New Trading Dimensions

How to Profit from Chaos in Stocks, Bonds, and Commodities
Author: Bill Williams
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471295419
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 260
View: 6254

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A powerful new way to navigate today′s unprecedented market conditions "Bill Williams′ pioneering application of chaos theory to the financial markets is leading technical analysis into the twenty–first century and beyond. New Trading Dimensions presents a complete, highly original, and intriguing trading method with clear, detailed illustrations, and challenging practice pages. Bill′s wisdom, technical expertise, and skillful teaching style make this a revolutionary must–have new book for stock and commodity traders." –Tom Bierovic, Product Manager for User Education, Omega Research, Inc. "Bill hits the nail on the head. The essence of successful trading is a combination of knowing who you are and allowing the market to reveal its secrets. Bill Williams has the gift of explaining these concepts better than anyone I know. This is a compelling work that belongs in every trader′s library." –George Angell, author, Profitable Day–Trading with Precision "Bill Williams is one of the great educators of our time. He freely shares his knowledge and experience in this inexpensive book. This book is required reading for all market technicians. The principles are sound as we have tested them with our software." –John Hill, President, Futures Truth, Co. "Bill Williams has always been an excellent teacher, taking complex terms and concepts and translating them into a clear, commonsense approach to trading. This book provides a complete trading program that reflects Bill′s years of wisdom and experience in the marketplace." –Darrell Jobman, Editorial Consultant and former Editor–in–Chief of Futures magazine As today′s market environment continues to change dramatically, more and more traders are discovering that traditional forecasting methods–pure technical analysis and fundamental analysis–just do not work. Sending out contradictory messages, these opposing schools of thought leave investors baffled about the future direction of the market, and consequently, at a loss as to how to tailor their trading systems. As a result, many practitioners have now turned to a new forecasting "cocktail" that combines traditional charting methodologies with chaos theory and human psychology. In this groundbreaking book, Bill Williams, a seasoned trader at the forefront of this dynamic new approach, explains exactly what it is, how it works in current stock and commodity markets, and how to use it to your advantage. Based on human nature rather than the vagaries of the market, the new trading dimension works on the premise that we trade not the market, but our own belief system. By assessing what your personal biases are, you can determine how they influence your ultimate success–or failure–and then adjust your trading strategies accordingly. Written by an expert in the field who has been featured in Futures, Worth, Success, and other prominent publications, New Trading Dimensions takes the latest in scientific knowledge about human behavior and applies it directly to the fields of stock and commodity investing and trading. With straightforward guidelines, it shows you how to adopt the right attitude toward the behavior of the market and use the right tools (ATTITOOLS) for profitable trading. Packed with practice exercises, specific applications to different types of investments, and a detailed review of important market signals, here′s where you′ll learn how to: ∗ Discover what the market wants and align your own beliefs with the direction of the market ∗ Apply chaos theory to trading and investing ∗ Use Williams′ "Market Alligator" for analyzing and profiting from the markets ∗ Employ a multidimensional trading program that includes such tools and techniques as fractals, oscillators, AC signals, psychological zones, and balance lines ∗ Exit trades in a timely fashion to reap high returns Drawing on the author′s more than forty years of experience as both a successful trader and seasoned trainer, this invaluable guide offers a breakthrough method that has proven its ability to turn investors into consistent winners.

Trading Chaos

Maximize Profits with Proven Technical Techniques
Author: Justine Gregory-Williams,Bill M. Williams
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471463085
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 228
View: 6909

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How to trade the markets by integrating Chaos Theory with marketsentiment In the first edition of Trading Chaos, seasoned trader andpsychologist Bill Williams detailed the potential of ChaosTheory-which seeks to make the unpredictable understandable-intrading and it revolutionized financial decision-making. The SecondEdition of Trading Chaos is a cutting edge book that combinestrading psychology and Chaos Theory and its particular effect onthe markets. By examining both of these facets in relation to thecurrent market, readers will have the best of all possible worldswhen trading. Bill Williams, PhD, CTA (Solana Beach, CA), is President ofProfitunity.com, a leader in the field of education for traders andinvestors. Justine Gregory-Williams (Solana Beach, CA) is Presidentof the Profitunity Trading Group and a full-time trader.

