The Lying Brain

Lie Detection in Science and Science Fiction
Author: Melissa M. Littlefield
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472071483
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 203
View: 4698

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A cultural history of deception detection from science to science fiction

Neurotechnologies of the Self

Mind, Brain and Subjectivity
Author: Jonna Brenninkmeijer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137533862
Category: Social Science
Page: 169
View: 5200

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Taking care of oneself is increasingly interpreted as taking care of one’s brain. Apart from pills, books, food, and games for a better brain, people can also use neurotechnologies for self-improvement. This book explores how the use of brain devices to understand or improve the self changes people’s subjectivity. This book describes how the effects of several brain devices were and are demonstrated; how brains and selves interact in the work of early brainwave scientists and contemporary practitioners; how users of neurofeedback (brainwave training) constitute a new mode of self that is extended with a brain and various other (physiological, psychological, material, and sometimes spiritual) entities, and; how clients, practitioners and other actors (computers, brain maps, brainwaves) perform a dance of agency during the neurofeedback process. Through these topics, Jonna Brenninkmeijer provides a historical, ethnographical, and theoretical exploration of the mode of being that is constituted when people use a brain device to improve themselves.

Bureaucrats and Bleeding Hearts

Indigenous Health in Northern Australia
Author: Tess Lea
Publisher: UNSW Press
ISBN: 9781921410185
Category: Medical
Page: 276
View: 3154

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"This is an anthropological study of the culture of public health governance in the Northern Territory of Australia. It asks what it takes to become a helping white bureau-professional in Australias post-colonial frontier - someone who passionately cares about and resolutely strives toward improved health for Indigenous people and how their determination to help is sustained in the face of a self-declared history of failure."--Provided by publisher.

Individuals and Identity in Economics


Author: John B. Davis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495461
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 6505

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This book examines the different conceptions of the individual that have emerged in recent new approaches in economics, including behavioral economics, experimental economics, social preferences approaches, game theory, neuroeconomics, evolutionary and complexity economics, and the capability approach. These conceptions are classified according to whether they seek to revise the traditional atomist individual conception, put new emphasis on interaction and relations between individuals, account for individuals as evolving and self-organizing, and explain individuals in terms of capabilities. The method of analysis uses two identity criteria for distinguishing and re-identifying individuals to determine whether these different individual conceptions successfully identify individuals. Successful individual conceptions account for sub-personal and supra-personal bounds on single individual explanations. The former concerns the fragmentation of individuals into multiple selves; the latter concerns the dissolution of individuals into the social. The book develops an understanding of bounded individuality, seen as central to the defense of human rights.

Symposium

the formation of an ethical professional identity in the peer-review professions
Author: University of St. Thomas (Saint Paul, Minn.). School of Law
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 8109

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Das Argument


Author: Christine Lehmann
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783867541718
Category: Sociology
Page: 251
View: 6746

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Magill's Medical Guide: Neuralgia, neuritis, and neuropathy - Smallpox


Author: Anne Chang
Publisher: Salem PressInc
ISBN: 9781587653889
Category: Medical
Page: 3104
View: 3569

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Covers diseases, disorders, treatments, procedures, specialties, anatomy, biology, and issues in an A-Z format, with sidebars addressing recent developments in medicine and concise information boxes for all diseases and disorders.

Insurgent Citizenship

Disjunctions of Democracy and Modernity in Brazil
Author: James Holston
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 416
View: 3529

