Physics


Author: Aristotle,Robin Waterfield,David Bostock
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192835864
Category: Fiction
Page: 301
View: 6512

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For many centuries, Aristotle's Physics was the essential starting point for anyone who wished to study the natural sciences This book begins with an analysis of change, which introduces us to Aristotle's central concepts of matter and form, before moving on to an account of explanation in the sciences and a defence of teleological explanation. Aristotle then turns to detailed, important, and often ingenious discussions of notions such as infinity, place, void, time, and conintuity. He ends with an argument designed to show that the changes we experience in the world demand as their cause a single unchanging cause of all change, namely God. This is the first complete translation of Physics into English since 1930. It presents Aristotle's thought accurately, while at the same time simplifying and expanding the often crabbed and elliptical style of the original, so that it is very much easier to read. A lucid introduction and extensive notes explain the general structureof each section of the book and shed light on particular problems.

Themistius: On Aristotle Physics 5-8


Author: Themistius,
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472501551
Category: Philosophy
Page: 204
View: 3019

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Themistius' treatment of Books 5-8 of Aristotle's Physics shows this commentator's capacity to identify, isolate and discuss the core ideas in Aristotle's account of change, his theory of the continuum, and his doctrine of the unmoved mover. His paraphrase offered his ancient students, as they will now offer his modern readers, an opportunity to encounter central features of Aristotle's physical theory, synthesized and epitomized in a manner that has always marked Aristotelian exegesis but was raised to a new level by the innovative method of paraphrase pioneered by Themistius. Taking selective but telling accounts of the earlier Peripatetic tradition (notably Theophrastus and Alexander of Aphrodisias), this commentator creates a framework that can still be profitably used by Aristotelian scholars today.

Gorgias


Author: Plato
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192836304
Category: Philosophy
Page: 172
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The struggle which Plato has Socrates recommend to his interlocutors in Gorgias - and to his readers - is the struggle to overcome the temptations of worldly success and to concentrate on genuine morality. Ostensibly an enquiry into the value of rhetoric, the dialogue soon becomes an investigation into the value of these two contrasting ways of life. In a series of dazzling and bold arguments, Plato attempts to establish that only morality can bring a person true happiness, and to demolish alternative viewpoints. It is not suprising that Gorgias is one of Plato's most widely read dialogues. Philosophers read it for its coverage of central moral issues; others enjoy its vividness, clarity and occasional bitter humour. This new translation is accompanied by explanatory notes and an informative introduction.

God, Time, and the Incarnation


Author: Richard A. Holland
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1630872407
Category: Philosophy
Page: 206
View: 5853

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The dominant view among Christian theologians and philosophers is that God is timeless--that he exists outside of time in an "atemporal" eternity. In God, Time, and the Incarnation, Richard Holland offers a critical evaluation of this traditional view in light of the most central doctrine of Christianity: the Incarnation of Christ. Holland reviews the history of this controversy, highlighting the various theological problems for which atemporal models have been offered as a solution. He asserts the central importance of the Incarnation for Christian theology and evaluates several atemporal models in light of this doctrine. Finally, he suggests that the traditional atemporal view is not compatible with a robust and orthodox view of the Incarnation. This book rejects the traditional atemporal view of God's relationship to time and argues, based on the Incarnation, that God experiences temporal sequence in his existence.

The Elements of Avicenna's Physics

Greek Sources and Arabic Innovations
Author: Andreas Lammer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110546795
Category: Philosophy
Page: 614
View: 6507

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This study is the first comprehensive analysis of the physical theory of the Islamic philosopher Avicenna (d. 1037). It seeks to understand his contribution against the developments within the preceding Greek and Arabic intellectual milieus, and to appreciate his philosophy as such by emphasising his independence as a critical and systematic thinker. Exploring Avicenna’s method of "teaching and learning," it investigates the implications of his account of the natural body as a three-dimensionally extended composite of matter and form, and examines his views on nature as a principle of motion and his analysis of its relation to soul. Moreover, it demonstrates how Avicenna defends the Aristotelian conception of place against the strident criticism of his predecessors, among other things, by disproving the existence of void and space. Finally, it sheds new light on Avicenna’s account of the essence and the existence of time. For the first time taking into account the entire range of Avicenna’s major writings, this study fills a gap in our understanding both of the history of natural philosophy in general and of the philosophy of Avicenna in particular.