New Market Timing Techniques

Innovative Studies in Market Rhythm & Price Exhaustion
Author: Thomas R. DeMark
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471149781
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 339
View: 3332

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Tom DeMark has developed technical systems and indicators for many of the most successful trading operations in the world. Now, in a sequel to his bestselling book, The New Science of Technical Analysis, he stakes out new territory while refining the most popular and precise of his indicators with exacting attention to real-time trading applications. In addition, he shares - for the first time anywhere - the complete details of a new indicator: TD Combo. Used in conjunction with his popular TD Sequential, TD Combo equips traders with a powerful new tool for understanding market rhythms and calculating buy and sell opportunities. Along with other thoroughly tested techniques, DeMark offers authoritative insights on a range of essential topics, from common misconceptions about the market, to the skills needed for successful trading, and the extreme importance of careful money management.

Pulling Profit from Chaos: Proven Indicators for Spotting Winning Trades


Author: Justine (PRD) Williams-lara
Publisher: Marketplace Books
ISBN: 9781592804474
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 6188

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Williams-Lara, bestselling author of the second edition of Trading Chaos: Maximize Profits with Proven Technical Techniques, has been actively trading for over 15 years. Along with her father, Bill Williams, author of the first edition, she has been perfecting the concept of chaos theory and passing along the knowledge to traders around the world. By understanding the chaos of the financial markets and where it comes from, you will be able to trade more effectively using charts to quantify new information, resulting in winning trades outside of normal patterns, especially in today's volatile market. In this 90-minute DVD workshop, Justine explores the world of chaos and reveals the secret to maximizing your profits in any market during any timeframe. Justine will teach you to: -Use the market "Alligator" to monitor market momentum, -Utilize the Wiseman countertrend signal to optimize entry points, -Observe change in behavior by using Fractal signals and Elliott Wave, -Determine market momentum before prices change with the super "AO" signal, and more! This DVD is packed with a plethora of practical, real market examples and tips for new and seasoned traders alike. Watch now to learn how you can harness the chaos and start turning it into extraordinary profits!

Traders Troubleshooting Tools

A Collection Of Aphorisms, Quotes And Trading Trips By Bill M. Williams Phd
Author: Bill M. Williams PhD,Justine Williams-Lara,Marcus D. Lara
Publisher: BookBaby
ISBN: 1623097940
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 105
View: 3503

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Traders Troubleshooting Tools is a collection of quotes, aphorisms, and trading tips taken from Bill Williams' books, study materials, and daily journals he has kept. As one body of work, this book provides a clear summary of his trading philosophy that is embraced by thousands of independent and professional traders around the world. These trading "tools" are the result of over 50 years of trading experience and research into the mind and body connection and how it relates to the market's behavior. Bill's holistic approach to trading can improve your own relationship with the markets, your clients, your family and friends, and bring more peace to your trading life.

Trading Chaos

Applying Expert Techniques to Maximize Your Profits
Author: Bill M. Williams
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471119296
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 2256

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A practical guide for making sense of chaos theory and applying it to today's financial markets. Enables traders and analysts to uncover hidden determinism in seemingly random market events and make accurate investment decisions with high probabilities for profit.

Sentiment in the Forex Market

Indicators and Strategies To Profit from Crowd Behavior and Market Extremes
Author: Jamie Saettele
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118428803
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 196
View: 5333

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Crowds move markets and at major market turning points, the crowds are almost always wrong. When crowd sentiment is overwhelmingly positive or overwhelmingly negative ? it's a signal that the trend is exhausted and the market is ready to move powerfully in the opposite direction. Sentiment has long been a tool used by equity, futures, and options traders. In Sentiment in the Forex Market, FXCM analyst Jaime Saettele applies sentiment analysis to the currency market, using both traditional and new sentiment indicators, including: Commitment of Traders reports; time cycles; pivot points; oscillators; and Fibonacci time and price ratios. He also explains how to interpret news coverage of the markets to get a sense of when participants have become overly bullish or bearish. Saettele points out that several famous traders such as George Soros and Robert Prechter made huge profits by identifying shifts in crowd sentiment at major market turning points. Many individual traders lose money in the currency market, Saettele asserts, because they are too short-term oriented and trade impulsively. He believes retail traders would be much more successful if they adopted a longer-term, contrarian approach, utilizing sentiment indicators to position themselves at the beginning points of major trends.

