Poverty, Riches and Social Citizenship

Author: Margaret Melrose,H. Dean
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230377955
Category: Social Science
Page: 211
View: 8289

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At a time when the gap between rich and poor has been increasing, Poverty, Riches and Social Citizenship provides an accessible introduction to current debates about inequality, exclusion and the nature of citizenship, while also presenting an innovative exploration of popular beliefs and values in Britain. The authors develop a series of conceptual models by which to understand the competing traditions which have informed ideas about citizenship, and the contradictory moral notions that currently inform popular expectations of the welfare state.

Welfare, Inequality and Social Citizenship

Deprivation and Affluence in Austerity Britain
Author: Daniel Edmiston
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447337468
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 6799

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Offers a rare and vivid insight into the everyday lives, attitudes and behaviours of the rich as well as the poor across the UK, demonstrating how those marginalised and validated by the existing welfare system make sense of the prevailing socio-political settlement and their own position within it.

Policy change, public attitudes and social citizenship

Does neoliberalism matter?
Author: Humpage, Louise
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447323513
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 8378

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Neoliberal reforms have seen a radical shift in government thinking about social citizenship rights around the world. But have they had a similarly significant impact on public support for these rights? This unique book traces public views on social citizenship across three decades through attitudinal data from New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia. It argues that support for some aspects of social citizenship diminished more significantly under some political regimes than others, and that limited public resistance following the financial crisis of 2008-2009 further suggests the public ‘rolled over’ and accepted these neoliberal values. Yet attitudinal variances across different policy areas challenge the idea of an omnipotent neoliberalism, providing food for thought for academics, students and advocates wishing to galvanise support for social citizenship in the 21st century.


Rights, Social Citizenship, and Legal Activism
Author: Margot Young,Susan Boyd,Gwen Brodsky,Shelagh Day
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774840838
Category: Law
Page: 400
View: 7343

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Recent years have seen the retrenchment of Canadian social programs and the restructuring of the welfare state along neo-liberal lines. Social programs have been cut back, eliminated, or recast in exclusionary and punitive forms. Poverty: Rights, Social Citizenship, and Legal Activism responds to these changes by examining the ideas and practices of human rights, citizenship, legislation, and institution-building that are crucial to addressing poverty in this country. It challenges prevailing assumptions about the role of governments and the methods of accountability in the field of social and economic justice.

Welfare Rights and Social Policy

Author: Hartley Dean
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317904729
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 9630

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Welfare Rights and Social Policy provides an introduction to social policy through a discussion of welfare rights, which are explored in historical, comparative and critical context. At a time when the cause of human rights is high on the global political agendathe authorasks why the status of welfare rights as an element of human rights remains ambiguous. Rights to social security, employment, housing, education, health and social care are critical to human well-being. Yet they are invariably subordinate to the civil and political rights of citizenship, they are often fragile and difficult to enforce, and because of their conditional nature they may be implicated in the social control of individual behaviour.

Social Rights and Human Welfare

Author: Hartley Dean
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317747496
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 1224

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An essential introduction to rights-based approaches in social policy, this text critically explores how social rights underpin human wellbeing. It discusses social rights as rights of citizenship in developed welfare states and as an essential component within the international human rights and human development agenda. It provides a valuable introduction for students and researchers in social policy and related applied social science, public policy, sociology, socio-legal studies and social development fields. Taking an international perspective, the first part of the book considers how social rights can be understood and critiqued in theory – discussing ideas around citizenship, human needs and human rights, collective responsibility and ethical imperatives. The second part of the book looks at social rights in practice, providing a comparative examination of their development globally, before looking more specifically at rights to livelihood, human services and housing as well as ways in which these rights can be implemented and enforced. The final section re-evaluates prevailing debates about rights-based approaches to poverty alleviation and outlines possible future directions. The book provides a comprehensive overview of social rights in theory and practice. It questions recent developments in social policy. It challenges certain dominant ideas concerning the basis of human rights. It seeks to re-frame our understanding of social rights as the articulation of human needs and presents a radical new 'post-Marshallian' theory of human rights.

Habermas, Critical Theory and Health

Author: Graham Scambler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136285849
Category: Medical
Page: 224
View: 7353

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The contribution of the German sociologist and philosopher Jurgen Habermas has proved seminal for attempts to understand the nature of social change in the context of global capitalism. This book provides an accessible introduction to his work and shows how his theories can be fruitfully applied to a wide range of topics in the sociology of health and illness including: * lay health knowledge * doctor-patient interaction * health care decision-making * health inequalities * new social movements in health * health care rationing * the Foucault perspective. Habermas, Critical Theory and Health will open up both new issues and new lines of empirical enquiry which will be of special interest to teachers and students of social theory and the sociology of health and illness and offers healthcare professionals new perspectives on their practice.

Knowledge of Evil

Child Prostitution and Child Sexual Abuse in Twentieth-century England
Author: Alyson Brown,David Barrett
Publisher: Willan Pub
Category: Psychology
Page: 212
View: 9193

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This is the first book on child prostitution in 20th-century England to have been written, tracing the roots of a contemporary problem which has been the subject of increased publicity and concern. It uncovers a mass of new evidence to indicate the extent of the phenomenon from the late 19th century to the present day, arguing that child prostitution is a significant aspect of child abuse, and one of the clearest ways in which "deviant" groups can be conceived of as both victims and threats. The picture of child prostitution emerging from this book is one of exclusion from mainstream society and the law, and remoteness from the agencies set up to help young people in trouble which were often reluctant to accept the realities of child prostitution. Child prostitutes were not wholly victims, and motivations to enter prostitution have included, amongst other things, the desire for a level of income they are unable to obtain in other ways, and which provided a means of independence. Yet th

Children of Immigrants in a Globalized World

A Generational Experience
Author: E. Colombo,P. Rebughini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137005297
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 4807

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This book explores the generational experience of children of immigrants growing up in an increasingly globalized and interconnected world, comparing the lives of Mediterranean youths with those from America and Northern Europe.