Modernist Physics

Waves, Particles, and Relativities in the Writings of Virginia Woolf and D. H. Lawrence
Author: Rachel Crossland
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192547976
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 224
View: 531

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Modernist Physics takes as its focus the ideas associated with three scientific papers published by Albert Einstein in 1905, considering the dissemination of those ideas both within and beyond the scientific field, and exploring the manifestation of similar ideas in the literary works of Virginia Woolf and D. H. Lawrence. Drawing on Gillian Beer's suggestion that literature and science 'share the moment's discourse', Modernist Physics seeks both to combine and to distinguish between the two standard approaches within the field of literature and science: direct influence and the zeitgeist. The book is divided into three parts, each of which focuses on the ideas associated with one of Einstein's papers. Part I considers Woolf in relation to Einstein's paper on light quanta, arguing that questions of duality and complementarity had a wider cultural significance in the early twentieth century than has yet been acknowledged, and suggesting that Woolf can usefully be considered a complementary, rather than a dualistic, writer. Part II looks at Lawrence's reading of at least one book on relativity in 1921, and his subsequent suggestion in Fantasia of the Unconscious that 'we are in sad need of a theory of human relativity', a theory which is shown to be relevant to Lawrence's writing of relationships both before and after 1921. Part III considers Woolf and Lawrence together alongside late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century discussions of molecular physics and crowd psychology, suggesting that Einstein's work on Brownian motion provides a useful model for thinking about individual literary characters.

Landmarks in Classical Literature


Author: Philip Gaskell
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 227
View: 5567

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Although deconstruction has become a popular catchword, as an intellectual movement it has never entirely caught on within the university. For some in the academy, deconstruction, and Jacques Derrida in particular, are responsible for the demise of accountability in the study of literature. Countering these facile dismissals of Derrida and deconstruction, Herman Rapaport explores the incoherence that has plagued critical theory since the 1960s and the resulting legitimacy crisis in the humanities. Against the backdrop of a rich, informed discussion of Derrida's writings -- and how they have been misconstrued by critics and admirers alike -- The Theory Mess investigates the vicissitudes of Anglo-American criticism over the past thirty years and proposes some possibilities for reform.

Meno and Other Dialogues

Charmides, Laches, Lysis, Meno
Author: Plato,,Robin Waterfield
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199555664
Category: Philosophy
Page: 190
View: 1438

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In these four dialogues Plato considers virtue and its definition. Charmides, Laches, and Lysis investigate the specific virtues of self-control, courage, and friendship; the laterMeno discusses the concept of virtue as a whole, and whether it is something that can be taught.

Selected Speeches


Author: Demosthenes
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191645737
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 480
View: 5395

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'Even if everyone else succumbs to slavery, we must still fight for our freedom.' Admired by many in the ancient world as the greatest of the classic Athenian orators, Demosthenes was intimately involved in the political events of his day. As well as showing a master orator at work, his speeches are a prime source for the history of the period, when Athens was engaged in a doomed struggle against the rising power of Macedon under the brilliant father and son, Philip and Alexander. Demosthenes wrote for the courts, both for political trials in which he was involved and for other cases in which he acted as ghost-writer for plaintiff or defendant, and his lawcourt speeches give an unrivalled glimpse of the daily life of ancient Athens. He also played a central role in education in Greece and Rome from the Hellenistic period onward, and was imitated by the greatest of Roman orators, Cicero. This selection includes the fullest range of Demosthenes' speeches, for trials both public and private and for the assembly, in a single volume.

Ein Universum aus Nichts

... und warum da trotzdem etwas ist
Author: Lawrence M. Krauss
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 3641091144
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 7993

