Political Ideologies

A Reader and Guide
Author: Matthew Festenstein,Michael Kenny
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199248377
Category: Political Science
Page: 459
View: 6552

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This volume contains a large and diverse collection of the political writings and texts that have been central to the major ideological traditions in Western political life. These passages are interspersed with editorial commentaries that offer a general historical introduction to each thinker and the particular text, and highlight key thematic features of the passages.* Distinctively large collection of extracts from primary texts, covering all the main traditions in Western political thought, and allowing flexible choice of material to fit course requirements * Wide choice of extracts from the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries, allowing the book to be used on lots of different courses * The extracts are interspersed with substantial editorial commentaries that give an account of the intellectual shape and development of each ideology, designed to help students get a fuller understanding of the content * The lively reader-friendly writing style makes a complex subject readily accessible to all studentsContents:Introduction 1. The Concept of Ideology 2. Liberalism 3. Conservatism 4. Socialism 5. Nationalism 6. Feminism 7. Ecologism 8. Anarchism 9. Fascism 10. New Forms 11. The Ends of IdeologyIndex

The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies


Author: Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663700
Category: Political Science
Page: 752
View: 5319

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This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.

Ideology

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Michael Freeden
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019280281X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 142
View: 3847

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Ideology is one of the most controversial terms in the political vocabulary, exciting both revulsion and inspiration. This book examines the reasons for those views, and explains why ideologies deserve respect as a major form of political thinking. It investigates the centrality of ideology both as a political phenomenon and as an organizing framework of political thought and action. It explores the changing understandings of ideology as a concept, and the arguments of the main ideologies. By employing the latest insights from a range of disciplines, the reader is introduced to the vitality and force of a crucial resource at the disposal of societies, through which sense and purpose is assigned to the political world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Deliberative Systems

Deliberative Democracy at the Large Scale
Author: John Parkinson,Jane Mansbridge
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139536974
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 8955

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'Deliberative democracy' is often dismissed as a set of small-scale, academic experiments. This volume seeks to demonstrate how the deliberative ideal can work as a theory of democracy on a larger scale. It provides a new way of thinking about democratic engagement across the spectrum of political action, from towns and villages to nation states, and from local networks to transnational, even global systems. Written by a team of the world's leading deliberative theorists, Deliberative Systems explains the principles of this new approach, which seeks ways of ensuring that a division of deliberative labour in a system nonetheless meets both deliberative and democratic norms. Rather than simply elaborating the theory, the contributors examine the problems of implementation in a real world of competing norms, competing institutions and competing powerful interests. This pioneering book will inspire an exciting new phase of deliberative research, both theoretical and empirical.

Beyond Paradigms

Analytic Eclecticism in the Study of World Politics
Author: Rudra Sil,Peter J. Katzenstein
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137013591
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 1034

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While paradigm-bound research has generated powerful insights in international relations, it has fostered a tunnel vision that hinders progress and widens the chasm between theory and policy. In this important new book, Sil and Katzenstein draw upon recent scholarship to illustrate the benefits of a more pragmatic and eclectic style of research.

Making Sense in the Social Sciences

A Student's Guide to Research and Writing
Author: Margot Northey,Lorne Tepperman,Patrizia Albanese
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780199026784
Category:
Page: 304
View: 714

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Part of the bestselling Making Sense series, this seventh edition of Making Sense in the Social Sciences is an indispensable guide for students in any area of the discipline. Maintaining the signature straightforward style of the series, this book offers up-to-date, detailed information onproper documentation guidelines, essay and report writing, different methods of qualitative and quantitative research, ethical research, and more.

Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Colin Ward
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192804774
Category: Philosophy
Page: 109
View: 2035

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What do anarchists want? Can anarchy ever function effectively as a political force? Is anarchism more 'organized' and 'reasonable' than is currently perceived? Colin Ward explains what anarchism means and who anarchists are in this illuminating and accessible introduction to the subject.

