Political Obligation

A Critical Introduction
Author: Dudley Knowles
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113527813X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 232
View: 6150

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Political obligation is concerned with the clash between the individual’s claim to self-governance and the right of the state to claim obedience. It is a central and ancient problem in political philosophy. In this authoritative introduction, Dudley Knowles frames the problem of obligation in terms of the duties citizens have to the state and each other. Drawing on a wide range of key works in political philosophy, from Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume and G. W. F. Hegel to John Rawls, A. John Simmons, Joseph Raz and Ronald Dworkin, Political Obligation: A Critical Introduction is an ideal starting point for those coming to the topic for the first time, as well as being an original and distinctive contribution to the literature. Knowles distinguishes the philosophical problem of obligation - which types of argument may successfully ground the legitimacy of the state and the duties of citizens - from the political problem of obligation - whether successful arguments apply to the actual citizens of particular states. Against the anarchist and modern skeptics, Knowles claims that a plurality of arguments promise success when carefully formulated and defended, and discusses in turn ancient and modern theories of social contract and consent, fairness and gratitude, utilitarianism, justice and a Samaritan duty of care for others. Against modern communitarians, he defends a distinctive liberalism: ‘the state proposes, the citizen disposes’.

Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation

Author: Thomas Hill Green
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443800872
Category: Philosophy
Page: 230
View: 4414

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The present work is Thomas Hill Green’s account of his conception of ‘the common good’ and its importance in determining a set of criteria that will give us the means to evaluate the conduct of political establishments. The principles of political obligation are all founded on this attractive idea of a common good, and Green is able to apply his principles to a wide range of matters from land law to personal freedom. How well the book succeeds in convincing the reader that a common good ought to act as a basis for evaluating the role of political establishments may be unclear. But there can be little doubt that the work is one of the most important contributions to political philosophy made by any English philosopher, and almost certainly the single most important contribution made by any British idealist. The book has attracted philosophers, sociologists, politologists and others since the day of its appearance, and continues to fuel lively debate today.

Political Obligation

Author: John Horton
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137020520
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
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How should we understand the relationship between citizens and governments, and what are the obligations of citizens? In this substantially revised new edition of an influential text, John Horton challenges dominant theories by offering an 'associative' account focusing particularly on what it is to be a member of a political community.

A Theory of Political Obligation

Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society
Author: Margaret Gilbert
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199274959
Category: Law
Page: 332
View: 3791

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Margaret Gilbert offers an incisive new approach to a classic problem of political philosophy: when and why should I do what the laws of my country tell me to do? Beginning with carefully argued accounts of social groups in general and political societies in particular, the author argues that in central, standard senses of the relevant terms membership in a political society in and of itself obligates one to support that society's political institutions. The obligations in questionare not moral requirements derived from general moral principles, as is often supposed, but a matter of one's participation in a special kind of commitment: joint commitment. An agreement is sufficient but not necessary to generate such a commitment. Gilbert uses the phrase 'plural subject' to referto all of those who are jointly committed in some way. She therefore labels the theory offered in this book the plural subject theory of political obligation.The author concentrates on the exposition of this theory, carefully explaining how and in what sense joint commitments obligate. She also explores a classic theory of political obligation --- actual contract theory --- according to which one is obligated to conform to the laws of one's country because one agreed to do so. She offers a new interpretation of this theory in light of a theory of plural subject theory of agreements. She argues that actual contract theory has more merit than has beenthought, though the more general plural subject theory is to be preferred. She compares and contrasts plural subject theory with identification theory, relationship theory, and the theory of fair play. She brings it to bear on some classic situations of crisis, and, in the concluding chapter,suggests a number of avenues for related empirical and moral inquiry.Clearly and compellingly written, A Theory of Political Obligation will be essential reading for political philosophers and theorists.

Moral Principles and Political Obligations

Author: A. John Simmons
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691020198
Category: Philosophy
Page: 236
View: 6593

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Outlining the major competing theories in the history of political and moral philosophy--from Locke and Hume through Hart, Rawls, and Nozick--John Simmons attempts to understand and solve the ancient problem of political obligation. Under what conditions and for what reasons (if any), he asks, are we morally bound to obey the law and support the political institutions of our countries?

Political Obligation in Its Historical Context

Essays in Political Theory
Author: John Dunn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521891592
Category: History
Page: 368
View: 596

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Mr Dunn addresses the central questions of political philosophy from an unusually broad variety of perspectives.

The Principle of Fairness and Political Obligation

Author: George Klosko
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742533752
Category: Philosophy
Page: 204
View: 6686

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In The Principle of Fairness and Political Obligation, George Klosko presents the first book-length treatment of political obligation grounded in the premises of liberal political theory. In this now-classic work, he clearly and systematically formulates what others thought impossible-a principle of fairness that specifies a set of conditions which grounds existing political obligations and bridges the gap between the abstract accounts of political principles and the actual beliefs of political actors. Brought up-to-date with a new introduction, this new edition will be of great interest to all interested in political thought.

Rethinking Political Obligation

Moral Principles, Communal Ties, Citizenship
Author: D. Mokrosinska,Dorota Mokrosi?ska
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137025034
Category: Political Science
Page: 221
View: 2503

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What are the grounds for and limits to obedience to the state? This book offers a fresh analysis of the debate concerning the moral obligation to obey the state, develops a novel account of political obligation and provides the first detailed argument of how a theory of political obligation can apply to subjects of an unjust state.

Political Obligation in a Liberal State

Low Income Mothers and Higher Education in Post-Welfare America
Author: Steven M. DeLue
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791400920
Category: Political Science
Page: 179
View: 7255

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The tension between the individualist view and the communalist view dominates current debate about liberal politics. DeLue establishes a basis for political discourse in a liberal society--an enlarged discourse that allows people of both views to be critically reflective citizens with the necessary strong sense of obligation to the state. DeLue describes this enlarged culture and prescribes what the state must do to nurture it.

Political Obligations

Author: George Klosko
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199256204
Category: Law
Page: 266
View: 3300

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Providing a full defence of the theory of political obligation George Klosko presents arguments based on a number of key principles, as well as commenting on popular attitudes and how the state views them.

Philosophical Anarchism and Political Obligation

Author: Magda Egoumenides
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1441124454
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 6538

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Political obligation refers to the moral obligation of citizens to obey the law of their state and to the existence, nature, and justification of a special relationship between a government and its constituents. This volume in the Contemporary Anarchist Studies series challenges this relationship, seeking to define and defend the position of critical philosophical anarchism against alternative approaches to the issue of justification of political institutions. The book sets out to demonstrate the value of taking an anarchist approach to the problem of political authority, looking at theories of natural duty, state justification, natural duty of justice, fairness, political institutions, and more. It argues that the anarchist perspective is in fact indispensable to theorists of political obligation and can improve our views of political authority and social relations. This accessible book builds on the works of philosophical anarchists such as John Simmons and Leslie Green, and discusses key theorists, including Rousseau, Rawls, and Horton. This key resource will make an important contribution to anarchist political theory and to anarchist studies more generally.

Legal and political obligation

classic and contemporary texts and commentary
Author: R. George Wright
Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer
Category: Law
Page: 286
View: 1803

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This book focuses upon the perennial question of the existence and nature of an obligation to obey the law. Leading writers have, at one time or another, emphasized considerations such as gratitude, _divine ordering,_ prudence, contract, autonomy, and utility in seeking to justify, or to deny any justification for, some sort of obligation to obey the positive law.