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Eine Reise zu den Ursprüngen unseres Universums Warum gibt es alles und nicht nichts? Worüber sich Philosophen seit Jahrhunderten den Kopf zerbrechen, darauf weiß die Physik Antwort: Nach den neuesten Erkenntnissen kann durchaus alles aus dem Nichts entstanden sein. Und mit Lawrence Krauss ist das gar nicht so schwer zu verstehen. Ironisch, böse und zugleich mit einem Augenzwinkern weiß Krauss selbst die Erkenntnis, dass wir aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nach auch im Nichts verschwinden werden, höchst amüsant zu präsentieren, und schont dabei niemanden: weder Philosophen noch Theologen noch sich selbst. Die Frage nach der Entstehung unseres Universums ist eine der bemerkenswertesten Erkundungsreisen, die die Menschheit je unternommen hat. Einstein, Hubble, Relativitätstheorie, Inflation und Quantenmechanik – kein Bereich der Kosmologie, über den Lawrence Krauss nicht verständlich und vor allem spannend zu erzählen weiß. Dabei fragt er immer auch nach den Quellen unseres Wissens: Wie hat sich unsere Vorstellung vom Ursprung aller Dinge entwickelt? Weshalb wissen wir, was wir heute wissen? Und warum können wir davon ausgehen, dass das auch stimmt? Mit Ein Universum aus Nichts hat er ein Buch geschrieben, das schlau macht – voller Seitenhiebe gegen die theologische Zunft und alle anderen esoterischen Welterklärungen. Ganz ohne Berechnungen.

Antimaterie


Author: Frank Close
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827425317
Category: Science
Page: 228
View: 3864

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Genesis Im Anfang w ar Leere: „Finsternis lag über der Ur ut“. Dann kam es zu einem gewaltigen Energieausbruch: „Es werde Licht. Und es wurde Licht.“ Woher diese Energie kam, weiß ich nicht. Bekannt ist jedoc h, was anschließend geschah: Die Energie kondensierte zu Materie und ihrem geheimn- vollen Spiegelbild – der Antimaterie – in vollkommen gl- chen Mengen. Gewöhnliche Materie ist uns vertraut; aus ihr bestehen Luft und Erde und die Lebewesen. Doch ihr getreues, in allen Erscheinungen identisches Spiegelbild, das erst im Inneren der Atome seine „verkehrte“ Natur offenbart, ist uns mehr als fremd. Es ist die Antimaterie, die Antithese zur Materie. Antimaterie gibt es heute nicht in größeren Mengen, zumindest nicht auf der Erde. Der Grund für ihr V- schwinden gehört zu den unerklärten Geheimnissen des Universums. Wir wissen aber, dass Antimaterie existiert, denn sie konnte in physikalischen Experimenten in win- gen Mengen hergestellt werden. Antimaterie zerstört jede gewöhnliche Materie, mit der sie in Berührung kommt, in einem grellen Blitz. Die seit XII Vorwort Milliarden von Jahren gebündelte Energie der Materie wird in einem solchen Augenblick explosionsartig frei- setzt. Antimaterie könnte die ideale Energiequelle werden, die Technologie des 21. Jahrhunderts. Doch ihre Fähigkeit zur absoluten Zerstörung könnte sie auch zu einer ulti- tiven Massenvernichtungswaffe machen.

Moderne Physik


Author: Paul A. Tipler,Ralph A. Llewellyn
Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
ISBN: 9783486582758
Category: Science
Page: 963
View: 9074

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Endlich liegt die anschauliche und fundierte Einführung zur Modernen Physik von Paul A. Tipler und Ralph A. Llewellyn in der deutschen Übersetzung vor. Eine umfassende Einführung in die Relativitätstheorie, die Quantenmechanik und die statistische Physik wird im ersten Teil des Buches gegeben. Die wichtigsten Arbeitsgebiete der modernen Physik - Festkörperphysik, Kern- und Teilchenphysik sowie die Kosmologie und Astrophysik - werden in der zweiten Hälfte des Buches behandelt. Zu weiteren zahlreichen Spezialgebieten gibt es Ergänzungen im Internet beim Verlag der amerikanischen Originalausgabe, die eine Vertiefung des Stoffes ermöglichen. Mit ca. 700 Übungsaufgaben eignet sich das Buch hervorragend zum Selbststudium sowie zur Begleitung einer entsprechenden Vorlesung. Die Übersetzung des Werkes übernahm Dr. Anna Schleitzer. Die Bearbeitung und Anpassung an Anforderungen deutscher Hochschulen wurde von Prof. Dr. G. Czycholl, Prof. Dr. W. Dreybrodt, Prof. Dr. C. Noack und Prof. Dr. U. Strohbusch durchgeführt. Dieses Team gewährleistet auch für die deutsche Fassung die wissenschaftliche Exaktheit und Stringenz des Originals.

