Placing History

How Maps, Spatial Data, and GIS are Changing Historical Scholarship
Author: Anne Kelly Knowles,Amy Hillier
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 1589480139
Category: Science
Page: 313
View: 1053

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CD-ROM contains: Four Microsoft PowerPoint presentations and interactive mapping exercises, some of which extend the scholarly material and addressess new issues related to historical GIS.

Historical GIS

Technologies, Methodologies, and Scholarship
Author: Ian N. Gregory,Paul S. Ell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467719
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 5565

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Historical GIS is an emerging field that uses Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to research the geographies of the past. Ian Gregory and Paul Ell's study, first published in 2007, comprehensively defines this field, exploring all aspects of using GIS in historical research. A GIS is a form of database in which every item of data is linked to a spatial location. This technology offers unparalleled opportunities to add insight and rejuvenate historical research through the ability to identify and use the geographical characteristics of data. Historical GIS introduces the basic concepts and tools underpinning GIS technology, describing and critically assessing the visualisation, analytical and e-science methodologies that it enables and examining key scholarship where GIS has been used to enhance research debates. The result is a clear agenda charting how GIS will develop as one of the most important approaches to scholarship in historical geography.

History and GIS

Epistemologies, Considerations and Reflections
Author: Alexander von Lünen,Charles Travis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400750099
Category: Science
Page: 242
View: 1608

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Geographical Information Systems (GIS) – either as “standard” GIS or custom made Historical GIS (HGIS) – have become quite popular in some historical sub-disciplines, such as Economic and Social History or Historical Geography. “Mainstream” history, however, seems to be rather unaffected by this trend. More generally speaking: Why is it that computer applications in general have failed to make much headway in history departments, despite the first steps being undertaken a good forty years ago? With the “spatial turn” in full swing in the humanities, and many historians dealing with spatial and geographical questions, one would think GIS would be welcomed with open arms. Yet there seems to be no general anticipation by historians of employing GIS as a research tool. As mentioned, HGIS are popular chiefly among Historical Geographers and Social and Economic Historians. The latter disciplines seem to be predestined to use such software through the widespread quantitative methodology these disciplines have employed traditionally. Other historical sub-disciplines, such as Ancient History, are also very open to this emerging technology since the scarcity of written sources in this field can be mitigated by inferences made from an HGIS that has archaeological data stored in it, for example. In most of Modern History, however, the use of GIS is rarely seen. The intellectual benefit that a GIS may bring about seems not be apparent to scholars from this sub-discipline (and others). This book wants to investigate and discuss this controversy. Why does the wider historian community not embrace GIS more readily? While one cannot deny that the methodologies linked with a GIS follow geographical paradigms rather than historical ones, the potential of GIS as a 'killer application' for digital historical scholarship should be obvious. This book brings together authors from Geography and History to discuss the value of GIS for historical research. The focus, however, will not be on the "how", but on the "why" of GIS in history.

Past Time, Past Place

GIS for History
Author: Anne Kelly Knowles
Publisher: Esri Press
ISBN: 9781589480322
Category: Computers
Page: 202
View: 6426

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Collects essays about historical questions that can now be answered through geographic information systems, as well as the problems and limitations of using GIS technology.

Toward Spatial Humanities

Historical GIS and Spatial History
Author: Ian N. Gregory,Alistair Geddes
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253011906
Category: History
Page: 234
View: 2933

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The application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to issues in history is among the most exciting developments in both digital and spatial humanities. Describing a wide variety of applications, the essays in this volume highlight the methodological and substantive implications of a spatial approach to history. They illustrate how the use of GIS is changing our understanding of the geographies of the past and has become the basis for new ways to study history. Contributors focus on current developments in the use of historical sources and explore the insights gained by applying GIS to develop historiography. Toward Spatial Humanities is a compelling demonstration of how GIS can contribute to our historical understanding.