The Poverty of the State

Reconsidering the Role of the State in the Struggle Against Global Poverty
Author: Hartley Dean,Jorge Siqueira
Publisher: N.A
Category: Economic assistance
Page: 314
View: 7872

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Personal Lives and Social Policy
Author: Gail Lewis
Publisher: The Policy Press
Category: Political Science
Page: 184
View: 798

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Citizenship is both one of the most taken-for-granted and most contested ideas in British social policy. This textbook brings a new dimension to the citizenship literature by using citizenship as a lens through which to explore the relation between personal lives and social policy.

Comparing the Social Policy Experience of Britain and Taiwan

Author: Catherine Jones Finer
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing
ISBN: 9780754614524
Category: Political Science
Page: 338
View: 9587

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Bringing together leading scholars and practitioners from Taiwan and Britain, this book presents comparable analyses of key social policy and social service issues in the two countries, and makes a unique contribution to cross-national social policy debates.

Poverty, Wealth, and Well-Being

Experiencing Penia in Democratic Athens
Author: Claire Taylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019878693X
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 336
View: 3740

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Poverty in fifth- and fourth-century BCE Athens was a markedly different concept to that with which we are familiar today. Reflecting contemporary ideas about labour, leisure, and good citizenship, the 'poor' were considered to be not only those who were destitute, or those who were living at the borders of subsistence, but also those who were moderately well-off but had to work for a living. Defined in this way, this group covered around 99 per cent of the population of Athens. This conception of penia (poverty) was also ideologically charged: the poor were contrasted with the rich and found, for the most part, to be both materially and morally deficient. Poverty, Wealth, and Well-Being sets out to rethink what it meant to be poor in a world where this was understood as the need to work for a living, exploring the discourses that constructed poverty as something to fear and linking them with experiences of penia among different social groups in Athens. Drawing on current research into and debates around poverty within the social sciences, it provides a critical reassessment of poverty in democratic Athens and argues that it need not necessarily be seen in terms of these elitist ideological categories, nor indeed solely as an economic condition (the state of having no wealth), but that it should also be understood in terms of social relations, capabilities, and well-being. In developing a framework to analyse the complexities of poverty so conceived and exploring the discourses that shaped it, the volume reframes poverty as being dynamic and multidimensional, and provides a valuable insight into what the poor in Athens - men and women, citizen and non-citizen, slave and free - were able to do or to be.

Housing, Social Policy, and Difference

Disability, Ethnicity, Gender, and Housing
Author: Malcolm L. Harrison,Cathy Davis
Publisher: The Policy Press
Category: Political Science
Page: 252
View: 6975

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How does the welfare state and its institutions respond to impairment, ethnicity and gender? This book provides an overview of issues set in the context of housing. From ethnic minority housing needs to the housing implications of domestic violence, it shows how difference is regulated in housing.

Solidarity Between the Sexes and the Generations

Transformations in Europe
Author: Trudie Knijn,Aafke E. Komter
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Political Science
Page: 229
View: 5207

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'The strength of the book lies in the comprehensive coverage of the expanded Europe and its diverse welfare perspectives, taking gender and intergenerational solidarity as the core of the discourse. the volume includes theoretical, empirical and comparative material, which is written in an accessible and refreshingly jargon-free style. I consider it is eminently suitable for courses in social policy, gender studies and sociology.' - Kate Davidson, Journal of Social Policy This book combines a theoretical and empirical cross-national perspective to examine how societal transformations in European welfare states affect patterns of solidarity between men and women, and across generations. the authors' research has highlighted substantial discrepancies in various countries between the assumptions made at the macro-level of social policy on family issues and the reality of women's and men's contributions at home. In countries where social policy relies on family solidarity as the main source of support, this may result in growing social inequality. Finally, the chapters reveal the crucial role of women in the transformation of family life and welfare state policy. These conclusions could have important ramifications for European welfare policy.

Women and New Labour

engendering politics and policy?
Author: Claire Annesley,Francesca Gains,Kirstein Rummery
Publisher: The Policy Press
ISBN: 9781861348272
Category: Political Science
Page: 261
View: 4528

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Although there is a growing body of international literature on the feminisation of politics and the policy process and, as New Labour's term of office progresses, a rapidly growing series of texts around New Labour's politics and policies, until now no one text has conducted an analysis of New Labour's politics and policies from a gendered perspective, despite the fact that New Labour have set themselves up to specifically address women's issues and attract women voters. This book fills that gap in an interesting and timely way. Women and New Labour will be a valuable addition to both feminist and mainstream scholarship in the social sciences, particularly in political science, social policy and economics. Instead of focusing on traditionally feminist areas of politics and policy (such as violent crime against women) the authors opt to focus on three case study areas of mainstream policy (economic policy, foreign policy and welfare policy) from a gendered perspective. The analytical framework provided by the editors yields generalisable insights that will outlast New Labour's third term.

Here to Stay

The Gypsies and Travellers of Britain
Author: Colin Clark,Margaret Greenfields
Publisher: Univ of Hertfordshire Press
ISBN: 9781902806334
Category: History
Page: 382
View: 3003

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This is a general introduction to the struggle of Gypsies to survive as a people in Britain today.