The First Philosophers

The Presocratics and Sophists
Author: Robin Waterfield
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019953909X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 400
View: 3880

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These first philosophers paved the way for the work of Plato and Aristotle - and hence for the whole of Western thought. This is a unique and invaluable collection of the works of the Presocratics and the Sophists. Waterfield brings together the works of these early thinkers with brilliant new translation and exceptional commentary. This is the ideal anthology for the student of this increasingly appreciated field of classical philosophy.

The Art of Rhetoric


Author: Aristotle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019872425X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 288
View: 891

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For all men are persuaded by considerations of where their interest lies... Aristotle's Art of Rhetoric is the earliest systematic treatment of the subject, and it remains among the most incisive works on rhetoric that we possess. In it, we are asked: What is a good speech? What do popular audiences find persuasive? How does one compose a persuasive speech? Aristotle considers these questions in the context of the ancient Greek democratic city-state, in which large audiences of ordinary citizens listened to speeches pro and con before casting the votes that made the laws, decided the policies, and settled the cases in court. Persuasion by means of the spoken word was the vehicle for conducting politics and administering the law. After stating the basic principles of persuasive speech, Aristotle places rhetoric in relation to allied fields such as politics, ethics, psychology, and logic, and he demonstrates how to construct a persuasive case for any kind of plea on any subject of communal concern. Aristotle views persuasion flexibly, examining how speakers should devise arguments, evoke emotions, and demonstrate their own credibility. The treatise provides ample evidence of Aristotle's unique and brilliant manner of thinking, and has had a profound influence on later attempts to understand what makes speech persuasive. The new translation of the text is accompanied by an introduction discussing the political, philosophical, and rhetorical background to Aristotle's treatise, as well as the composition and transmission of the original text and an account of Aristotle's life.

Der Traum


Author: Emile Zola
Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
ISBN: 3849618277
Category:
Page: 289
View: 4678

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Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem elektronischen Lesegerät. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Der 16. Band der Rougon-Macquard-Reihe erzählt die Geschichte der unehelichen Tochter Sidonies, Angelique.

Ice Physics


Author: Peter V. Hobbs
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019958771X
Category: Science
Page: 837
View: 3084

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This classic monograph provided the first comprehensive account of the physics and chemistry of ice, and remains authoritative and relevant today. The book places emphasis on the basic physical properties of ice (electrical, optical, mechanical, and thermal), the modes of nucleation and growth of ice, and the interpretation of these phenomena in terms of molecular structure. The book should serve both as a reference on ice physics for research workers and as aunified survery of the subject for those new to the field.

Molecular Beams


Author: Norman Ramsey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198520214
Category: Science
Page: 466
View: 4665

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This book represents a notable contribution to the literature of atomic and molecular structure. The introductory section of the book gives us a preliminary survey of experimental apparatus and the kinds of quantities that can be measured. Subsequent chapters give accounts of gas kinetics, chemical equilibria and atomic and nuclear magnetic moments.

The Emperor's New Mind

Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics
Author: Roger Penrose
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198784929
Category: Computers
Page: 602
View: 5762

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For many decades, the proponents of `artificial intelligence' have maintained that computers will soon be able to do everything that a human can do. In his bestselling work of popular science, Sir Roger Penrose takes us on a fascinating tour through the basic principles of physics, cosmology, mathematics, and philosophy to show that human thinking can never be emulated by a machine. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

Discourses, Fragments, Handbook


Author: Epictetus
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191641979
Category: Fiction
Page: 416
View: 8425

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'About things that are within our power and those that are not.' Epictetus's Discourses have been the most widely read and influential of all writings of Stoic philosophy, from antiquity onwards. They set out the core ethical principles of Stoicism in a form designed to help people put them into practice and to use them as a basis for leading a good human life. Epictetus was a teacher, and a freed slave, whose discourses have a vivid informality, animated by anecdotes and dialogue. Forceful, direct, and challenging, their central message is that the basis of happiness is up to us, and that we all have the capacity, through sustained reflection and hard work, of achieving this goal. They still speak eloquently to modern readers seeking meaning in their own lives. This is the only complete modern translation of the Discourses, together with the Handbook or manual of key themes, and surviving fragments. Robin Hard's accurate and accessible translation is accompanied by Christopher Gill's full introduction and comprehensive notes. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.