New Perspectives in Health Care Ethics

An Interdisciplinary and Crosscultural Approach
Author: Rosemarie Tong
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780130613479
Category: Medical
Page: 352
View: 1978

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Tong, a well-known biomedical ethicist, combines medical ethics, bioethics, and her own unique insights to provide a comprehensive survey of contemporary health care ethics issues. Among the topics discussed in this book are complementary and alternative medicine; contraception and sterilization; infertility and assisted reproduction; and surrogate motherhood; genetic testing (screening and counseling); genetic therapy; biomedical and behavioral research; and euthanasia and assisted suicide. A useful reference work for those in the health care industry.

New Perspectives on Paternalism and Health Care

Author: Thomas Schramme
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319179608
Category: Philosophy
Page: 299
View: 5021

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This work sets the stage regarding debates about paternalism and health care for years to come. The anthology is organized around four parts: i) The concept of paternalism and theoretical issues regarding the idea of anti-paternalism, ii) strategies for justifying different forms of paternalism, iii) paternalism in psychiatry and psychotherapy, iv) paternalism and public health, and v) paternalism and reproductive medicine. Medical paternalism was arguably one of the main drivers of debates in medical ethics and has led to a wide acknowledgement of the value of patient autonomy. However, more recent developments in health care, such as the increasing significance of public health measures and the commercialization of medical services, have led to new social circumstances and hence to the need to rethink issues regarding paternalism. This work provides an invaluable source for many scholars and practitioners, since it deals in new and original ways with one of the main and oldest issue in health care ethics.​

New Perspectives in Japanese Bioethics

Author: Alexandra Perry
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443873969
Category: Medical
Page: 140
View: 1744

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Post-war Japan has seen profound and rapid social change and transformation. One of the most visible areas of change in Japan has been medicine, and particularly the ethical practices and policies that guide medical decision-making. The formal discipline of bioethics, Seimei Rinri in Japanese, has grown by leaps and bounds since the late 1970s, when it began to appear in the curriculum and professional activities of Japanese medical schools and philosophy departments. The introduction of bioethics to Japan was timely, as innovation in medicine and technology was evolving in ways that revealed that the intersection of medicine, traditional Japanese values, and new cultural trends was an area of great moral complexity. In its infancy, bioethics in Japan was more or less an import from the United States, where the discipline took its roots. Quickly, however, it became clear that Japan’s history and tradition would call for a different approach, and the engagement of slightly different ethical issues. Organ transplantation, for example, sparked much greater controversy in Japan than it ever did in the United States. Today, Japan has one of the most dynamic bioethics programs in the world, and it is one that reflects both traditional Japanese culture and the need for inter-cultural engagement in an increasingly global world. Through a series of original chapters written by bioethicists and covering a range of ethical issues, this anthology shows that, in contrast to previous assumptions, Japanese bioethics has, in fact, taken on an identity that is undoubtedly separate from its American origins. Rich philosophical questions raised by medicine, human subjects research, and psychiatric care are being posed by scholars in a way that reflect Japanese tradition and is no longer simply reflective of, or shaped by, American traditions and philosophical problems. The book highlights and showcases these trends through a series of chapters written by some of the leading scholars in contemporary Japanese bioethics, many of whom were pioneers of the field when it began and are now nearing retirement.

Feminist Perspectives in Medical Ethics

Author: Helen B. Holmes,Laura Martha Purdy
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253328489
Category: Medical
Page: 315
View: 6838

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The fields of medical ethics and women's studies have experienced unprecedented growth. This work aims to show how a feminist perspective advances biomedical ethics. It uncovers inconsistencies in traditional arguments and argues for the importance of hitherto ignored factors in decision making.

