News on the Internet

Information and Citizenship in the 21st Century
Author: David Tewksbury,Jason Rittenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199875065
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 7140

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Online news sites play an ever-pervasive role in the daily gathering and flow of political information. Media has always played an intermediary role in the way that citizens receive and process news, but, with the speed of information transmission, the segmentation of news sources, and the rise of citizen journalism, issues of authority, audience, and even the definition of "news" have shifted and become blurred. News on the Internet synthesizes research on developing and current patterns of online news provision with the literature on traditional, offline media to create a conceptual map for understanding the way that public affairs and news are presented and consumed on the internet. Tewksbury and Rittenberg look at the dual role of the internet as a source of authoritative news and as a vehicle for citizens in contemporary democracies to create and share political information. Throughout, they address the tension between the benefits of internet news provision, specifically increased citizen engagement, and the negative, perhaps counterintuitive, effects: the fragmentation of knowledge and polarization of opinion in contemporary democracies. News on the Internet focuses on these points of conflict and contradiction in the online news environment and offers conclusions and predictions for how these phenomena will develop in the future.

Young People and the Future of News

Social Media and the Rise of Connective Journalism
Author: Lynn Schofield Clark,Regina Marchi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108121357
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 2940

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Young People and the Future of News traces the practices that are evolving as young people come to see news increasingly as something shared via social networks and social media rather than produced and circulated solely by professional news organizations. The book introduces the concept of connective journalism, clarifying the role of creating and sharing stories online as a key precursor to collective and connective political action. At the center of the story are high school students from low-income minority and immigrant communities who often feel underserved or misrepresented by mainstream media but express a strong interest in politics and their communities. Drawing on in-depth field work in three major urban areas over the course of ten years, Young People and the Future of News sheds light on how young people share news that they think others should know about, express solidarity, and bring into being new publics and counter-publics.

China's Digital Nationalism


Author: Florian Schneider
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190876816
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 6583

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Nationalism, in China as much as elsewhere, is today adopted, filtered, transformed, enhanced, and accelerated through digital networks. And as we have increasingly seen, nationalism in digital spheres interacts in complicated ways with nationalism "on the ground". If we are to understand the social and political complexities of the twenty-first century, we need to ask: what happens to nationalism when it goes digital? In China's Digital Nationalism, Florian Schneider explores the issue by looking at digital China first hand, exploring what search engines, online encyclopedias, websites, hyperlink networks, and social media can tell us about the way that different actors construct and manage a crucial topic in contemporary Chinese politics: the protracted historical relationship with neighbouring Japan. Using two cases, the infamous Nanjing Massacre of 1937 and the ongoing disputes over islands in the East China Sea, Schneider shows how various stakeholders in China construct networks and deploy power to shape nationalism for their own ends. These dynamics provide crucial lessons on how nation states adapt to the shifting terrain of the digital age and highlight how digital nationalism is today an emergent property of complex communication networks.

Tweeting to Power

The Social Media Revolution in American Politics
Author: Jason Gainous,Kevin M. Wagner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199350639
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 6911

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Online social media are changing the face of politics in the United States. Beginning with a strong theoretical foundation grounded in political, communications and psychology literature, Tweeting to Power examines the effect of online social media on how people come to learn, understand and engage in politics. Gainous and Wagner propose that platforms such as Facebook and Twitter offer the opportunity for a new information flow that is no longer being structured and limited by the popular media. Television and newspapers, which were traditionally the sole or primary gatekeeper, can no longer limit or govern what information is exchanged. By lowering the cost of both supplying the information and obtaining it, social networking applications have recreated how, when and where people are informed. To establish this premise, Gainous and Wagner analyze multiple datasets, quantitative and qualitative, exploring and measuring the use of social media by voters and citizens as well as the strategies and approaches adopted by politicians and elected officials. They illustrate how these new and growing online communities are new forums for the exchange of information that is governed by relationships formed and maintained outside traditional media. Using empirical measures, they prove both how candidates utilize Twitter to shape the information voters rely upon and how effective this effort was at garnering votes in the 2010 congressional elections. With both theory and data, Gainous and Wagner show how the social media revolution is creating a new paradigm for political communication and shifting the very foundation of the political process.

Democracy's Fourth Wave?

