On Images

Their Structure and Content
Author: John V. Kulvicki
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191537454
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
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Whether it was the demands of life, leisure, or a combination of both that forced our hands, we have developed a myriad of artefacts—-maps, notes, descriptions, diagrams, flow-charts, photographs, paintings, and prints—-that stand for other things. Most agree that images and their close relatives are special because, in some sense, they look like what they are about. This simple claim is the starting point for most philosophical investigations into the nature of depiction. On Images argues that this starting point is fundamentally misguided. Whether a representation is an image depends not on how it is perceived but on how it relates to others within a system. This kind of approach, first championed by Nelson Goodman in his Languages of Art, has not found many supporters, in part because of weaknesses with Goodman's account. On Images shows that a properly crafted structural account of pictures has many advantages over the perceptual accounts that dominate the literature on this topic. In particular, it explains the close relationship between pictures, diagrams, graphs and other kinds of non-linguistic representation. It undermines the claim that pictures are essentially visual by showing that audio recordings, tactile line drawings, and other non-visual representations are pictorial. Also, by avoiding explaining images in terms of how we perceive them, this account sheds new light on why pictures seem so perceptually special in the first place. This discussion of picture perception recasts some old debates on the topic, suggests further lines of philosophical and empirical research, and ultimately leads to a new perspective on pictorial realism.

Bild und Methode

Theoretische Hintergründe und methodische Verfahren der Bildwissenschaft
Author: Netzwerk Bildphilosophie
Publisher: Herbert von Halem Verlag
ISBN: 3869621273
Category: Social Science
Page: 520
View: 1324

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In den letzten beiden Jahrzehnten hat die wissenschaftliche Beschäftigung mit dem Phänomen Bild an Umfang und Intensität weiter zugenommen. Je nach Fachrichtung werden sehr unterschiedliche methodische Zugänge gewählt, die mit entsprechend differierenden Hintergrundtheorien verbunden sind. In welchem Verhältnis stehen Methoden und Hintergrundtheorien? Müssen mehrere Methoden zur Anwendung kommen, um ein angemessenes Verständnis eines Bildes zu ermöglichen? Schließen sich einige gegenseitig aus? Oder sind bestimmte Methoden nur für ›bestimmte Bilder‹, andere für bestimmte Bild›medien‹, wiederum andere für bestimmte Bild›funktionen‹ wichtig? Das vorliegende Buch unternimmt eine Bestandsaufnahme und bietet Orientierung im unübersichtlichen Feld bildanalytischer Verfahren.

Film als Wissensform

Eine philosophische Untersuchung der Wahrnehmung filmischer Bewegungsbilder
Author: Peter Remmers
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110600501
Category: Philosophy
Page: 190
View: 7916

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Erkenntnisprozesse spielen in der Filmerfahrung eine zentrale Rolle. Dabei vermitteln Filme offenbar nicht einfach nur Tatsachenwissen, wie es gleichermaßen etwa in Aussagen ausgedrückt oder durch Beobachtung belegt würde. Das Wissen, das für die Wahrnehmung filmischer Bewegungsbilder charakteristisch ist, hat vielmehr eine spezifische Form: Es ist bestimmt durch Merkmale der Bildlichkeit, des zeitlich-dynamischen Zeigens, des Filmtons und des sprachlichen Ausdrucks. In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden diese Aspekte in ihrer filmischen Einheit gedacht. Ausgehend von dieser Idee tragen einschlägige Positionen der Filmtheorie, der phänomenologischen Bildtheorie und der Epistemologie zu einer systematischen Bestimmung der epistemischen Objekte des Films bei. Die Ergebnisse der Untersuchung bilden die Grundlage für eine philosophische Konzeption des Films, in deren Rahmen klassische Fragen der Filmtheorie beantwortet werden können - z. B. nach dem Status von Ton, Musik und Sprache im vermeintlich rein visuellen Filmbild, nach der Rolle der Subjektivität im Film und nach den Möglichkeiten einer besonderen philosophischen Kraft des Films.

Efficient Information Searching on the Web

A Handbook in the Art of Searching for Information
Author: Jonas Fransson
Publisher: Jonas Fransson
ISBN: 9197853917
Category: Computers
Page: 166
View: 3551

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Information searching on the Web has become part of our everyday life. Efficient Information Searching on the Web deals with different aspects which are important to become a better searcher. To search for information is one of the most common occupations on the Web. We do it for work, for studies and in our spare time. We search for information about illnesses, far away countries or spare parts for the car. The Web is an important source of information, no matter if you are a journalist, a student, a university researcher or a teacher. Everybody can become more effective when it comes to searching for information. Central matters of the book are: How does a search engine work? How may the search services be used more efficiently? What is the invisible Web? How can the information be managed once it is found?