Nationalism: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Steven Elliott Grosby
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192840983
Category: Philosophy
Page: 142
View: 3484

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Throughout history, humanity has borne witness to the political and moral challenges that arise when people place national identity above allegiance to geo-political states or international communities. This book discusses the concept of nations and nationalism from social, philosophical, geological, theological and anthropological perspectives. It examines the subject through conflicts past and present, including recent conflicts in the Balkans and the Middle East, rather than exclusively focusing on theory. Above all, this fascinating and comprehensive work clearly shows how feelings of nationalism are an inescapable part of being human.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Theory


Author: John S. Dryzek,Bonnie Honig,Anne Phillips
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199548439
Category: Philosophy
Page: 883
View: 4765

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Oxford Handbooks of Political Science are the essential guide to the state of political science today. With engaging contributions from 51 major international scholars, the Oxford Handbook of Political Theory provides the key point of reference for anyone working in political theory and beyond.

The Dark Side of Modernity


Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745665063
Category: Social Science
Page: 180
View: 7955

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In this book, one of the world’s leading social theorists presents a critical, alarmed, but also nuanced understanding of the post-traditional world we inhabit today. Jeffrey Alexander writes about modernity as historical time and social condition, but also as ideology and utopia. The idea of modernity embodies the Enlightenment’s noble hopes for progress and rationality, but its reality brings great suffering and exposes the destructive impulses that continue to motivate humankind. Alexander examines how twentieth-century theorists struggled to comprehend the Janus-faced character of modernity, which looks backward and forward at the same time. Weber linked the triumph of worldly asceticism to liberating autonomy but also ruthless domination, describing flights from rationalization as systemic and dangerous. Simmel pointed to the otherness haunting modernity, even as he normalized the stranger. Eisenstadt celebrated Axial Age transcendence, but acknowledged its increasing capacity for barbarity. Parsons heralded American community, but ignored modernity’s fragmentations. Rather than seeking to resolve modernity’s contradictions, Alexander argues that social theory should accept its Janus-faced character. It is a dangerous delusion to think that modernity can eliminate evil. Civil inclusion and anti-civil exclusion are intertwined. Alexander enumerates dangerous frictions endemic to modernity, but he also suggests new lines of social amelioration and emotional repair.

Health and Human Rights in a Changing World


Author: Michael Grodin,Daniel Tarantola,George Annas,Sofia Gruskin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136688633
Category: Social Science
Page: 664
View: 5237

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Health and Human Rights in a Changing World is a comprehensive and contemporary collection of readings and original material examining health and human rights from a global perspective. Editors Grodin, Tarantola, Annas, and Gruskin are well-known for their previous two volumes (published by Routledge) on this increasingly important subject to the global community. The editors have contextualized each of the five sections with foundational essays; each reading concludes with discussion topics, questions, and suggested readings. This book also includes Points of View sections—originally written perspectives by important authors in the field. Section I is a Health and Human Rights Overview that lays out the essential knowledge base and provides the foundation for the following sections. Section II brings in notions of concepts, methods, and governance framing the application of health and human rights, in particular the Human Rights-based Approaches to Health. Section III sheds light on issues of heightened vulnerability and special protection, stressing that the health and human rights record of any nation, any community, is determined by what is being done and not done about those who are most in need. Section IV focuses on addressing system failures where health and human rights issues have been documented, recognized, even at times proclaimed as priorities, and yet insufficiently attended to as a result of State denial, unwillingness, or incapacity. Section V examines the relevance of the health and human rights paradigm to a changing world, underscoring contemporary global challenges and responses. Finally, a Concluding Note brings together the key themes of this set of articles and attempts to project a vision of the future.

Solidarity, Memory and Identity


Author: Maria Virginia Filomena Cremasco,Wojciech Owczarski
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443873985
Category: History
Page: 385
View: 9896

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In today’s context of rapid socio-political changes, with deepening ethnic and religious conflicts on the one hand, and a diminishing feeling of identification with the community on the other, reflection on the idea of “solidarity” is very much necessary. This book provides answers to the following questions: “What is the idea of solidarity today?”; “How can it be defined?”; “How has it evolved over recent decades?”; “How does it manifest itself in social life?”; “How is it reflected in the arts?”; and, above all, “How does it relate to collective memory and identity?” With this outline of topic areas in mind, this volume brings together essays analysing various aspects of the concept of solidarity: namely, philosophical, social, political, cultural, historical, psychological and artistic. The book’s interdisciplinary character is testament to the complexity of perspectives and contexts in which the phenomenon of solidarity can be described today in the social sciences and the humanities. As such, it contains chapters devoted to the history of ideas; international relations and political conflicts in the modern world; national minorities; racism and anti-Semitism; and twentieth-century crimes against humanity, as well as psychological case studies, experimental research on mechanisms of social behaviour, and analyses of works of art. The contributors to this volume represent academic centres from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe. They are deeply concerned with fighting against any forms of discrimination, and, as such, their respective chapters mark a contribution to the constant search for the improvement of the fate of societies and individuals in different corners of the globe. Consequently, this book has an ethical dimension, in addition to its cognitive side, inspiring its readers to undertake efforts to help victims of social exclusion, persecution and crime.

