The Selection of Political Party Leaders in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies

A Comparative Study
Author: Jean-Benoit Pilet,William Cross
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317929454
Category: Political Science
Page: 268
View: 3711

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This book explores the ways in which political parties, in contemporary parliamentary democracies, choose their leaders and then subsequently hold them accountable. The authors provide a comprehensive examination of party leadership selection and accountability both through examination of parties and countries in different institutional settings and through a holistic analysis of the role of party leaders and the methods through which they assume, and exit, the office. The collection includes essays on Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Norway and the United Kingdom which have important differences in their party systems, their degree of democratization, the role assigned to party leaders and their methods of leadership selection. Each country examination provides significant data relating to party rules and norms of leadership selection, leadership tenures and leadership contests. The book concludes with a chapter that merges the country data analyses to provide a truly comparative examination of the theoretical questions underlying the volume. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of legislative studies, elections, democracy, political parties, party systems, political elites and comparative politics.

Women and British Party Politics

Descriptive, Substantive and Symbolic Representation
Author: Sarah Childs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134211570
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 8798

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Women and British Party Politics examines the characteristics of women’s participation at the mass and elite level in contemporary British politics; as voters, party members and elected representatives respectively. It explores what this means for ideas about, and the practice of, descriptive, substantive and symbolic representation. The main focus is on the feminization of British party politics - the integration of women into formal political institutions and the integration of women’s concerns and perspectives into political debate and policy - in the post-1997 period. Not only specifically designed to bring together cutting-edge conceptual developments in the sub-discipline of gender and politics, with robust British empirical research, this book also presents reflections on how best to study gender and politics. The empirical findings which are presented through the extensive use of case studies derive from a range of research projects which were undertaken over a period of ten years, and which make use of a variety of research methods and techniques. This book will appeal to all those with an interest in British Politics, Feminism and European Studies; and will provide the reader with an overview of the complex relationship between sex, gender and politics in a conceptually sophisticated fashion.

Euroscepticism in Contemporary British Politics

Opposition to Europe in the Conservative and Labour Parties since 1945
Author: Anthony Forster
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134445512
Category: Political Science
Page: 168
View: 9036

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Anthony Forster argues that euroscepticism, in addition to being a political stance, displays the seeds of becoming a new faith. Through a detailed analysis of British post-war politics, he shows the development of a core set of beliefs, a history of persecution, displays of moral rectitude in opposing Europe and the power of scepticism to change existing beliefs. This challenging new history of euroscepticism will be a valuable resource for undergraduate students of politics and European studies.

The British Study of Politics in the Twentieth Century

Author: Jack Hayward,Brian Barry,Archie Brown
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780197262948
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 2760

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A collection of articles about British studies relating to various political issues including: totalitarianism, individualism, pluralism, political parties, elections, political institutions, public administration, nationalism, authoritarianism, and international relations.

Political Parties and the European Union

Author: John Gaffney
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134876157
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 7358

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Political Parties and the European Union offers a panoramic survey of the political parties of contemporary Europe. It covers party politics from Scandinavia to Greece, focusing on how parties in the individual member states have responded to the processes of European integration. Despite a trend towards political convergence, national traditions continue to shape politics across Europe. In order to reflect, and do justice to, the diversity of political cultures, the book combines case studies, comparative approaches and supranational perspectives. It examines the history of the main national parties, offers new comparative perspectives on communist, green and extreme right parties, and analyses party politics at the European level.

Political Participation in Britain

The Decline and Revival of Civic Culture
Author: Paul Whiteley
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 0230358497
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 7467

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This broad-ranging text examines the big issues about political attitudes, behaviour and participation in contemporary Britain. Written by a leading expert and drawing on extensive research, this will be essential reading for all students of British politics and everyone involved in the world of politics and policy.

Debates in British Politics Today

Author: Lynton J. Robins,Bill Jones
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719057014
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 9640

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The contents focus directly on the dynamics of political argument in order to reveal how rival politicians and political scientists practice their persuasive art. Each contributor explores a disputed viewpoint, showing how differences of attitude and ideology structure the contemporary debate. Students should learn how an argument is constructed and develop the skills necessary for separating rhetoric from political reality. Further guidance is provided by summary boxes and suggested additional reading.

Cameron and the Conservatives

The Transition to Coalition Government
Author: Timothy Heppell,David Seawright
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230314104
Category: Political Science
Page: 268
View: 9291

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Specialists in Conservative Party politics examine the effectiveness of the Cameron led coalition. The contributors examine Cameron as leader and Prime Minister; the Conservatives' modernization strategy; the level of ideological coherence in "liberal conservatism"; and the impact of the coalition on a range of policy areas and on "New" Labour.

