Parametric Statistical Change Point Analysis

Author: Jie Chen,Anil Kumar Gupta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475731310
Category: Mathematics
Page: 184
View: 7495

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Recently there has been a keen interest in the statistical analysis of change point detec tion and estimation. Mainly, it is because change point problems can be encountered in many disciplines such as economics, finance, medicine, psychology, geology, litera ture, etc. , and even in our daily lives. From the statistical point of view, a change point is a place or time point such that the observations follow one distribution up to that point and follow another distribution after that point. Multiple change points problem can also be defined similarly. So the change point(s) problem is two fold: one is to de cide if there is any change (often viewed as a hypothesis testing problem), another is to locate the change point when there is a change present (often viewed as an estimation problem). The earliest change point study can be traced back to the 1950s. During the fol lowing period of some forty years, numerous articles have been published in various journals and proceedings. Many of them cover the topic of single change point in the means of a sequence of independently normally distributed random variables. Another popularly covered topic is a change point in regression models such as linear regres sion and autoregression. The methods used are mainly likelihood ratio, nonparametric, and Bayesian. Few authors also considered the change point problem in other model settings such as the gamma and exponential.

Empirical Economic and Financial Research

Theory, Methods and Practice
Author: Jan Beran,Yuanhua Feng,Hartmut Hebbel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319031228
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 503
View: 1909

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The purpose of this book is to establish a connection between the traditional field of empirical economic research and the emerging area of empirical financial research and to build a bridge between theoretical developments in these areas and their application in practice. Accordingly, it covers broad topics in the theory and application of both empirical economic and financial research, including analysis of time series and the business cycle; different forecasting methods; new models for volatility, correlation and of high-frequency financial data and new approaches to panel regression, as well as a number of case studies. Most of the contributions reflect the state-of-art on the respective subject. The book offers a valuable reference work for researchers, university instructors, practitioners, government officials and graduate and post-graduate students, as well as an important resource for advanced seminars in empirical economic and financial research.

Statistical Testing Strategies in the Health Sciences

Author: Albert Vexler,Alan D. Hutson,Xiwei Chen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498730841
Category: Mathematics
Page: 703
View: 9039

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Statistical Testing Strategies in the Health Sciences provides a compendium of statistical approaches for decision making, ranging from graphical methods and classical procedures through computationally intensive bootstrap strategies to advanced empirical likelihood techniques. It bridges the gap between theoretical statistical methods and practical procedures applied to the planning and analysis of health-related experiments. The book is organized primarily based on the type of questions to be answered by inference procedures or according to the general type of mathematical derivation. It establishes the theoretical framework for each method, with a substantial amount of chapter notes included for additional reference. It then focuses on the practical application for each concept, providing real-world examples that can be easily implemented using corresponding statistical software code in R and SAS. The book also explains the basic elements and methods for constructing correct and powerful statistical decision-making processes to be adapted for complex statistical applications. With techniques spanning robust statistical methods to more computationally intensive approaches, this book shows how to apply correct and efficient testing mechanisms to various problems encountered in medical and epidemiological studies, including clinical trials. Theoretical statisticians, medical researchers, and other practitioners in epidemiology and clinical research will appreciate the book’s novel theoretical and applied results. The book is also suitable for graduate students in biostatistics, epidemiology, health-related sciences, and areas pertaining to formal decision-making mechanisms.

Handbook of Neuroimaging Data Analysis

Author: Hernando Ombao,Martin Lindquist,Wesley Thompson,John Aston
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482220989
Category: Mathematics
Page: 662
View: 8928

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This book explores various state-of-the-art aspects behind the statistical analysis of neuroimaging data. It examines the development of novel statistical approaches to model brain data. Designed for researchers in statistics, biostatistics, computer science, cognitive science, computer engineering, biomedical engineering, applied mathematics, physics, and radiology, the book can also be used as a textbook for graduate-level courses in statistics and biostatistics or as a self-study reference for Ph.D. students in statistics, biostatistics, psychology, neuroscience, and computer science.

The Mathematics of the Uncertain

A Tribute to Pedro Gil
Author: Eduardo Gil,Eva Gil,Juan Gil,María Ángeles Gil
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319738488
Category: Computers
Page: 917
View: 7208

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This book is a tribute to Professor Pedro Gil, who created the Department of Statistics, OR and TM at the University of Oviedo, and a former President of the Spanish Society of Statistics and OR (SEIO). In more than eighty original contributions, it illustrates the extent to which Mathematics can help manage uncertainty, a factor that is inherent to real life. Today it goes without saying that, in order to model experiments and systems and to analyze related outcomes and data, it is necessary to consider formal ideas and develop scientific approaches and techniques for dealing with uncertainty. Mathematics is crucial in this endeavor, as this book demonstrates. As Professor Pedro Gil highlighted twenty years ago, there are several well-known mathematical branches for this purpose, including Mathematics of chance (Probability and Statistics), Mathematics of communication (Information Theory), and Mathematics of imprecision (Fuzzy Sets Theory and others). These branches often intertwine, since different sources of uncertainty can coexist, and they are not exhaustive. While most of the papers presented here address the three aforementioned fields, some hail from other Mathematical disciplines such as Operations Research; others, in turn, put the spotlight on real-world studies and applications. The intended audience of this book is mainly statisticians, mathematicians and computer scientists, but practitioners in these areas will certainly also find the book a very interesting read.

