Poverty Policy And Poverty Research


Author: Robert H. Haveman
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299111540
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 307
View: 1604

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The War on Poverty, instituted in 1965 during the administration of Lyndon B. Johnson, was one of the chief elements of that president s Great Society initiative. This book describes and assesses the major social science research effort that grew up with, and in part because of, these programs. Robert H. Haveman s objective is to illuminate the process by which social and political developments have an impact on the direction of progress in the social sciences. Haveman identifies the policy measures most closely tied to the War on Poverty and the Great Society and describes the nature of these policies and their growth from 1965 to 1980. He examines the extent and growth of resources devoted to the poverty-related research that accompanied these programs, and assesses the impact of the growth in this research commitment over the 1965 1980 period. Haveman s was the first full overview of recent poverty-related research and an overview of methodological developments in the social sciences in the post-1965 period which were stimulated by the antipoverty effort. "

Public Values, Private Lands

Farmland Preservation Policy, 1933-1985
Author: Tim Lehman
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9780807821770
Category: Nature
Page: 239
View: 7279

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Tim Lehman examines the political battles over public policies to protect farmland from urban sprawl. His detailed account clarifies three larger themes: the ongoing struggle over land use planning in this country, the emerging environmental critique of m

Politics and the Professors

The Great Society in Perspective
Author: Henry Aaron
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815717775
Category: Political Science
Page: 185
View: 2816

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In the early 1960s America was in a confident mood and embarked on a series of efforts to solve the problems of poverty, racial discrimination, unemployment, and inequality of educational opportunity. The programs of the Great Society and the War on Poverty were undergirded by a broad consensus about what our problems as a nation were and how we should solve them. But by the early seventies both political and scholarly tides had shifted. Americans were divided and uncertain about what to do abroad, fearful of military inferiority, and pessimistic about the capacity of government to deal affirmatively with domestic problems. A new administration renounced the rhetoric of the Great Society and changed the emphasis of many programs. On the scholarly front, new research called into question the old faiths on which liberal legislation had been based. In this book, the sixteenth volume in the Brookings series in Social Economics, Henry Aaron describes both the initial consensus and its subsequent decline. He examines the evolution of attitude and pronouncements by scholars and popular writers on the role of the federal government and its capacity to bring about beneficial change in three broad areas: poverty and discrimination, education and training, and unemployment and inflation. He argues that the political eclipse of the Great Society depended more on events external to it—war in Vietnam, dissolution of the civil rights coalition, and, finally, the Watergate scandal and all its repercussions—than on its intrinsic failings. Aaron concludes that both the initial commitment to use national polices to solve social and economic problems and the subsequent disillusionment of scholars and laymen alike rest largely on preconceptions and faiths that have little to do with research themselves.

Der Leviathan in unserer Zeit


Author: Bodo von Greiff,Claus Koch,Helmut König
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783531131481
Category: Leviathan (Düsseldorf, Germany)
Page: 444
View: 7484

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The Undeserving Poor

America's Enduring Confrontation with Poverty: Fully Updated and Revised
Author: Michael B. Katz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199933952
Category: History
Page: 353
View: 9558

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The Undeserving Poor is a history of the ideas that underlie America's enduring confrontation with poverty. The book shows that poverty remains a national disgrace in part because of the way we define and think about it - which, in turn, shapes the energy we put, or don't put, into its eradication.

Poverty Knowledge

Social Science, Social Policy, and the Poor in Twentieth-Century U.S. History
Author: Alice O'Connor
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400824745
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 859