Mastering Iron

The Struggle to Modernize an American Industry, 1800-1868
Author: Anne Kelly Knowles
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226448592
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 334
View: 5156

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Veins of iron run deep in the history of America. Iron making began almost as soon as European settlement, with the establishment of the first ironworks in colonial Massachusetts. Yet it was Great Britain that became the Atlantic world’s dominant low-cost, high-volume producer of iron, a position it retained throughout the nineteenth century. It was not until after the Civil War that American iron producers began to match the scale and efficiency of the British iron industry. In Mastering Iron, Anne Kelly Knowles argues that the prolonged development of the US iron industry was largely due to geographical problems the British did not face. Pairing exhaustive manuscript research with analysis of a detailed geospatial database that she built of the industry, Knowles reconstructs the American iron industry in unprecedented depth, from locating hundreds of iron companies in their social and environmental contexts to explaining workplace culture and social relations between workers and managers. She demonstrates how ironworks in Alabama, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia struggled to replicate British technologies but, in the attempt, brought about changes in the American industry that set the stage for the subsequent age of steel. Richly illustrated with dozens of original maps and period art work, all in full color, Mastering Iron sheds new light on American ambitions and highlights the challenges a young nation faced as it grappled with its geographic conditions.

Emerging Methods and Multidisciplinary Applications in Geospatial Research


Author: Albert, Donald P.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 146661952X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 414
View: 1385

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We need to understand how to utilize Geospatial Research in order to help us solve problems in environmental, life science, and defense industries, as well as intelligence, natural resources, medical and public safety industries. Emerging Methods and Multidisciplinary Applications in Geospatial Research exemplifies the usage of geographic information science and technology (GIS&T) to explore and resolve geographical issues from various application domains within the social and/or physical sciences. It specializes in studies from applied geography that interfaces with geographic information science and technology. This publication is designed to provide planners and policy analysts, practitioners, academicians, and others using GIS&T useful studies that might support decision-making activities.

The Routledge Companion to Spatial History


Author: Ian Gregory,Don DeBats,Don Lafreniere
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351584138
Category: History
Page: 636
View: 3559

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The Routledge Companion to Spatial History explores the full range of ways in which GIS can be used to study the past, considering key questions such as what types of new knowledge can be developed solely as a consequence of using GIS and how effective GIS can be for different types of research. Global in scope and covering a broad range of subjects, the chapters in this volume discuss ways of turning sources into a GIS database, methods of analysing these databases, methods of visualising the results of the analyses, and approaches to interpreting analyses and visualisations. Chapter authors draw from a diverse collection of case studies from around the world, covering topics from state power in imperial China to the urban property market in nineteenth-century Rio de Janeiro, health and society in twentieth-century Britain and the demographic impact of the Second Battle of Ypres in 1915. Critically evaluating both the strengths and limitations of GIS and illustrated with over two hundred maps and figures, this volume is an essential resource for all students and scholars interested in the use of GIS and spatial analysis as a method of historical research.

Calvinists Incorporated

Welsh Immigrants on Ohio's Industrial Frontier
Author: Anne Kelly Knowles
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226448534
Category: History
Page: 330
View: 7680

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Bringing immigrants onstage as central players in the drama of rural capitalist transformation, Anne Kelly Knowles traces a community of Welsh immigrants to Jackson and Gallia counties in southern Ohio. After reconstructing the gradual process of community-building, Knowles focuses on the pivotal moment when the immigrants became involved with the industrialization of their new region as workers and investors in Welsh-owned charcoal iron companies. Setting the southern Ohio Welsh in the context of Welsh immigration as a whole from 1795 to 1850, Knowles explores how these strict Calvinists responded to the moral dilemmas posed by leaving their native land and experiencing economic success in the United States. Knowles draws on a wide variety of sources, including obituaries and community histories, to reconstruct the personal histories of over 1,700 immigrants. The resulting account will find appreciative readers not only among historical geographers, but also among American economic historians and historians of religion.

