Politics and Governance in the Middle East


Author: Vincent Durac,Francesco Cavatorta
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137521279
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 8897

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A systematic and up-to-date introduction to politics and society in the Middle East. It examines domestic, regional and global actors and in light of the so-called 'Arab Spring', pays particular attention to the tension between processes of democratization and ongoing authoritarianism.

Governance in the Middle East and North Africa

A Handbook
Author: Abbas K. Kadhim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1857435842
Category: Political Science
Page: 501
View: 7339

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Governance in the Middle East and North African will be essential reading for scholars, activists and policy makers. This new Handbook presents the first comprehensive framework of the question of governance in the Middle East in its various forms and manifestations: political, economic, and government performance. This book is structured into two parts: Part I provides some theoretical background and analyzes the patterns and challenges of governance in the Middle East, providing some global context; Part II will examine specific cases in selected countries and regions in the Middle East and North Africa. This book is aimed at a wide audience. Policy makers, policy analysts, as well as journalists will benefit from the history and analysis presented in the book. Also, academics will find important material for research and class work. Professors teaching courses on US Foreign policy, Middle East, International Relations, Comparative Politics and many related fields will find the book a very suitable choice for their students to read. Given the media and general public’s interest in the Middle East and North Africa, it will also appeal to a wide range of educated readers in the USA, the United Kingdom and many other countries world-wide.

The Political and Economic Challenges of Energy in the Middle East and North Africa


Author: David Ramin Jalilvand,Kirsten Westphal
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781138706224
Category: Petroleum industry and trade
Page: 312
View: 5833

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The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are in disarray, and shifts in the field of energy have the potential to drastically affect the course of political and economic developments in the region. Declining oil prices, skyrocketing domestic demand, the rise of unconventional oil and natural gas production in North America, as well as shifting patterns of global energy trade all put severe pressures on both producing and importing countries in the MENA region. Policy-makers are facing fundamental challenges in light of the duality of grand transformations in (geo)politics and energy. Changes in the field of energy require substantial political and economic reforms, affecting the very fabric of sociopolitical arrangements. At the same time, the MENA region�s geopolitical volatility makes any such reforms extremely risky. Including contributions by academics and analysts from both inside and outside the MENA region, this volume explores the changes in global and regional energy, the impact of changing international energy dynamics on politics and economies in the MENA region, and the challenges that will result. This is essential reading for researchers, postgraduates, and professionals in Middle Eastern and North African politics, global energy governance and regionalism.

Religion, Education and Governance in the Middle East

Between Tradition and Modernity
Author: Sai Felicia Krishna-Hensel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317067355
Category: Political Science
Page: 228
View: 3364

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The Middle East is a key geopolitical strategic region in the international system but its distinctive cultural and political divisions present a mosaic of states that do not lend themselves to simplistic interpretations. A thoughtful analysis of the Middle East requires an understanding of the synergism between tradition and modernity in the region as it adapts to a globalizing world. Religious education and activism continue to remain a significant factor in the modernization process and the development of modern governance in the states of the Middle East. This interdisciplinary book explores the historical and contemporary role of religious tradition and education on political elites and governing agencies in several major states as well as generally in the region. The relationship between democracy and authority is examined to provide a better understanding of the complexity underlying the emergence of new power configurations. As the region continues to respond to the forces of change in the international system it remains an important and intriguing area for analysts.

The Middle East and Globalization

Encounters and Horizons
Author: Stephan Stetter
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 1137031778
Category: Political Science
Page: 284
View: 1400

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The Middle East and Globalization: Encounters and Horizons brings together contributions from leading scholars in Middle East Studies with a shared interest in theoretically ambitious approaches to globalization and world society. The volume discusses past and contemporary political, societal, economic, and cultural trends in the Middle East against the background of comprehensive theories of globalization. The contributors draw from a shared methodological approach to look at the fractured encounters and shared horizons of globalization that are shaping the Middle East.