Politics UK

Author: Bill Jones,Philip Norton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317581032
Category: Political Science
Page: 640
View: 7857

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The revised and updated eighth edition of the bestselling textbook Politics UK is an indispensible introduction to British politics. It provides a thorough and accessible overview of the institutions and processes of British government, a good grounding in British political history and an incisive introduction to the issues facing Britain today. With contributed chapters from respected scholars in the field and contemporary articles on real-world politics from well-known political commentators, this textbook is an essential guide for students of British politics. The eighth edition welcomes brand new material from eight new contributors to complement the rigorously updated and highly valued chapters retained from the previous edition. The eighth edition includes: · Britain in context boxes offering contrasting international perspectives of themes in British politics. · A comprehensive 'who's who' of politics in the form of Profile boxes featuring key political figures. · And another thing ... pieces: short articles written by distinguished commentators including Jonathan Powell, Michael Moran and Mark Garnett. · Fully updated chapters plus new material providing excellent coverage of contemporary political events including: The Leveson Inquiry, the aftermath of the 2011 riots and the House of Lords reform. · A vibrant and accessible new design to excite and engage students as the work through a variety of political topics. · A new epilogue to the book offering a critical perspective of the trials and tribulations of the Coalition Government, including an overview of the major differences that divide the coalition partners.

Politics and Governance in the UK

Author: Michael Moran
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137365986
Category: Political Science
Page: 448
View: 6807

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This thoroughly revised third edition of a much praised, comprehensive text on British politics and governance takes into account developments up to and including the 2015 General Election and reflects on the recent upheavals in Britain's constitutional settlement.

Speaking for the People

Party, Language and Popular Politics in England, 1867-1914
Author: Jon Lawrence
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521893664
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 8702

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A 1998 study of British political culture and the popular appeal of Liberal, Tory, and Labour politics, from 1867 to 1914.

Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Author: Petr Kopecký,Peter Mair,Maria Spirova
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199599378
Category: Political Science
Page: 415
View: 6797

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Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies brings together insights from the worlds of party politics and public administration in order to analyze the role of political parties in public appointments across contemporary Europe. Based on an extensive new data gathered through expert interviews in fifteen European countries, this book offers the first systematic comparative assessment of the scale of party patronage and its role in sustaining modern party governments. Among the key findings are: First, patronage appointments tend to be increasingly dominated by the party in public office rather than being used or controlled by the party organization outside parliament. Second, rather than using appointments as rewards, as used to be the case in more clientelistic systems in the past, parties are now more likely to emphasize appointments that can help them to manage the infrastructure of government and the state. In this way patronage becomes an organizational rather than an electoral resource. Third, patronage appointments are increasingly sourced from channels outside of the party, thus helping to make parties look increasingly like network organizations, primarily constituted by their leaders and their personal and political hinterlands. Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: The Comparative Politics series is edited by Professor David M. Farrell, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Kenneth Carty, Professor of Political Science, University of British Columbia, and Professor Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Institute of Political Science, Philipps University, Marburg.

Modern Political Communications

Mediated Politics In Uncertain Terms
Author: James Stanyer
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745627986
Category: Philosophy
Page: 222
View: 1932

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Political communication systems in advanced industrial democracies are in a state of flux. The traditional political communication system, with its limited and regulated media channels, stable patterns of media consumption, and identifiable party loyalty, which characterized much of the twentieth century, is giving way to one that is less ordered and structured. This book provides an accessible and comprehensive account of how governments, political parties, established media organizations and citizen audiences, in the US and the UK, are adapting to this systemic change. Against the background of audience fragmentation and widening social and political divisions, James Stanyer provides a critical appraisal of the evolving relationship of political communicators and their audience. He argues that such divisions influence citizen communicative engagement and are increasingly exacerbated by the strategic activities of political advocates and media organizations. Modern Political Communication is required reading for anyone who wants a fuller understanding of the transformation of political communication and the repercussions for democracy.

Sex, Gender and the Conservative Party

From Iron Lady to Kitten Heels
Author: Sarah Childs,Paul Webb
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230279001
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 5124

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As leader of the Conservative party, David Cameron inherited a multi-faceted gender problem: only 17 women MPs; an unhappy women's organization; electorally uncompetitive policies"'for women"; and a party which was seemingly unattractive to women voters. This book is an account of the feminization of the party since 2005.

Dirty Politics?

