Physics


Author: Aristotle,Robin Waterfield,David Bostock
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192835864
Category: Fiction
Page: 301
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For many centuries, Aristotle's Physics was the essential starting point for anyone who wished to study the natural sciences This book begins with an analysis of change, which introduces us to Aristotle's central concepts of matter and form, before moving on to an account of explanation in the sciences and a defence of teleological explanation. Aristotle then turns to detailed, important, and often ingenious discussions of notions such as infinity, place, void, time, and conintuity. He ends with an argument designed to show that the changes we experience in the world demand as their cause a single unchanging cause of all change, namely God. This is the first complete translation of Physics into English since 1930. It presents Aristotle's thought accurately, while at the same time simplifying and expanding the often crabbed and elliptical style of the original, so that it is very much easier to read. A lucid introduction and extensive notes explain the general structureof each section of the book and shed light on particular problems.

Ice Physics


Author: Peter V. Hobbs
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019958771X
Category: Science
Page: 837
View: 6795

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This classic monograph provided the first comprehensive account of the physics and chemistry of ice, and remains authoritative and relevant today. The book places emphasis on the basic physical properties of ice (electrical, optical, mechanical, and thermal), the modes of nucleation and growth of ice, and the interpretation of these phenomena in terms of molecular structure. The book should serve both as a reference on ice physics for research workers and as aunified survery of the subject for those new to the field.

The Problems of Physics


Author: Anthony J. Leggett
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199211241
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 3454

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Is the universe infinite, or does it have an edge beyond which there is, quite literally, nothing? Do we live in the only possible universe? Why does it have one time and three space dimensions - or does it? What is it made of? What does it mean when we hear that a new particle has been discovered? Will quantum mechanics eventually break down and give way to a totally new description of the world, one whose features we cannot even begin to imagine? This book aims to give the non-specialist reader a general overview of what physicists think they do and do not know in some representative frontier areas of contemporary physics. After sketching out the historical background, A. J. Leggett goes on to discuss the current situation and some of the open problems of cosmology, high-energy physics, and condensed-matter physics. Unlike most other accounts, this book focuses not so much on recent achievements as on the fundamental problems at the heart of the subject, and emphasizes the provisional nature of our present understanding of things.

Meno and Other Dialogues

Charmides, Laches, Lysis, Meno
Author: Plato
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191604577
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 5966

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Meno Charmides Laches Lysis 'Do please try to tell us what courage is...' In these four dialogues Plato considers virtue and its definition. Charmides, Laches, and Lysis investigate the specific virtues of self-control, courage, and friendship; the later Meno discusses the concept of virtue as a whole, and whether it is something that can be taught. In the conversations between Socrates and his interlocutors, moral concepts are debated and shown to be more complex than at first appears, until all the participants in the conversations are reduced to bafflement. The artistry as well as the philosophy of these dialogues has always been widely admired. The introduction to this edition explains the course of the four dialogues and examines the importance of Socrates' questions and arguments, and the notes cover major and minor points in more detail. This is an essential volume for understanding the brilliance of the first Western philosopher. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

The Physics of Clouds


Author: B.J. Mason
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019958804X
Category: Science
Page: 688
View: 3779

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Cloud physics is concerned with the processes responsible for the formation of clouds and the release of precipitation. This classic book gives a comprehensive account of research on the microphysical processes of nucleation, condensation, droplet growth, initiation and growth of snow crystals, and the mechanisms of precipitation release.

The Simple Physics of Energy Use


Author: Peter Rez
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192523244
Category: Science
Page: 232
View: 6799

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As a society we use energy for climate control and lighting in buildings, moving people and goods form one place to another and making things. Our standard of living depends on transforming energy locked up in fossil fuels, atomic nuclei or provided free of charge by the sun and wind into a form that we can use. This book uses simple classical physics (mechanics, thermodynamics and electromagnetism) to quantitatively review sources of energy and how we use them. It addresses key questions such as: Can renewables such as solar and wind take over from fossil fuels? How much will their use reduce CO2 emissions? To see what is important, numbers are used to estimate how big or small things are, but the maths is kept at the level of simple algebra and trigonometry. The aim is to give an overview of the big picture, to only worry about what really makes a difference. There's also growing concern that CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels will change climate irreversibly in harmful ways.

