Physical Chemistry,Gilbert W. Castellan, 3rd Edition


Author: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company
Publisher: Bukupedia
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 1038
View: 5155

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On most campuses the course in physical chemistry has a reputation for difficulty. It is not, nor should it be, the easiest course available; but to keep the matter in perspective it must be said that the IQ of a genius is not necessary for understanding the subject. The greatest stumbling block that can be erected in the path of learning physical chemistry is the notion that memorizing equations is a sensible way to proceed. Memory should be reserved for the fundamentals and important definitions. Equations are meant to be understood, not to be memorized. In physics and chemistry an equation is not a jumbled mass of symbols, but is a statement of a relation between physical quantities. As you study keep a pencil and scratch paper handy. Play with the final equation from a derivation. If it expresses pressure as a function of temperature, turn it around and express the temperature as a function of pressure. Sketch the functions so that you can "see" the variation. How does the sketch look if one of the parameters is changed? Read physical meaning into the various terms and the algebraic signs which appear in the equation. If a simplifying assumption has been made in the derivation, go back and see what would happen if that assumption were omitted. Apply the derivation to a different special case. Invent problems of your own involving this equation and solve them. Juggle the equation back and forth until you understand its meaning. In the first parts of the book much space is devoted to the meaning of equations; I hope that I have not been too long-winded about it, but it is important to be able to interpret the mathematical statement in terms of its physical content. By all means try to keep a good grasp on the fundamental principles that are being applied; memorize them and above all understand them. Take the time to understand the methods that are used to attack a problem. In Appendix I there is a brief recapitulation of some of the most important mathematical ideas and methods that are used. If any of these things are unfamiliar to you, take the time to review them in a mathematics text. Once the relations between variables have been established, the algebra and calculus are simply mechanical devices, but they should be respected as precision tools. If problems baffle you, learn the technique of problem solving. The principles contained in G. Polya's book, How to Solve It, have helped many of my students.* It is available as a paperback and is well worth studying. Work as many problems as possible. Numerical answers to all problems can be found in Appendix VII. Make up your own problems as often as possible. Watching your teacher perform will not make you into an actor; problem solving will. To aid in this, get a good "scientific" calculator (the serious student will want a programmable one with continuous memory) and learn how to use it to the limit of its capability. Reading the instructions will save you hundreds of hours! Finally, don't be put off by the reputation for difficulty. Many students have enjoyed learning physical chemistry. * G . Polya, How to Solve It. Anchor Book No. 93. New York: Doubleday & Co . , 1 957.

Physical Chemistry


Author: Robert G. Mortimer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080878591
Category: Science
Page: 1416
View: 1189

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In this third edition, core applications have been added along with more recent developments in the theories of chemical reaction kinetics and molecular quantum mechanics, as well as in the experimental study of extremely rapid chemical reactions. * Fully revised concise edition covering recent developments in the field * Supports student learning with step by step explanation of fundamental principles, an appropriate level of math rigor, and pedagogical tools to aid comprehension * Encourages readers to apply theory in practical situations

Physical Chemistry for the Biosciences


Author: Raymond Chang
Publisher: University Science Books
ISBN: 9781891389337
Category: Science
Page: 677
View: 1893

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Chang's newest text is intended for use in a one-semester introductory course in physical chemistry for students of the biosciences. The author emphasizes the understanding of physical concepts rather than focussing on precise mathematical development or on actual experimental details. Only basic skills of differential and integral calculus are required to understand the equations. The extensive array of end of chapter problems have both physicochemical and biological applications, and a detailed Solutions Manual is available.

Physical Chemistry for the Chemical and Biological Sciences


Author: Raymond Chang
Publisher: University Science Books
ISBN: 9781891389061
Category: Science
Page: 1018
View: 6983

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This book meets the needs of an introductory course on physical chemistry, and is an ideal choice for courses geared toward pre-medical and life sciences students. A wealth of applications to biological problems is included, along with numerous chapter-ending exercises.

Physikalische Chemie


Author: Peter W. Atkins,Julio de Paula,Michael Bär,Anna Schleitzer,Carsten Heinisch
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527315462
Category: Science
Page: 1220
View: 3021

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Mathematics for Physical Chemistry


Author: Robert G. Mortimer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080492889
Category: Science
Page: 416
View: 4128

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Mathematics for Physical Chemistry, Third Edition, is the ideal text for students and physical chemists who want to sharpen their mathematics skills. It can help prepare the reader for an undergraduate course, serve as a supplementary text for use during a course, or serve as a reference for graduate students and practicing chemists. The text concentrates on applications instead of theory, and, although the emphasis is on physical chemistry, it can also be useful in general chemistry courses. The Third Edition includes new exercises in each chapter that provide practice in a technique immediately after discussion or example and encourage self-study. The first ten chapters are constructed around a sequence of mathematical topics, with a gradual progression into more advanced material. The final chapter discusses mathematical topics needed in the analysis of experimental data. * Numerous examples and problems interspersed throughout the presentations * Each extensive chapter contains a preview, objectives, and summary * Includes topics not found in similar books, such as a review of general algebra and an introduction to group theory * Provides chemistry specific instruction without the distraction of abstract concepts or theoretical issues in pure mathematics

