Popular Iranian Cinema before the Revolution

Family and Nation in F?lmf?rs?
Author: Pedram Partovi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315385600
Category: Social Science
Page: 234
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Critics and academics have generally dismissed the commercial productions of the late Pahlavi era, best known for their songs and melodramatic plots, as shallow, derivative ‘entertainment’. Instead, they have concentrated on the more recent internationally acclaimed art films, claiming that these constitute Iranian ‘national' cinema, despite few Iranians having seen them. Film discourse, and even fan talk, have long attempted to marginalize the mainstream releases of the 1960s and 1970s with the moniker filmfarsi, ironically asserting that such popular favorites were culturally inauthentic. This book challenges the idea that filmfarsi is detached from the past and present of Iranians. Far from being escapist Hollywood fare merely translated into Persian, it claims that the better films of this supposed genre must be taken as both a subject of, and source for, modern Iranian history. It argues that they have an appeal that relies on their ability to rearticulate traditional courtly and religious ideas and forms to problematize in unexpectedly complex and sophisticated ways the modernist agenda that secular nationalist elites wished to impose on their viewers. Taken seriously, these films raise questions about standard treatments of Iran's modern history. By writing popular films into Iranian history, this book advocates both a fresh approach to the study of Iranian cinema, as well as a rethinking of the modernity/tradition binary that has organized the historiography of the recent past. It will appeal to those interested in Iranian cinema, Iranian history and culture, and, more broadly, readers dissatisfied with a dichotomous approach to modernity.

A Social History of Iranian Cinema, Volume 3

The Islamicate Period, 1978–1984
Author: Hamid Naficy
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822348772
Category: History
Page: 255
View: 8217

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A comprehensive social history of Iranian cinema address documentaries, popular genres, and art films and explores the role of film and media in shaping a modern national identity in Iran.

Iranian Cinema

A Political History
Author: Hamid Reza Sadr
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781845111465
Category: History
Page: 303
View: 9717

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Beginning with the introduction of cinema to Iran through the Iranian monarchy, this book covers the broad spectrum of Iran's cinema, offering descriptions of the key films and looking at recurring themes and tropes, such as the preponderance of images of childhood, and what these have revealed about Iranian society.

A Social History of Iranian Cinema, Volume 2

The Industrializing Years, 1941–1978
Author: Hamid Naficy
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822347741
Category: History
Page: 560
View: 5264

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A comprehensive social history of Iranian cinema address documentaries, popular genres, and art films and explores the role of film and media in shaping a modern national identity in Iran.

Iranian Cinema and the Islamic Revolution


Author: Shahla Mirbakhtyar
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 1476609837
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 210
View: 1485

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In spite of international award-winning productions, Iran’s cinema is underexposed. Because of the prevailing religious, political and social atmosphere in Iran, the country’s cinema remained stagnant for more than 50 years. Although the “new” Iranian cinema had begun to develop before the 1979 revolution, the political changes gave rise to a new wave of expression. This volume examines the two waves of modern Iranian cinema: before and after the Islamic Revolution of 1979. The first began about 1969, and the second started in 1984 and carried its momentum through 1997. Topics discussed include the effect of cultural mores on cinematic growth, the development of Iranian cinema as a reaction against commercial cinema and the effect of politics on the film industry. Foreign influence (largely American and Indian) on Iranian films is also examined. Critical sources used are primarily Persian to give the reader a culturally inclusive view of each production. Specific films discussed include Fickle, The Cow, Mud-brick and Mirror, Captain Khorshid and Downpour. A chapter-by-chapter filmography is included.

Blogistan

Politik und Internet in Iran
Author: Annabelle Sreberny,Gholam Khiabany,Jan-Hinrik Schmidt
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 3868545468
Category: Social Science
Page: 285
View: 5645

