Philosophical Mysteries


Author: Stephen David Ross
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780873955249
Category: Philosophy
Page: 151
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"This is my major thesis. Mystery is inherent in both the nature of things and the nature of rationality. I will sustain this thesis by a review of some of the central issues of philosophy to elucidate their mysterious qualities. More important, however, I will develop in detail an explanation of mystery and trace some of its important ramifications." "I will argue that an ordinal metaphysics, with its associated theory of query, provides an account of mystery that no other theory can provide. "While the theory presented here is a theory of philosophical mystery, it has fundamental implications for all branches of knowledge, including the physical and social sciences. "In short, I speak against a simplistic view of the world and of experience based on a simplistic and narrow conception of understanding and rationality. Mystery calls not for veneration and awe, but for a full and complex activity of mind, broaching all established conditions in its pursuit of answers....Reason is fulfilled as completely in mysteries which persevere throughout our efforts to resolve them as in mysteries which are resolved and dissipated, passing into new questions to which we must find new answers, in an unterminating process of rational interrogation." -- From the Preface by Stephen David Ross

Ancient Philosophy, Mystery, and Magic

Empedocles and Pythagorean Tradition
Author: Peter Kingsley
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 422
View: 3922

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Empedocles played a crucial role in the development of western culture; yet little is known or understood about this man, who lived in Sicily in the fifth century BC. That is mainly because his teaching has been reconstructed by modern scholars first and foremost on the basis of Aristotle's hostile reports producing a picture which is disconnected and lacking in depth. Using material never exploited before, this is the first full-scale study of Empedocles to situate his fragmentary writings in their original context of philosophy as a way of life, of mystery religion and magic, and of the struggle to realize one's own divinity. Apart from providing a firm basis for understanding Empedocles' own teaching, the book presents fresh evidence which proves he was not an isolated figure and reveals new links between his work and ancient Pythagoreanism. The process of establishing these links now makes it possible to demonstrate, in detail, the Pythagorean origin of Plato's myths: a point of major importance for our appreciation not just of Plato himself, but also of the subsequent history of Neoplatonism. The second half of the book re-examines problems regarding the connections between ancient magic, science, and religion. More specifically, it traces for the first time a line of transmission from Empedocles and the early Pythagoreans down to southern Egypt, and from there into the world of Islam. This neglected process of transmission is of profound significance for our understanding not only of Presocratic philosophy but also of key themes in Greco-Egyptian magic and alchemy, and of the background to Sufism and medieval mysticism.

The Problems of Philosophy


Author: Bertrand Russell
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048612116X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 128
View: 3941

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Accessible, thought-provoking study by Nobel Prize-winner considers distinction between appearance and reality, existence and nature of matter, idealism, inductive logic, intuitive knowledge, many other stimulating subjects.

Classic Philosophical Questions


Author: James A. Gould,Robert J. Mulvaney
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780130830531
Category: Philosophy
Page: 641
View: 1637

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This book stimulates readers' interest in philosophy with an innovative and appropriate " sides of the argument" presentation, and readings that represent a position on each of the fundamental philosophical questions. Using debate and argument as a vehicle, this reader highlights the fundamentals of philosophy. It also demonstrates that philosophy is a discourse that has spanned centuries while stressing the importance of the philosophical debate. Classic and contemporary readings cover over twenty-five issues and current topics such as free will, abortion, metaphysics, pornography, and ethics. Social, political and religious philosophy are discussed through contributions ranging from the works of Plato, St. Thomas Aquinas, Kierkegaard, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, Tolstoy, and Locke. For anyone ready for the challenge of the basic inquiries that philosophers have pondered for centuries.

The Philosophical Child


Author: Jana Mohr Lone
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442217340
Category: Philosophy
Page: 160
View: 4893

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What does it mean to be good? Why do people die? What is friendship? Children enter the world full of questions and wrestle with deep, thoughtful issues, even if they do not always wonder them aloud. Many parents have the desire to discuss philosophical ideas with their children, but are unsure how to do so. The Philosophical Child offers parents guidance on how to gently approach philosophical questions with children of all ages. Jana Mohr Lone argues that for children to mature emotionally, they must develop their desire and ability to think abstractly about themselves and their experiences. This book suggests easy ways that parents can engage with their children's philosophical questions and help them develop their "philosophical selves."

