Placing History

How Maps, Spatial Data, and GIS are Changing Historical Scholarship
Author: Anne Kelly Knowles,Amy Hillier
Publisher: ESRI, Inc.
ISBN: 1589480139
Category: Science
Page: 313
View: 8537

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CD-ROM contains: Four Microsoft PowerPoint presentations and interactive mapping exercises, some of which extend the scholarly material and addressess new issues related to historical GIS.

History and GIS

Epistemologies, Considerations and Reflections
Author: Alexander Lünen,Charles Travis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400750099
Category: Science
Page: 242
View: 6266

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Geographical Information Systems (GIS) – either as “standard” GIS or custom made Historical GIS (HGIS) – have become quite popular in some historical sub-disciplines, such as Economic and Social History or Historical Geography. “Mainstream” history, however, seems to be rather unaffected by this trend. More generally speaking: Why is it that computer applications in general have failed to make much headway in history departments, despite the first steps being undertaken a good forty years ago? With the “spatial turn” in full swing in the humanities, and many historians dealing with spatial and geographical questions, one would think GIS would be welcomed with open arms. Yet there seems to be no general anticipation by historians of employing GIS as a research tool. As mentioned, HGIS are popular chiefly among Historical Geographers and Social and Economic Historians. The latter disciplines seem to be predestined to use such software through the widespread quantitative methodology these disciplines have employed traditionally. Other historical sub-disciplines, such as Ancient History, are also very open to this emerging technology since the scarcity of written sources in this field can be mitigated by inferences made from an HGIS that has archaeological data stored in it, for example. In most of Modern History, however, the use of GIS is rarely seen. The intellectual benefit that a GIS may bring about seems not be apparent to scholars from this sub-discipline (and others). This book wants to investigate and discuss this controversy. Why does the wider historian community not embrace GIS more readily? While one cannot deny that the methodologies linked with a GIS follow geographical paradigms rather than historical ones, the potential of GIS as a 'killer application' for digital historical scholarship should be obvious. This book brings together authors from Geography and History to discuss the value of GIS for historical research. The focus, however, will not be on the "how", but on the "why" of GIS in history.

Emerging Methods and Multidisciplinary Applications in Geospatial Research


Author: Albert, Donald P.
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 146661952X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 414
View: 8729

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We need to understand how to utilize Geospatial Research in order to help us solve problems in environmental, life science, and defense industries, as well as intelligence, natural resources, medical and public safety industries. Emerging Methods and Multidisciplinary Applications in Geospatial Research exemplifies the usage of geographic information science and technology (GIS&T) to explore and resolve geographical issues from various application domains within the social and/or physical sciences. It specializes in studies from applied geography that interfaces with geographic information science and technology. This publication is designed to provide planners and policy analysts, practitioners, academicians, and others using GIS&T useful studies that might support decision-making activities.

Perzeption und Rezeption

Wahrnehmung und Deutung im Mittelalter und in der Moderne
Author: Joachim Laczny,Jürgen Sarnowsky
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
ISBN: 3847102486
Category: History
Page: 348
View: 1905

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English summary: In historical research, the subjectivity of medieval authors was often perceived as a negative factor which had to be excluded by critical methods. Only for two or three decades, the history of perceptions, interpretations and conceptions is recognized as an important approach (not only) to medieval history. Thus, the articles collected in the volume use this approach to come to a better understanding of the late medieval world and to put modern reception and discussions on a more solid foundation. German description: Wenn man die Subjektivitat der mittelalterlichen Autoren nicht nur als storenden Faktor sieht, die durch intensive Quellenkritik herausgefiltert werden muss, eroffnet diese neue Perspektiven auf die mittelalterliche Geschichte. Die inhaltlich sehr verschiedenen Beitrage dieses Bandes wenden sich daher bewusst den Wahrnehmungen und Vorstellungen der Zeit zu, um sich so der spatmittelalterlichen Welt zu nahern und zugleich auch die moderne Rezeption und Diskussion auf eine bessere Grundlage zu stellen.