Advances in Cartography and GIScience. Volume 2

Selection from ICC 2011, Paris
Author: Anne Ruas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642192142
Category: Science
Page: 488
View: 9503

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This book is comprised of a selection of the best papers presented during the 25th International Cartography Conference which was held in Paris between 3rd and 8th July 2011. The scope of the conference covers all fields of relevant GIS and Mapping research subjects, such as geovisualization, semiotics, SDI, standards, data quality, data integration, generalization, use and user issues, spatio-temporal modelling and analysis, open source technologies and web services, digital representation of historical maps, history of GIS and cartography as well as cartography for school children and education.

Explorations in New Cinema History

Approaches and Case Studies
Author: Richard Maltby,Daniel Biltereyst,Philippe Meers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444396404
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 352
View: 1222

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Explorations in New Cinema History brings together cutting-edge research by the leading scholars in the field to identify new approaches to writing and understanding the social and cultural history of cinema, focusing on cinema’s audiences, the experience of cinema, and the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange. Includes contributions from Robert Allen, Annette Kuhn, John Sedwick, Mark Jancovich, Peter Sanfield, and Kathryn Fuller-Seeley among others Develops the original argument that the social history of cinema-going and of the experience of cinema should take precedence over production- and text-based analyses Explores the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange, including patterns of popularity and taste, the role of individual movie theatres in creating and sustaining their audiences, and the commercial, political and legal aspects of film exhibition and distribution Prompts readers to reassess their understanding of key periods of cinema history, opening up cinema studies to long-overdue conversations with other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences Presents rigorous empirical research, drawing on digital technology and geospatial information systems to provide illuminating insights in to the uses of cinema

Reclaiming the Don

An Environmental History of Toronto's Don River Valley
Author: Jennifer L. Bonnell
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442696818
Category: History
Page: 316
View: 1314

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A small river in a big city, the Don River Valley is often overlooked when it comes to explaining Toronto’s growth. With Reclaiming the Don, Jennifer L. Bonnell unearths the missing story of the relationship between the river, the valley, and the city, from the establishment of the town of York in the 1790s to the construction of the Don Valley Parkway in the 1960s. Demonstrating how mosquito-ridden lowlands, frequent floods, and over-burdened municipal waterways shaped the city’s development, Reclaiming the Don illuminates the impact of the valley as a physical and conceptual place on Toronto’s development. Bonnell explains how for more than two centuries the Don has served as a source of raw materials, a sink for wastes, and a place of refuge for people pushed to the edges of society, as well as the site of numerous improvement schemes that have attempted to harness the river and its valley to build a prosperous metropolis. Exploring the interrelationship between urban residents and their natural environments, she shows how successive generations of Toronto residents have imagined the Don as an opportunity, a refuge, and an eyesore. Combining extensive research with in-depth analysis, Reclaiming the Don will be a must-read for anyone interested in the history of Toronto’s development.

The Spatial Humanities

GIS and the Future of Humanities Scholarship
Author: David J. Bodenhamer,John Corrigan,Trevor M. Harris
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253355052
Category: History
Page: 203
View: 6957

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Trevor M. Harris, Karen K. Kemp, Gary Lock, L. Jesse Rouse, and May Yuan. --Book Jacket.

Abstract Machine

Humanities GIS
Author: Charles B. Travis
Publisher: ESRI Press
ISBN: 9781589483682
Category: Education
Page: 175
View: 3195

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Abstract Machine brings GIS tools to the arts and humanities. Topics include Irish literature and history, with a focus on writers such as Samuel Beckett, James Joyce, and Patrick Kavanagh. Illustrates the importance of GIS as an interpretive tool for disciplines in the humanities.

