Physics of the Human Body


Author: Irving Herman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540296041
Category: Science
Page: 860
View: 1970

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This book comprehensively addresses the physical and engineering aspects of human physiology by using and building on first-year college physics and mathematics. It is the most comprehensive book on the physics of the human body, and the only book also providing theoretical background. The book is geared to undergraduates interested in physics, medical applications of physics, quantitative physiology, medicine, and biomedical engineering.

Physics of the Human Body


Author: Irving P. Herman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319239325
Category: Science
Page: 953
View: 5387

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This book comprehensively addresses the physics and engineering aspects of human physiology by using and building on first-year college physics and mathematics. Topics include the mechanics of the static body and the body in motion, the mechanical properties of the body, muscles in the body, the energetics of body metabolism, fluid flow in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, the acoustics of sound waves in speaking and hearing, vision and the optics of the eye, the electrical properties of the body, and the basic engineering principles of feedback and control in regulating all aspects of function. The goal of this text is to clearly explain the physics issues concerning the human body, in part by developing and then using simple and subsequently more refined models of the macrophysics of the human body. Many chapters include a brief review of the underlying physics. There are problems at the end of each chapter; solutions to selected problems are also provided. This second edition enhances the treatments of the physics of motion, sports, and diseases and disorders, and integrates discussions of these topics as they appear throughout the book. Also, it briefly addresses physical measurements of and in the body, and offers a broader selection of problems, which, as in the first edition, are geared to a range of student levels. This text is geared to undergraduates interested in physics, medical applications of physics, quantitative physiology, medicine, and biomedical engineering.

Chemie für Ingenieure


Author: Detlev Forst,Maximilian Kolb,Helmut Roßwag
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662006545
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 1136

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Dieses Lehrbuch versucht, allen ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Fachrichtungen gerecht zu werden. Die Themen Werkstoffkunde, Halbleiter, Wasserchemie, Elektrochemie, Umweltschutz und Energie sind u.a. inhaltliche Schwerpunkte. Die wichtigen Industrieprodukte und -bereiche Schwefelsäure, Luftflüssigung, Ethylen und Erdöl, Kalk, Ammoniak, Natronlauge und Chlor sind als Beispiele chemisch-technischer Prozesse mit einbezogen. Übungen mit Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Lehrstoffs.

The Phantoms of Medical and Health Physics

Devices for Research and Development
Author: Larry A. DeWerd,Michael Kissick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461483042
Category: Science
Page: 286
View: 1023

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The purpose and subject of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of all types of phantoms used in medical imaging, therapy, nuclear medicine and health physics. For ionizing radiation, dosimetry with respect to issues of material composition, shape, and motion/position effects are all highlighted. For medical imaging, each type of technology will need specific materials and designs, and the physics and indications will be explored for each type. Health physics phantoms are concerned with some of the same issues such as material heterogeneity, but also unique issues such as organ-specific radiation dose from sources distributed in other organs. Readers will be able to use this book to select the appropriate phantom from a vendor at a clinic, to learn from as a student, to choose materials for custom phantom design, to design dynamic features, and as a reference for a variety of applications. Some of the information enclosed is found in other sources, divided especially along the three categories of imaging, therapy, and health physics. To our knowledge, even though professionally, many medical physicists need to bridge the three catagories described above.

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering September 7 - 12, 2009 Munich, Germany

Vol. 25/XII General Subjects
Author: Olaf Dössel,Wolfgang C. Schlegel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642038938
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 450
View: 9846

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Present Your Research to the World! The World Congress 2009 on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering – the triennial scientific meeting of the IUPESM - is the world’s leading forum for presenting the results of current scientific work in health-related physics and technologies to an international audience. With more than 2,800 presentations it will be the biggest conference in the fields of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in 2009! Medical physics, biomedical engineering and bioengineering have been driving forces of innovation and progress in medicine and healthcare over the past two decades. As new key technologies arise with significant potential to open new options in diagnostics and therapeutics, it is a multidisciplinary task to evaluate their benefit for medicine and healthcare with respect to the quality of performance and therapeutic output. Covering key aspects such as information and communication technologies, micro- and nanosystems, optics and biotechnology, the congress will serve as an inter- and multidisciplinary platform that brings together people from basic research, R&D, industry and medical application to discuss these issues. As a major event for science, medicine and technology the congress provides a comprehensive overview and in–depth, first-hand information on new developments, advanced technologies and current and future applications. With this Final Program we would like to give you an overview of the dimension of the congress and invite you to join us in Munich! Olaf Dössel Congress President Wolfgang C.