American Philosophy: An Encyclopedia


Author: John Lachs,Robert B. Talisse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135948860
Category: Reference
Page: 872
View: 2459

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The Encyclopedia of American Philosophy provides coverage of the major figures, concepts, historical periods and traditions in American philosophical thought. Containing over 600 entries written by scholars who are experts in the field, this Encyclopedia is the first of its kind. It is a scholarly reference work that is accessible to the ordinary reader by explaining complex ideas in simple terms and providing ample cross-references to facilitate further study. The Encyclopedia of American Philosophy contains a thorough analytical index and will serve as a standard, comprehensive reference work for universities and colleges. Topics covered include: Great philosophers: Emerson, Dewey, James, Royce, Peirce, Santayana Subjects: Pragmatism, Progress, the Future, Knowledge, Democracy, Growth, Truth Influences on American Philosophy: Hegel, Aristotle, Plato, British Enlightenment, Reformation Self-Assessments: Joe Margolis, Donald Davidson, Susan Haack, Peter Hare, John McDermott, Stanley Cavell Ethics: Value, Pleasure, Happiness, Duty, Judgment, Growth Political Philosophy: Declaration of Independence, Democracy, Freedom, Liberalism, Community, Identity

Deliberation, Democracy, and Civic Forums

Improving Equality and Publicity
Author: Christopher F. Karpowitz,Chad Raphael
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107046432
Category: Political Science
Page: 409
View: 695

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Focuses on how to improve equal and public participation in a range of innovative citizen forums that could revitalize democracy around the world.

Print, Publicity, and Popular Radicalism in the 1790s

The Laurel of Liberty
Author: Jon Mee
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107133610
Category: History
Page: 292
View: 6324

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Reveals the development of the idea of 'the people' through print and publicity in 1790s London. This title will also be available as Open Access.

Introduction to Political Theory


Author: John Hoffman,Paul Graham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317556615
Category: Political Science
Page: 524
View: 4949

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Introduction to Political Theory is a text for the 21st century. It shows students why an understanding of theory is crucial to an understanding of issues and events in a rapidly shifting global political landscape. Bringing together classic and contemporary political concepts and ideologies into one book, this new text introduces the major approaches to political issues that have shaped the modern world, and the ideas that form the currency of political debate. Introduction to Political Theory relates political ideas to political realities through effective use of examples and case studies making theory lively, contentious and relevant. This updated third edition comes with significant revisions which reflect the latest questions facing political theory, such as the French burqa controversy, ethnic nationalism and the value of research from sociobiology. Accompanying these debates is a wealth of new and thought-provoking case studies for discussion, including (consensual) sadomasochism, affirmative action and same-sex marriage. A new chapter on difference has also been added to complement those on feminism and multiculturalism. The revised glossary, revamped website for further reading and new streamlined layout make Introduction to Political Theory third edition the perfect accompaniment to undergraduate study.

A Brief History of Britain 1851-2010


Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Robinson
ISBN: 1849018197
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 5395

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From the Great Exhibition to the Credit Crunch - the transformation of Britain from the world's greatest nation to the present day In 1851 Queen Victoria opened the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park, it was the high water mark of English achievement - the nation at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution, at the heart of a burgeoning Empire, with a queen who would reign for another 50 years. In the following 150 years, the fate of the nation has faced turmoil and transformation. But it is too simple to talk of decline? Has Great Britain sacrificed its identity in order to stay part of the present world order. Leading historian, Jeremy Black, completes the landmark four volume Brief History of Britain series with a brilliant, insightful examination of how present day Britain was formed.

The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of Peace and Conflict


Author: Michelle R. Garfinkel,Stergios Skaperdas
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195392779
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 874
View: 3990

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This Handbook brings together contributions from leading scholars who take an economic perspective to study peace and conflict. Some chapters are largely empirical, exploring the correlates and quantifying the costs of conflict. Others are more theoretical, examining the mechanisms that lead to war or are more conducive to peace.