The Beginning and the End

The Meaning of Life in a Cosmological Perspective
Author: Clement Vidal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319050621
Category: Science
Page: 379
View: 8359

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In this fascinating journey to the edge of science, Vidal takes on big philosophical questions: Does our universe have a beginning and an end or is it cyclic? Are we alone in the universe? What is the role of intelligent life, if any, in cosmic evolution? Grounded in science and committed to philosophical rigor, this book presents an evolutionary worldview where the rise of intelligent life is not an accident, but may well be the key to unlocking the universe's deepest mysteries. Vidal shows how the fine-tuning controversy can be advanced with computer simulations. He also explores whether natural or artificial selection could hold on a cosmic scale. In perhaps his boldest hypothesis, he argues that signs of advanced extraterrestrial civilizations are already present in our astrophysical data. His conclusions invite us to see the meaning of life, evolution and intelligence from a novel cosmological framework that should stir debate for years to come.

Basic Questions of Philosophy

Selected "Problems" of "Logic"
Author: Martin Heidegger
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253004383
Category: Philosophy
Page: 192
View: 9066

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"... well suited to the task of beckoning the novice onto the path of Heidegger's most arduous thought.... a useful introduction to the thought of one of our most original thinkers." -- International Studies in Philosophy "... a helpful elucidation of the truth as [Heidegger] sees it.... This excellent translation will be of great value to students of Heidegger's thought." -- Library Journal In this lecture course presented in 1937-38, Heidegger's task is to reassert the question of the essence of truth, not as a problem of logic, but precisely as the basic question of philosophy. These lectures were given at the time that Heidegger was composing his second magnum opus, Beiträge zur Philosophie, and provide the single best introduction to that complex and crucial text.

The Seven Mysteries of Life

An Exploration in Science & Philosophy
Author: Guy Murchie
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 9780395957912
Category: Science
Page: 690
View: 8998

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Mixing science with philosophy, the author contemplates what he perceives to be the seven mysteries of life, ranging from evolution to divinity

The Sunday Philosophy Club


Author: Alexander McCall Smith
Publisher: Vintage Canada
ISBN: 0307370402
Category: Fiction
Page: 256
View: 9250

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Introducing the new series from the international bestselling author of The No. 1 Ladies’ Detective Agency books — the Sunday Philosophy Club series is set in Edinburgh, Scotland, and stars Isabel Dalhousie, editor of The Review of Applied Ethics and part-time detective. Isabel enjoys wading through the mysteries of life, everything from the morning’s crossword to higher philosophical dilemmas, often with the advice of her ethically upright housekeeper, Grace. In this first novel of the series, Isabel witnesses a young man plunge to his death from the upper balcony of the Edinburgh Concert Hall. When Isabel discovers that the young victim had uncovered illicit activities at the brokerage house where he worked, the hunt for answers, and the killer, is on. This new series is a delightful look at a reasonable and logical woman who keeps getting involved in mysteries despite all reason and logic. From the Hardcover edition.

Sailing - Philosophy For Everyone

Catching the Drift of Why We Sail
Author: Patrick Goold
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118336402
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 3691

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This volume reveals the wisdom we can learn from sailing, a sport that pits human skills against the elements, tests the mettle and is a rich source of valuable lessons in life. Unravels the philosophical mysteries behind one of the oldest organized human activities Features contributions from philosophers and academics as well as from sailors themselves Enriches appreciation of the sport by probing its meaning and value Brings to life the many applications of philosophy to sailing and the profound lessons it can teach us A thought-provoking read for sailors and philosophers alike

Questions of Taste

The Philosophy of Wine
Author: Barry C Smith
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 1908493429
Category: Cooking
Page: 254
View: 1690

