New York Times V. Sullivan

Civil Rights, Libel Law, and the Free Press
Author: Kermit L. Hall,Melvin I. Urofsky
Publisher: Landmark Law Cases & American
ISBN: 9780700618033
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 222
View: 1032

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Two forefront legal historians examine a classic case from the turbulent civil rights era to trace how the New York Times won a key Supreme Court appeal against an Alabama defamation suit, a victory that established important precedents in the areas of free press while significantly advancing civil rights for African-Americans in the Deep South. Simultaneous.

Obscenity Rules

Roth V. United States and the Long Struggle Over Sexual Expression
Author: Whitney Strub
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780700619368
Category: Law
Page: 268
View: 5608

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An examination of the landmark 1957 Supreme Court case "Roth v. United States," which for the first time attempted to define what constitutes obscenity in American life and law. Explores this problematic ruling within the broad sweep of American social and legal history.

Defending My Enemy

American Nazis, the Skokie Case, and the Risks of Freedom
Author: Aryeh Neier
Publisher: International Debate Education Assn
ISBN: 9781617700453
Category: History
Page: 195
View: 6397

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Are Nazis entitled to freedom of expression? In 1977, Frank Collin, leader of the National Socialist Party of America, sought to hold a Nazi march in Skokie, Illinois. Skokie had one of the largest Holocaust survivor populations outside New York City. Writing from his perspective as national executive director of the ACLU, the author details what happened next.

Constitutional Law: Rights, Liberties and Justice 8th Edition


Author: Lee Epstein,Thomas G. Walk
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452226741
Category: Law
Page: 841
View: 6167

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Judicial decisions never occur in a vacuum û they are influenced by a myriad of political factors. From lawyers and interest groups, to the shifting sentiments of public opinion, to the ideological and behavioral inclinations of the justices, Epstein and Walker show how all these dynamics play an integral part in the overall development of constitutional doctrine. Drawing deeply from the spheres of political science and legal studies, the exceperted case material is skillfully analyzed and presented for todayÆs students. Known for fastidious revising and streamlining, the authors account for the latest scholarship in the field and offer rock-solid analysis of recent landmark cases, including as all the important opinions handed down through 2011. Building on the successes of the 7th edition, the bookÆs clean layout and design clearly distinguishes between commentary and opinion excerpts. Not only does the design make the book an easier read for students, it effectively showcases photos, justice biographies, and the ôAftermathö and ôGlobal Perspectiveö sidebars. And based on positive user feedback, the authors have added even more Aftermath boxes in this new edition. New cases in the 8th edition: Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (2012) Snyder v. Phelps (2011) Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association (2011) United States v. Jones (2012) Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission

The SAGE Guide to Key Issues in Mass Media Ethics and Law


Author: William A. Babcock,William H. Freivogel
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506317278
Category: Reference
Page: 968
View: 8089

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The SAGE Guide to Key Issues in Mass Media Ethics and Law is an authoritative and rigorous two-volume, issues-based reference set that surveys varied views on many of the most contentious issues involving mass media ethics and the law. Divided into six thematic sections covering information from contrasting ethical responsibly and legal rights for both speech and press, newsgathering and access, and privacy to libelous reporting, business considerations, and changing rules with social media and the Internet, the information in this guide is extremely relevant to a variety of audiences. This guide specifically focuses on matters that are likely to be regular front-page headlines concerning topics such as technological threats to privacy, sensationalism in media coverage of high-profile trials, cameras in the courtroom, use of confidential sources, national security concerns and the press, digital duplication and deception, rights of celebrities, plagiarism, and more. Collectively, this guide assesses key contentious issues and legal precedents, noting current ethical and legal trends and likely future directions. Features: Six thematic sections consist of approximately a dozen chapters each written by eminent scholars and practitioners active in the field. Sections open with a general Introduction by the volume editors and conclude with a wrap-up “Outlook” section to highlight likely future trends. Chapters follow a common organizational outline of a brief overview of the issue at hand, historical background and precedent, and presentation of various perspectives (pro, con, mixed) to the issue. “See also” cross references guide readers to related chapters and references and further readings guide users to more in-depth resources for follow-up. This reference guide is an excellent source for the general public, students, and researchers who are interested in expanding their knowledge in mass media and the ethics and law surrounding it.