World Congress of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2006

August 27 - Septmber 1, 20006 COEX Seoul, Korea
Author: Sun I. Kim,Tae S. Suh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540368418
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 586
View: 7330

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These proceedings of the World Congress 2006, the fourteenth conference in this series, offer a strong scientific program covering a wide range of issues and challenges which are currently present in Medical physics and Biomedical Engineering. About 2,500 peer reviewed contributions are presented in a six volume book, comprising 25 tracks, joint conferences and symposia, and including invited contributions from well known researchers in this field.

Medizinphysik in Übungen und Beispielen


Author: Wieland Alexander Worthoff,Hans Georg Krojanski,Dieter Suter
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110266199
Category: Science
Page: 233
View: 705

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A comprehensive collection of exercises in medical physics with numerous illustrations– ideally suited for teaching and learning. Introductory sections summarize contents and learning targets of each chapter.

Physiology, Biophysics, and Biomedical Engineering


Author: Andrew W Wood
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1466552794
Category: Science
Page: 782
View: 6678

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Physiology, Biophysics and Biomedical Engineering provides a multidisciplinary understanding of biological phenomena and the instrumentation for monitoring these phenomena. It covers the physical phenomena of electricity, pressure, and flow along with the adaptation of the physics of the phenomena to the special conditions and constraints of biological systems. While the text focuses on human biological systems, some of the principles also apply to plants, bacteria, and other animals. The first section of the book presents a general introduction to physiological systems and describes specialized methods used to record electrical events from biological tissue. The next part examines molecules involved in cell transport and signaling as well as the proteins relevant in cells’ ability to contract and generate tension. The text goes on to cover the properties of the heart, blood, and circulation and the monitoring of cardiac and circulatory function. It then discusses the importance of the interrelationship of pressures and flows in organ systems, such as the lungs and kidneys, and details the organization and function of the nervous system. After focusing on the systems used to monitor signals, the book explores modeling, biomechanics, and emerging technologies, including the progressive miniaturization of sensors and actuators in biomedical engineering. Developed from the authors’ courses in medical biophysics and biomedical instrumentation, this book shows how biophysics and biomedical engineering have advanced modern medicine. It brings together the physical principles underlying human physiological processes and the physical methods used to monitor these processes. Requiring only basic mathematical knowledge, the text supplements mathematical formulae with qualitative explanations and illustrations to encourage an intuitive grasp on the processes discussed.

Thin Films and Coatings in Biology


Author: Soroush Nazarpour
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400725922
Category: Science
Page: 365
View: 6308

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The surface of materials is routinely exposed to various environmental influences. Surface modification presents a technological challenge for material scientists, physicists, and engineers, particularly when those surfaces are subjected to function within human body environment. This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major issues and topics dealing with interaction of soft living matter with the surface of implants. Fundamental scientific concepts are embedded through experimental data and a broad range of case studies. First chapters cover the basics on biocompatibility of many different thin films of metals, alloys, ceramics, hydrogels, and polymers, following with case studies dealing with orthopedic and dental coatings. Next, a novel and low-cost coating deposition technique capable of production of several types of nanostructures is introduced through simple calculations and several illustrations. Moreover, chapter 6 and 7 present important topics on surface treatment of polymers, which is a subject that has seen many developments over the past decade. The last chapters target mainly the applications of coatings in biology such as in bio-sensing, neuroscience, and cancer detection. With several illustrations, micrographs, and case studies along with suitable references in each chapter, this book will be essential for graduate students and researchers in the multidisciplinary field of bio-coatings.