Handbook of Statistical Analysis and Data Mining Applications

Author: Robert Nisbet,Gary Miner,Ken Yale
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124166458
Category: Mathematics
Page: 822
View: 3454

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Handbook of Statistical Analysis and Data Mining Applications, Second Edition, is a comprehensive professional reference book that guides business analysts, scientists, engineers and researchers, both academic and industrial, through all stages of data analysis, model building and implementation. The handbook helps users discern technical and business problems, understand the strengths and weaknesses of modern data mining algorithms and employ the right statistical methods for practical application. This book is an ideal reference for users who want to address massive and complex datasets with novel statistical approaches and be able to objectively evaluate analyses and solutions. It has clear, intuitive explanations of the principles and tools for solving problems using modern analytic techniques and discusses their application to real problems in ways accessible and beneficial to practitioners across several areas—from science and engineering, to medicine, academia and commerce. Includes input by practitioners for practitioners Includes tutorials in numerous fields of study that provide step-by-step instruction on how to use supplied tools to build models Contains practical advice from successful real-world implementations Brings together, in a single resource, all the information a beginner needs to understand the tools and issues in data mining to build successful data mining solutions Features clear, intuitive explanations of novel analytical tools and techniques, and their practical applications

Handbook Of Medical Statistics

Author: Fang Ji-qian
Publisher: #N/A
ISBN: 9813148977
Category: Medical
Page: 852
View: 1256

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This unique volume focuses on the "tools" of medical statistics. It contains over 500 concepts or methods, all of which are explained very clearly and in detail. Each chapter focuses on a specific field and its applications. There are about 20 items in each chapter with each item independent of one another and explained within one page (plus references). The structure of the book makes it extremely handy for solving targeted problems in this area. As the goal of the book is to encourage students to learn more combinatorics, every effort has been made to provide them with a not only useful, but also enjoyable and engaging reading. This handbook plays the role of "tutor" or "advisor" for teaching and further learning. It can also be a useful source for "MOOC-style teaching".

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R
Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461471389
Category: Mathematics
Page: 426
View: 5866

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An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448960
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1080
View: 4897

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Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

Statistics with Confidence

Confidence Intervals and Statistical Guidelines
Author: Douglas Altman,David Machin,Trevor Bryant,Martin Gardner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118702506
Category: Medical
Page: 256
View: 6267

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This highly popular introduction to confidence intervals has been thoroughly updated and expanded. It includes methods for using confidence intervals, with illustrative worked examples and extensive guidelines and checklists to help the novice.

Advanced Analysis of Variance

Author: Chihiro Hirotsu
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119303354
Category: Mathematics
Page: 432
View: 1483

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Introducing a revolutionary new model for the statistical analysis of experimental data In this important book, internationally acclaimed statistician, Chihiro Hirotsu, goes beyond classical analysis of variance (ANOVA) model to offer a unified theory and advanced techniques for the statistical analysis of experimental data. Dr. Hirotsu introduces the groundbreaking concept of advanced analysis of variance (AANOVA) and explains how the AANOVA approach exceeds the limitations of ANOVA methods to allow for global reasoning utilizing special methods of simultaneous inference leading to individual conclusions. Focusing on normal, binomial, and categorical data, Dr. Hirotsu explores ANOVA theory and practice and reviews current developments in the field. He then introduces three new advanced approaches, namely: testing for equivalence and non-inferiority; simultaneous testing for directional (monotonic or restricted) alternatives and change-point hypotheses; and analyses emerging from categorical data. Using real-world examples, he shows how these three recognizable families of problems have important applications in most practical activities involving experimental data in an array of research areas, including bioequivalence, clinical trials, industrial experiments, pharmaco-statistics, and quality control, to name just a few. • Written in an expository style which will encourage readers to explore applications for AANOVA techniques in their own research • Focuses on dealing with real data, providing real-world examples drawn from the fields of statistical quality control, clinical trials, and drug testing • Describes advanced methods developed and refined by the author over the course of his long career as research engineer and statistician • Introduces advanced technologies for AANOVA data analysis that build upon the basic ANOVA principles and practices Introducing a breakthrough approach to statistical analysis which overcomes the limitations of the ANOVA model, Advanced Analysis of Variance is an indispensable resource for researchers and practitioners working in fields within which the statistical analysis of experimental data is a crucial research component. Chihiro Hirotsu is a Senior Researcher at the Collaborative Research Center, Meisei University, and Professor Emeritus at the University of Tokyo. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association, an elected member of the International Statistical Institute, and he has been awarded the Japan Statistical Society Prize (2005) and the Ouchi Prize (2006). His work has been published in Biometrika, Biometrics, and Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, among other premier research journals.