Political Change in the Middle East and North Africa

After the Arab Spring
Author: INMACULADA. SZMOLKA
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781474415316
Category: Africa, North
Page: 446
View: 8531

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Taking a comparative approach, this book considers the ways in which political regimes have changed since the Arab Spring. It addresses a series of questions about political change in the context of the revolutions, upheavals and protests that have taken place in North Africa and the Arab Middle East since December 2010, and looks at the various processes have been underway in the region: democratisation (Tunisia), failed democratic transitions (Egypt, Libya and Yemen), political liberalisation (Morocco) and increased authoritarianism (Bahrain, Kuwait, Syria). In other countries, in contrast to these changes, the authoritarian regimes remain intact (Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Arab United Emirates). (Edinburgh University Press).

Business Politics in the Middle East


Author: Steffen Hertog,Giacomo Luciani,Marc Valeri
Publisher: Hurst Publishers
ISBN: 1849042357
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 7252

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Although most Arab countries remain authoritarian, many have undergone a restructuring of state-society relations in which lower- and middle-class interest groups have lost ground while big business has benefited in terms of its integration into policy-making and the opening of economic sectors that used to be state-dominated. Arab businesses have also started taking on aspects of public service provision in health, media and education that used to be the domain of the state; they have also become increasingly active in philanthropy. The ‘Arab Spring,’ which is likely to lead to a more pluralistic political order, makes it all the more important to understand business interests in the Middle East, a segment of society that on the one hand has often been close to the ancien regime, but on the other will play a pivotal role in a future social contract. Among the topics addressed by the authors are the role of business in recent regime change; the political outlook of businessmen; the consequences of economic liberalisation on the composition of business elites in the Middle East; the role of the private sector in orienting government policies; lobbying of government by business interests and the mechanisms by which governments seek to keep businesses dependent on them.

Hamas: Terrorism, Governance, and Its Future in Middle East Politics

Terrorism, Governance, and Its Future in Middle East Politics
Author: Jennifer Jefferis
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440839034
Category: Political Science
Page: 209
View: 2181

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Structured around key elements at the regional, political, institutional, and personal levels of analysis, this is a complete and forward-leaning view of Hamas that provides a deep and detailed examination of the history, ideology, political prospects, and regional opportunities of an often poorly understood organization that is redefining 21st-century terrorism. • Provides a detailed and contemporary look at an influential organization that has enormous potential to shape the role that radicalized Islam will play in the Middle East over the next decade • Enables a deeper understanding of how Hamas is poised—in light of its ideological, political, and military objectives—to influence the development of the Middle East region in the coming years • Offers insightful new analysis about Hamas' approach to violence and political engagement that identifies what their methodologies can tell us about violent non-state actors, political engagement, and regional alliances of the future, and predicts whether policymakers' and strategists' future efforts to engage (or not engage) with radical political parties will likely be effective

Civilian Jihad

Nonviolent Struggle, Democratization, and Governance in the Middle East
Author: M. Stephan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230101755
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 7235

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This book examines the role of nonviolent civil resistance in challenging tyranny and promoting democratic-self rule in the greater Middle East using case studies and analyses of how religion, youth, women, technology and external actors have influenced the outcome of civil resistance in the region.

Clientelism and Patronage in the Middle East and North Africa

Networks of Dependency
Author: Laura Ruiz de Elvira,Christoph H. Schwarz,Irene Weipert-Fenner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135116922X
Category: Political Science
Page: 244
View: 3580

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One common demand in the 2011 uprisings in the MENA region was the call for ‘freedom, dignity, and social justice.’ Citizens rallied against corruption and clientelism, which for many protesters were deeply linked to political tyranny. This book takes the phenomenon of the 2011 uprisings as a point of departure for reassessing clientelism and patronage across the entire MENA region. Using case studies covering Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and the Gulf monarchies, it looks at how the relationships within and between clientelist and patronage networks changed before 2011. The book assesses how these changes contributed to the destabilization of the established political and social order, and how they affected less visible political processes. It then turns to look at how the political transformations since 2011 have in turn reconfigured these networks in terms of strategies and dynamics, and concomitantly, what implications this has had for the inclusion or exclusion of new actors. Are specific networks expanding or shrinking in the post-2011 contexts? Do these networks reproduce established forms of patron-client relations or do they translate into new modes and mechanisms? As the first book to systematically discuss clientelism, patronage and corruption against the background of the 2011 uprisings, it will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of Middle Eastern Studies. The book also addresses major debates in comparative politics and political sociology by offering ‘networks of dependency’ as an interdisciplinary conceptual approach that can ‘travel’ across place and time.

