Our Knowledge of the Growth of Knowledge (Routledge Revivals)

Popper or Wittgenstein?
Author: Peter Munz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131767622X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 354
View: 9941

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Peter Munz, a former student of both Popper and Wittgenstein, begins his comparison of the two great twentieth-century philosophers, by explaining that since the demise of positivism there have emerged, broadly speaking, two philosophical options: Wittgenstein, with the absolute relativism of his theory that meaning is a function of language games and that social configurations are determinants of knowledge; and Popper’s evolutionary epistemology – conscious knowledge is a special case of the relationship which exists between all living beings and their environments. Professor Munz examines and rejects the Wittgensteinian position. Instead, Our Knowledge of the Growth of Knowledge, first published in 1985, elaborates the potentially fruitful link between Popper’s critical rationalism and Neo-Darwinism. Read in the light of the latter, Popper’s philosophy leads to the transformation of Kant’s Transcendental Idealism into ‘Hypothetical Realism’, whilst the emphasis on the biological orientation of Popper’s thought helps to illumine some difficulties in Popper’s ‘falsificationism’.

The Theory of Knowledge (Routledge Revivals)

A Contribution to Some Problems of Logic and Metaphysics
Author: L. T. Hobhouse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135069174
Category: Social Science
Page: 652
View: 1998

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L. T. Hobhouse (1864-1929) was fundamental to the New Liberal movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. He authored many important works in the fields of philosophy, economics and social liberalism. First published in 1896, The Theory of Knowledge considers the content and validity of knowledge, and the conditions on which our understanding of knowledge is based. It is a rich and important classic, which remains of value to students and academics with an interest in sociology, anthropology and the philosophy of logic.

Problems of a Sociology of Knowledge (Routledge Revivals)


Author: Max Scheler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136233008
Category: Social Science
Page: 251
View: 7871

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First Published in 1980, Manfred S. Frings’ translation of Problems of a Sociology of Knowledge makes available Max Scheler’s important work in sociological theory to the English-speaking world. The book presents the thinker’s views on man’s condition in the twentieth-century and places it in a broader context of human history. This book highlights Scheler as a visionary thinker of great intellectual strength who defied the pessimism that many of his peers could not avoid. He comments on the isolated, fragmented nature of man’s existence in society in the twentieth century but suggests that a ‘World-Age of Adjustment’ is on the brink of existence. Scheler argues that the approaching era is a time for the disjointed society of the twentieth-century to heal its fractures and a time for different forms of human knowledge to come together in global understanding.

Common Knowledge (Routledge Revivals)

The Development of Understanding in the Classroom
Author: Derek Edwards,Neil Mercer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136212671
Category: Education
Page: 194
View: 1758

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First published in 1987, Common Knowledge offers a radical departure from the traditionally individualistic psychologies which have underpinned modern approaches to educational theory and practice. The authors present a study of education as the creation of ‘common knowledge’ or shared understanding between teacher and pupils. They show the presenting, receiving, sharing, controlling, negotiating, understanding and misunderstanding of knowledge in the classroom to be an intrinsically social communicative process which can be revealed only through close analysis of joint activity and classroom talk. Basing this analysis on a detailed examination of video-recorded school lessons with groups of 8 to 10-year-olds, they show how classroom communications take place against a background of implicit under-standing, some of which is never made explicit to pupils, while there develops during the lessons a context of assumed common knowledge about what has been said, done, or understood. This wide-ranging study makes an important contribution to the current debate about both teaching methods and the structure of education. It is essential reading for educationalists and developmental psychologists and has a clear practical relevance to teachers and teacher trainers.

Regions in Question (Routledge Revivals)

Space, Development Theory and Regional Policy
Author: Charles Gore
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317831764
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 300
View: 4058

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Originally published in1984. Regional development planning has grown rapidly in recent years, as both an academic specialism and a focus of policy and practice. Books and articles on the subject have proliferated, and all across the Third World governments have become commited to it, setting up large new departments and even ministries. Charles Gore argues that this growing popularity of regional planning in developing countries is profoundly paradoxical.

