Not Primitive, Wendy Makoons Geniusz contrasts the way in which Anishinaabe botanical knowledge is presented in the academic record with how it is preserved in Anishinaabe culture. In doing so she seeks to open a dialogue between the two communities to discuss methods for decolonizing existing texts and to develop innovative approaches for conducting more culturally meaningful research in the future. As an Anishinaabe who grew up in a household practicing traditional medicine and who went on to earn a doctorate and become a professional scholar, Geniusz possesses the authority of someone with a foot firmly planted in each world. Her unique ability to navigate both indigenous and scientific perspectives makes this book an invaluable contribution to the field and enriches our understanding of all native communities.

A General Theory of Magic


Author: Marcel Mauss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134522231
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 4852

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First written by Marcel Mauss and Henri Humbert in 1902, A General Theory of Magic gained a wide new readership when republished by Mauss in 1950. As a study of magic in 'primitive' societies and its survival today in our thoughts and social actions, it represents what Claude Lévi-Strauss called, in an introduction to that edition, the astonishing modernity of the mind of one of the century's greatest thinkers. The book offers a fascinating snapshot of magic throughout various cultures as well as deep sociological and religious insights still very much relevant today. At a period when art, magic and science appear to be crossing paths once again, A General Theory of Magic presents itself as a classic for our times.

The Forest of Symbols

Aspects of Ndembu Ritual
Author: Victor Witter Turner
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801491016
Category: Social Science
Page: 405
View: 720

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Collection of 10 articles previously published on various aspects of ritual symbolism among the Ndembu of Zambia; p.83-4; brief mention of C.P. Mountford on Aboriginal colour symbolism; Primarly for use in cultural comparison.

Emile Durkheim


Author: Various,Émile Durkheim
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415562874
Category: Durkheimian school of sociology
Page: N.A
View: 3625

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Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone


Author: Christopher D. M. Fletcher,K. Krishnan Unni,Fredrik Mertens
Publisher: IARC
ISBN: 9283224132
Category: Medical
Page: 427
View: 2942

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This book is an authoritative, concise reference, prepared by 147 authors from 28 countries. It contains more than 800 colour photographs, numerous MRIs, ultrasound images, CT scans, charts and approximately 2000 references. Diagnostic criteria, pathological features and associated genetic alterations are described in a strictly disease-oriented manner. Sections on all recognized neoplasms and their variants include new ICD-O codes, incidence, age and sex distribution, location, clinical signs and symptoms, pathology, genetics and predictive factors.

Epistemic Cultures

How the Sciences Make Knowledge
Author: Karin Knorr Cetina
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674039681
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 352
View: 3298

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How does science create knowledge? Epistemic cultures, shaped by affinity, necessity, and historical coincidence, determine how we know what we know. In this book, Karin Knorr Cetina compares two of the most important and intriguing epistemic cultures of our day, those in high energy physics and molecular biology. Her work highlights the diversity of these cultures of knowing and, in its depiction of their differences--in the meaning of the empirical, the enactment of object relations, and the fashioning of social relations--challenges the accepted view of a unified science. By many accounts, contemporary Western societies are becoming "knowledge societies"--which run on expert processes and expert systems epitomized by science and structured into all areas of social life. By looking at epistemic cultures in two sample cases, this book addresses pressing questions about how such expert systems and processes work, what principles inform their cognitive and procedural orientations, and whether their organization, structures, and operations can be extended to other forms of social order. The first ethnographic study to systematically compare two different scientific laboratory cultures, this book sharpens our focus on epistemic cultures as the basis of the knowledge society.

Debating Durkheim


Author: Hermino Martins,William Pickering
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135087830
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 9021

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First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Anthropological Approaches to the Study of Religion


Author: Michael Banton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136538291
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 7004

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As the basic questions of social structure were elucidated there came a quickening of interest among social anthropologists in the study of religion. Chapters in this book include: · Religion as a Cultural System (Clifford Geertz) · Colour Classification in Ndembu Religion (Victor W. Turner) · Religion: Problems of Definition and Explanation (Melford E. Spiro) · Fathers, Elders and Ghosts in Edo Religion (R.E. Bradbury) · Territorial Groupings and Relgion among the Iraqw (Edward H. Winter). First published in 1966.

The Possibility of Anthropological Fideism

An Essay on Symbol, Interpretation, and Enigmas in Cross-cultural Inquiries
Author: Da Zhi Zhong
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761827443
Category: Social Science
Page: 228
View: 3074

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In this book, D. Z. Zhong establishes a methodological principle for cross-cultural research, called anthropological fideism. While anthropologists take for granted that natives don't really believe the unintelligible or inexplicable things they say, and what they say should express a deeper social meaning, Zhong contends that if we have a translation manual that can interpret a foreign language, and if natives are asserting honestly, then what natives say still express natives' belief, no matter how absurd it seems. His anthropological fideism entails that in fact we can, and indeed we should, happily live with others' differences while taking them literal.