Deep Maps and Spatial Narratives


Author: David J. Bodenhamer,John Corrigan,Trevor M. Harris
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253015677
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 8268

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Deep maps are finely detailed, multimedia depictions of a place and the people, buildings, objects, flora, and fauna that exist within it and which are inseparable from the activities of everyday life. These depictions may encompass the beliefs, desires, hopes, and fears of residents and help show what ties one place to another. A deep map is a way to engage evidence within its spatio-temporal context and to provide a platform for a spatially-embedded argument. The essays in this book investigate deep mapping and the spatial narratives that stem from it. The authors come from a variety of disciplines: history, religious studies, geography and geographic information science, and computer science. Each applies the concepts of space, time, and place to problems central to an understanding of society and culture, employing deep maps to reveal the confluence of actions and evidence and to trace paths of intellectual exploration by making use of a new creative space that is visual, structurally open, multi-media, and multi-layered.

Historical GIS Research in Canada


Author: Jennifer Bonnell,Marcel Fortin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781552387085
Category: History
Page: 344
View: 1470

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Fundamentally concerned with place, and our ability to understand human relationships with environment over time, Historical Geographic Information Systems (HGIS) as a tool and a subject has direct bearing for the study of contemporary environmental issues and realities. To date, HGIS projects in Canada are few and publications that discuss these projects directly even fewer. This book brings together case studies of HGIS projects in historical geography, social and cultural history, and environmental history from Canada's diverse regions. Projects include religion and ethnicity, migration, indigenous land practices, rebuilding a nineteenth-century neighbourhood, and working with Google Earth. With contributions by: Colleen Beard; Stephen Bocking; Jennifer Bonnell; Jim Clifford; Joanna Dean; François Dufaux; Patrick A Dunae; Marcel Fortin; Jason Gilliland; William M Glen; Megan Harvey; Matthew G Hatvany; Sally Hermansen; Andrew Hinson; Don Lafreniere; John S Lutz; Joshua D MacFadyen; Daniel Macfarlane; Jennifer Marvin; Cameron Metcalf; Byron Moldofsky; Sherry Olson; Jon Pasher; Daniel Rueck; R W Sandwell; Henry Yu; Barbara Znamirowski.

GeoHumanities

Art, History, Text at the Edge of Place
Author: Michael Dear,Professor of City and Regional Planning Michael Dear,Jim Ketchum,Sarah Luria,Doug Richardson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136883487
Category: Science
Page: 344
View: 6547

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Geohumanities identifies a convergence of transdisciplinary thought characterized by geography’s engagement with the humanities, and the humanities’ integration of place and the tools of geography into its studies. With this cutting edge book, an international collaboration of scholars, architects, artists, activists, scientists and writers map this emerging intellectual terrain. This volume explores the creative zone at the edge of the humanities’ rapidly expanding engagement with geography, and the multi-methodological inquiries that analyze the meanings of place, and then reconstruct those meanings to provoke new knowledge as well as the possibility of altered political practices. It is no coincidence that the geohumanities are forcefully emerging at a time of immense intellectual and social change. The book’s contributors address urgent contemporary imperatives, such as the link between creativity and place; altered practices of spatial literacy; the increasing complexity of visual representation in art, culture, and science; and the ubiquitous presence of geospatial technologies in the Information Age.

Geographies of the Holocaust


Author: Anne Kelly Knowles,Tim Cole,Alberto Giordano
Publisher: Spatial Humanities
ISBN: 9780253012111
Category: History
Page: 246
View: 9066

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This book explores the geographies of the Holocaust at every scale of human experience, from the European continent to the experiences of individual human bodies. Built on six innovative case studies, it brings together historians, geographers, and geographic information scientists to interrogate the places and spaces of the genocide. The cases encompass the landscapes of particular places (the killing zones in the East, deportations from sites in Italy, the camps of Auschwitz, the ghettos of Budapest) and the intimate spaces of bodies on evacuation marches. Geographies of the Holocaust puts forward models and a research agenda for different ways of visualizing and thinking about the Holocaust by examining the spaces and places where it was enacted and experienced.

GeoWorld


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geographic information systems
Page: N.A
View: 5907

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