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Die Protestwelle nach der umstrittenen Präsidentschaftswahl im Iran vom Juni 2009 lenkte die Aufmerksamkeit der Weltöffentlichkeit auf die lebendige Internetkultur der Islamischen Republik. Das Internet, heißt es, befördert den gesellschaftlichen Wandel in Ländern wie dem Iran, doch inwiefern unterscheidet sich das Netz von den Printmedien? Stellt es tatsächlich eine neue öffentliche Sphäre dar? Welchen Einfluss haben soziale Netzwerke wie Facebook, Twitter oder YouTube auf die Organisation von Demonstrationen? Bringt die iranische Blogosphäre eine Kultur des Dissidententums hervor, die das islamistische Regime am Ende zu Fall bringen wird? Diese wegweisende Studie bietet Einblicke in die Internetkultur im heutigen Iran und untersucht die Auswirkungen der neuen Kommunikationsformen auf Gesellschaft und Politik. Die Autoren warnen davor, "Blogger" mit "Dissident" gleichzusetzen, denn auch das Regime hat längst mit der "Kolonisierung Blogistans" begonnen. Das Internet, so eine ihrer Thesen, bringt Veränderungen mit sich, die weder die Regierung noch die Demokratiebewegungen vorhersehen konnten und können. "Blogistan" ist nicht nur eine Fallstudie zur Internetaneigung in der islamischen Welt, sondern das Buch macht auch deutlich, welche Auswirkungen die Neuen Medien auf gesellschaftliche Strukturen und Prozesse haben.

Nicht ohne meine Tochter

Sie wird von ihrem persischen Ehemann in Teheran festgehalten.. Sie hätte fliehen können, ihre Tochter aber sollte sie zurücklassen ...
Author: Betty Mahmoody
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
ISBN: 3732510158
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 540
View: 3987

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Nichts ahnend fliegt Betty Mahmoody zusammen mit ihrer kleinen Tochter und ihrem persischen Ehemann für einen zweiwöchigen Aufenthalt in den Iran. Bereits nach wenigen Tagen muss sie feststellen, dass ihr Mann sich immer mehr verändert. Er schlägt sie und ihre Tochter und sperrt sie ein. Von einer Rückkehr in die USA ist nicht mehr die Rede. Als es Betty gelingt, Kontakt zur Schweizer Botschaft aufzunehmen, erfährt sie, dass sie das Land nur ohne ihre Tochter verlassen kann. Das aber will sie unter keinen Umständen...

The New Iranian Cinema

Politics, Representation and Identity
Author: Richard Tapper
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860648045
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 282
View: 7141

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Iranian cinema is today widely recognized not merely as a distinctive national cinema, but as one of the most innovative in the world. This international stature both fascinates Western observers and appears paradoxical in line with perceptions of Iran as anti-modern. The largely Iranian contributors to this book look in depth at how Iranian cinema became a true ‘world cinema’. From a range of perspectives, they explore cinema’s development in post Revolution Iran and its place in Iranian culture.

Der Colonel


Author: Maḥmūd Daulatābādī,Bahman Nirumand
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783293004023
Category: Iran
Page: 222
View: 1628

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Eine pechschwarze Regennacht in einer iranischen Kleinstadt, ein altes Haus. Der Colonel hängt seinen Gedanken nach. Erinnerungen stürmen auf ihn ein. An seine Jahre als hochdekorierter Offizier der Schah-Armee. An seine Kinder, die ihren eigenen Weg gingen, sich den Revolutionsgardisten Khomeinis anschlossen und in den Krieg zogen, in die Leidenschaften der Revolution und des Todes. Durch die Gassen werden die gefallenen "Märtyrer" getragen, in der Stadt werden ihnen Denkmäler gebaut. Es herrscht Krieg - diese "giftige, fleischfressende Pflanze". Und im Haus sind Geheimnisse verborgen: Ein Sohn versteckt sich im Keller, gepeinigt von den Albträumen seiner Erinnerungen. Da klopft es an die Tür. Der Colonel wird abgeführt, zur Staatsanwaltschaft... (Quelle: Klappentext).

The Politics of Iranian Cinema

Film and Society in the Islamic Republic
Author: Saeed Zeydabadi-Nejad
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135283095
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 499

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Iran has undergone considerable social upheaval since the revolution and this has been reflected in its cinema. Drawing on first-hand interviews and detailed ethnographic research, this book explores how cinema is engaged in the dynamics of social change in contemporary Iran. The author not only discusses the practices of regulation and reception of films from major award winning directors but also important mainstream filmmakers such as Hatamikia and Tabizi. Contributing to ethnographic accounts of Iranian governance in the field of culture, the book reveals the complex behind-the-scenes negotiations between filmmakers and the authorities which constitute a major part of the workings of film censorship. The author traces the relationship of Iranian cinema to recent social/political movements in Iran, namely reformism and women’s movement, and shows how international acclaim has been instrumental in filmmakers’ engagement with matters of political importance in Iran. This book will be a valuable tool for courses on film and media studies, and will provide a significant insight into Iranian cultural politics for students of cultural studies and anthropology, Middle Eastern and Iranian studies.