Explorations in New Cinema History

Approaches and Case Studies
Author: Richard Maltby,Daniel Biltereyst,Philippe Meers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444396404
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 352
View: 587

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Explorations in New Cinema History brings together cutting-edge research by the leading scholars in the field to identify new approaches to writing and understanding the social and cultural history of cinema, focusing on cinema’s audiences, the experience of cinema, and the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange. Includes contributions from Robert Allen, Annette Kuhn, John Sedwick, Mark Jancovich, Peter Sanfield, and Kathryn Fuller-Seeley among others Develops the original argument that the social history of cinema-going and of the experience of cinema should take precedence over production- and text-based analyses Explores the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange, including patterns of popularity and taste, the role of individual movie theatres in creating and sustaining their audiences, and the commercial, political and legal aspects of film exhibition and distribution Prompts readers to reassess their understanding of key periods of cinema history, opening up cinema studies to long-overdue conversations with other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences Presents rigorous empirical research, drawing on digital technology and geospatial information systems to provide illuminating insights in to the uses of cinema

Reclaiming the Don

An Environmental History of Toronto's Don River Valley
Author: Jennifer L. Bonnell
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442696818
Category: History
Page: 316
View: 587

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A small river in a big city, the Don River Valley is often overlooked when it comes to explaining Toronto’s growth. With Reclaiming the Don, Jennifer L. Bonnell unearths the missing story of the relationship between the river, the valley, and the city, from the establishment of the town of York in the 1790s to the construction of the Don Valley Parkway in the 1960s. Demonstrating how mosquito-ridden lowlands, frequent floods, and over-burdened municipal waterways shaped the city’s development, Reclaiming the Don illuminates the impact of the valley as a physical and conceptual place on Toronto’s development. Bonnell explains how for more than two centuries the Don has served as a source of raw materials, a sink for wastes, and a place of refuge for people pushed to the edges of society, as well as the site of numerous improvement schemes that have attempted to harness the river and its valley to build a prosperous metropolis. Exploring the interrelationship between urban residents and their natural environments, she shows how successive generations of Toronto residents have imagined the Don as an opportunity, a refuge, and an eyesore. Combining extensive research with in-depth analysis, Reclaiming the Don will be a must-read for anyone interested in the history of Toronto’s development.

Mastering Iron

The Struggle to Modernize an American Industry, 1800-1868
Author: Anne Kelly Knowles
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226448592
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 334
View: 9727

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Veins of iron run deep in the history of America. Iron making began almost as soon as European settlement, with the establishment of the first ironworks in colonial Massachusetts. Yet it was Great Britain that became the Atlantic world’s dominant low-cost, high-volume producer of iron, a position it retained throughout the nineteenth century. It was not until after the Civil War that American iron producers began to match the scale and efficiency of the British iron industry. In Mastering Iron, Anne Kelly Knowles argues that the prolonged development of the US iron industry was largely due to geographical problems the British did not face. Pairing exhaustive manuscript research with analysis of a detailed geospatial database that she built of the industry, Knowles reconstructs the American iron industry in unprecedented depth, from locating hundreds of iron companies in their social and environmental contexts to explaining workplace culture and social relations between workers and managers. She demonstrates how ironworks in Alabama, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia struggled to replicate British technologies but, in the attempt, brought about changes in the American industry that set the stage for the subsequent age of steel. Richly illustrated with dozens of original maps and period art work, all in full color, Mastering Iron sheds new light on American ambitions and highlights the challenges a young nation faced as it grappled with its geographic conditions.

Cultivating Commons

Joint Ownership of Arable Land in Early Modern Japan
Author: Philip C. Brown
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 268
View: 8667

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Cultivating Commons challenges the common understanding of Japanese economic and social history by uncovering diverse landholding practices in early modern Japan. In this first extended treatment of multiple systems of farmland ownership, Philip Brown argues that it was joint landownership of arable land, not virtually private landownership, that characterized a few large areas of Japan in the early modern period and even survived in some places down to the late twentieth century. The practice adapted to changing political and economic circumstances and was compatible with increasing farm involvement in the market. Brown shows that land rights were the product of villages and, to some degree, daimyo policies and not the outcome of hegemons' and shoguns' cadastral surveys. Joint ownership exhibited none of the "tragedy of the commons" predicted by much social science theory and in fact explicitly structured a number of practices compatible with longer-term investment in and maintenance of arable land. Exploring early modern society from the ground up, this work provides new perspectives on how villagers organized themselves and their lands, and how their practices were articulated (or were not articulated) to higher layers of administration. It employs an unusually wide array of sources and methodologies: In addition to manuscripts from local archives, it exploits interviews with modern informants who used joint ownership and a combination of modern geographical tools (hazard maps, soil maps, digital elevation models, geographic information systems technologies) to investigate the degree to which the most common form of joint ownership reflected efforts to ameliorate flood and landslide hazard risk as well as microclimate variation. Further it explores the nature of Japanese agricultural practice, its demand on natural resources, and the role of broader environmental factors--all of which infuse the study with new environmental perspectives and approaches. Cultivating Commons will be welcomed by Japanese historians, those in other regional-national fields, and social scientists concerned with issues of resource management, economic development, and rural society.