Make No Law

The Sullivan Case and the First Amendment
Author: Anthony Lewis
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307787826
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 4153

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The First Amendment puts it this way: "Congress shall make no law...abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press." Yet, in 1960, a city official in Montgomery, Alabama, sued The New York Times for libel -- and was awarded $500,000 by a local jury -- because the paper had published an ad critical of Montgomery's brutal response to civil rights protests. The centuries of legal precedent behind the Sullivan case and the U.S. Supreme Court's historic reversal of the original verdict are expertly chronicled in this gripping and wonderfully readable book by the Pulitzer Prize -- winning legal journalist Anthony Lewis. It is our best account yet of a case that redefined what newspapers -- and ordinary citizens -- can print or say.

Gertz V. Robert Welch, Inc

The Story of a Landmark Libel Case
Author: Elmer Gertz
Publisher: SIU Press
ISBN: 9780809318131
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 295
View: 9457

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Elmer Gertz recalls his long battle in what legal scholars regard as the second most important libel case in legal history: Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. Gertz’s ordeal began in Chicago during the violent peace demonstrations of 1968. A youth, Ronald Nelson, was killed by a Chicago policeman, Richard Nuccio. Gertz represented the Nelson family in civil suits against Nuccio and the Chicago police department. After Nuccio was convicted of murder, the John Birch Society published an article in its journal, American Opinion, claiming that Nuccio was framed by Communists. Gertz was targeted as a prime Communist instigator. After reading and studying the article, Gertz filed suit against Robert Welch, Inc., charging that it had defamed him by publishing highly harmful lies impugning his reputation and patriotism. Gertz writes in detail of his landmark case, which involved two trials, two reviews in the court of appeals, and two battles in the Supreme Court. Although the case was finally decided in April 1981, when a U.S. district court jury awarded him $100,000 compensatory damages and $300,000 punitive damages, Gertz did not receive payment until May 1983, after Robert Welch, Inc., had filed two unsuccessful appeals.

The 9/11 Terror Cases

Constitutional Challenges in the War Against Al Qaeda
Author: Allan A. Ryan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780700621323
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 7865

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The terrorist attacks of 9/11 are indelibly etched into our cultural memory. This is the story of how the legal ramifications of that day brought two presidents, Congress, and the Supreme Court into repeated confrontation over the incarceration of hundreds of suspected terrorists and "enemy combatants" at the US naval base in Guantánamo, Cuba. Could these prisoners (including an American citizen) be held indefinitely without due process of law? Did they have the right to seek their release by habeas corpus in US courts? Could they be tried in a makeshift military judicial system? With Guantánamo well into its second decade, these questions have challenged the three branches of government, each contending with the others, and each invoking the Constitution's separation of powers as well as its checks and balances. In The 9/11 Terror Cases, Allan A. Ryan leads students and general readers through the pertinent cases: Rasul v. Bush and Hamdi v. Rumsfeld, both decided by the Supreme Court in 2004; Hamdan v. Bush, decided in 2006; and Boumediene v. Bush, in 2008. An eloquent writer and an expert in military law and constitutional litigation, Ryan is an adept guide through the nuanced complexities of these cases, which rejected the sweeping powers asserted by President Bush and Congress, and upheld the rule of law, even for enemy combatants. In doing so, as we see clearly in Ryan's deft account, the Supreme Court's rulings speak directly to the extent and nature of presidential and congressional prerogative, and to the critical separation and balance of powers in the governing of the United States.

Media/Impact: An Introduction to Mass Media

An Introduction to Mass Media
Author: Shirley Biagi
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495050261
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 416
View: 4111

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Consistently praised for its engaging writing style, currency, and visual appeal, MEDIA/IMPACT introduces students to today's converged mass media---its industries and support industries, as well as the legal, ethical, social, global, and technologic

Flag burning and free speech

the case of Texas v. Johnson
Author: Robert Justin Goldstein
Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 269
View: 9065

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When Gregory Lee Johnson burned an American flag as part of a political protest, he was convicted for flag desecration under Texas law. But the Supreme Court, by a contentious 5 to margin, overturned that conviction, claiming that Johnson's action constituted symbolic -- and thus protected -- speech. Heated debate continues to swirl around that controversial decision, both hailed as a victory for free speech advocates and reviled as an abomination that erodes the patriotic foundations of American democracy. Such passionate yet contradictory views are at the heart of this landmark case. Book jacket.