Managerial Ethics in Healthcare

A New Perspective
Author: Gary Lewis Filerman,Ann E. Mills,Paul M. Schyve
Publisher: Health Administration Press
ISBN: 9781567936032
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 332
View: 6954

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Cross-cultural Perspectives in Medical Ethics

Author: Robert M. Veatch
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763713324
Category: Medical
Page: 380
View: 6996

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Cross- Cultural Perspectives in Medical Ethics, Second Edition, is an anthology of the latest and best readings on the medical ethics of as many of the major religious, philosophical, and medical traditions that are available today.

New Perspectives in Philosophy of Education

Ethics, Politics and Religion
Author: David Lewin,Alexandre Guilherme,Morgan White
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472513363
Category: Education
Page: 256
View: 3953

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New Perspectives in Philosophy of Education seeks to build a bridge between philosophical reflection and socio-political action by developing a range of critical discussions in the areas of ethics, politics and religion. This volume brings together established authorities and a new generation of scholars to ask whether philosophy of education can contribute to political and social discourse, or whether it is destined to remain the marginal gadfly of mainstream ideology. The philosophy of education stands in danger of becoming a neglected field at precisely the moment we need to be able to reflect upon the increasingly apparent costs of the technocratic attitude to education. While many of the educational policy discussions of recent years seem far-reaching and radical, critical debate surrounding these initiatives remain largely at a populist level. New Perspectives in Philosophy of Education provides contemporary responses to philosophical issues that bear upon educational studies, policies and practices, contributing to the debate on the role of philosophy of education in an increasingly fractured intellectual milieu.

Ethics in Biomedical Research

International Perspectives
Author: Matti Häyry,Tuija Takala,Peter Herissone-Kelly,Alexander Morgan Capron
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042021799
Category: Medical
Page: 248
View: 3974

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This book deals with the international assessment and regulation of biomedical research. In its chapters, some of the leading figures in today's bioethics address questions centred on global development, scientific advances, and vulnerability.The series Values In Bioethicsmakes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global bioethics.

Textbook of Healthcare Ethics

Author: Erich E.H. Loewy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306468018
Category: Medical
Page: 309
View: 3941

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Here, Erich H. Loewy expands on his earlier book Textbook of Medical Ethics (1989) offering healthcare workers and students a new perspective on ethical practice. Textbook of Healthcare Ethics focuses on the social conditions in which medical practice occurs and how ethical healthcare decisions involves nurses, social workers, psychologists, technicians, and patients as well as physicians. This thoroughly revised and expanded edition addresses historical and theoretical underpinnings and practical concerns. A series of case studies serve as a guideline for further discussion. The text examines provocative issues such as organ donation, care of the terminally ill, abortion, HIV-positive healthcare professionals, physician-assisted suicide, and experimentation with fetal tissue. This is an ideal book for all members of the healthcare team as well as students and residents in any discipline of medicine.

Health Care Ethics in Canada

Author: Françoise Baylis,Kirstin Borgerson,Barry Hoffmaster,Susan Sherwin
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0176504648
Category: Medical ethics
Page: 544
View: 9521

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The third edition of Health Care Ethics in Canada builds on the commitment to Canadian content established in earlier editions without sacrificing breadth or rigor. Through a collection of selected readings, this textbook covers core issues while simultaneously bringing a fresh new perspective based on recent developments in health care. It is an up-to-date, comprehensive textbook that brings a wide range of perspectives and issues to the table on the social and institutional settings of health care delivery and the role that culture plays. This textbook aims to provide a variety of Canadian perspectives on both longstanding and emerging trends in Canadian health care.

Sterblich sein

Was am Ende wirklich zählt. Über Würde, Autonomie und eine angemessene medizinische Versorgung
Author: Atul Gawande
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104035849
Category: Self-Help
Page: 336
View: 316