GeoWorld


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geographic information systems
Page: N.A
View: 4351

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Portraits of the City

Representing Urban Space in Later Medieval and Early Modern Europe
Author: Katrien Lichtert,Jan Dumolyn,Maximiliaan P. J. Martens
Publisher: Brepols Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 199
View: 5248

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During the last decades, representations of medieval and early modern urban space have witnessed an increasing popularity as objects of study within the historical disciplines. Scholars with different backgrounds investigate urban landscapes in various forms and using a wide range of media. In general, such 'portraits of the city' cover different types of visual and written documents. The twelve essays gathered in this book all cover specific types of such portraits, ranging from historiographical texts and archival record, over drawings, prints and paintings to maps and real urban architectural settings. Moreover, the interdisciplinary scope results in an ample compilation of various innovative methodologies, currently applied in the fields of study and disciplines addressed in the book. 'Portraits of the City' provides a representative overview of the current state of knowledge and is in this way a relevant contribution to the international debate on representations of the city.

Book Review Index 2009

Cumulation
Author: Dana Ferguson
Publisher: Gale Cengage
ISBN: 9781414419121
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 1262
View: 3068

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Die Geographie der Literatur

Schauplätze, Handlungsräume, Raumphantasien
Author: Barbara Piatti
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783835303294
Category: Literary landmarks
Page: 423
View: 7483

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Modellregion Vierwaldstättersee- und Gotthardgegend.

Digital Turn?

Zum Einfluss digitaler Medien auf Wissensgenerierungsprozesse von Studierenden und Hochschullehrenden
Author: Markus F. Peschl,Brigitte Kossek
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3847000381
Category: Fiction
Page: 205
View: 2579

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Wie beeinflussen digitale Medien Erkenntnisprozesse? Lässt sich angesichts der Integration von digitalen Medien in den Hochschulalltag von einem digital turn sprechen? Wie können sie genutzt werden, um Lehr- bzw. Lernumgebungen zu schaffen, die kritisch, kreativ und innovativ Wissensgenerierungsprozesse sowie neue Denk- und Handlungsspielräume ermöglichen und unterstützen? Aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven werden in diesem Band auch die Potenziale und Grenzen von Social Media untersucht. Diese werden dabei im Zusammenhang mit der neoliberalen Logik und kommerziellen Dominanz von Unternehmen wie z. B. Google, Microsoft oder Facebook betrachtet. Ebenfalls analysiert werden in diesem Kontext die Protestbewegung der Studierenden an der Universität Wien 2009 und die Interventionen des digital vernetzten Kollektivs Anonymous. Die Untersuchungen verweisen auf die Entwicklung neuer Repräsentations- und Identifikationspraktiken, um Freiheit, Gerechtigkeit und Demokratie einzufordern.

Digital Humanities

Eine Einführung
Author: Fotis Jannidis,Hubertus Kohle,Malte Rehbein
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476054462
Category: Social Science
Page: 370
View: 2170

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Computerbasierte Verfahren greifen in viele Bereiche der Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften ein und spielen eine zunehmende Rolle in der universitären Bildung. Dieser Band bietet eine fundierte Einführung in die grundlegenden Konzepte, Methoden und Werkzeuge der Digital Humanities. Sie präsentiert Grundlagen wie Digitalisierung, Aufbau von Datensammlungen, Datenmodellierung und XML. Darüber hinaus behandelt sie Anwendungsgebiete wie Digitale Edition, Information Retrieval, Netzwerkanalyse, Geographische Informationssysteme, Simulation ebenso weiterführende Aspekte wie die Rolle der Bibliotheken, Archive und Museen sowie rechtliche und ethische Fragen.