Computational Science And Its Applications - Iccsa 2005

International Conference, Singapore, May 9-12, 2005, Proceedings
Author: Osvaldo Gervasi,Marina L. Gavrilova,Vipin Kumar,Antonio Laganà,Heow Pueh Lee,Youngsong Mun,David Taniar,Chih Jeng Kenneth Tan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540258605
Category: Computers
Page: 1234
View: 6186

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The four-volume set LNCS 3480-3483 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2005, held in Singapore in May 2005. The four volumes present a total of 540 papers selected from around 2700 submissions. The papers span the whole range of computational science, comprising advanced applications in virtually all sciences making use of computational techniques as well as foundations, techniques, and methodologies from computer science and mathematics, such as high performance computing and communication, networking, optimization, information systems and technologies, scientific visualization, graphics, image processing, data analysis, simulation and modelling, software systems, algorithms, security, multimedia etc.

Advanced Web and Network Technologies, and Applications

APWeb 2006 International Workshops: XRA, IWSN, MEGA, and ICSE, Harbin, China, January 16-18, 2006, Proceedings
Author: Heng Tao Shen,Jinbao Li,Minglu Li,Jun Ni,Wei Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540311584
Category: Computers
Page: 1058
View: 5270

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This book constitutes the refereed joint proceedings of four international workshops held in conjunction with the 8th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2006, in Harbin, China in January 2006. The 88 revised full papers and 58 revised short papers presented are very specific and contribute to enlarging the spectrum of the more general topics treated in the APWeb 2006 main conference.


Author: John V. Kulvicki
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134652631
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 3042

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The nature of representation is a central topic in philosophy. This is the first book to connect problems with understanding representational artifacts, like pictures, diagrams, and inscriptions, to the philosophies of science, mind, and art. Can images be a source of knowledge? Are images merely conventional signs, like words? What is the relationship between the observer and the observed? In this clear and stimulating introduction to the problem John V. Kulvicki explores these questions and more. He discusses: the nature of pictorial experience and "seeing in" recognition, resemblance, pretense, and structural theories of depiction images as aids to scientific discovery and understanding mental imagery and the nature of perceptual content photographs as visual prostheses. In so doing he assesses central problems in the philosophy of images, such as how objects we make come to represent other things, and how we distinguish kinds of representation - pictures, diagrams, graphs - from one another. Essential reading for students and professional philosophers alike, the book also contains chapter summaries, annotated further reading, and a glossary.


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780818678981
Category: Optical character recognition devices
Page: 1112
View: 3868

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Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing

5th Indian Conference, ICVGIP 2006, Madurai, India, December 13-16, 2006, Proceedings
Author: Prem Kalra
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540683011
Category: Computers
Page: 965
View: 6812

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Indian Conference on Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing, ICVGIP 2006, held in Madurai, India in December 2006. The 29 revised full papers and 56 revised poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 284 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on image restoration and super-resolution, segmentation and classification, image filtering and image processing, graphics and visualization, video analysis, tracking and surveillance, face-, gesture-, and object-recognition, compression, document processing/OCR, content based image retrieval, stereo/camera calibration, and biometrics.

The Feminism and Visual Culture Reader

Author: Amelia Jones
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415267052
Category: Art
Page: 560
View: 2036

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Bringing together key writings on art, film, architecture, popular culture, new media and other visual fields, this key reader combines classic texts by leading feminist thinkers with six previously unpublished polemical new pieces. It explores how issues of race, class, nationality and sexuality, enter into debates about feminism, and includes work by feminist critics, artists and activists. Articles are grouped into six thematic sections: * representation * difference * disciplines/strategies * mass culture/media interventions * the body * technology. A valuable reference for students of visual culture and gender studies, this is both a framework within which to understand the shifts in feminist thinking in visual studies and an overview of the most significant feminist theories in this area.

Advances in Web-Age Information Management

Second International Conference, WAIM 2001, Xi'an, China, July 9-11, 2001. Proceedings
Author: Sean Wang,Ge Yu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540422986
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 418
View: 4207

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Web-Age Information Management, WAIM 2001, held in Xi'an, China, in July 2001. The 21 revised full papers and 12 short papers presented together with 4 research experience papers were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the proceedings. The papers are organized in topical sections on multimedia databases and high-dimensional indexing, information retrieval and text indexing, data mining, semistructured data management, data warehousing and federated databases, Web information management and e-commerce, spatio-temporal and high-dimensional information management, data mining and constraint management, data integration and filtering, and workflow and adaptive systems.