Digital Media and the Arab Spring
Author: Philip N. Howard,Muzammil M. Hussain
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199323658
Category: Social Science
Page: 162
View: 1443

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Did digital media really "cause" the Arab Spring, or is it an important factor of the story behind what might become democracy's fourth wave? An unlikely network of citizens used digital media to start a cascade of social protest that ultimately toppled four of the world's most entrenched dictators. Howard and Hussain find that the complex causal recipe includes several economic, political and cultural factors, but that digital media is consistently one of the most important sufficient and necessary conditions for explaining both the fragility of regimes and the success of social movements. This book looks at not only the unexpected evolution of events during the Arab Spring, but the deeper history of creative digital activism throughout the region.

Expect Us

Online Communities and Political Mobilization
Author: Jessica L. Beyer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199330786
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 341

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People use online social forums for all sorts of reasons, including political conversations, regardless of the site's main purpose. But what leads some of these people to take their online political activity into the offline world of activism? In Expect Us, Jessica L. Beyer looks at political consciousness and action in four communities, each born out of chaotic online social spaces that millions of individuals enter, spend time in, and exit moment by moment: Anonymous (4chan), IGN, World of Warcraft, and The Pirate Bay. None of these sites began as places for political organization per se, but visitors to each have used them as places for political engagement to one degree or another. Beyer explains the puzzling emergence of political engagement in these disparate social spaces and offers reasons for their varied capacity to generate political activism. Her comparative ethnography of these four online communities demonstrates that the technological organization of space itself has a strong role in determining the possibility of political mobilization. Overall, she shows that political mobilization rises when a site provides high levels of anonymity, low levels of formal regulation, and minimal access to small-group interaction. Furthermore, her findings reveal that young people are more politically involved than much of the civic engagement literature suggests. Expect Us offers surprising and compelling insights for anyone interested in understanding which factors and online environments lead to the greatest amount of impact offline.

The Civic Organization and the Digital Citizen

Communicating Engagement in a Networked Age
Author: Chris Wells
Publisher: OUP Us
ISBN: 0190203625
Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE
Page: 272
View: 2373

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The powerful potential of digital media to engage citizens in political actions has now crossed our news screens many times. But scholarly focus has tended to be on "networked," anti-institutional forms of collective action, to the neglect of advocacy and service organizations. This book investigates the changing fortunes of the citizen-civil society relationship by exploring how social changes and innovations in communication technology are transforming the information expectations and preferences of many citizens, especially young citizens. In doing so, it is the first work to bring together theories of civic identity change with research on civic organizations. Specifically, it argues that a shift in "information styles" may help to explain the disjuncture felt by many young people when it comes to institutional participation and politics. The book theorizes two paradigms of information style: a dutiful style, which was rooted in the society, communication system and citizen norms of the modern era, and an actualizing style, which constitutes the set of information practices and expectations of the young citizens of late modernity for whom interactive digital media are the norm. Hypothesizing that civil society institutions have difficulty adapting to the norms and practices of the actualizing information style, two empirical studies apply the dutiful/actualizing framework to innovative content analyses of organizations' online communications-on their websites, and through Facebook. Results demonstrate that with intriguing exceptions, most major civil society organizations use digital media more in line with dutiful information norms than actualizing ones: they tend to broadcast strategic messages to an audience of receivers, rather than encouraging participation or exchange among an active set of participants. The book concludes with a discussion of the tensions inherent in bureaucratic organizations trying to adapt to an actualizing information style, and recommendations for how they may more successfully do so.

The Citizen Marketer


Author: Joel Penney
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190658061
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 6595

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"This book looks at the phenomenon of the citizen marketer. The citizen marketer is guided by the logics of marketing practice, but, rather than being passive, actively circulates persuasive media to advance political interests. Such practices include using protest symbols in social media profiles, tweeting links to news articles to raise awareness about issues, sharing politically-charged internet memes, and displaying merchandise that promotes a favored electoral candidate or cause. These practices signal an important shift in how political participation is conceptualized and performed in advanced capitalist democratic societies, as they inject political ideas into popular culture. The book argues that citizens view such activities with regard to how they may shape or influence outcomes, and as statements of personal identity. Marketing is a dirty word in certain critical circles, particularly among segments of the left that have identified neoliberal market logics as a focus of political struggle. At the same time, some of these critics have pushed back against the forces of neoliberal capitalism by co-opting its marketing and advertising techniques to spread counter-hegemonic ideas to the public. Accordingly, this book argues that the citizen marketer approach is a means of promoting a wide range of political ideas, including those that are broadly critical of elite uses of marketing in capitalist societies. The book includes an extensive historical treatment of citizen-level political promotion in modern democratic societies, connecting contemporary digital practices to both the 19th century tradition of mass political spectacle as well as more informal, culturally-situated forms of political expression that emerge from postwar countercultures"--