Local Politics and Contemporary Transformations in the Arab World

Governance Beyond the Center
Author: M. Bouziane,C. Harders,A. Hoffmann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137338695
Category: Political Science
Page: 242
View: 3164

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The contributors link innovative analytical concepts and ethnographic in-depth case studies from the Arab world. Based on the debates on politics from below and dynamic concepts of state, all the chapters focus on informal institutions, non-elite actors, and the dynamic and contradictory relationship between state and society.

The Price of a Vote in the Middle East


Author: Daniel Corstange
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107106672
Category: Political Science
Page: 276
View: 3918

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Some ethnic communities receive generous material rewards for their political support, whilst others only receive very modest payoffs.

Contemporary Politics in the Middle East


Author: Beverley Milton-Edwards
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509520864
Category: Political Science
Page: 388
View: 7222

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The fourth edition of this dynamic and popular text provides a comprehensive introduction to contemporary politics in the Middle East. Fully revised and updated throughout, it features a new chapter on the Arab Spring and its aftermath, plus a wide range of vibrant case studies, data, questions for class discussion and suggestions for further reading. Purposefully employing a clear thematic structure, the book begins by introducing key concepts and contentious debates before outlining the impact of colonialism, and the rise and relevance of Arab nationalism in the region. Major political issues affecting the Middle East are then explored in full. These include political economy, conflict, political Islam, gender, the regional democracy deficit, and ethnicity and minorities. The book also examines the role of key foreign actors, such as the USA, Russia and the EU, and concludes with an in-depth analysis of the Arab uprisings and their impact in an era of uncertainty.

Politics and Governance in Bangladesh

Uncertain Landscapes
Author: Ipshita Basu,Joe Devine,Geof Wood
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351781685
Category: Social Science
Page: 198
View: 3537

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Since its Independence in 1971, Bangladesh has made remarkable progress in terms of reducing poverty levels, achieving high levels of economic growth over a sustained period of time, and meeting its Millennium Development Goals (MDG) targets set by the United Nations. With some justification, Bangladesh is considered an international development success story, and the country appears to be well on track to meet its policy target of becoming a middle-income country by 2021, the same year the country will celebrate 50 years of Independence. This book explores the central issue of Bangladeshi politics: the weakness of governance. The coexistence of a poor governance track record and a relatively strong socioeconomic performance makes Bangladesh an intriguing case which throws up exciting and relevant conceptual and policy challenges. Structured in four sections - Political Settlement, Elites and Deep Structures; Democracy, Citizenship and Values; Civil Society, Local Context and Political Change; Informality and Accountability – the book identifies and engages with these challenges. Chapters by experts in the field share a number of conceptual and epistemological principles and offer a combination of theoretical and empirical insights, and cover a good range of contemporary issues and debate. Employing a structurally determinist perspective, this book explains politics and society in Bangladesh from a novel perspective. Academics in the field of governance and politics in developing countries, with a focus on South Asia and Bangladesh will welcome its publication.

Environmental Politics and Governance in the Anthropocene

Institutions and legitimacy in a complex world
Author: Philipp Pattberg,Fariborz Zelli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317449924
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 268
View: 7601

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The term Anthropocene denotes a new geological epoch characterized by the unprecedented impact of human activities on the Earth’s ecosystems. While the natural sciences have advanced their understanding of the drivers and processes of global change considerably over the last two decades, the social sciences lag behind in addressing the fundamental challenge of governance and politics in the Anthropocene. This book attempts to close this crucial research gap, in particular with regards to the following three overarching research themes: (i) the meaning, sense-making and contestations emerging around the concept of the Anthropocene related to the social sciences; (ii) the role and relevance of institutions, both formal and informal as well as international and transnational, for governing in the Anthropocene; and (iii) the role and relevance of accountability and other democratic principles for governing in the Anthropocene. Drawing together a range of key thinkers in the field, this volume provides one of the first authoritative assessments of global environmental politics and governance in the Anthropocene, reflecting on how the planetary scale crisis changes the ways in which humans respond to the challenge. This volume will be of great interest to students and scholars of global environmental politics and governance, and sustainable development.