Aristotle's Physics

A Collection of Essays
Author: Lindsay Judson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198236026
Category: Philosophy
Page: 286
View: 7687

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Aristotle's Physics is a work of extraordinary intellectual power which has had a profound influence on scientists and philosophers throughout the ages, and on the development of physics itself. This collection of major, previously unpublished, essays by leading Aristotelian scholars examines a wide range of major issues in the Physics and other related works. They offer fresh approaches to Aristotle's work and important new interpretations of his thought.

A Dictionary of Physics


Author: John Daintith
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199560011
Category: Science
Page: 616
View: 9263

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This is the most popular dictionary of physics available. It contains over 3,800 entries covering all commonly encountered physics terms and concepts, as well as terms from the related fields of astronomy, astrophysics, and physical chemistry. With 200 new entries and expanded coverage in areas including applied physics, statistical distributions, polymers, and nanoscience, A Dictionary of Physics is more comprehensive than ever before. The dictionary is generously illustrated with over 120 diagrams, graphs, and tables and it also contains biographies of important scientists. Feature entries provide in-depth analysis of key topics such as crystal defects, magnetic resonance imaging, and the solar system. Three feature entries on low-temperature physics, nanophysics, and quantum entanglement are brand new to this edition. Also new to this edition are entry-level web links and a web linked appendix. These recommended web links are accessible and kept up to date via the Dictionary of Physics companion web page and provide useful and relevant extra information. Appendices include SI units, the solar system, and the electromagnetic spectrum, plus a list of Nobel Prize winners and a chronology of key dates in physics. This fully revised and updated A-Z is an ideal introduction to the subject for anyone with an interest in physics, and it remains an indispensable reference work for students of physics and physics-related subjects (either at school or at university),and professionals.

Daisy Miller and Other Stories


Author: Henry James
Publisher: Wordsworth Editions
ISBN: 9781853262135
Category: Fiction
Page: 146
View: 4798

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Daisy Miller is one of Henry James's most attractive heroines: she represents youth and frivolity. As a tourist in Italy, her American freedom and freshness of spirit come up against the corruption and hypocrisy of European manners. From its first publication, readers on both sides of the Atlantic have quarrelled about her, defending or attacking the liberties that Daisy takes and the conventions that she ignores. All three tales in this collection, Daisy Miller, An International Episode and Lady Barbarina, express James's most notable subject, 'the international theme', the encounters, romantic and cultural, between Americans and Europeans. His heroes and heroines approach each other on unfamiliar ground with new freedoms, yet find themselves unexpectedly hampered by old constraints. In An International Episode, an English lord visiting Newport, Rhode Island, falls in love with an American girl, but their relationship becomes more complicated when she travels to London. In the light-hearted comedy Lady Barbarina, a rich young American seeks an English aristocratic bride. The unusual outcomes of these three tales pose a number of social questions about marriage and the traditional roles of men and women. Is an international marriage symbolic of the highest cultural fusion of values or is it an old style raid and capture? Is marriage to remain the feminine destination?

The Physics of Quantum Mechanics


Author: James Binney,David Skinner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199688575
Category: Science
Page: 392
View: 7267

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"First published by Cappella Archive in 2008."

Aristotle's Physics

A Critical Guide
Author: Mariska Leunissen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316395316
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 4793

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Aristotle's study of the natural world plays a tremendously important part in his philosophical thought. He was very interested in the phenomena of motion, causation, place and time, and teleology, and his theoretical materials in this area are collected in his Physics, a treatise of eight books which has been very influential on later thinkers. This volume of new essays provides cutting-edge research on Aristotle's Physics, taking into account recent changes in the field of Aristotle in terms of its understanding of key concepts and preferred methodology. The contributions reassess the key concepts of the treatise (including nature, chance, teleology, art, and motion), reconstruct Aristotle's methods for the study of nature, and determine the boundaries of his natural philosophy. Due to the foundational nature of Aristotle's Physics itself, the volume will be a must-read for all scholars working on Aristotle.

Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Frank Close
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191516856
Category: Science
Page: 160
View: 2567

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In this compelling introduction to the fundamental particles that make up the universe, Frank Close takes us on a journey into the atom to examine known particles such as quarks, electrons, and the ghostly neutrino. Along the way he provides fascinating insights into how discoveries in particle physics have actually been made, and discusses how our picture of the world has been radically revised in the light of these developments. He concludes by looking ahead to new ideas about the mystery of antimatter, the number of dimensions that there might be in the universe, and to what the next 50 years of research might reveal. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Gastrophysics

The New Science of Eating
Author: Charles Spence
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0735223467
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 336
View: 7914

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The answer is gastrophysics, the new area of sensory science pioneered by Oxford professor Charles Spence. Now he's stepping out of his lab to lift the lid on the entire eating experience how the taste, the aroma, and our overall enjoyment of food are influenced by all of our senses, as well as by our mood and expectations.

Physics Avoidance

And Other Essays in Conceptual Strategy
Author: Mark Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198803478
Category: Philosophy
Page: 376
View: 627

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Mark Wilson presents a series of explorations of our strategies for understanding the world. "Physics avoidance" refers to the fact that we frequently cannot reason about nature in the straightforward manner we anticipate, but must seek alternative policies that allow us to address the questions we want answered in a tractable way. Within both science and everyday life, we find ourselves relying upon thought processes that reach useful answers in opaque and roundabout manners. Conceptual innovators are often puzzled by the techniques they develop, when they stumble across reasoning patterns that are easy to implement but difficult to justify. But simple techniques frequently rest upon complex foundations--a young magician learns how to execute a card-guessing trick without understanding how its progressive steps squeeze in on a proper answer. As we collectively improve our inferential skills in this gradually evolving manner, we often wander into unfamiliar explanatory landscapes in which simple words encode physical information in complex and unanticipated ways. Like our juvenile conjurer, we fail to recognize the true strategic rationales underlying our achievements and may turn instead to preposterous rationalizations for our policies. We have learned how to reach better conclusions in a more fruitful way, but we remain baffled by our own successes. At its best, philosophical reflection illuminates the natural developmental processes that generate these confusions and explicates their complexities. But current thinking within philosophy of science and language works to opposite effect by relying upon simplistic conceptions of "cause," "law of nature," "possibility," and "reference" that ignore the strategic complexities in which these concepts become entangled within real life usage. To avoid these distortions, better descriptive tools are required in philosophy. The nine new essays within this volume illustrate this need for finer discriminations through a range of revealing cases, of both historical and contemporary significance.

Atomic Physics


Author: C.J. Foot
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198506953
Category: Science
Page: 331
View: 8736

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This book describes atomic physics and the latest advances in this field at a level suitable for fourth year undergraduates. The numerous examples of the modern applications of atomic physics include Bose-Einstein condensation of atoms, matter-wave interferometry and quantum computing with trapped ions.

The Physical World

An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics
Author: Nicholas Manton,Nicholas Mee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198795939
Category: Science
Page: 608
View: 4508

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"It is over half a century since The Feynman lectures on physics were published. A new authoritative account of fundamental physics covering all branches of the subject is now well overdue. The physical world has been written to satisfy this need."--Back cover.

A Short History of Physics in the American Century


Author: David C. Cassidy
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674062744
Category: Science
Page: 220
View: 9521

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As the twentieth century ended, computers, the Internet, and nanotechnology were central to modern American life. Yet the physical advances underlying these applications are poorly understood and underappreciated by U.S. citizens. In this overview, Cassidy views physics through America’s engagement with the political events of a tumultuous century.