Disruptive Power

The Crisis of the State in the Digital Age
Author: Taylor Owen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199363862
Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
Page: 248
View: 6669

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Anonymous. WikiLeaks. The Syrian Electronic Army. Edward Snowden. Bitcoin. The Arab Spring. Five years ago, these terms were meaningless to the vast majority of people in the world. Today, they and many like them dominate the news and keep policymakers, security experts, and military and intelligence officials up at night. These groups and individuals are enabled and empowered by digital technology to confound and provoke the state in a way not possible before the Internet revolution. Theyare representative of a wide range of 21st century global actors and a new form of 21st century power: disruptive power. In Disruptive Power, Taylor Owen provides a sweeping look at the way that digital technologies are shaking up the workings of the institutions that have traditionally controlled international affairs: humanitarianism, diplomacy, war, journalism, activism, and finance. The traditional nation state system and the subsequent multinational system were founded on and have long functioned through a concentration of power in the state - through the military, currency controls, foreign policy, the rule of law, and so on. In this book, Owen argues that in every aspect of international affairs, the digitally enabled are changing the way the world works and disrupting the institutions that once held a monopoly on power. Each chapter of Owen's book looks at a different aspect of international affairs, profiling the disruptive innovators and demonstrating how they are challenging existing power structures for good and ill. Owen considers what constitutes successful online international action, what sorts of technologies are being used as well as what these technologies might look like a decade from now, and what new institutions will be needed to moderate the new power structures and ensure accountability. With cutting edge analysis of the fast-changing relationship between the declining state and increasingly powerful non-state actors, Disruptive Power is the essential road map for navigating a networked world.

Toward a political economy of culture

capitalism and communication in the twenty-first century
Author: Andrew Calabrese,Colin Sparks
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 375
View: 1042

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Several of the most important and influential political economists of communication working today explore a rich mix of topics and issues that link work, policy studies, and research and theory about the public sphere to the heritage of political economy. Familiar but still exceedingly important topics covered include market structures and media concentration, regulation and policy, technological impacts on particular media sectors, information poverty, and media access. The book also features several new topics for future political economy study. Visit our website for sample chapters!

China and Cybersecurity

Espionage, Strategy, and Politics in the Digital Domain
Author: Jon R. Lindsay,Tai Ming Cheung,Derek S. Reveron
Publisher: OUP Us
ISBN: 0190201274
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 375
View: 8830

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"Examines cyberspace threats and policies from the vantage points of China and the U.S"--

Communication Power


Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191510440
Category: Social Science
Page: 624
View: 2333

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We live in the midst of a revolution in communication technologies that affects the way in which people feel, think, and behave. The media have become the space where power strategies are played out. In the current technological context mass communication goes beyond traditional media and includes the Internet and mobile communication. In this wide-ranging and powerful book, Manuel Castells analyses the transformation of the global media industry by this revolution in communication technologies. He argues that a new communication system, mass self-communication, has emerged, and power relationships have been profoundly modified by the emergence of this new communication environment. Created in the commons of the Internet this communication can be locally based, but globally connected. It is built through messaging, social networks sites, and blogging, and is now being used by the millions around the world who have access to the Internet. Drawing on a wide range of social and psychological theories, Castells presents original research on political processes and social movements. He applies this analysis to numerous recent events—the misinformation of the American public on the Iraq War, the global environmental movement to prevent climate change, the control of information in China and Russia, Barak Obama's internet-based presidential campaigns, and (in this new edition) responses to recent political and economic crises such as the Arab Spring and the Occupy movement. On the basis of these case studies he proposes a new theory of power in the information age based on the management of communication networks Justly celebrated for his analysis of the network society, Castells here builds on that work, offering a well grounded and immensely challenging picture of communication and power in the 21st century. This is a book for anyone who wants to understand the dynamics and character of the modern world.