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Progressive-era "poverty warriors" cast poverty in America as a problem of unemployment, low wages, labor exploitation, and political disfranchisement. In the 1990s, policy specialists made "dependency" the issue and crafted incentives to get people off welfare. Poverty Knowledge gives the first comprehensive historical account of the thinking behind these very different views of "the poverty problem," in a century-spanning inquiry into the politics, institutions, ideologies, and social science that shaped poverty research and policy. Alice O'Connor chronicles a transformation in the study of poverty, from a reform-minded inquiry into the political economy of industrial capitalism to a detached, highly technical analysis of the demographic and behavioral characteristics of the poor. Along the way, she uncovers the origins of several controversial concepts, including the "culture of poverty" and the "underclass." She shows how such notions emerged not only from trends within the social sciences, but from the central preoccupations of twentieth-century American liberalism: economic growth, the Cold War against communism, the changing fortunes of the welfare state, and the enduring racial divide. The book details important changes in the politics and organization as well as the substance of poverty knowledge. Tracing the genesis of a still-thriving poverty research industry from its roots in the War on Poverty, it demonstrates how research agendas were subsequently influenced by an emerging obsession with welfare reform. Over the course of the twentieth century, O'Connor shows, the study of poverty became more about altering individual behavior and less about addressing structural inequality. The consequences of this steady narrowing of focus came to the fore in the 1990s, when the nation's leading poverty experts helped to end "welfare as we know it." O'Connor shows just how far they had traveled from their field's original aims.

Five million children

a statistical profile of our poorest young citizens
Author: Columbia University. National Center for Children in Poverty
Publisher: Natl Center for Children
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 96
View: 3751

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This document presents, for the first time in one volume, a comprehensive view of the five million children under six who live in poverty in the United States. It reports on who these children are - nearly one out of four of all U. S. children under six - & where they live; their ethnic & racial diversity; the structure of their families; their parents' education & employment status; & their sources of financial support. The report replaces a 'monolithic' view of poverty with a multifaceted portrait of children living in many diverse situations. Conclusions for policy & program implementation appear in Chapter Four. Information for the 96-page text, which includes 31 figures & tables, was derived from U. S. Census Bureau surveys & other sources. Cost: $9.95 plus $3 postage-handling. Checks for $12.95 should be mailed to the publisher. (Notice to bookstores & book distributors: This is a nonprofit press; all orders must be paid in full. No returns).

Social Science and Policy-Making

A Search for Relevance in the Twentieth Century
Author: David Lee Featherman,Maris Arvids Vinovskis
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472023318
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 804

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This collection of essays examines how the social sciences in America were developed as a means of social reform and later, especially after World War II, as a tool in federal policymaking and policy analysis. It also uses arenas of policymaking, such as early childhood education and welfare and its reform, as case studies in which social research was used, in policy decisions or in setting and evaluating policy goals. The book is written to aid students of public policy to appreciate the complex relationship of information--principally, of social science research--to policymaking at the federal level. David L. Featherman is Professor of Sociology and Psychology, Director and Senior Research Scientist, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. Maris A. Vinovskis is Bentley Professor of History, Senior Research Scientist, Institute for Social Research, Faculty member, School of Public Policy, University of Michigan.

Urban Poverty, Political Participation, and the State

Lima, 1970–1990
Author: Henry Dietz
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 9780822971931
Category: Political Science
Page: 396
View: 7293

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Urban Poverty, Political Participation, and the State offers an unparalleled longitudinal view of how the urban poor saw themselves and their neighborhoods and how they behaved and organized to provide their neighborhoods with basic goods and services. Grounding research on theoretical notions from Albert Hirschman and an analytical framework from Verba and Nie, Dietz produces findings that hold great interest for comparativists and students of political behavior in general.

The Handbook of Social Policy


Author: James Midgley,Martin Tracy,Martin B. Tracy,Michelle Livermore
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761915614
Category: Social Science
Page: 550
View: 1104

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The Handbook of Social Policy is a comprehensive examination of the development, implementation and impact of social policy. The international team of contributors documents the substantial body of knowledge about government social policies and the forces which drive it. The book defines social policy, examines the history of social policy, discusses social services, explores the political economy of social policy, views American social policy in an international context, and speculates on the future of social policy.