Statistical Learning with Sparsity

The Lasso and Generalizations
Author: Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani,Martin Wainwright
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498712177
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 367
View: 3535

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Discover New Methods for Dealing with High-Dimensional Data A sparse statistical model has only a small number of nonzero parameters or weights; therefore, it is much easier to estimate and interpret than a dense model. Statistical Learning with Sparsity: The Lasso and Generalizations presents methods that exploit sparsity to help recover the underlying signal in a set of data. Top experts in this rapidly evolving field, the authors describe the lasso for linear regression and a simple coordinate descent algorithm for its computation. They discuss the application of l1 penalties to generalized linear models and support vector machines, cover generalized penalties such as the elastic net and group lasso, and review numerical methods for optimization. They also present statistical inference methods for fitted (lasso) models, including the bootstrap, Bayesian methods, and recently developed approaches. In addition, the book examines matrix decomposition, sparse multivariate analysis, graphical models, and compressed sensing. It concludes with a survey of theoretical results for the lasso. In this age of big data, the number of features measured on a person or object can be large and might be larger than the number of observations. This book shows how the sparsity assumption allows us to tackle these problems and extract useful and reproducible patterns from big datasets. Data analysts, computer scientists, and theorists will appreciate this thorough and up-to-date treatment of sparse statistical modeling.

Multiple Imputation and its Application

Author: James Carpenter,Michael Kenward
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111844261X
Category: Medical
Page: 368
View: 327

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A practical guide to analysing partially observed data. Collecting, analysing and drawing inferences from data is central to research in the medical and social sciences. Unfortunately, it is rarely possible to collect all the intended data. The literature on inference from the resulting incomplete data is now huge, and continues to grow both as methods are developed for large and complex data structures, and as increasing computer power and suitable software enable researchers to apply these methods. This book focuses on a particular statistical method for analysing and drawing inferences from incomplete data, called Multiple Imputation (MI). MI is attractive because it is both practical and widely applicable. The authors aim is to clarify the issues raised by missing data, describing the rationale for MI, the relationship between the various imputation models and associated algorithms and its application to increasingly complex data structures. Multiple Imputation and its Application: Discusses the issues raised by the analysis of partially observed data, and the assumptions on which analyses rest. Presents a practical guide to the issues to consider when analysing incomplete data from both observational studies and randomized trials. Provides a detailed discussion of the practical use of MI with real-world examples drawn from medical and social statistics. Explores handling non-linear relationships and interactions with multiple imputation, survival analysis, multilevel multiple imputation, sensitivity analysis via multiple imputation, using non-response weights with multiple imputation and doubly robust multiple imputation. Multiple Imputation and its Application is aimed at quantitative researchers and students in the medical and social sciences with the aim of clarifying the issues raised by the analysis of incomplete data data, outlining the rationale for MI and describing how to consider and address the issues that arise in its application.

Quantitative Medical Data Analysis Using Mathematical Tools and Statistical Techniques

Author: Don Hong,Yu Shyr
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9789812704610
Category: Computers
Page: 353
View: 7757

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Quantitative biomedical data analysis is a fast-growing interdisciplinary area of applied and computational mathematics, statistics, computer science, and biomedical science, leading to new fields such as bioinformatics, biomathematics, and biostatistics. In addition to traditional statistical techniques and mathematical models using differential equations, new developments with a very broad spectrum of applications, such as wavelets, spline functions, curve and surface subdivisions, sampling, and learning theory, have found their mathematical home in biomedical data analysis.This book gives a new and integrated introduction to quantitative medical data analysis from the viewpoint of biomathematicians, biostatisticians, and bioinformaticians. It offers a definitive resource to bridge the disciplines of mathematics, statistics, and biomedical sciences. Topics include mathematical models for cancer invasion and clinical sciences, data mining techniques and subset selection in data analysis, survival data analysis and survival models for cancer patients, statistical analysis and neural network techniques for genomic and proteomic data analysis, wavelet and spline applications for mass spectrometry data preprocessing and statistical computing.

