News on the Internet

Information and Citizenship in the 21st Century
Author: David Tewksbury,Jason Rittenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199875065
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 9751

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Online news sites play an ever-pervasive role in the daily gathering and flow of political information. Media has always played an intermediary role in the way that citizens receive and process news, but, with the speed of information transmission, the segmentation of news sources, and the rise of citizen journalism, issues of authority, audience, and even the definition of "news" have shifted and become blurred. News on the Internet synthesizes research on developing and current patterns of online news provision with the literature on traditional, offline media to create a conceptual map for understanding the way that public affairs and news are presented and consumed on the internet. Tewksbury and Rittenberg look at the dual role of the internet as a source of authoritative news and as a vehicle for citizens in contemporary democracies to create and share political information. Throughout, they address the tension between the benefits of internet news provision, specifically increased citizen engagement, and the negative, perhaps counterintuitive, effects: the fragmentation of knowledge and polarization of opinion in contemporary democracies. News on the Internet focuses on these points of conflict and contradiction in the online news environment and offers conclusions and predictions for how these phenomena will develop in the future.

Young People and the Future of News

Social Media and the Rise of Connective Journalism
Author: Lynn Schofield Clark,Regina Marchi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108121357
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 8096

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Young People and the Future of News traces the practices that are evolving as young people come to see news increasingly as something shared via social networks and social media rather than produced and circulated solely by professional news organizations. The book introduces the concept of connective journalism, clarifying the role of creating and sharing stories online as a key precursor to collective and connective political action. At the center of the story are high school students from low-income minority and immigrant communities who often feel underserved or misrepresented by mainstream media but express a strong interest in politics and their communities. Drawing on in-depth field work in three major urban areas over the course of ten years, Young People and the Future of News sheds light on how young people share news that they think others should know about, express solidarity, and bring into being new publics and counter-publics.

China's Digital Nationalism


Author: Florian Schneider
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190876816
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 3978

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Nationalism, in China as much as elsewhere, is today adopted, filtered, transformed, enhanced, and accelerated through digital networks. And as we have increasingly seen, nationalism in digital spheres interacts in complicated ways with nationalism "on the ground". If we are to understand the social and political complexities of the twenty-first century, we need to ask: what happens to nationalism when it goes digital? In China's Digital Nationalism, Florian Schneider explores the issue by looking at digital China first hand, exploring what search engines, online encyclopedias, websites, hyperlink networks, and social media can tell us about the way that different actors construct and manage a crucial topic in contemporary Chinese politics: the protracted historical relationship with neighbouring Japan. Using two cases, the infamous Nanjing Massacre of 1937 and the ongoing disputes over islands in the East China Sea, Schneider shows how various stakeholders in China construct networks and deploy power to shape nationalism for their own ends. These dynamics provide crucial lessons on how nation states adapt to the shifting terrain of the digital age and highlight how digital nationalism is today an emergent property of complex communication networks.

Tweeting to Power

The Social Media Revolution in American Politics
Author: Jason Gainous,Kevin M. Wagner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199350639
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 1325

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Online social media are changing the face of politics in the United States. Beginning with a strong theoretical foundation grounded in political, communications and psychology literature, Tweeting to Power examines the effect of online social media on how people come to learn, understand and engage in politics. Gainous and Wagner propose that platforms such as Facebook and Twitter offer the opportunity for a new information flow that is no longer being structured and limited by the popular media. Television and newspapers, which were traditionally the sole or primary gatekeeper, can no longer limit or govern what information is exchanged. By lowering the cost of both supplying the information and obtaining it, social networking applications have recreated how, when and where people are informed. To establish this premise, Gainous and Wagner analyze multiple datasets, quantitative and qualitative, exploring and measuring the use of social media by voters and citizens as well as the strategies and approaches adopted by politicians and elected officials. They illustrate how these new and growing online communities are new forums for the exchange of information that is governed by relationships formed and maintained outside traditional media. Using empirical measures, they prove both how candidates utilize Twitter to shape the information voters rely upon and how effective this effort was at garnering votes in the 2010 congressional elections. With both theory and data, Gainous and Wagner show how the social media revolution is creating a new paradigm for political communication and shifting the very foundation of the political process.

Democracy's Fourth Wave?

Digital Media and the Arab Spring
Author: Philip N. Howard,Muzammil M. Hussain
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199323658
Category: Social Science
Page: 162
View: 7288

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Did digital media really "cause" the Arab Spring, or is it an important factor of the story behind what might become democracy's fourth wave? An unlikely network of citizens used digital media to start a cascade of social protest that ultimately toppled four of the world's most entrenched dictators. Howard and Hussain find that the complex causal recipe includes several economic, political and cultural factors, but that digital media is consistently one of the most important sufficient and necessary conditions for explaining both the fragility of regimes and the success of social movements. This book looks at not only the unexpected evolution of events during the Arab Spring, but the deeper history of creative digital activism throughout the region.