Mental Imagery in the Child

A Study of the Development of Imaginal Representation
Author: Jean Piaget,Bärbel Inhelder,Magali Bovet
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415168939
Category: Reference
Page: 396
View: 7380

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First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Mental Imaginery in the Child

Selected Works
Author: Jean Piaget
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136221956
Category: Reference
Page: 416
View: 1537

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First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Visuals for Information

Research and Practice
Author: Rune Pettersson
Publisher: Educational Technology
ISBN: 9780877782186
Category: Communication
Page: 315
View: 7086

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Image as Insight

Visual Understanding in Western Christianity and Secular Culture
Author: Margaret R. Miles
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1597529028
Category: Religion
Page: 232
View: 2265

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Miles's pathbreaking work shows how art and architecture have shaped religious understanding throughout the history of Christianity.

The Structure of Individual Psychotherapy

Author: Bernard D. Beitman
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9780898624618
Category: Psychology
Page: 330
View: 3243

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Underlying numerous psychotherapeutic techniques are principles guiding the evolution of the therapeutic relationship, the identification of maladaptive patterns, and the process of change. These principles form the structure of individual psychotherapy. Dr. Beitman calls these stages engagement, pattern search, change and termination. Each stage has a common structure: specific goals, characteristic content, basic techniques, and predictable distortions. Within this structure he defines the unique contributions of many different psychotherapeutic approaches. The book makes a valuable contribution to the growing movement toward psychotherapy integration.

Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images III

Fundamentals, Methods and Applications
Author: Paolo Di Giamberardino,Daniela Iacoviello,João Manuel R.S. Tavares,R.M. Natal Jorge
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0415621348
Category: Computers
Page: 496
View: 7149

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Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications III contains all contributions presented at the International Symposium CompIMAGE 2012 - Computational Modelling of Object Presented in Images: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications (Rome, Italy, 5-7 September 2012). The contributions cover the state-of-art and new trends in the fields of: - 3D Vision; - Biometric Recognition; - Computational Bioimaging and Visualization; - Computer Vision in Robotics and Automation; - Data Acquisition, Interpolation, Registration and Compression; - Image Enhancement and Restoring; - Image Processing and Analysis; - Image Segmentation; - Medical Imaging; - Modeling and Simulation; - Motion and Deformation Analysis; - Remote Sensing; - Scientific Visualization Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications III addresses different techniques, such as optimization methods, geometry, finite element method, principal component analysis, stochastic methods, neural networks and fuzzy logic. The book is useful to researchers and students with multidisciplinary interests related to Computational Vision, Computational Mechanics, Medicine, Engineering and Architecture.

Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns

15th International Conference, CAIP 2013, York, UK, August 27-29, 2013, Proceedings
Author: Richard Wilson,Edwin Hancock,Adrian Bors,William Smith
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642402615
Category: Computers
Page: 601
View: 8408

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The two volume set LNCS 8047 and 8048 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, CAIP 2013, held in York, UK, in August 2013. The 142 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 243 submissions. The scope of the conference spans the following areas: 3D TV, biometrics, color and texture, document analysis, graph-based methods, image and video indexing and database retrieval, image and video processing, image-based modeling, kernel methods, medical imaging, mobile multimedia, model-based vision approaches, motion analysis, natural computation for digital imagery, segmentation and grouping, and shape representation and analysis.

Computer Vision - ACCV 2006

7th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Hyderabad, India, January 13-16, 2006, Proceedings
Author: P.J. Narayanan,Shree K. Nayar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540312192
Category: Computers
Page: 976
View: 5318

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Welcometothe7thAsianConferenceonComputerVision.Itgivesusgreatpl- sure to bring forth its proceedings. ACCV has been making its rounds through the Asian landscape and came to India this year. We are proud of the technical program we have put together and we hope you enjoy it. Interest in computer vision is increasing and ACCV 2006 attracted about 500 submission. The evaluation team consisted of 27 experts serving as Area Chairs and about 270 reviewers in all. The whole process was conducted electronically in a double-blind manner,a ?rstfor ACCV. Eachpaper wasassignedto an Area Chair who found three competent reviewers for it. We were able to contain the maximum load on the reviewers to nine and the average load to less than six. The review form had space for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the paper on nine aspects. The submitted reviews underwent an elaborate process. First, they were seen by the Area Chair, who resolved divergences of opinion among reviewers, if any. The Area Chair then wrote qualitative comments and a quantitative score along with his/her initial recommendation on the paper. These were looked at by Program Co-chairs and compiled into a probables list. The Area Chairs and Program Co-chairs met in Beijing during ICCV to discuss this list and arrivedat the ?nal list of 64 oral papers and 128 posters. Naturally, many deserving papers could not be accommodated.