New Labour, British Democracy and the War in Iraq
Author: Steven Kettell
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842777411
Category: History
Page: 213
View: 473

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'Thoroughly researched, this is the best book yet on how the disastrous decisions were taken to support Bush's war on Iraq, and how the politicians tried in vain to cope with the collapse in public confidence afterwards.' Dr Glen Rangwala, University of Cambridge'Steven Kettell's claim is stark: that unlike the majority of his electorate, Tony Blair was committed to regime change in Iraq well before 9/11, and welcomed the invasion as a way of enhancing Britain's global role. If true, this claim underscores the importance of another: that all this was possible only because of the centralised, hierarchical and elitist nature of a British political system in need of total participatory overhaul. Controversial and provocative, this book adds an important new dimension to the contemporary debate on UK politics, and deserves to be widely read.' - David Coates, Worrell Professor of Anglo-American Studies, Wake Forest University, North Carolina'This book provides a clear and accurate account of how Tony Blair and his entourage got Britain into Iraq. I agree with Kettell's argument that this was only possible because of the undemocratic and elitist nature of the British state.' The Rt Hon Clare Short MP'Comprehensive, readable and intelligent' - John Kampfner, Editor of The New Statesman'A persuasive and important contribution to the debate on the biggest question mark of the Blair premiership.' - Dr Anthony Seldon, Brighton College'This important book not only effectively counters the myths surrounding British policy towards Iraq, it also reveals the elitist and centralised nature of the political system and foreign policy-making more generally. It is a must-read for anyone entertaining the notion that our system is democratic or that foreign policy is made in the public interest.' - Mark Curtis, Author of Unpeople : Britain's Secret Human Rights Abuses', Vintage, 2004'Provides an excellent account of the Blair government's strategies for the political management of the democratic process from the decision to go to war in Iraq through to the London bombings of 7 July 2005...will be read profitably by those seeking a well-constructed critical account of contemporary events.' - Political Studies Review

Organizing Political Parties

Representation, Participation, and Power
Author: Susan E. Scarrow,Paul D. Webb,Thomas Poguntke
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198758634
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 4112

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Political party organizations play large roles in democracies, yet their organizations differ widely, and their statutes change much more frequently than constitutions or electoral laws. How do these differences, and these frequent changes, affect the operation of democracy? This book seeks to answer these questions by presenting a comprehensive overview of the state of party organization in nineteen contemporary democracies. Using a unique new data collection, the book's chapters test propositions about the reasons for variation and similarities across party organizations. They find more evidence of within-country similarity than of cross-national patterns based on party ideology. After exploring parties' organizational differences, the remaining chapters investigate the impact of these differences. The volume considers a wide range of theories about how party organization may affect political life, including the impact of party rules on the selection of female candidates, the links between party decision processes and the stability of party programmes, the connection between party finance sources and public trust in political parties, and whether the strength of parties' extra-parliamentary organization affects the behaviour of their elected legislators. Collectively these chapters help to advance comparative studies of elections and representation by inserting party institutions and party agency more firmly into the centre of such studies. Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: The series is edited by Emilie van Haute, Professor of Political Science, Universite libre de Bruxelles; Ferdinand Muller-Rommel, Director of the Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University; and Susan Scarrow, Chair of the Department of Political Science, University of Houston.

Country before party

coalition and the idea of "national government' in modern Britain, 1885-1987
Author: Geoffrey Russell Searle
Publisher: Longman Pub Group
Category: History
Page: 309
View: 3754

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Because modern British politics is conventionally studied via the political parties, we fail to register just how many important developments have taken place beyond or across the frontiers of the party system. Coalitions, multi-party groupings and "National Governments" have frequently held power - far more often, indeed, than most of us are aware. Even when unsuccessful, the drive for them has left permanent marks on the nation. Moreover, many of the key figures in modern British history - Joseph Chamberlain, David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill amongst them - can only be fully understood within this context, free from the distortions and limitations of the usual party lens. G.R. Searle's invigorating book explores the origins, triumphs, failures and impact of this tradition down to the present. In doing so it does more than retrieve a robust, active and highly influential dimension of British political life from indefensible neglect: it also reveals the whole familiar landscape of modern British political history from a strikingly new angle. Starting with the party realignment of 1886, the book explores the early strivings for 'national' and 'centre' parties involving, amongst many others, Chamberlain and Lord Randolph Churchill and, later, Lord Rosebery and Milner, before considering the coalition ministries of the First World War under Asquith and Lloyd George. It goes on to examine the "National Governments" of the 1930s. It then analyses the coalition government under Winston Churchill in the Second World War, and the implications of the 1945 General Election that returned British politics to what, in the postwar period, often seemed the inevitability of the two-party system. Yet, as Professor Searle shows, even here the coalitionist tradition has proved resilient and resourceful; and his book ends with the vigorous attempts of the Alliance parties to "break the mould" of postwar politics in the 1980s.