The Levant in Turmoil

Syria, Palestine, and the Transformation of Middle Eastern Politics
Author: Martin Beck,Dietrich Jung,Peter Seeberg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137526025
Category: Political Science
Page: 226
View: 6047

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Since the early weeks of the so-called Arab Spring, high hopes for democratic, social, and political change in the Middle East have been met with varying degrees of frustration. In the sub-region of the Levant, regional uprisings have turned to violent conflict in places such as Syria, Iraq, and the Gaza Strip. In Syria, popular unrest has caused enormous human suffering in one of the most brutal civil wars the region ever has witnessed, yet the international community has shown an appalling inability to act. Taking the war in Syria as its central point of reference, this book raises the question of whether the developments in the Levant might lead not only to processes of regime change, but also to a fundamental alteration of its entire state system.

War and State Building in the Middle East


Author: Rolf Schwarz
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780813044743
Category: History
Page: 172
View: 7307

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This comparative volume explores the dramatic pathways of political development undertaken by rentier regimes in the Arab world. Here, waging war proved to weaken rather than strengthen state capacity in pernicious ways--an insight that contrasts sharply with received Western wisdom about war being the crucible of modern state building.--Sean L. Yom, Temple University An important contribution to the literature on state building in the Middle East.--Gawdat Bahgat, author of Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East War and State Building in the Middle East addresses the strengths and weaknesses of the authoritarian-regime governments commonly found in the Middle East, particularly among oil-rich countries. In this region, war has interacted with processes of state making in ways that fundamentally differ from the European experience. In short, unlike in Europe, wars do not make states in the Middle East; they destroy them. According to economic theory, most oil-rich countries are rentier states; that is, they rely upon the extraction of a natural resource to generate revenue and authority for the central government. As a result, there is little reliance upon domestic taxation and a general lack of political accountability and transparency. By examining how such governments wage war, Rolf Schwarz turns the prevailing wisdom of modern state building on its head. He closely analyzes the real-world experiences of the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, and Iraq to show how rentierism leads to internal weaknesses when it comes to governing. His comparative approach allows him to demonstrate how varying levels of reliance upon external resource rents are reflected in the structure of the regime. By highlighting the perils of funding wars through the sale of natural resources, fighting with imported weaponry, and accepting peace settlements negotiated and guaranteed by foreign powers, Schwarz offers provocative insights into post-conflict peace building, state failure, and the potential for democratic rule in the region. Rolf Schwarz is professor at the NATO Defense College in Rome.

Governance in the Extractive Industries

Power, Cultural Politics and Regulation
Author: Lori Leonard,Siba N. Grovogui
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351850539
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 4778

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Greater understanding of the forms and consequences of investment and disinvestment in the extractive industries is required as a result of capitalist expansion, recent declines in global commodity prices, and claims that extractive sector projects, especially in the global south, are poverty reduction projects. This book explores emergent forms of governance in mining and extractive industry projects around the world. Chapters examine efforts to govern extractive activities across multiple political scales, through intermediaries, instruments, technologies, discourses, and infrastructures. The contributions analyse how multiple micro-processes of rule reverberate through societies to shape the material conditions of everyday life but also politics, social relations, and subjectivities in extractive economies. Detailed case studies are included from Africa (Chad, Nigeria, Rwanda, and São Tomé and Príncipe), Latin America (Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru), and the UN Climate Conference.

Democratic Transitions in the Arab World


Author: Ibrahim Elbadawi,Samir Makdisi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107164206
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 8791

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A cross-country examination of authoritarianism and democracy in North Africa and the Middle East.

Governance and the Depoliticisation of Development


Author: Wil Hout,Richard Robison
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113403797X
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 1320

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This book is about the way ‘governance’ has become the new orthodoxy of development, following earlier failed attempts at building working market economies through policy reform in developing countries. Considering how its proponents define ‘good governance’, the contributors to this volume assess why programmes of governance building in developing countries have proven to be no less problematic than the previous agendas of market reform. Governance and the Depoliticisation of Development challenges ideas that deeper political and social problems of development may be addressed by institutional or governance fixes. It examines the principles and prescriptions of ‘good’ governance as part of larger conflicts over power and its distribution. The volume provides: a series of case studies from Latin America, Middle East and Asia a link to current theorising on neoliberalism and the post-Washington Consensus a focus on governance at the global and national levels from a comparative perspective The collection will be essential reading for researchers and scholars of international political economy, governance studies and political science.