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Insurgent citizenships have arisen in cities around the world. This book examines the insurgence of democratic citizenship in the urban peripheries of São Paulo, Brazil, its entanglement with entrenched systems of inequality, and its contradiction in violence. James Holston argues that for two centuries Brazilians have practiced a type of citizenship all too common among nation-states--one that is universally inclusive in national membership and massively inegalitarian in distributing rights and in its legalization of social differences. But since the 1970s, he shows, residents of Brazil's urban peripheries have formulated a new citizenship that is destabilizing the old. Their mobilizations have developed not primarily through struggles of labor but through those of the city--particularly illegal residence, house building, and land conflict. Yet precisely as Brazilians democratized urban space and achieved political democracy, violence, injustice, and impunity increased dramatically. Based on comparative, ethnographic, and historical research, Insurgent Citizenship reveals why the insurgent and the entrenched remain dangerously conjoined as new kinds of citizens expand democracy even as new forms of violence and exclusion erode it. Rather than view this paradox as evidence of democratic failure and urban chaos, Insurgent Citizenship argues that contradictory realizations of citizenship characterize all democracies--emerging and established. Focusing on processes of city- and citizen-making now prevalent globally, it develops new approaches for understanding the contemporary course of democratic citizenship in societies of vastly different cultures and histories.

Art in the age of technoscience

genetic engineering, robotics, and artificial life in contemporary art
Author: Ingeborg Reichle
Publisher: Springer Verlag Wien
ISBN: 9783211781609
Category: Architecture
Page: 422
View: 2239

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Is science the new art? Starting from this provocative question, art historian Ingeborg Reichle examines in her book fascinating responses of contemporary artists when faced with recent scientific and technological advances. In the last two decades a growing number of artists has left the traditional artistic playground to work instead in scientific contexts such as the laboratories of molecular biology, robotics, and artificial life. New art forms like 'Transgenic Art" and "Bio-Art' have emerged from the laboratory. These art forms differ dramatically from traditional artistic approaches that explore the natural: they have crossed the boundaries between the artificial and the natural, and thus provoke passionate debates about the growing influence of science and technology. This first comprehensive survey presents a well-selected number of significant artworks and with over 280 colour illustrations provides a broad overview of this new and relevant development in art.

E.T. culture

anthropology in outerspaces
Author: Debbora Battaglia
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
ISBN: 9780822336327
Category: Religion
Page: 281
View: 3786

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Cultural readings of alien encounters.

The public life of the fetal sonogram

technology, consumption, and the politics of reproduction
Author: Janelle S. Taylor
Publisher: Rutgers Univ Pr
ISBN: N.A
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 205
View: 5996

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In The Public Life of the Fetal Sonogram, medical anthropologist Janelle S. Taylor analyzes the full sociocultural context of ultrasound technology and imagery. Drawing upon ethnographic research both within and beyond the medical setting, Taylor shows how ultrasound has entered into public consumer culture in the United States. The book documents and critically analyzes societal uses for ultrasound such as nondiagnostic Ã"keepsakeÃ" ultrasound businesses that foster a new consumer market for these blurry, monochromatic images of eagerly awaited babies, and anti-abortion clinics that use ultrasound in an attempt to make women bond with the fetuses they carry, inciting a pro-life state of mind.This book offers much-needed critical awareness of the less easily recognized ways in which ultrasound technology is profoundly social and political in the United States today.

Rewiring the "Nation"

The Place of Technology in American Studies
Author: Carolyn de la Peña,Siva Vaidhyanathan
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
ISBN: 9780801886515
Category: Social Science
Page: 448
View: 6091

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Discussing technologies of transcendence; the cultural work of technological systems; technology and knowledge systems; and technology, mobility, and the body; they consider the place of American technologies in an increasingly globalized, multi-polar, high-tech world and illuminate the relationship between technological positivism and the dynamics

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook


Author: Clifton D. Bryant,Dennis L. Peck
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 9781412916080
Category: Social Science
Page: 1344
View: 1877

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21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook provides a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a single definitive resource. The two volumes of this Reference Handbook focus on the corpus of knowledge garnered in traditional areas of sociological inquiry, as well as document the general orientation of the newer and currently emerging areas of sociological inquiry.

Drugs for Life

How Pharmaceutical Companies Define Our Health
Author: Joseph Dumit
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822348713
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 262
View: 1887

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Joseph Dumit argues that underlying Americans' burgeoning consumption of prescription drugs and the skyrocketing cost of healthcare is a relatively new perception of ourselves as inherently ill and in need of chronic treatment.