A Trader's First Book on Commodities

An Introduction to the World's Fastest Growing Market
Author: Carley Garner
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0133248992
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 7103

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Earn consistent profits trading commodities, even if you're a newcomer to the commodities markets! Carley Garner's A Trader’s First Book on Commodities, Second Edition is today's most practical and realistic introduction to successful commodities trading. More than any other primer, it recognizes that the most important trading decisions are made long before the first trade is executed. Drawing on years of dealing with retail traders from all walks of life, experience levels, and amounts of risk capital, Garner answers the most pressing questions newcomers ask -- and the questions they haven't realized they need to ask. This extensively updated Second Edition reflects major changes in the market over the past three years, including new trading challenges, platforms, tools, data resources, and risks. Garner presents a hard-eyed look at the collapses of MF Global and PFGBEST, their failure to honor the sanctity of “Customer Segregated Funds” accounts, the implications for investors, and techniques for mitigating these new risks. She has added new charts and example trades throughout; new coverage of commodity impacts arising from recent events in Europe; important information about new technological improvements and competitive intraday position margin standards; and much more.

Cybernetic Trading Strategies

Developing a Profitable Trading System with State-of-the-Art Technologies
Author: Murray A. Ruggiero
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471149200
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 315
View: 2629

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"The computer can do more than show us pretty pictures. [It] can optimize, backtest, prove or disprove old theories, eliminate the bad ones and make the good ones better. Cybernetic Trading Strategies explores new ways to use the computer and finds ways to make a valuable machine even more valuable." ––from the Foreword by John J. Murphy. Until recently, the computer has been used almost exclusively as a charting and data–gathering tool. But as traders and analysts have quickly discovered, its capabilities are far more vast. Now, in this groundbreaking new book, Murray Ruggiero, a leading authority on cybernetic trading systems, unlocks their incredible potential and provides an in–depth look at the growing impact of advanced technologies on intermarket analysis. A unique resource, Cybernetic Trading Strategies provides specific instructions and applications on how to develop tradable market timing systems using neural networks, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, chaos theory, and machine induction methods. Currently utilized by some of the most powerful financial institutions in the world––including John Deere and Fidelity Investments––today′s advanced technologies go beyond subjective interpretations of market indicators to enhance traditional analysis. As a result, existing trading systems gain a competitive edge. Ruggiero reveals how "incorporating elements of statistical analysis, spectral analysis, neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic, and other high–tech concepts into a traditional technical trading system can greatly improve the performance of standard trading systems." For example: spectral analysis can be used to detect when a market is trending earlier than classical indicators such as ADX. Drawing on his extensive research on market analysis, Ruggiero provides an incisive overview of cyber–systems––systems that, when applied correctly, can increase trading returns by as much as 200% to 300%. The author covers a wide range of important topics, examining classical technical analysis methodologies and seasonal trading, as well as statistically based market prediction and the mechanization of subjective methods such as candlestick charts and the Elliott Wave. Precise explanations and dozens of real–world examples show you how to: ∗ Incorporate advanced technologies into classical technical analysis methodologies. ∗ Identify which of these technologies have the most market applicability. ∗ Build trading systems to maximize reliability and profitability based on your own risk/reward criteria. Most importantly, Cybernetic Trading Strategies takes you step by step through system testing and evaluation, a crucial step for controlling risk and managing money. With up–to–date information from one of the field′s leading authorities, Cybernetic Trading Strategies is the definitive guide to developing, implementing, and testing today′s cutting–edge computer trading technologies.

Fractal Market Analysis

Applying Chaos Theory to Investment and Economics
Author: Edgar E. Peters
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471585244
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 315
View: 9477

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By using fractals and rescaled range plus nonlinear dynamic models, Ed Peters explains turbulent market behavior, offers fresh insights into risk and volatility, and demystifies price and market movements. Whatever your trading and investment goals, FRACTAL MARKET ANALYSIS delivers the realistic economic and mathematical structure you need to enhance your asset valuation and portfolio selection strategies.

Profiting from Chaos

Using Chaos Theory for Market Timing, Stock Selection, and Option Valuation
Author: Tonis Vaga
Publisher: Tonis Vaga
ISBN: 9780070667860
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 248
View: 6391

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Finally, a book that not only explains the relationship between investing and chaos theory--the cutting-edge dicipline that Business Week says will "revitalize the money-management industry"--but also shows readers how to use the theory to master the financial markets. Illustrated.