The Fourth Estate and the Constitution

Freedom of the Press in America
Author: Lucas A. Powe
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520080386
Category: History
Page: 357
View: 4007

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In 1964 the Supreme Court handed down a landmark decision in New York Times v. Sullivan guaranteeing constitutional protection for caustic criticism of public officials, thus forging the modern law of freedom of the press. Since then, the Court has decided case after case affecting the rights and restrictions of the press, yet little has ben written about these developments as they pertain to the Fourth Estate. Lucas Powe's essential book now fills this gap. Lucas A. Powe, Jr., a legal scholar specializing in media and the law, goes back to the framing of the First Amendment and chronicles the two main traditions of interpreting freedom of the press to illuminate the issues that today ignite controversy: How can a balance be achieved among reputation, uninhibited discussion, and media power? Under what circumstance can the government seek to protect national security by enjoining the press rather than attempting the difficult task of convincing a jury that publication was a criminal offense? What rights can the press properly claim to protect confidential sources or to demand access to information otherwise barred to the public? And, as the media grow larger and larger, can the government attempt to limit their power by limiting their size? Writing for the concerned layperson and student of both journalism and jurisprudence, Powe synthesizes law, history, and theory to explain and justify full protection of the editorial choices of the press. The Fourth Estate and the Constitution not only captures the sweep of history of Supreme Court decisions on the press, but also provides a timely restatement of the traditional view of freedom of the press at a time when liberty is increasingly called into question.

Free Speech On Trial

Communication Perspectives on Landmark Supreme Court Decisions
Author: Richard A. Parker
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 081735025X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 344
View: 7527

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Essays by twenty legal communication scholars consider the eligibility of free speech and the issues associated with its protection, in a collection that considers such topics as unregulated speech and the free market, the concept of obscenity as expression, symbolic language, and the consequences of pre-publication restraint. Simultaneous. (Politics & Government)

A Self-renewing Society

The Role of Television and Communications Technology
Author: Narain Dass Batra
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780819179494
Category: Social Science
Page: 177
View: 4046

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Through the broad perspective of the systems theory, the sociobiology of self-renewal and the use of historical-critical research, this book explores the process of continuous dying and re-birth occurring daily in American society, in every society. Conceptualizing the media and communications technology as the collective nervous system of a society can help us in understanding the above-mentioned 'renewing' process. Of interest to professors and students of mass communications, government and public pol information science.

Encyclopedia of media and politics


Author: Todd Michael Schaefer,Thomas A. Birkland
Publisher: Cq Pr
ISBN: 9781568028354
Category: Law
Page: 344
View: 3512

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The topics covered include: - Business and institutional aspects of the media; - Evolution and impact of different media including; - Newspapers; - Broadcast and cable television; - New technologies. - Coverage of and relations with the White House, Congress, political parties, and other political institutions; - Legislation and court cases affecting the media; - Important debates, such as those over media bias and election coverage; - Profiles of organizations and agencies, such as the Federal Communications Commission; - Profiles of influential media outlets; - Biographies of important figures.

Freedom of Speech

Rights and Liberties Under the Law
Author: Kenneth Ira Kersch
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1576076008
Category: History
Page: 395
View: 6943

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Explores the dynamics of the First Amendment rights in the United States, showing how social, economic, and political changes in this nation affect the views and practice of free speech.

The Detroit School Busing Case

Milliken V. Bradley and the Controversy Over Desegregation
Author: Joyce A. Baugh
Publisher: Landmark Law Cases & American
ISBN: 9780700617678
Category: Law
Page: 234
View: 9965

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The only book-length analysis of Milliken v. Bradley, the first major desegregation case to originate outside the South. Reveals how the Supreme Court's decision undercut efforts to desegregate metropolitan public school systems, especially in the North, and how its negative effects on public education have endured.

Guide to the US Supreme Court


Author: David G. Savage,Joan Biskupic
Publisher: Congressional Quarterly Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 1341
View: 7595

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Covers the Court's entire history; its operations; its power in relation to other branches of government; major decisions affecting the other branches, the states, individual rights and liberties; and biographies of the justices.

Suing the Press

Libel, the Media, and Power
Author: Rodney A. Smolla
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195051926
Category: Fiction
Page: 290
View: 1722

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Examines specific lawsuits against the press and other media in the United States, as well as related economic, cultural, and special consequences and implications, in order to evaluate the shortcomings and virtues of America's media

The Media of Mass Communication


Author: John Vivian
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780205377756
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 510
View: 7236

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This up-to-date, reader-friendly presentation of the mass media helps instructors use the media to teach the media and explore its excitement, complexity, and impact on our lives. The 2003 Update features up-to-date coverage and analysis of events that have taken place since the last edition was published, including the dramatic events of September 11, 2001. Widely praised for its ability to make learning interesting, Media of Mass Communication excites students as they explore the ever-changing subject of mass communication. The 2003 Update reflects the new reality of mass communication today while retaining the text's extensive coverage of media history, effects, and culture. Every chapter reflects the most current statistics, issues, and challenges facing the media.