The Status of Everyday Life (Routledge Revivals)

A Sociological Excavation of the Prevailing Framework of Perception
Author: Fiona Mackie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136821953
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 8323

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First Published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Subject of Tragedy (Routledge Revivals)

Identity and Difference in Renaissance Drama
Author: Catherine Belsey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317744438
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 268
View: 4064

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First published in 1985, The Subject of Tragedy takes the drama of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries as the starting point for an analysis of the differential identities of man and woman. Catherine Belsey charts, in a range of fictional and non-fictional texts, the production in the Renaissance of a meaning for subjectivity that is identifiably modern. The subject of liberal humanism – self-determining, free origin of language, choice and action – is highlighted as the product of a specific period in which man was the subject to which woman was related.

The Foundation and Construction of Ethics (Routledge Revivals)


Author: Franz Brentano
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135195749
Category: Philosophy
Page: 390
View: 7595

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Expanding on the theory of ethics first posited by Brentano in The Origin of our Knowledge of Right and Wrong this re-issued work, first published posthumously in 1952, is based on series of lectures on practical philosophy, given at the university of Vienna from 1876 to 1894. The English-speaking reader will find it interesting to examine the step-by-step development of Brentano’s ethical theory, his extensive critique of British moral philosophers, and his unusually detailed section on casuistry.

An Economic History of Liberal Italy (Routledge Revivals)

1850-1918
Author: Gianni Toniolo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317569539
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 200
View: 6280

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This book, first published in 1990, examines Italy’s economic history from its Unification in 1850 to the end of the First World War. Particular attention is paid to the extent to which Italy exhibits the features of Kaznets’s model of ‘modern economic growth’. An Economic History of Liberal Italy begins with a quantitative assessment of Italy’s long-term growth in this period. All of the main relevant variables – including production, consumption, investment, foreign trade, government spending, and welfare – are discussed. The book proceeds through a chronological account of the developments of the economy during this period, and concludes with a critical survey of the relevant historiography. Throughout the book emphasis is given to structural changes, to developments in the main industries, to the relations between different sectors of the economy, and to economic policies. This book is ideal for those studying economics of Italian history.

The Use of Philosophy (Routledge Revivals)

Californian Addresses
Author: John H Muirhead
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113621853X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 210
View: 1346

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First published in 1928, this book reproduces the lectures and addresses that John Henry Muirhead gave on various occasions during the two and a half years he spent as Lecturer of Philosophy on the Mills Foundation at the University of California, USA. The different chapters look at the meaning and general place of Philosophy as a subject of study and the application of its leading conceptions to different areas of modern life, including science and politics. The final chapters however, present two short talks of a different nature, which were addressed to Scottish countrymen, gathered on foreign shores. This book outlines Muirhead's philosophical thoughts and conclusions to which he devoted his life.

Frege, Dedekind, and Peano on the Foundations of Arithmetic (Routledge Revivals)


Author: Donald Gillies
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113672107X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 118
View: 2967

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First published in 1982, this reissue contains a critical exposition of the views of Frege, Dedekind and Peano on the foundations of arithmetic. The last quarter of the 19th century witnessed a remarkable growth of interest in the foundations of arithmetic. This work analyses both the reasons for this growth of interest within both mathematics and philosophy and the ways in which this study of the foundations of arithmetic led to new insights in philosophy and striking advances in logic. This historical-critical study provides an excellent introduction to the problems of the philosophy of mathematics - problems which have wide implications for philosophy as a whole. This reissue will appeal to students of both mathematics and philosophy who wish to improve their knowledge of logic.

Selected Writings of Otto Jespersen (Routledge Revivals)


Author: Otto Jespersen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135155453
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 808
View: 6596

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This volume, first published in 1960 to commemorate the one hundredth birthday of Jespersen, collects together as many of his writings as possible in order to allow students of the English language, or indeed of language in general, to read those shorter papers which have hitherto escaped their notice. The layout of the book largely follows the nature of the subjects dealt with: English grammar, phonetics, history of English, language teaching, language in general, international language and miscellaneous papers.