Expect Us

Online Communities and Political Mobilization
Author: Jessica L. Beyer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199330786
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 4479

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People use online social forums for all sorts of reasons, including political conversations, regardless of the site's main purpose. But what leads some of these people to take their online political activity into the offline world of activism? In Expect Us, Jessica L. Beyer looks at political consciousness and action in four communities, each born out of chaotic online social spaces that millions of individuals enter, spend time in, and exit moment by moment: Anonymous (4chan), IGN, World of Warcraft, and The Pirate Bay. None of these sites began as places for political organization per se, but visitors to each have used them as places for political engagement to one degree or another. Beyer explains the puzzling emergence of political engagement in these disparate social spaces and offers reasons for their varied capacity to generate political activism. Her comparative ethnography of these four online communities demonstrates that the technological organization of space itself has a strong role in determining the possibility of political mobilization. Overall, she shows that political mobilization rises when a site provides high levels of anonymity, low levels of formal regulation, and minimal access to small-group interaction. Furthermore, her findings reveal that young people are more politically involved than much of the civic engagement literature suggests. Expect Us offers surprising and compelling insights for anyone interested in understanding which factors and online environments lead to the greatest amount of impact offline.

Toward a political economy of culture

capitalism and communication in the twenty-first century
Author: Andrew Calabrese,Colin Sparks
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 375
View: 9983

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Several of the most important and influential political economists of communication working today explore a rich mix of topics and issues that link work, policy studies, and research and theory about the public sphere to the heritage of political economy. Familiar but still exceedingly important topics covered include market structures and media concentration, regulation and policy, technological impacts on particular media sectors, information poverty, and media access. The book also features several new topics for future political economy study. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Society and the Internet

How Networks of Information and Communication are Changing Our Lives
Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199662002
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 416
View: 7129

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How is society being shaped by the diffusion and increasing centrality of the Internet in everyday life and work? By bringing together leading research that addresses some of the most significant cultural, economic, and political roles of the Internet, this volume introduces students to a core set of readings that address this question in specific social and institutional contexts. Internet Studies is a burgeoning new field, which has been central to the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), an innovative multi-disciplinary department at the University of Oxford. Society and the Internet builds on the OII's evolving series of lectures on society and the Internet. The series has been edited to create a reader to supplement upper-division undergraduate and graduate courses that seek to introduce students to scholarship focused on the implications of the Internet for networked societies around the world. The chapters of the reader are rooted in a variety of disciplines, but all directly tackle the powerful ways in which the Internet is linked to political, social, cultural, and economic transformations in society. This book will be a starting point for anyone with a serious interest in the factors shaping the Internet and its impact on society. The book begins with an introduction by the editors, which provides a brief history of the Internet and Web and its study from multi-disciplinary perspectives. The chapters are grouped into six focused sections: The Internet and Everyday Life; Information and Culture on the Line; Networked Politics and Government; Networked Businesses, Industries, and Economies; and Technological and Regulatory Histories and Futures.

Internet Politics

States, Citizens, and New Communication Technologies
Author: Andrew Chadwick
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195177732
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 384
View: 2697

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In the developed world, there is no longer an issue of whether the Internet affects politics--but rather how, why, and with what consequences. With the Internet now spreading at a breathtaking rate in the developing world, the new medium is fraught with tensions, paradoxes, and contradictions. How do we make sense of these? In this major new work, Andrew Chadwick addresses such concerns, providing the first comprehensive overview of Internet politics. Internet Politics examines the impact of new communication technologies on political parties and elections, pressure groups, social movements, local democracy, public bureaucracies, and global governance. It also analyzes persistent and controversial policy problems, including the digital divide; the governance of the Internet itself; the tensions between surveillance, privacy, and security; and the political economy of the Internet media sector. The approach is explicitly comparative, providing numerous examples from the U.S., Britain, and many other countries. Written in a clear and accessible style, this theoretically sophisticated and up-to-date text reveals the key difference the Internet makes in how we "do" politics and how we think about political life. A companion website, www.andrewchadwick.com, offers dynamic, regularly updated material to supplement the book, along with PowerPoint slides for students and instructors, data spreadsheets, and additional case studies. Featuring numerous figures, tables, and text boxes, Internet Politics is ideal for undergraduate and graduate courses in political science, international relations, and communication studies.