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Ein Buch über das Sterben, das das Leben lehrt Die Medizin scheint über Krankheit und Tod zu triumphieren, doch sterben wir so trostlos wie nie zuvor. Der Bestsellerautor und renommierte Arzt Atul Gawande schreibt in seinem beeindruckenden Buch über das, was am Ende unseres Lebens wirklich zählt. Ungewöhnlich offen spricht er darüber, was es bedeutet, alt zu werden, wie man mit Gebrechen und Krankheiten umgehen kann und was wir an unserem System ändern müssen, um unser Leben würdevoll zu Ende zu bringen. Ein mutiges und weises Buch eines großartigen Autors, voller Geschichten und eigener Erfahrungen, das uns hilft, die Geschichte unseres Lebens gut zu Ende zu erzählen. »Dieses Buch ist nicht nur weise und sehr bewegend, sondern gerade in unserer Zeit unbedingt notwendig und sehr aufschlussreich.« Oliver Sacks »Die medizinische Betreuung ist mehr auf Heilung ausgelegt als auf das Sterben. Dies ist Atuls Gawandes stärkstes und bewegendstes Buch.« Malcolm Gladwell

Medical Ethics in Health Care Chaplaincy

Author: Walter Moczynski,Hille Haker,Katrin Bentele
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3825815501
Category: Religion
Page: 329
View: 8582

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Medical Ethics in Health Care Chaplaincy is a response to the new challenges spiritual care providers are confronted with in a profession that has faced dramatic change in function and scope over the last few decades. The rich collection of essays brings together the experience, approaches and research of many US and German scholars in the area of ethics, medicine, theology, psychology and spiritual care. This is an invaluable resource addressing the many spiritual, religious and ethical issues in providing care to the sick and dying for hospital chaplains, clergy, health care professionals, teachers, academics, ethics committee members and students in medical ethics, theology and/or religious studies.

Concepts and Cases in Nursing Ethics - Third Edition

Author: Michael Yeo,Anne Moorhouse,Pamela Kahn,Patricia Rodney
Publisher: Broadview Press
ISBN: 1460400747
Category: Philosophy
Page: 420
View: 6858

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Concepts and Cases in Nursing Ethics is a case-based exploration of the core principles of health care ethics applied to nursing. The book is a collaboration between philosopher-ethicist Michael Yeo and nurse-ethicist and educators Anne Moorhouse, Pamela Khan, and Patricia Rodney. It thus combines philosophical and ethical analysis with extensive knowledge and experience in nursing and health care. The book is organized around six main concepts in health care ethics: beneficence, autonomy, truthfulness, confidentiality, justice, and integrity. A chapter is devoted to the elucidation of each of these concepts. In each chapter, historical background and conceptual analysis are supplemented by case studies that exemplify issues and show how the concept applies in health care and nursing practice. In this new edition, the conceptual analysis throughout has been updated and reworked in view of changes in the health care system. In addition, there is a new chapter specifically devoted to recent developments affecting nursing and other health professions. Previous case studies have been modified and new ones added to address current and emerging issues. Although the text focuses mainly on the social and political situation of nursing, the analysis has relevance also for medicine and the allied health professions, and indeed for anyone working in the health system.

An Introduction to Healthcare Organizational Ethics

Author: Robert T. Hall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199748891
Category: Medical
Page: 280
View: 3342

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This is a lucid, readable discussion of ethical questions in health care as they arise on the business or organizational level: an effort to spell out an ethical perspective for healthcare organizations. It will be of use to students in health services management programs, health care professionals, healthcare administrators, and members of healthcare ethics committees. Hall begins with the ethical analysis of decision-making in the management of healthcare organizations and then addresses some of the questions of organizational ethics through an analysis of corporate social responsibility in for-profit and not-for-profit organizations and of the problem of uncompensated care. Later chapters take up patient development, community relations, diversity, employee relations, governmental relations, regulatory compliance and medical records. The author's analysis focuses on healthcare institutions as business organizations with many of the problems faced by corporate management in other fields but with the difference that health care holds a special place among human needs and has traditionally been viewed from an altruistic perspective. He gives special attention to the new standards on organizational ethics promulgated by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and includes many case studies not only to illustrate the main points but also to direct the reader's attention to peripheral aspects that can complicate theses issues.