International Encyclopedia of Digital Communication and Society, 3 Volume Set


Author: Dixons Chair in New Media and the Internet Interdepartmental Programme in Media and Communications Robin Mansell,Robin Mansell,Peng Hwa Ang,Charles Steinfield,Shenja van der Graaf,Pieter Ballon,Aphra Kerr,James D. Ivory,Sandra Braman,Dorothea Kleine,David J. Grimshaw
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118290747
Category: Computers
Page: 1296
View: 6012

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"The International Encyclopedia of Digital Communication and Society" offers critical assessments of theoretical and applied research on digitally-mediated communication, a central area of study in the 21st century. - Examines topics with unprecedented breadth and depth, with the aim of bringing together international and interdisciplinary perspectives - Organized in an accessible A-Z format with over 150 entries on key topics ranging from 2,000 to 10,000 words - Addresses a full range of topics including digitally-mediated social media, commercial applications and online gaming, to law and policy analysis and information and communication technologies for development - Published with a regularly updated online edition which will ensure readers are kept abreast of the latest developments in research- Part of "The Wiley Blackwell-ICA International Encyclopedias of Communication" series, published in conjunction with the "International Communication Association"

Internet Politics

States, Citizens, and New Communication Technologies
Author: Andrew Chadwick
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195177732
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 384
View: 6095

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In the developed world, there is no longer an issue of whether the Internet affects politics--but rather how, why, and with what consequences. With the Internet now spreading at a breathtaking rate in the developing world, the new medium is fraught with tensions, paradoxes, and contradictions. How do we make sense of these? In this major new work, Andrew Chadwick addresses such concerns, providing the first comprehensive overview of Internet politics. Internet Politics examines the impact of new communication technologies on political parties and elections, pressure groups, social movements, local democracy, public bureaucracies, and global governance. It also analyzes persistent and controversial policy problems, including the digital divide; the governance of the Internet itself; the tensions between surveillance, privacy, and security; and the political economy of the Internet media sector. The approach is explicitly comparative, providing numerous examples from the U.S., Britain, and many other countries. Written in a clear and accessible style, this theoretically sophisticated and up-to-date text reveals the key difference the Internet makes in how we "do" politics and how we think about political life. A companion website, www.andrewchadwick.com, offers dynamic, regularly updated material to supplement the book, along with PowerPoint slides for students and instructors, data spreadsheets, and additional case studies. Featuring numerous figures, tables, and text boxes, Internet Politics is ideal for undergraduate and graduate courses in political science, international relations, and communication studies.

The Internet Galaxy

Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society
Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 292
View: 7727

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The Internet Galaxy offers a stunning insight into the impact of the Internet and communication technologies on society in the beginning of the twenty-first century. Manuel Castells - one of the world's leading social scientists - presents an analytical overview of the main issues surrounding the diffusion of the Internet and how it has affected business, work, social interaction, politics, urban life, and the media. Castells also addresses the challenge of the digital divide on a global scale, and places the development of the

All the Facts

A History of Information in the United States Since 1870
Author: James W. Cortada
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190460679
Category: Information resources
Page: 688
View: 5337

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"A history of the role of information in the United States since 1870"--

Religion and Global Order


Author: John L. Esposito,Michael Watson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 239
View: 4248

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This volume elucidates and evaluates the role of religion and theology in the contemporary conception of the question of global order. It also assesses the influence of religion on the conduct of international relations.

An Introduction to Government and Politics

A Conceptual Approach
Author: M. O. Dickerson,Thomas Flanagan,Brenda O'Neill
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0176500421
Category: Canada
Page: 565
View: 8074

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An Introduction To Government and Politics, Eighth Edition continues to build on its tremendous success by maintaining the hallmark features that have made this text a favourite amongst students and instructors through seven editions. Together with new co-author Brenda O?Neill, Mark Dickerson and Tom Flanagan have developed a comprehensive and accessible text with a historical and ?Canadianist?-based approach that appeals to the traditional Introduction to Political Science course. Its many illustrative examples reflect today?s political realities, and are set forth in a meaningful web of inferences and generalizations about the larger domain, ensuring better results than either an abstract discussion of general principles or an encyclopedic recitation of isolated facts.