Fractal Trading

Analyzing Financial Markets Using Fractal Geometry and the Golden Ratio
Author: Soul Esprit
Publisher: Ngp
ISBN: 9780984128167
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 128
View: 8753

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A focused study that identifies the location of quantitative values within specific time contexts. Projection analysis anticipates future price changes in financial markets and other time-dependent phenomenon according to Fractal Geometric criterion that makes possible forecasting subsequent prices with a high degree of precision.

Wall Street Revalued

Imperfect Markets and Inept Central Bankers
Author: Andrew Smithers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470750057
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 3755

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In 2000 one of the world’s foremost economists, Andrew Smithers, showed that the US stock market was widely over-priced at its peak and correctly advised investors to sell. He also argued that central bankers should adjust their policies not only in light of expected inflation but also if stock prices reach excessive levels. At the time, few economists agreed with him, today it is hard to find those who would disagree. In the past central bankers have denied that markets can be valued and that it did not matter if they fell. These two intellectual mistakes are the fundamentals cause of the current financial market crisis. In addition, a lack of understanding by investors as to how to value the market has also resulted in widespread losses. It is clearly of great importance to everyone that neither these losses nor the current financial chaos should be repeated and thus that the principle of asset valuation should be widely understood. In this timely and thought-provoking sequel to the hugely successful Valuing Wall Street Andrew Smithers puts forward a coherent and testable economic theory in order to influence investors, pension consultants and central bankers policy decisions so that thy may prevent history repeating itself. Backed by theory and substantial evidence Andrew shows that assets can be valued, as financial markets are neither perfectly efficient nor absurd casinos.

Trading Classic Chart Patterns


Author: Thomas N. Bulkowski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471432371
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 456
View: 7895

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Use popular chart patterns profitably In his follow-up to the well-received Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns, Thomas Bulkowski gives traders a practical game plan to capitalize on established chart patterns. Written for the novice investor but with techniques for the professional, Trading Classic Chart Patterns includes easy-to-use performance tables, vivid case studies, and a scoring system that makes trading chart patterns simple. This comprehensive guide skillfully gives investors straightforward solutions to profitably trading chart patterns. Trading Classic Chart Patterns also serves as a handy reference guide for favorite chart patterns, including broadening tops, head-and-shoulders, rectangles, triangles, and double and triple bottoms. Filled with numerous techniques, strategies, and insights, Trading Classic Chart Patterns fits perfectly into any pattern trader's arsenal. Thomas N. Bulkowski (Keller, TX), an active investor since 1981, is the author of the highly acclaimed Encyclopedia of Chart Patterns (Wiley: 0471295256) as well as numerous articles for Technical Analysis of Stocks & Commodities. Trained as a computer engineer, Bulkowski worked for over a decade at Tandy Corporation. Prior to that, he worked on the Patriot air defense system for Raytheon. New technology and the advent of around the clock trading have opened the floodgates to both foreign and domestic markets. Traders need the wisdom of industry veterans and the vision of innovators in today's volatile financial marketplace. The Wiley Trading series features books by traders who have survived the market's ever changing temperament and have prospered-some by reinventing systems, others by getting back to basics. Whether a novice trader, professional or somewhere in-between, these books will provide the advice and strategies needed to prosper today and well into the future.

Long-Term Secrets to Short-Term Trading


Author: Larry Williams
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118184688
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 336
View: 462

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Hugely popular market guru updates his popular trading strategy for a post-crisis world From Larry Williams—one of the most popular and respected technical analysts of the past four decades—Long-Term Secrets to Short-Term Trading, Second Edition provides the blueprint necessary for sound and profitable short-term trading in a post-market meltdown economy. In this updated edition of the evergreen trading book, Williams shares his years of experience as a highly successful short-term trader, while highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of what can be a very fruitful yet potentially dangerous endeavor. Offers market wisdom on a wide range of topics, including chaos, speculation, volatility breakouts, and profit patterns Explains fundamentals such as how the market moves, the three most dominant cycles, when to exit a trade, and how to hold on to winners Includes in-depth analysis of the most effective short-term trading strategies, as well as the author's winning technical indicators Short-term trading offers tremendous upside. At the same time, the practice is also extremely risky. Minimize your risk and maximize your opportunities for success with Larry Williams's Long-Term Secrets to Short-Term Trading, Second Edition.