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Interest in and consumption of wine have grown exponentially in recent years and there has been a corresponding increase in consumers' knowledge of wine, which in turn has generated discussions about the meaning and value of wine in our lives and how renowned wine critics influence our subjective assessment of quality and shape public tastes. Wine first played a part in Western philosophy at the symposium of the early Greek philosophers where it enlivened and encouraged discussion. During the Enlightenment David Hume recommended drinking wine with friends as a cure for philosophical melancholy, while Immanuel Kant thought wine softened the harsher sides of men's characters and made their company more convivial. In Questions of Taste, the first book in any language on the subject, philosophers such as Roger Scruton and wine professionals like Andrew Jefford, author of the award-winning book The New France, turn their attention to wine as an object of perception, assessment and appreciation. They and their fellow contributors examine the relationship between a wine's qualities and our knowledge of them; the links between the scientifically describable properties of wine and the conscious experience of the wine taster; what we base our judgements of quality on and whether they are subjective or objective; the distinction between the cognitive and sensory aspects of taste; whether wine appreciation is an aesthetic experience; the role language plays in describing and evaluating wines; the significance of their intoxicating effect on us; the meaning and value of drinking wine with others; whether disagreement leads to relativism about judgements of taste; and whether we can really share the pleasures of drinking. Questions of Taste will be of interest to all those fascinated by the production and consumption of wine and how it affects our minds in ways we might not hitherto have suspected.

Surfing with Sartre

An Aquatic Inquiry into a Life of Meaning
Author: Aaron James
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 0385540744
Category: Philosophy
Page: 352
View: 1092

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From the bestselling author of Assholes: A Theory, a book that—in the tradition of Shopclass as Soulcraft, Barbarian Days and Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance—uses the experience and the ethos of surfing to explore key concepts in philosophy. The existentialist philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre once declared "the ideal limit of aquatic sports . . . is waterskiing." The avid surfer and lavishly credentialed academic philosopher Aaron James vigorously disagrees, and in Surfing with Sartre he intends to expound the thinking surfer's view of the matter, in the process elucidating such philosophical categories as freedom, being, phenomenology, morality, epistemology, and even the emerging values of what he terms "leisure capitalism." In developing his unique surfer-philosophical worldview, he draws from his own experience of surfing and from surf culture and lingo, and includes many relevant details from the lives of the philosophers, from Aristotle to Wittgenstein, with whose thought he engages. In the process, he'll speak to readers in search of personal and social meaning in our current anxious moment, by way of doing real, authentic philosophy.

The Big Questions

Tackling the Problems of Philosophy with Ideas from Mathematics, Economics and Physics
Author: Steven E. Landsburg
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1847399290
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 5917

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What's wrong with stealing? What's the best way to blood test a pot-bellied pig? Should we tolerate intolerance? In the wake of his enormously popular books, The Armchair Economistand More Sex is Safer Sex, Steven Landsburg uses concepts from maths, economics and physics to address the big questions in philosophy: Where does knowledge come from? What's the difference between right and wrong? Do our beliefs matter? Is it possible to know everything? Provocative, utterly entertaining and always surprising, The Big Questions challenges readers to re-evaluate their most fundamental beliefs and reveals the relationship between the loftiest philosophical quests and our everyday lives.

The Making of a Confederate

Walter Lenoir's Civil War
Author: William L. Barney
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195314352
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 245
View: 1910

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Despite the advances of the civil rights movement, many white southerners cling to the faded glory of a romanticized Confederate past. In The Making of a Confederate, William L. Barney focuses on the life of one man, Walter Lenoir of North Carolina, to examine the origins of southern white identity alongside its myriad ambiguities and complexities.For Lenoir and many fellow Confederates, the war never really ended. As he tells this compelling story, Barney offers new insights into the ways that (selective) memory informs history; through Lenoir's life, readers learn how individual choices can transform abstract historical processes into concrete actions.

