Physics of the Human Body


Author: Irving P. Herman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319239325
Category: Science
Page: 953
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This book comprehensively addresses the physics and engineering aspects of human physiology by using and building on first-year college physics and mathematics. Topics include the mechanics of the static body and the body in motion, the mechanical properties of the body, muscles in the body, the energetics of body metabolism, fluid flow in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, the acoustics of sound waves in speaking and hearing, vision and the optics of the eye, the electrical properties of the body, and the basic engineering principles of feedback and control in regulating all aspects of function. The goal of this text is to clearly explain the physics issues concerning the human body, in part by developing and then using simple and subsequently more refined models of the macrophysics of the human body. Many chapters include a brief review of the underlying physics. There are problems at the end of each chapter; solutions to selected problems are also provided. This second edition enhances the treatments of the physics of motion, sports, and diseases and disorders, and integrates discussions of these topics as they appear throughout the book. Also, it briefly addresses physical measurements of and in the body, and offers a broader selection of problems, which, as in the first edition, are geared to a range of student levels. This text is geared to undergraduates interested in physics, medical applications of physics, quantitative physiology, medicine, and biomedical engineering.

World Congress of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2006

August 27 - Septmber 1, 20006 COEX Seoul, Korea
Author: Sun I. Kim,Tae S. Suh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540368418
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 586
View: 4308

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These proceedings of the World Congress 2006, the fourteenth conference in this series, offer a strong scientific program covering a wide range of issues and challenges which are currently present in Medical physics and Biomedical Engineering. About 2,500 peer reviewed contributions are presented in a six volume book, comprising 25 tracks, joint conferences and symposia, and including invited contributions from well known researchers in this field.

Physiology, Biophysics, and Biomedical Engineering


Author: Andrew W Wood
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1466552794
Category: Science
Page: 782
View: 4808

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Physiology, Biophysics and Biomedical Engineering provides a multidisciplinary understanding of biological phenomena and the instrumentation for monitoring these phenomena. It covers the physical phenomena of electricity, pressure, and flow along with the adaptation of the physics of the phenomena to the special conditions and constraints of biological systems. While the text focuses on human biological systems, some of the principles also apply to plants, bacteria, and other animals. The first section of the book presents a general introduction to physiological systems and describes specialized methods used to record electrical events from biological tissue. The next part examines molecules involved in cell transport and signaling as well as the proteins relevant in cells’ ability to contract and generate tension. The text goes on to cover the properties of the heart, blood, and circulation and the monitoring of cardiac and circulatory function. It then discusses the importance of the interrelationship of pressures and flows in organ systems, such as the lungs and kidneys, and details the organization and function of the nervous system. After focusing on the systems used to monitor signals, the book explores modeling, biomechanics, and emerging technologies, including the progressive miniaturization of sensors and actuators in biomedical engineering. Developed from the authors’ courses in medical biophysics and biomedical instrumentation, this book shows how biophysics and biomedical engineering have advanced modern medicine. It brings together the physical principles underlying human physiological processes and the physical methods used to monitor these processes. Requiring only basic mathematical knowledge, the text supplements mathematical formulae with qualitative explanations and illustrations to encourage an intuitive grasp on the processes discussed.

Chemie für Ingenieure


Author: Detlev Forst,Maximilian Kolb,Helmut Roßwag
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662006545
Category: Science
Page: N.A
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Dieses Lehrbuch versucht, allen ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Fachrichtungen gerecht zu werden. Die Themen Werkstoffkunde, Halbleiter, Wasserchemie, Elektrochemie, Umweltschutz und Energie sind u.a. inhaltliche Schwerpunkte. Die wichtigen Industrieprodukte und -bereiche Schwefelsäure, Luftflüssigung, Ethylen und Erdöl, Kalk, Ammoniak, Natronlauge und Chlor sind als Beispiele chemisch-technischer Prozesse mit einbezogen. Übungen mit Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Lehrstoffs.

The Phantoms of Medical and Health Physics

Devices for Research and Development
Author: Larry A. DeWerd,Michael Kissick
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461483042
Category: Science
Page: 286
View: 3198

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The purpose and subject of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of all types of phantoms used in medical imaging, therapy, nuclear medicine and health physics. For ionizing radiation, dosimetry with respect to issues of material composition, shape, and motion/position effects are all highlighted. For medical imaging, each type of technology will need specific materials and designs, and the physics and indications will be explored for each type. Health physics phantoms are concerned with some of the same issues such as material heterogeneity, but also unique issues such as organ-specific radiation dose from sources distributed in other organs. Readers will be able to use this book to select the appropriate phantom from a vendor at a clinic, to learn from as a student, to choose materials for custom phantom design, to design dynamic features, and as a reference for a variety of applications. Some of the information enclosed is found in other sources, divided especially along the three categories of imaging, therapy, and health physics. To our knowledge, even though professionally, many medical physicists need to bridge the three catagories described above.