The Lexus and the Olive Tree

Understanding Globalization
Author: Thomas L. Friedman
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 1250013747
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 490
View: 2896

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A brilliant investigation of globalization, the most significant socioeconomic trend in the world today, and how it is affecting every part of society--economically, politically, and culturally--abroad and at home.

Volatility Trading


Author: Euan Sinclair
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118045299
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 5264

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In Volatility Trading, Sinclair offers you a quantitative model for measuring volatility in order to gain an edge in your everyday option trading endeavors. With an accessible, straightforward approach. He guides traders through the basics of option pricing, volatility measurement, hedging, money management, and trade evaluation. In addition, Sinclair explains the often-overlooked psychological aspects of trading, revealing both how behavioral psychology can create market conditions traders can take advantage of-and how it can lead them astray. Psychological biases, he asserts, are probably the drivers behind most sources of edge available to a volatility trader. Your goal, Sinclair explains, must be clearly defined and easily expressed-if you cannot explain it in one sentence, you probably aren't completely clear about what it is. The same applies to your statistical edge. If you do not know exactly what your edge is, you shouldn't trade. He shows how, in addition to the numerical evaluation of a potential trade, you should be able to identify and evaluate the reason why implied volatility is priced where it is, that is, why an edge exists. This means it is also necessary to be on top of recent news stories, sector trends, and behavioral psychology. Finally, Sinclair underscores why trades need to be sized correctly, which means that each trade is evaluated according to its projected return and risk in the overall context of your goals. As the author concludes, while we also need to pay attention to seemingly mundane things like having good execution software, a comfortable office, and getting enough sleep, it is knowledge that is the ultimate source of edge. So, all else being equal, the trader with the greater knowledge will be the more successful. This book, and its companion CD-ROM, will provide that knowledge. The CD-ROM includes spreadsheets designed to help you forecast volatility and evaluate trades together with simulation engines.

Steidlmayer on Markets

Trading with Market Profile
Author: J. Peter Steidlmayer,Steven B. Hawkins
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471215561
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 223
View: 7431

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This work presents a number of basic elements of the market in a rapidly understood graphic form. This simple information, when analyzed properly, can yield excellent intraday and swing trades. It shows traders how to find these opportunities using innovative techniques created by authors Steidlmayer and Hawkins during their numerous years of trading the market.

The Perfect Portfolio

A Revolutionary Approach to Personal Investing
Author: Leland B. Hevner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470456729
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 2497

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Praise for The Perfect Portfolio "Today's markets are rife with challenges that confound novice and professional investors alike. Thankfully, The Perfect Portfolio provides the type of 'outside the box' thinking that can enable individual investors to not only cope with these challenges but also to view them as profit-making opportunities." —Lynnette Khalfani-Cox, The Money Coach (from the Foreword) To achieve long-term success in today's market, you can't place your faith totally in financial "experts" who are far too often salespeople first and objective advisers second. You must take personal control of your hard-earned savings and build a portfolio that gives you a realistic chance of earning returns that enable you to meet the investing goals you really want to achieve in life. That's why Leland Hevner—President of the National Association of Online Investors (naoi.org) and a longtime educator in the financial field—has created The Perfect Portfolio. This reliable resource outlines Hevner's proven investment approach, known as the Perfect Portfolio Methodology (PPM), and shows you how to use it to thrive in today's challenging market conditions. Divided into three comprehensive parts, The Perfect Portfolio will enable you to: Build a powerful and efficient portfolio using nine asset classes instead of the traditional three Completely avoid the complexities of analyzing individual stocks and mutual funds Virtually eliminate company risk from your portfolio Use amazing new Web-based tools to enhance and automate your trading activities Easily design a portfolio that matches your investing style and thrives in any market condition And much more This is not the stuff of your average investing book. The author is not simply putting a new "spin" on the outdated investing concepts being taught today. He is providing nothing less than a dramatically new portfolio design model and a revolutionary approach to the entire field of personal investing. And this bold challenge to the status quo is long overdue! With The Perfect Portfolio as your guide, you will realize that investing does not need to be as complicated as the financial services industry would like you to believe. You will learn a simple methodology for building a portfolio that can produce incredible returns with minimal risk. You will be empowered to take personal control of your investments. It's time to start your new life as a confident investor.