The Whys of a Philosophical Scrivener


Author: Martin Gardner
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0312206828
Category: Philosophy
Page: 496
View: 4965

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A noted author defends his personal attitudes toward the fundamental issues of classical philosophy, discussing the awesome mystery surrounding science and life and explaining why he considers himself a theist

Lost and philosophy

the island has its reasons
Author: Sharon M. Kaye
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781405163156
Category: Philosophy
Page: 277
View: 9306

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Sometimes it feels like you need a Ph.D. to follow the show. But you don't. You just need this book in which twenty-one philosophers explore the deep questions we all face as survivors on this planet: Does "everything happen for a reason"? Is torture ever justified? Who are the Others? How do we know we're not patients in Hurley's psych ward? What if the Dharma Intitiative is experimenting on us? Desmond may not be able to save Charlie, but this book could save you. A provocative study of the hit television show, Lost, currently in its third season and set to reach its climax in 2010 Highlights the sense in which Lost is a genuinely philosophical show Helps fans understand and navigate some of Lost’s deeper meanings Connects episodes and events in the show to core philosophical issues such as truth, identity, and morality Shows that it’s no accident that there are Lost characters names Locke, Rousseau, and Hume

The Solitaire Mystery


Author: Jostein Gaarder
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 1466804556
Category: Fiction
Page: 250
View: 6061

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The story of a boy and his father on a car trip through Europe, searching for the boy's mother, who left many years ago to find herself. Structured as a deck of cards -- each chapter is one card in the deck -- The Solitaire Mystery subtly weaves together fantasy and reality, fairy tales and family history.

The Perennial Philosophy

An Interpretation of the Great Mystics, East and West
Author: Aldous Huxley
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0061893315
Category: Philosophy
Page: 352
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An inspired gathering of religious writings that reveals the "divine reality" common to all faiths, collected by Aldous Huxley "The Perennial Philosophy," Aldous Huxley writes, "may be found among the traditional lore of peoples in every region of the world, and in its fully developed forms it has a place in every one of the higher religions." With great wit and stunning intellect—drawing on a diverse array of faiths, including Zen Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Christian mysticism, and Islam—Huxley examines the spiritual beliefs of various religious traditions and explains how they are united by a common human yearning to experience the divine. The Perennial Philosophy includes selections from Meister Eckhart, Rumi, and Lao Tzu, as well as the Bhagavad Gita, Tibetan Book of the Dead, Diamond Sutra, and Upanishads, among many others.

Philosophical Questions

East and West
Author: Bina Gupta,Jitendranath Mohanty
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 084769285X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 464
View: 5113

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Philosophical Questions: East and West is an anthology of source material for use in comparative courses in philosophy, religion, and the humanities. The readings derived from the great works of the Indian, Chinese, Japanese, Islamic, and Western intellectual traditions are presented as answers to some of the most enduring questions in philosophy. Discussions are arranged under the headings of epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of religion, aesthetics, and the nature of human being. Each section begins with an introductory essay in which the leading questions and their responses from different traditions are presented in overview.Philosophical Questions raises the central questions of comparative philosophy and eloquently argues the need for discarding familiar cliches to make a fresh, unprejudiced study of these traditions."

Veronica Mars and Philosophy

Investigating the Mysteries of Life (Which is a Bitch Until You Die)
Author: George A. Dunn
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111884369X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 1982

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Veronica Mars is a kick-ass private investigator, smart and street-wise. But what can her character tell us about larger life issues, such as knowledge and skepticism, trust and friendship, revenge, race, gender, and feminism? What makes her tick? And why is Logan such a sarcastic bad boy, anyway? Veronica Mars and Philosophy features a thought-provoking collection of essays centered on philosophical issues brought forth in Veronica Mars, the critically acclaimed neo-noir detective series set in the fictional town of Neptune, California. Fans and newcomers alike will gain unique insights into the philosophical make-up of a hit show that tackled both crime and some of the larger mysteries of life. Introduces significant philosophical concepts that arise in the cult TV show, Veronica Mars Tackles topics relevant to contemporary youth culture, including trust and friendship, revenge, knowledge and skepticism, race, class, gender, and feminism Offers insights into darker themes explored in the series, which is noted for the complexity and intricate plotting of its storylines Delves deeply into the psychology of Veronica Mars during her transition from high school to college Written for fans of the television show, philosophy students or readers interested in popular culture Timed for release with the highly anticipated Veronica Mars feature film