China and Cybersecurity

Espionage, Strategy, and Politics in the Digital Domain
Author: Jon R. Lindsay,Tai Ming Cheung,Derek S. Reveron
Publisher: OUP Us
ISBN: 0190201274
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 375
View: 893

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"Examines cyberspace threats and policies from the vantage points of China and the U.S"--

Disruptive Power

The Crisis of the State in the Digital Age
Author: Taylor Owen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199363862
Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
Page: 248
View: 5286

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Anonymous. WikiLeaks. The Syrian Electronic Army. Edward Snowden. Bitcoin. The Arab Spring. Five years ago, these terms were meaningless to the vast majority of people in the world. Today, they and many like them dominate the news and keep policymakers, security experts, and military and intelligence officials up at night. These groups and individuals are enabled and empowered by digital technology to confound and provoke the state in a way not possible before the Internet revolution. Theyare representative of a wide range of 21st century global actors and a new form of 21st century power: disruptive power. In Disruptive Power, Taylor Owen provides a sweeping look at the way that digital technologies are shaking up the workings of the institutions that have traditionally controlled international affairs: humanitarianism, diplomacy, war, journalism, activism, and finance. The traditional nation state system and the subsequent multinational system were founded on and have long functioned through a concentration of power in the state - through the military, currency controls, foreign policy, the rule of law, and so on. In this book, Owen argues that in every aspect of international affairs, the digitally enabled are changing the way the world works and disrupting the institutions that once held a monopoly on power. Each chapter of Owen's book looks at a different aspect of international affairs, profiling the disruptive innovators and demonstrating how they are challenging existing power structures for good and ill. Owen considers what constitutes successful online international action, what sorts of technologies are being used as well as what these technologies might look like a decade from now, and what new institutions will be needed to moderate the new power structures and ensure accountability. With cutting edge analysis of the fast-changing relationship between the declining state and increasingly powerful non-state actors, Disruptive Power is the essential road map for navigating a networked world.

Politics, power and the common good

an introduction to political science
Author: Eric Mintz,David Close,Osvaldo Croci
Publisher: Pearson Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131212183
Category: Political Science
Page: 576
View: 595

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Religion and Global Order


Author: John L. Esposito,Michael Watson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 239
View: 6598

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This volume elucidates and evaluates the role of religion and theology in the contemporary conception of the question of global order. It also assesses the influence of religion on the conduct of international relations.

Communication Power


Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199681937
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 624
View: 4830

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Drawing on a wide range of social and psychological theories, Castells presents original research on political processes and social movements. He applies this analysis to numerous recent events - the misinformation of the American public on the Iraq War,the global environmental movement to preventclimate change, the control of information in China and Russia, Barak Obama's internet-based presidential campaigns, and (in this new edition) responses to recent political and economic crises such as the Arab Spring and the Occupy movement. On the basis of these case studies he proposes a newtheory of power in the information age based on the management of communication networks.

International Encyclopedia of Digital Communication and Society, 3 Volume Set


Author: Dixons Chair in New Media and the Internet Interdepartmental Programme in Media and Communications Robin Mansell,Robin Mansell,Peng Hwa Ang,Charles Steinfield,Shenja van der Graaf,Pieter Ballon,Aphra Kerr,James D. Ivory,Sandra Braman,Dorothea Kleine,David J. Grimshaw
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118290747
Category: Computers
Page: 1296
View: 7869

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"The International Encyclopedia of Digital Communication and Society" offers critical assessments of theoretical and applied research on digitally-mediated communication, a central area of study in the 21st century. - Examines topics with unprecedented breadth and depth, with the aim of bringing together international and interdisciplinary perspectives - Organized in an accessible A-Z format with over 150 entries on key topics ranging from 2,000 to 10,000 words - Addresses a full range of topics including digitally-mediated social media, commercial applications and online gaming, to law and policy analysis and information and communication technologies for development - Published with a regularly updated online edition which will ensure readers are kept abreast of the latest developments in research- Part of "The Wiley Blackwell-ICA International Encyclopedias of Communication" series, published in conjunction with the "International Communication Association"

The Internet Galaxy

Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society
Author: Manuel Castells
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 292
View: 5935

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The Internet Galaxy offers a stunning insight into the impact of the Internet and communication technologies on society in the beginning of the twenty-first century. Manuel Castells - one of the world's leading social scientists - presents an analytical overview of the main issues surrounding the diffusion of the Internet and how it has affected business, work, social interaction, politics, urban life, and the media. Castells also addresses the challenge of the digital divide on a global scale, and places the development of the