Physikalische Chemie


Author: Thomas Engel,Philip J. Reid
Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH
ISBN: 9783827372000
Category: Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
Page: 1233
View: 5539

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Applied Mathematics for Physical Chemistry

Third Edition
Author: James R. Barrante
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 147863300X
Category: Science
Page: 248
View: 2531

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By the time chemistry students are ready to study physical chemistry, they’ve completed mathematics courses through calculus. But a strong background in mathematics doesn’t necessarily equate to knowledge of how to apply that mathematics to solving physicochemical problems. In addition, in-depth understanding of modern concepts in physical chemistry requires knowledge of mathematical concepts and techniques beyond introductory calculus, such as differential equations, Fourier series, and Fourier transforms. This results in many physical chemistry instructors spending valuable lecture time teaching mathematics rather than chemistry. Barrante presents both basic and advanced mathematical techniques in the context of how they apply to physical chemistry. Many problems at the end of each chapter test students’ mathematical knowledge. Designed and priced to accompany traditional core textbooks in physical chemistry, Applied Mathematics for Physical Chemistry provides students with the tools essential for answering questions in thermodynamics, atomic/molecular structure, spectroscopy, and statistical mechanics.

Instrumentelle Analytik

Grundlagen - Geräte - Anwendungen
Author: Douglas A. Skoog,James J. Leary
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366207916X
Category: Science
Page: 900
View: 3891

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Mit der deutschsprachigen Ausgabe des Standard-Lehrbuchs zur Instrumentellen Analytik von Skoog und Leary schließt sich endlich eine Lücke im Buchangebot für fortgeschrittene Studenten der Chemie an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen. Aufgrund des multidisziplinären Eindringens der Analytischen Chemie in andere Bereiche richtet sich das Buch auch an Physiker, Ingenieure und Biochemiker. Das Buch führt aktuell und kompetent in die Grundzüge und Feinheiten der heutigen Instrumentellen Analytischen Chemie ein. Über 530 detailreiche, selbsterklärende Abbildungen, Anhänge zu Statistik und Elektronik, Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen und viele wichtige Originalzitate ergänzen dieses moderne Lehrbuch für Studierende und Praktiker.

Crystal Structures

Lattices and Solids in Stereoview
Author: M Ladd
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782420460
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 7120

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This survey of the important types of inorganic and organic crystal structures treats its subject thoroughly and in sufficient depth for undergraduate modules in chemistry courses. Features of this book are the instructions for 3D stereoviewing which is central to a full appreciation of the presentation. Clear directions for making your own stereo have been provided in the book, which enables readers to examine the plentiful stereo of lattices and crystal structures which are illustrated. The introductory chapter explains point-group and space-group symmetry insofar as required to understand lattices and crystal structures. Crystal structures are sub-divided according to the atomic force mainly responsible for cohesion in the solid state, The descriptions of the structures are gi in crystallographic terms, including data on the space group, molecular symmetry and molecular geometry. Discussions of bonding theory for each sub-division of the structures enhance and strengthen the author’s presentation. The book stems from the author’s successful lecture courses, tested and refined in class teaching. It draws as necessary on equilibrium thermodynamics and other chemical topics, with avoidance of advanced mathematics, A level being the prerequisite. Examines the important types of inorganic and organic crystal structures Includes instructions for making simple stereoviewers and computer programs Draws, as necessary, on equilibrium thermodynamics and other chemical topics, with avoidance of advanced mathematics

Hydrometallurgy

Fundamentals and Applications
Author: Michael L. Free
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118732588
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 444
View: 6415

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As the first book to compile the fundamentals, applications, reference information and analytical tools on the topic, Hydrometallurgy presents a condensed collection of information that can be used to improve the efficiency and effectiveness with which metals are extracted, recovered, manufactured, and utilized in aqueous media in technically viable and reliable, environmentally responsible, and economically feasible ways. Suitable for students and researchers, this college-level overview addresses Fundamentals of Chemical Metallurgy in Aqueous Media, Speciation and Phase Diagrams, Rate Processes in Aqueous Metal Processing, Aqueous Metal Extraction and Leaching, Fundamentals of Metal Concentration Processes and more.

Chemistry and the Environment


Author: Sven E. Harnung,Matthew S. Johnson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107021553
Category: Science
Page: 427
View: 7016

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Textbook on the chemistry of the environment using fundamental physical and chemical principles and modern notation and terminology.