The Economics of Poverty

History, Measurement, and Policy
Author: Martin Ravallion
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190212772
Category:
Page: 720
View: 2727

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While there is no denying that the world has made huge progress against absolute poverty over the last 200 years, until recent times the bulk of that progress had been made in wealthy countries only. The good news is that we have seen greater progress against poverty in the developing world in recent times-indeed, a faster pace of progress against extreme poverty than the rich world saw over a period of 100 years or more of economic development. However, continuing progress is far from assured. High and rising inequality has stalled progress against poverty in many countries. We are seeing generally rising relative poverty in the rich world as a whole over recent decades. And even in the developing world, there has been less progress in reaching the poorest, who risk being left behind, and a great many people in the emerging middle class remain highly vulnerable to falling back into poverty. The Economics of Poverty strives to support well-informed efforts to put in place effective policies to assure continuing success in reducing poverty in all its dimensions. The book reviews critically the past and present debates on the central policy issues of economic development everywhere. How much poverty is there? Why does poverty exist? What can be done to eliminate poverty? Martin Ravallion provides an accessible new synthesis of current knowledge on these issues. It does not assume that readers know economics already. Those new to economics get a lot of help along the way in understanding its concepts and methods. Economics lives though its relevance to real world problems, and here the problem of global poverty is both the central focus and a vehicle for learning.

Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights


Author: Diana Tietjens Meyers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199396906
Category: Philosophy
Page: 336
View: 1314

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Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights collects thirteen new essays that analyze how human agency relates to poverty and human rights respectively as well as how agency mediates issues concerning poverty and social and economic human rights. No other collection of philosophical papers focuses on the diverse ways poverty impacts the agency of the poor, the reasons why poverty alleviation schemes should also promote the agency of beneficiaries, and the fitness of the human rights regime to secure both economic development and free agency. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1 considers the diverse meanings of poverty both from the standpoint of the poor and from that of the relatively well-off. Part 2 examines morally appropriate responses to poverty on the part of persons who are better-off and powerful institutions. Part 3 identifies economic development strategies that secure the agency of the beneficiaries. Part 4 addresses the constraints poverty imposes on agency in the context of biomedical research, migration for work, and trafficking in persons.

Reality and Research

Social Science and U.S. Urban Policy Since 1960
Author: George C. Galster
Publisher: The Urban Insitute
ISBN: 9780877666394
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 5377

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This book evaluates the role of policy analysis over the past three decades in a wide range of urban policy arenas, including community development, education, family support and social welfare, intergovernmental financial relations, drugs, and racial discrimination. The authors take a chronological approach, tracing how key urban problems and their policymaking and research components have evolved since the early 1960s, when confidence in the power of government to develop wise policies based on research findings was at a high point. Within this historical structure, each author traces the links among the analysts' conception of a problem, research related to it, and the ultimate policy responses. The lessons drawn will help analysts, practitioners, and citizens improve the decisionmaking process that leads to effective government.

Fighting Poverty, Inequality and Injustice

A Manifesto Inspired by Peter Townsend
Author: Walker, Alan,Sinfield, Adrian,Carol Walker
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1847427146
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 5059

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This important book brings together many of the leading contributors in the field and provides a compelling manifesto for change in social justice.

American Children in Chronic Poverty

Complex Risks, Benefit-cost Analyses, and Untangling the Knot
Author: Cynthia Esposito Lamy
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0739176692
Category: Education
Page: 197
View: 439

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A growing body of research informs us that an effective, efficient fight against chronic American poverty, producing benefits far exceeding costs, is possible. It begins by protecting children from developmental risks. This book describes those risks, along with the programs and policies we know protect children and families. A policy framework for the pursuit of an intrepid new goal – the purposeful protection of America's most vulnerable children on a large scale – would end chronic poverty as we know it.

Methodology and Epistemology for Social Sciences

Selected Papers
Author: Donald T. Campbell
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226092485
Category: Social Science
Page: 609
View: 5524

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Since the 1950s, Donald T. Campbell has been one of the most influential contributors to the methodology of the social sciences. A distinguished psychologist, he has published scores of widely cited journal articles, and two awards, in social psychology and in public policy, have been named in his honor. This book is the first to collect his most significant papers, and it demonstrates the breadth and originality of his work.

Challenging Authority

How Ordinary People Change America
Author: Frances Fox Piven
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 9780742515352
Category: History
Page: 195
View: 7517

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Citing the examples of American revolutions and movements during which ordinary citizens collectively worked to bring about change, a social commentary evaluates the potential power of everyday people to become a deciding force in the nation's political process. By the author of The War at Home.