Towards a Theory of Schooling (Routledge Revivals)


Author: David Hamilton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135090793
Category: Education
Page: 184
View: 8254

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First published in 1989, Towards a Theory of Schooling explores and debates the relationship between school and society. It examines the form and function of one of humankind’s most important social institutions, following the cutting edge of pedagogic innovation from mainland Europe through the British Isles to the USA. In the process, the book throws important light upon the origins and evolution of the school based notions of class, curriculum, classroom, recitation and class teaching.

A Neo-Classical Theory of Economic Growth (Routledge Revivals)


Author: James E. Meade
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136258949
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 156
View: 9776

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First published in 1960, this seminal work illuminates the interrelations of the various approaches to the theory of economic growth. Professor Meade seeks to understand the factors which determine the speed of economic growth and outlines the ways in which classical economic analysis may be developed for application to the problem of economic growth.

The Origin and Goal of History (Routledge Revivals)


Author: Karl Jaspers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317832604
Category: Philosophy
Page: 314
View: 5192

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First published in English in 1953, this important book from eminent philosopher Karl Jaspers deals with the philsophy of the history of mankind. More specifically, its avowed aim is to assist in heightening our awareness of the present by placing it within the framework of the long obscurity of prehistory and the boundless realm of possibilities which lie within the undecided future.This analysis is split into 3 parts: World history The present and the future The meaning of history

Education, Work and Leisure (Routledge Revivals)


Author: Harold Entwistle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135048428
Category: Education
Page: 130
View: 9809

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First published in 1970, this book considers the alleged distinction between ‘education for life’ and ‘education for work’ and exposes the fallacies on which this and other similar distinctions are based. It shows that ideas on this subject are inextricably intertwined with wider views on the nature of culture, the limits of individual educability and the provision of educational opportunities. Indeed, Dr Entwistle argues that students need to be well informed of these issues in order to be in a strong enough position to face problems of education and social development that will occur during their working lives.

The Changing Climate (Routledge Revivals)

Selected Papers
Author: H. H. Lamb
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136639551
Category: Nature
Page: 250
View: 8560

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First published in 1966 these collected papers, written by the distinguished and visionary climatologist Hubert H. Lamb, describe how climates come about and give a history of climatic changes from the last ice-age to the 1960s.

Leonardo, Descartes, Max Weber (Routledge Revivals)

Three Essays
Author: Karl Jaspers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317832698
Category: Philosophy
Page: 286
View: 759

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First published in 1965, this collection of three essays by influential German philosopher Karl Jaspers deals with the response of the philosophical mind to the world of reality, with the search for truth. In Leonardo, this search is shown in the thinking and the works of a supreme artist whose means of apperception are the senses. The essay on Max Weber commemorates a man Jaspers knew personally and ardently admired. The main essay in the collection is an exhaustive, three part study of Descartes: analysing Descartes’ new philosophical operation, Descartes’ Method, and the position of his philosophy within the wider historical context of philosophical thought.

Making Sense (Routledge Revivals)

The Child's Construction of the World
Author: Jerome S. Bruner,Helen Haste
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136823352
Category: Education
Page: 216
View: 6980

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The growing child comes to understand the world, makes sense of experience and becomes a competent social individual. First published in 1987, Making Sense reflected the way in which developmental psychologists had begun to look at these processes in increasingly naturalistic, social situations. Rather than seeing the child as working in isolation, the authors of this collection take the view that 'making sense' involves social interaction and problem-solving. They particularly emphasize the role of language; its study both reveals the child's grasp of the frames of meaning in a particular culture, and demonstrates the subtleties of concept development and role-taking.

An Introduction to the History of Educational Theories (Routledge Revivals)


Author: Oscar Browning
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317752384
Category: Education
Page: 208
View: 2823

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An Introduction to the History of Educational Theories, first published in 1881, offers a comprehensive overview of the most notable approaches to education throughout Western history, from Athens and Rome to the Victorian public school. Exploring not only the still famous theories of Plato and Aristotle, this work also touches on techniques in education which are either no longer prevalent – Roman Oratory, the Jesuits – or in some cases were never widely adopted or appreciated: John Milton, for example. This title will be of value to those intrigued by the potential of past attitudes for present-day application, as well as to those unconvinced by contemporary approaches.