Physics With Illustrative Examples From Medicine and Biology

Mechanics
Author: George B. Benedek,Felix M.H. Villars
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387987699
Category: Science
Page: 549
View: 1503

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A reissue of a classic book, intended for undergraduate courses in biophysics, biological physics, physiology, medical physics, and biomedical engineering. This is an introduction to mechanics, with examples and problems from the medical and biological sciences, covering standard topics of kinematics, dynamics, statics, momentum, and feedback, control and stability but with the emphasis on physical and biological systems. The book can be used as a supplement to standard introductory physics courses, as well as for medical schools, medical physics courses, and biology departments. The three volumes combined present all the major topics in physics. Originally published in 1974 from the authors typescript, this reissue will be edited, corrected, typeset, the art redrawn, and an index added, plus a solutions manual will also be available.

Handbook of Physics in Medicine and Biology


Author: Robert Splinter
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142007525X
Category: Science
Page: 548
View: 2258

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In considering ways that physics has helped advance biology and medicine, what typically comes to mind are the various tools used by researchers and clinicians. We think of the optics put to work in microscopes, endoscopes, and lasers; the advanced diagnostics permitted through magnetic, x-ray, and ultrasound imaging; and even the nanotools, that allow us to tinker with molecules. We build these instruments in accordance with the closest thing to absolute truths we know, the laws of physics, but seldom do we apply those same constants of physics to the study of our own carbon-based beings, such as fluidics applied to the flow of blood, or the laws of motion and energy applied to working muscle. Instead of considering one aspect or the other, Handbook of Physics in Medicine and Biology explores the full gamut of physics’ relationship to biology and medicine in more than 40 chapters, written by experts from the lab to the clinic. The book begins with a basic description of specific biological features and delves into the physics of explicit anatomical structures starting with the cell. Later chapters look at the body's senses, organs, and systems, continuing to explain biological functions in the language of physics. The text then details various analytical modalities such as imaging and diagnostic methods. A final section turns to future perspectives related to tissue engineering, including the biophysics of prostheses and regenerative medicine. The editor’s approach throughout is to address the major healthcare challenges, including tissue engineering and reproductive medicine, as well as development of artificial organs and prosthetic devices. The contents are organized by organ type and biological function, which is given a clear description in terms of electric, mechanical, thermodynamic, and hydrodynamic properties. In addition to the physical descriptions, each chapter discusses principles of related clinical diagnostic methods and technological aspects of therapeutic applications. The final section on regenerative engineering, emphasizes biochemical and physiochemical factors that are important to improving or replacing biological functions. Chapters cover materials used for a broad range of applications associated with the replacement or repair of tissues or entire tissue structures.

Medizinphysik in Übungen und Beispielen


Author: Wieland Alexander Worthoff,Hans Georg Krojanski,Dieter Suter
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110266199
Category: Science
Page: 233
View: 3457

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A comprehensive collection of exercises in medical physics with numerous illustrations– ideally suited for teaching and learning. Introductory sections summarize contents and learning targets of each chapter.

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering September 7 - 12, 2009 Munich, Germany

Vol. 25/III Radiation Protection and Dosimetry, Biological Effects of Radiation
Author: Olaf Dössel,Wolfgang C. Schlegel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642039022
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 694
View: 9572

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Present Your Research to the World! The World Congress 2009 on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering – the triennial scientific meeting of the IUPESM - is the world’s leading forum for presenting the results of current scientific work in health-related physics and technologies to an international audience. With more than 2,800 presentations it will be the biggest conference in the fields of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in 2009! Medical physics, biomedical engineering and bioengineering have been driving forces of innovation and progress in medicine and healthcare over the past two decades. As new key technologies arise with significant potential to open new options in diagnostics and therapeutics, it is a multidisciplinary task to evaluate their benefit for medicine and healthcare with respect to the quality of performance and therapeutic output. Covering key aspects such as information and communication technologies, micro- and nanosystems, optics and biotechnology, the congress will serve as an inter- and multidisciplinary platform that brings together people from basic research, R&D, industry and medical application to discuss these issues. As a major event for science, medicine and technology the congress provides a comprehensive overview and in–depth, first-hand information on new developments, advanced technologies and current and future applications. With this Final Program we would like to give you an overview of the dimension of the congress and invite you to join us in Munich! Olaf Dössel Congress President Wolfgang C.

Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering


Author: B.H Brown,R.H Smallwood,D.C. Barber,P.V Lawford,D.R Hose
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750303682
Category: Medical
Page: 768
View: 4226

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Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering provides broad coverage appropriate for senior undergraduates and graduates in medical physics and biomedical engineering. Divided into two parts, the first part presents the underlying physics, electronics, anatomy, and physiology and the second part addresses practical applications. The structured approach means that later chapters build and broaden the material introduced in the opening chapters; for example, students can read chapters covering the introductory science of an area and then study the practical application of the topic. Coverage includes biomechanics; ionizing and nonionizing radiation and measurements; image formation techniques, processing, and analysis; safety issues; biomedical devices; mathematical and statistical techniques; physiological signals and responses; and respiratory and cardiovascular function and measurement. Where necessary, the authors provide references to the mathematical background and keep detailed derivations to a minimum. They give comprehensive references to junior undergraduate texts in physics, electronics, and life sciences in the bibliographies at the end of each chapter.

Handbook of Optical Sensing of Glucose in Biological Fluids and Tissues


Author: Valery V. Tuchin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584889755
Category: Science
Page: 744
View: 599

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Although noninvasive, continuous monitoring of glucose concentration in blood and tissues is one of the most challenging areas in medicine, a wide range of optical techniques has recently been designed to help develop robust noninvasive methods for glucose sensing. For the first time in book form, the Handbook of Optical Sensing of Glucose in Biological Fluids and Tissues analyzes trends in noninvasive optical glucose sensing and discusses its impact on tissue optical properties. This handbook presents methods that improve the accuracy in glucose prediction based on infrared absorption spectroscopy, recent studies on the influence of acute hyperglycemia on cerebral blood flow, and the correlation between diabetes and the thermo-optical response of human skin. It examines skin glucose monitoring by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR), fluorescence-based glucose biosensors, and a photonic crystal contact lens sensor. The contributors also explore problems of polarimetric glucose sensing in transparent and turbid tissues as well as offer a high-resolution optical technique for noninvasive, continuous, and accurate blood glucose monitoring and glucose diffusion measurement. Written by world-renowned experts in biomedical optics and biophotonics, this book gives a complete, state-of-the-art treatise on the design and applications of noninvasive optical methods and instruments for glucose sensing.

Radiation Oncology: A Physicist's-Eye View


Author: Michael Goitein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387726454
Category: Science
Page: 330
View: 8810

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The papers collected in this hugely useful volume cover the principle physical and biological aspects of radiation therapy and in addition, address practical clinical considerations in the planning and delivering of that therapy. The importance of the assessment of uncertainties is emphasized. Topics include an overview of the physics of the interactions of radiation with matter and the definition of the goals and the design of radiation therapy approaches.

The Physics of Proteins

An Introduction to Biological Physics and Molecular Biophysics
Author: Hans Frauenfelder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441910448
Category: Science
Page: 448
View: 3896

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Provides an introduction to the structure and function of biomolecules --- especially proteins --- and the physical tools used to investigate them The discussion concentrates on physical tools and properties, emphasizing techniques that are contributing to new developments and avoiding those that are already well established and whose results have already been exploited fully New tools appear regularly - synchrotron radiation, proton radiology, holography, optical tweezers, and muon radiography, for example, have all been used to open new areas of understanding

Thin Films and Coatings in Biology


Author: Soroush Nazarpour
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400725922
Category: Science
Page: 365
View: 4325

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The surface of materials is routinely exposed to various environmental influences. Surface modification presents a technological challenge for material scientists, physicists, and engineers, particularly when those surfaces are subjected to function within human body environment. This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major issues and topics dealing with interaction of soft living matter with the surface of implants. Fundamental scientific concepts are embedded through experimental data and a broad range of case studies. First chapters cover the basics on biocompatibility of many different thin films of metals, alloys, ceramics, hydrogels, and polymers, following with case studies dealing with orthopedic and dental coatings. Next, a novel and low-cost coating deposition technique capable of production of several types of nanostructures is introduced through simple calculations and several illustrations. Moreover, chapter 6 and 7 present important topics on surface treatment of polymers, which is a subject that has seen many developments over the past decade. The last chapters target mainly the applications of coatings in biology such as in bio-sensing, neuroscience, and cancer detection. With several illustrations, micrographs, and case studies along with suitable references in each chapter, this book will be essential for graduate students and researchers in the multidisciplinary field of bio-coatings.