Computational Hemodynamics – Theory, Modelling and Applications


Author: Jiyuan Tu,Kiao Inthavong,Kelvin Kian Loong Wong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401795940
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 351
View: 946

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This book discusses geometric and mathematical models that can be used to study fluid and structural mechanics in the cardiovascular system. Where traditional research methodologies in the human cardiovascular system are challenging due to its invasive nature, several recent advances in medical imaging and computational fluid and solid mechanics modelling now provide new and exciting research opportunities. This emerging field of study is multi-disciplinary, involving numerical methods, computational science, fluid and structural mechanics, and biomedical engineering. Certainly any new student or researcher in this field may feel overwhelmed by the wide range of disciplines that need to be understood. This unique book is one of the first to bring together knowledge from multiple disciplines, providing a starting point to each of the individual disciplines involved, attempting to ease the steep learning curve. This book presents elementary knowledge on the physiology of the cardiovascular system; basic knowledge and techniques on reconstructing geometric models from medical imaging; mathematics that describe fluid and structural mechanics, and corresponding numerical/computational methods to solve its equations and problems. Many practical examples and case studies are presented to reinforce best practice guidelines for setting high quality computational models and simulations. These examples contain a large number of images for visualization, to explain cardiovascular physiological functions and disease. The reader is then exposed to some of the latest research activities through a summary of breakthrough research models, findings, and techniques. The book’s approach is aimed at students and researchers entering this field from engineering, applied mathematics, biotechnology or medicine, wishing to engage in this emerging and exciting field of computational hemodynamics modelling.

Computational Fluid and Particle Dynamics in the Human Respiratory System


Author: Jiyuan Tu,Kiao Inthavong,Goodarz Ahmadi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400744870
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 374
View: 1520

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Traditional research methodologies in the human respiratory system have always been challenging due to their invasive nature. Recent advances in medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) have accelerated this research. This book compiles and details recent advances in the modelling of the respiratory system for researchers, engineers, scientists, and health practitioners. It breaks down the complexities of this field and provides both students and scientists with an introduction and starting point to the physiology of the respiratory system, fluid dynamics and advanced CFD modeling tools. In addition to a brief introduction to the physics of the respiratory system and an overview of computational methods, the book contains best-practice guidelines for establishing high-quality computational models and simulations. Inspiration for new simulations can be gained through innovative case studies as well as hands-on practice using pre-made computational code. Last but not least, students and researchers are presented the latest biomedical research activities, and the computational visualizations will enhance their understanding of physiological functions of the respiratory system.

11th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2007

MEDICON 2007, 26-30 June 2007, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Author: Tomaz Jarm,Peter Kramar,Anze Zupanic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540730443
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1156
View: 498

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Biomedical engineering brings together bright minds from diverse disciplines, ranging from engineering, physics, and computer science to biology and medicine. This book contains the proceedings of the 11th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, MEDICON 2007, held in Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 2007. It features relevant, up-to-date research in the area.

Biomechanics of the Brain


Author: Karol Miller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441999973
Category: Science
Page: 228
View: 2102

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Biomechanics of the Brain will present an introduction to brain anatomy for engineers and scientists. Experimental techniques such as brain imaging and brain tissue mechanical property measurement will be discussed, as well as computational methods for neuroimage analysis and modeling of brain deformations due to impacts and neurosurgical interventions. Brain trauma between the different sexes will be analyzed. Applications will include prevention and diagnosis of traumatic injuries, such as shaken baby syndrome, neurosurgical simulation and neurosurgical guidance, as well as brain structural disease modeling for diagnosis and prognosis. This book will be the first book on brain biomechanics. It will provide a comprehensive source of information on this important field for students, researchers, and medical professionals in the fields of computer-aided neurosurgery, head injury, and basic biomechanics.

Applied Biomedical Engineering Mechanics


Author: Dhanjoo Ghista
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420020212
Category: Medical
Page: 552
View: 9492

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Combining topics from numerous applications in biomechanics, Applied Biomedical Engineering Mechanics demonstrates how to analyze physiological processes from an engineering perspective and apply the results to tertiary medical care. The book extends its discussion to the investigation of diagnostic and surgical procedures. It also presents guidelines for prostheses design and explains how to optimize performance in sports games such as soccer, baseball, and gymnastics. Using a problem-based format, the book explains how to: Formulate diagnostic and interventional procedures, based on the analysis of physiological and organ system-based processes How human anatomical structures and physiological processes are designed for optimal functionality Develop orthopedic surgical approaches, using pre-surgical analysis Assess and promote fitness, and analyze sports games to maximize competency The world-class instruction presented within Applied Biomedical Engineering Mechanics clearly demonstrates how to quantify physiological processes in order to formulate solutions to various medical problems.