Stochastic Models, Statistics and Their Applications

Wrocław, Poland, February 2015
Author: Ansgar Steland,Ewaryst Rafajłowicz,Krzysztof Szajowski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319138812
Category: Mathematics
Page: 492
View: 7588

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This volume presents the latest advances and trends in stochastic models and related statistical procedures. Selected peer-reviewed contributions focus on statistical inference, quality control, change-point analysis and detection, empirical processes, time series analysis, survival analysis and reliability, statistics for stochastic processes, big data in technology and the sciences, statistical genetics, experiment design, and stochastic models in engineering. Stochastic models and related statistical procedures play an important part in furthering our understanding of the challenging problems currently arising in areas of application such as the natural sciences, information technology, engineering, image analysis, genetics, energy and finance, to name but a few. This collection arises from the 12th Workshop on Stochastic Models, Statistics and Their Applications, Wroclaw, Poland.

Weak Dependence: With Examples and Applications

Author: Jérome Dedecker,Paul Doukhan,Gabriel Lang,José Rafael Leon,Sana Louhichi,Clémentine Prieur
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038769952X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 322
View: 4190

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This book develops Doukhan/Louhichi's 1999 idea to measure asymptotic independence of a random process. The authors, who helped develop this theory, propose examples of models fitting such conditions: stable Markov chains, dynamical systems or more complicated models, nonlinear, non-Markovian, and heteroskedastic models with infinite memory. Applications are still needed to develop a method of analysis for nonlinear times series, and this book provides a strong basis for additional studies.

Weibull Models

Author: D. N. Prabhakar Murthy,Min Xie,Renyan Jiang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471473275
Category: Mathematics
Page: 408
View: 1191

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A comprehensive perspective on Weibull models The literature on Weibull models is vast, disjointed, and scattered across many different journals. Weibull Models is a comprehensive guide that integrates all the different facets of Weibull models in a single volume. This book will be of great help to practitioners in reliability and other disciplines in the context of modeling data sets using Weibull models. For researchers interested in these modeling techniques, exercises at the end of each chapter define potential topics for future research. Organized into seven distinct parts, Weibull Models: Covers model analysis, parameter estimation, model validation, and application Serves as both a handbook and a research monograph. As a handbook, it classifies the different models and presents their properties. As a research monograph, it unifies the literature and presents the results in an integrated manner Intertwines theory and application Focuses on model identification prior to model parameter estimation Discusses the usefulness of the Weibull Probability plot (WPP) in the model selection to model a given data set Highlights the use of Weibull models in reliability theory Filled with in-depth analysis, Weibull Models pulls together the most relevant information on this topic to give everyone from reliability engineers to applied statisticians involved with reliability and survival analysis a clear look at what Weibull models can offer.

Analysis and Modeling of Complex Data in Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Donatella Vicari,Akinori Okada,Giancarlo Ragozini,Claus Weihs
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319066927
Category: Mathematics
Page: 301
View: 2502

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This volume presents theoretical developments, applications and computational methods for the analysis and modeling in behavioral and social sciences where data are usually complex to explore and investigate. The challenging proposals provide a connection between statistical methodology and the social domain with particular attention to computational issues in order to effectively address complicated data analysis problems. The papers in this volume stem from contributions initially presented at the joint international meeting JCS-CLADAG held in Anacapri (Italy) where the Japanese Classification Society and the Classification and Data Analysis Group of the Italian Statistical Society had a stimulating scientific discussion and exchange.

Yeast Genetics

Methods and Protocols
Author: Jeffrey S. Smith,Daniel J. Burke
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781493913626
Category: Science
Page: 378
View: 3992

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Yeast Genetics: Methods and Protocols is a collection of methods to best study and manipulate Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a truly genetic powerhouse. The simple nature of a single cell eukaryotic organism, the relative ease of manipulating its genome and the ability to interchangeably exist in both haploid and diploid states have always made it an attractive model organism. Genes can be deleted, mutated, engineered and tagged at will. Saccharomyces cerevisiae has played a major role in the elucidation of multiple conserved cellular processes including MAP kinase signaling, splicing, transcription and many others. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easily accessible, Yeast Genetics: Methods and Protocols will provide a balanced blend of classic and more modern genetic methods relevant to a wide range of research areas and should be widely used as a reference in yeast labs.

Econometrics for Financial Applications

Author: Ly H. Anh,Le Si Dong,Vladik Kreinovich,Nguyen Ngoc Thach
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319731505
Category: Computers
Page: 1081
View: 2707

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This book addresses both theoretical developments in and practical applications of econometric techniques to finance-related problems. It includes selected edited outcomes of the International Econometric Conference of Vietnam (ECONVN2018), held at Banking University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam on January 15-16, 2018. Econometrics is a branch of economics that uses mathematical (especially statistical) methods to analyze economic systems, to forecast economic and financial dynamics, and to develop strategies for achieving desirable economic performance. An extremely important part of economics is finances: a financial crisis can bring the whole economy to a standstill and, vice versa, a smart financial policy can dramatically boost economic development. It is therefore crucial to be able to apply mathematical techniques of econometrics to financial problems. Such applications are a growing field, with many interesting results – and an even larger number of challenges and open problems.