The Future of Futures

The Time of Money in Financing and Society
Author: Elena Esposito
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1849809119
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 2312

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'Within the cacophony of voices trying to explain the recent financial crisis, Elena Esposito's voice sounds clear and deep. Steering away from simplistic condemnations and equally simplistic prescriptions for betterment, she connects the very invention of derivatives to that eternal human hope – of controlling the future. While the task is impossible, the attempts never stop, and the very process of attempting it brings some consolation. And while derivatives can be seen, claim sociologists of finance, as performative, that is shaping the future they promise to control, even this is far from certain. Esposito's fascinating and beautiful work is an important contribution to the sociology of finance, a subdiscipline of sociology that took on itself an extremely important task of explaining how the finance markets really work.'– Barbara Czarniawska, University of Gothenburg, Sweden'This is a brilliant and timely book that shows how financing is centrally implicated in the very unpredictability and uncertainty it purports to master. With the incisiveness characteristic of her style and writing, Esposito reads economics in innovative ways that disclose the hidden premises by which financial instruments trade and consume the prospects of the future.' – Jannis Kallinikos, London School of Economics, UK'Elena Esposito's analysis of financial markets and of their recent decline is radically different from the analyses which can be found in economic journals or books. Financial operations are reduced to their basic dimensions: time and money. Under this perspective, what is sold on financial markets is the possibility for the creation of commitments in the course of time, the possibility for the combination of these commitments with one another, and the identification of chances for the achievement of profit opportunities through the creation of specific combinations. The author argues that the recent crisis of the financial system was caused by oversimplified visions of the future and of risk leading to the consequence that options were not available in the present because all possibilities had been used up by the future. This oversimplified vision of the future imploded, and trust with it. The state tried to reconstruct options for the future in order to open up new possibilities and chances for learning. The author does not deliver recipes on how to prevent severe crises of the financial system in the future. Yet, her concept facilitates understanding of how financial futures are opened up or closed and thus provides insights into basic principles on whose basis future opportunities can be kept open and trust can be maintained. Innovative reforms of the financial system can only develop on the basis of unconventional analyses. Elena Esposito's book contains an analysis of this kind.'– Alfred Kieser, Mannheim University, Germany'Elena Esposito's book is a fundamental analysis of time in economics. With economic rigour underpinned by sociological reasoning, she explains the futures market more clearly than is possible with economic analysis alone. Economic concepts are considered in terms of time – actors deal in the present with future risks by transferring these risks to the present situation. As a result, we get more options and more risks at the same time: at present. No equilibrium will balance these trades because of the asymmetry of time: our actual decisions deal with our imagination of the future, that is, with the future of the present, but the results will be realized in the presence of the future – different modalities of time. The book is a sound reflection on modelling time in economic theory, a "must" for economists.'– Birger P. Priddat, Witten/Herdecke University, Germany'The Future of Futures is an original and intellectually provocative book which forces the reader to think. Esposito's essay fulfils two rather different functions. On the one hand, it brings new and persuasive arguments to bear against the erroneous thesis that the present financial crisis is merely due to human mistakes and to some specific government failures. On the other hand, the book suggests that only by reconsidering the role of time in the economy is it possible to make full sense of the crisis and to re-orient in a desired direction the future movements of money. It is a well-known fact that traditional economics has always adhered to a spatial conception of time, according to which time, like space, is perfectly reversible. Whence its inability both to understand how economies develop and to prescribe adequate policies. The author's proposal is to move steps ahead in the direction of an analysis of an economy in time, where both historical time and time as duration can find a place. Esposito's well-written, jargon-free book will capture the attention of anyone seriously interested in the future of our market systems.'– Stefano Zamagni, University of Bologna and Johns Hopkins University, Bologna Center, Italy This book reconstructs the dynamics of economics, beginning explicitly with the role and the relevance of time: money uses the future in order to generate present wealth. Financial markets sell and buy risk, thereby binding the future. Elena Esposito explains that complex risk management techniques of structured finance produce new and uncontrolled risks because they use a simplified idea of the future, failing to account for how the future reacts to attempts at controlling it. During the recent financial crisis, the future had already been used (through securitizations, derivatives and other tools) to the extent that we had many futures, but no open future available.