Biomaterials

A Tantalus Experience
Author: Jozef A. Helsen,Yannis Missirlis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642125324
Category: Science
Page: 340
View: 2683

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Replacement of a failing hip joint or other defective organs in the human body by artificial ‘spare parts’ has significantly improved our quality of life. These spare parts have to meet a wide spectrum of mechanical, chemical and design requirements. In this book, the properties and selection of materials for such `spare parts’ are deduced from case studies at the start of each chapter. Hard tissue replacements (joints, long bones, dental), soft tissue (heart valves) and tissue engineering are included. The chapters also detail the three generic classes of materials: alloys (including shape memory alloys), ceramics & glasses and polymers. Separate chapters are devoted to the toxicity of implants, the metals zirconium(-zirconium oxide), tantalum, niobium and metallic glasses, soluble metals and Rapid Prototyping techniques for the fabrication of custom made prostheses. The book concludes by a chapter on water as water is always ‘there’ and conditions the interaction between body and implant. Water is the very matrix of life on earth. A peculiarity of the book is its ‘perspective view’, meaning that the authors looked behind the present biomaterials’ décor and included historical backgrounds (real and mythological), future developments, and the relation to nature (plants and geology).

Crossing Boundaries

Knowledge, Disciplinarities, and Interdisciplinarities
Author: Julie Thompson Klein
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
ISBN: 9780813916798
Category: Religion
Page: 281
View: 3903

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Boundary work studies examine how boundaries of knowledge are formed, maintained, broken down and reconfigured. This text investigates the claims, activities and institutional structures that define and legitimate interdisciplinary practices.

The Science and Engineering of Cutting

The Mechanics and Processes of Separating, Scratching and Puncturing Biomaterials, Metals and Non-metals
Author: Tony Atkins
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080942452
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 432
View: 8921

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The materials mechanics of the controlled separation of a body into two or more parts – cutting – using a blade or tool or other mechanical implement is a ubiquitous process in most engineering disciplines. This is the only book available devoted to the cutting of materials generally, the mechanics of which (toughness, fracture, deformation, plasticity, tearing, grating, chewing, etc.) have wide ranging implications for engineers, medics, manufacturers, and process engineers, making this text of particular interest to a wide range of engineers and specialists. * The only book to explain and unify the process and techniques of cutting in metals AND non-metals. The emphasis on biomaterials, plastics and non-metals will be of considerable interest to many, while the transfer of knowledge from non-metals fields offers important benefits to metal cutters * Comprehensive, written with this well-known author’s lightness of touch, the book will attract the attention of many readers in this underserved subject * The clarity of the text is further enhanced by detailed examples and case studies, from the grating of cheese on an industrial scale to the design of scalpels

Implantable Neural Prostheses 2

Techniques and Engineering Approaches
Author: David Zhou,Elias Greenbaum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387981209
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 371
View: 9501

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Signi?cant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses for restoration of human functions and improvement of the quality of life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve the design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for arti?cial vision, arti?cial limbs, and brain-machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 2: Techniques and Engineering Approaches, is part two of a two-volume sequence that describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices. The techniques covered include biocompatibility and biostability, hermetic packaging, electrochemical techniques for neural stimulation applications, novel electrode materials and testing, thin-?lm ?exible microelectrode arrays, in situ char- terization of microelectrode arrays, chip-size thin-?lm device encapsulation, microchip-embedded capacitors and microelectronics for recording, stimulation, and wireless telemetry. The design process in the development of medical devices is also discussed. Advances in biomedical engineering, microfabrication technology, and neu- science have led to improved medical-device designs and novel functions. However, many challenges remain. This book focuses on the engineering approaches, R&D advances, and technical challenges of medical implants from an engineering p- spective. We are grateful to leading researchers from academic institutes, national laboratories, as well as design engineers and professionals from the medical device industry who have contributed to the book. Part one of this series covers designs of implantable neural prosthetic devices and their clinical applications.