14th Nordic-Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics

NBC 2008. 16-20 June 2008. Riga, Latvia
Author: Alexei Katashev,Yuri Dekhtyar,Janis Spigulis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354069367X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 648
View: 2219

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14th Nordic – Baltic Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics – NBC-2008 – brought together scientists not only from the Nordic – Baltic region, but from the entire world. This volume presents the Proceedings of this international conference, jointly organized by the Latvian Medical Engineering and Physics Society, Riga Technical University and University of Latvia in close cooperation with International Federation of Medical and Biological Engineering (IFMBE) The topics covered by the Conference Proceedings include: Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering; Biomechanics, Artificial Organs, Implants and Rehabilitation; Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements, Biosensors and Transducers; Biomedical Optics and Lasers; Healthcare Management, Education and Training; Information Technology to Health; Medical Imaging, Telemedicine and E-Health; Medical Physics; Micro- and Nanoobjects, Nanostructured Systems, Biophysics

11th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2007

MEDICON 2007, 26-30 June 2007, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Author: Tomaz Jarm,Peter Kramar,Anze Zupanic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540730435
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1156
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Biomedical engineering brings together bright minds from diverse disciplines, ranging from engineering, physics, and computer science to biology and medicine. This book contains the proceedings of the 11th Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, MEDICON 2007, held in Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 2007. It features relevant, up-to-date research in the area.

Computational Hemodynamics – Theory, Modelling and Applications


Author: Jiyuan Tu,Kiao Inthavong,Kelvin Kian Loong Wong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401795940
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 351
View: 9917

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This book discusses geometric and mathematical models that can be used to study fluid and structural mechanics in the cardiovascular system. Where traditional research methodologies in the human cardiovascular system are challenging due to its invasive nature, several recent advances in medical imaging and computational fluid and solid mechanics modelling now provide new and exciting research opportunities. This emerging field of study is multi-disciplinary, involving numerical methods, computational science, fluid and structural mechanics, and biomedical engineering. Certainly any new student or researcher in this field may feel overwhelmed by the wide range of disciplines that need to be understood. This unique book is one of the first to bring together knowledge from multiple disciplines, providing a starting point to each of the individual disciplines involved, attempting to ease the steep learning curve. This book presents elementary knowledge on the physiology of the cardiovascular system; basic knowledge and techniques on reconstructing geometric models from medical imaging; mathematics that describe fluid and structural mechanics, and corresponding numerical/computational methods to solve its equations and problems. Many practical examples and case studies are presented to reinforce best practice guidelines for setting high quality computational models and simulations. These examples contain a large number of images for visualization, to explain cardiovascular physiological functions and disease. The reader is then exposed to some of the latest research activities through a summary of breakthrough research models, findings, and techniques. The book’s approach is aimed at students and researchers entering this field from engineering, applied mathematics, biotechnology or medicine, wishing to engage in this emerging and exciting field of computational hemodynamics modelling.

Towards a European Framework for Education and Training in Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering


Author: Zoi Kolitsi
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586031510
Category: Medical
Page: 165
View: 909

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Mutual recognition of professionals is a pre-requisite for the fulfillment of European Union policies concerning the free movement of professionals. The two associated fields of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Medical Physics (MP) are rapidly evolving and diversifying while the accelerated development of medical informatics, telematics and microelectronics have resulted in extended grey areas around the two professions. Competency-based education, training, assessment and accreditation of medical physists and biomedical engineers share not only common principles but also a certain number of common competencies. These issues have been negotiated, in this volume, by transnational professional bodies and also by TEMPERE - a European thematic network of universities under the SOCRATES EU programme - which has contributed a broadly accepted proposal for mutual co-operation and recognition in the two fields.

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2018

June 3-8, 2018, Prague, Czech Republic
Author: Lenka Lhotska,Lucie Sukupova,Igor Lacković,Geoffrey S. Ibbott
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811090238
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 888
View: 5783

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This book (vol. 3) presents the proceedings of the IUPESM World Congress on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, a triennially organized joint meeting of medical physicists, biomedical engineers and adjoining health care professionals. Besides the purely scientific and technological topics, the 2018 Congress will also focus on other aspects of professional involvement in health care, such as education and training, accreditation and certification, health technology assessment and patient safety. The IUPESM meeting is an important forum for medical physicists and biomedical engineers in medicine and healthcare learn and share knowledge, and discuss the latest research outcomes and technological advancements as well as new ideas in both medical physics and biomedical engineering field.