The Films of Makhmalbaf

Cinema, Politics & Culture in Iran
Author: Eric Egan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780934211956
Category: Culture in motion pictures
Page: 229
View: 7926

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This book examines the close and volatile relationship between a highly popular art form, the production of culture and the politics of power in society. Through a critical analysis the book reveals the social and political context of Iran's national cinema under the Islamic Republic. It tracks the emergence of Iranian cinema since the Islamic Revolution, as Makhmalbaf, one of Iran's most influential filmmakers, and a committed artist whose work is provocative and never far from controversy, sought to engage the dramatic social and political upheavals that have taken place over the past twenty-four years. Makhmalbaf's films have always been reflexive meditations on the nature of cinema and art within a society, and Makhmalbaf's art, as part of that system provides a view of film as an extension of its political environment.

Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie
Author: Paul Mason
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351874478X
Category: Political Science
Page: 500
View: 5506

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Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.

World Politics on Screen

Understanding International Relations Through Popular Culture
Author: Mark Sachleben
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813143136
Category: History
Page: 244
View: 846

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Few American military figures are more revered than General John J. "Black Jack" Pershing (1860--1948), who is most famous for leading the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. The only soldier besides George Washington to be promoted to the highest rank in the U.S. Army (General of the Armies), Pershing was a mentor to the generation of generals who led America's forces during the Second World War. Though Pershing published a two-volume memoir, My Experiences in the World War, and has been the subject of numerous biographies, few know that he spent many years drafting a memoir of his experiences prior to the First World War. In My Life Before the World War, 1860--1917, John T. Greenwood rescues this vital resource from obscurity, making Pershing's valuable insights into key events in history widely available for the first time. Pershing performed frontier duty against the Apaches and Sioux from 1886--1891, fought in Cuba in 1898, served three tours of duty in the Philippines, and was an observer with the Japanese Army in 1905 during the Russo-Japanese War. He also commanded the Mexican Punitive Expedition to capture Pancho Villa in 1916--1917. My Life Before the World War provides a rich personal account of events, people, and places as told by an observer at the center of the action. Carefully edited and annotated, this memoir is a significant contribution to our understanding of a legendary American soldier and the historic events in which he participated.

Deleuze and Film


Author: David Martin-Jones
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748650911
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 248
View: 3316

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Engages Deleuze's philosophy with a range of popular films and explores the degree to which a film's popularity impacts upon its ability to 'think' (in the manner that Deleuze described in relation to examples of the art of film in his Cinema books), and

Mass Mediations

New Approaches to Popular Culture in the Middle East and Beyond
Author: Walter Armbrust
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520219267
Category: Social Science
Page: 378
View: 3178

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This book takes a new approach to studying the contemporary Middle East, focusing on popular culture, including film, music, and television. Innovative essays by a group of smart young scholars in anthropology, history, and ethnomusicology.

Iran

Political Culture in the Islamic Republic
Author: Samih K. Farsoun,Mehrdad Mashayekhi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134969473
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 6317

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Since the Islamic revolutionary movement overthrew the "Peacock Throne" (the Shah) in 1979 the Islamic Republic has maintained its credibility and the loyalty of the people of Iran. It has survived an extremely destructive war with Iraq, isolation from the West and the rest of the Middle East except Syria, and the death of the Ayaltollah Khomeini. This book explores the social transformation of Iran in this period stressing the importance of political culture and ideology. It argues that the systematic building of a legitimate Islamic political culture is the key to the success of the regime. The authors of the book address specific aspects of Iran's political culture within a general theoretical framework laid out in the introduction. There is discussion of a wide range of topics ranging from the relationship of the individual to society to "Westoxication", from Shi'ism to the Islamisation of film culture.