Physical chemistry


Author: Thomas Engel,Philip J. Reid
Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Pub Co
ISBN: 9780805338423
Category: Science
Page: 1061
View: 8148

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"Physical Chemistry" is a groundbreaking new book that explains core topics in depth with a focus on basic principles, applications, and modern research. The authors hone in on key concepts and cover them thoroughly and in detail - as opposed to the general, encyclopedic approach other books take. Excessive math formalism is avoided to keep readers focused on the most important concepts and to provide greater clarity. Applications woven throughout each chapter demonstrate to readers how chemical theories are used to solve real-world chemical problems in biology, environmental science, and material science. Extensive coverage of modern research and new developments in the field get readers excited about this dynamic branch of science. Fundamental Concepts of Thermodynamics, Heat, Work, Internal Energy, Enthalpy, and the First Law of Thermodynamics, The Importance of State Functions: Internal Energy and Enthalpy, Thermochemistry, Entropy and the Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics, Chemical Equilibrium, The Properties of Real Gases, The Relative Stability of Solids, Liquids, and Gases, Ideal and Real Solutions, Electrolyte Solutions, Electrochemical Cells, Batteries, and Fuel Cells, From Classical to Quantum Mechanics, The Schrodinger Equation, The Quantum Mechanical Postulates, Using Quantum Mechanics on Simple Systems, The Particle in the Box and the Real World, Commuting and Noncommuting Operators and the Surprising effects of Entanglement, A Quantum Mechanical Model for the Vibration and Rotation of Molecules, The Vibrational and Rotational Spectroscopy of Diatomic Molecules, The Hydrogen Atom, Multielectron Atoms, Examples of Spectroscopy Involving Atoms, Chemical Bonding in H2+ and H2, Chemical Bonding in Diatomic Molecules, Molecular Shapes and Energy Levels for Polyatomic Molecules, Electronic Spectroscopy, Computational Chemistry, Molecular Symmetry, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Probability, The Boltzmann Distribution, Ensemble and Molecular Partition Functions, Statistical Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Transport Phenomena, Elementary Chemical Kinetics, Complex Reaction Mechanisms. For all readers interested in learning the core topics of physical chemistry.

Physikalische Chemie

Gesamtausgabe
Author: Gordon M. Barrow
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642878480
Category: Science
Page: 941
View: 4601

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Inhalt des Teils III ist die thermodynamische und kinetische Beschreibung chemi scher Reaktionen, sozusagen das eigentliche Ziel der Physikalischen Chemie seit jeher. Die ersten beiden Teile stellen in diesem Sinne die physikalischen Grundlagen zur Behandlung reagierender Materie zur Verfügung; auf sie wird verwiesen, wenn es um molekül- oder systemspezifische Vorstellungen geht. Der Teil III beginnt nach einer Einfiihrung in die Thermochemie mit der Behandlung chemischer und elektrochemischer Reaktionen bzw. Gleichgewichte und geht dann in getrennten Kapiteln auf die Kinetik homogener und heterogener Reaktionen ein. Während die Gleichgewichtsthermodynamik von Reaktionen noch abgeschlossen darstellbar ist - Schwierigkeiten bereiten hier höchstens die verschie den definierten Standard- bzw. Bezugszustände - äußert sich in der Kinetik die große Vielfalt der Chemie an sich: Empirische Erfahrungen gepaart mit scheinbar gegensätzli chen Theorien und Vorstellungen. Dasselbe gilt auch für die Photochemie, die dort be ginnt, wo die Molekülspektroskopie endet. Der heutigen Auffassung folgend, wonach der Ablauf biologischer Reaktionen durch Prinzipien der irreversiblen Thermodynamik ge steuert wird, wurde ein abschließendes Kapitel über lineare und nichtlineare Prozesse neu verfaßt. Für wertvolle Diskussionen während und nach der Durchsicht des Manuskriptes bedanke ich mich bei Herrn Dr. H. Leitner und Frau Dipl.-Ing. I. Hollerer (TU Graz).

Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry


Author: E. Richard Cohen,International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Physical and Biophysical Chemistry Division
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 0854044337
Category: Science
Page: 233
View: 833

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Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry Third Edition The first IUPAC Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units (the "Green Book") of which this is a successor, was published in 1969, with the objective of 'securing clarity and precision, and wider agreement in the use of symbols, by chemists in different countries, among physicists, chemists and engineers, and by editors of scientific journals'. Subsequent revisions have taken account of many developments in the field, culminating in the major extension and revision represented by the 1988 edition under the title Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. This third edition (2007) is a further revision of the material which reflects the experience of the contributors and users with the previous editions. The book has been systematically brought up to date and new sections have been added. It strives to improve the exchange of scientific information between different disciplines in the international pursuit of scientific research. In a rapidly expanding scientific literature where each discipline has a tendency to retreat into its own jargon, this book attempts to provide a compilation of widely used terms and symbols from many sources together with brief understandable definitions and explanations of best practice. Tables of important fundamental constants and conversion factors are included. Precise scientific language encoded by appropriate definitions of quantities, units and symbols is crucial for the international exchange in science and technology, with important consequences for modern industrial economy. This is the definitive guide for scientists, science publishers and organizations working across a multitude of disciplines requiring internationally approved nomenclature in the area of Physical Chemistry.

Introduction to Crystallography


Author: Donald E. Sands
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486136809
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 3231

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Clear, concise explanation of logical development of basic crystallographic concepts. Topics include crystals and lattices, symmetry, x-ray diffraction, and more. Problems, with answers. 114 illustrations. 1969 edition.