A Cross-Cultural Dialogue on Health Care Ethics

Author: Harold Coward,Pinit Ratanakul
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 0889208557
Category: Philosophy
Page: 288
View: 5886

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The ethical theories employed in health care today assume, in the main, a modern Western philosophical framework. Yet the diversity of cultural and religious assumptions regarding human nature, health and illness, life and death, and the status of the individual suggest that a cross-cultural study of health care ethics is needed. A Cross-Cultural Dialogue on Health Care Ethics provides this study. It shows that ethical questions can be resolved by examining the ethical principles present in each culture, critically assessing each value, and identifying common values found within all traditions, It encourages the development of global awareness and sensitivity to and respect for the diversity of peoples and their values and will advance understanding as well as help to foster a greater balance and a fuller truth in consideration of the human condition and what makes for health and wholeness.

Principles of Health Care Ethics

Author: Richard Edmund Ashcroft,Angus Dawson,Heather Draper,John McMillan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470510537
Category: Medical
Page: 864
View: 9374

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Edited by four leading members of the new generation of medical and healthcare ethicists working in the UK, respected worldwide for their work in medical ethics, Principles of Health Care Ethics, Second Edition is a standard resource for students, professionals, and academics wishing to understand current and future issues in healthcare ethics. With a distinguished international panel of contributors working at the leading edge of academia, this volume presents a comprehensive guide to the field, with state of the art introductions to the wide range of topics in modern healthcare ethics, from consent to human rights, from utilitarianism to feminism, from the doctor-patient relationship to xenotransplantation. This volume is the Second Edition of the highly successful work edited by Professor Raanan Gillon, Emeritus Professor of Medical Ethics at Imperial College London and former editor of the Journal of Medical Ethics, the leading journal in this field. Developments from the First Edition include: The focus on ‘Four Principles Method’ is relaxed to cover more different methods in health care ethics. More material on new medical technologies is included, the coverage of issues on the doctor/patient relationship is expanded, and material on ethics and public health is brought together into a new section.

The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine

Serving Society or Serving the Patient?
Author: Niklas Juth,Christian Munthe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400720459
Category: Medical
Page: 182
View: 6989

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Medical or health-oriented screening programs are amongst the most debated aspects of health care and public health practices in health care and public health ethics, as well as health policy discussions. In spite of this, most treatments of screening in the research literature restrict themselves to isolated scientific aspects, sometimes complemented by economic analyses or loose speculations regarding policy aspects. At the same time, recent advances in medical genetics and technology, as well as a rapidly growing societal focus on public health concerns, inspires an increase in suggested or recently started screening programs. This book involves an in-depth analysis of the ethical, political and philosophical issues related to health-oriented screening programs. It explores the considerations that arise when heath care interacts with other societal institutions on a large scale, as is the case with screening: What values may be promoted or compromised by screening programs? What conflicts of values do typically arise – both internally and in relation to the goals of health care, on the one hand, and the goals of public health and the general society, on the other? What aspects of screening are relevant for determining whether it should be undertaken or not and how it should be organised in order to remain defensible? What implications does the ethics of screening have for health care ethics as a whole? These questions are addressed by applying philosophical methods of conceptual analysis, as well as models and theories from moral and political philosophy, medical ethics, and public health ethics, to a large number of ongoing and proposed screening programs which makes this book the first comprehensive work on the ethics of screening. Analyses and suggestions are made that are of potential interest to health care staff, medical researchers, policy makers and the general public.

Ethik und öffentliches Gesundheitswesen

Ordnungsethische und ordnungspolitische Einflußfaktoren im öffentlichen Gesundheitswesen
Author: Hans-Martin Sass
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364273541X
Category: Medical
Page: 287
View: 7249

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Ethik und öffentliches Gesundheitswesen wendet sich an alle mündigen und an der Struktur und Ethik des öffentlichen Gesundheitswesens interessierten Bürger, vor allem aber an Mediziner und Medizinpolitiker, Gesundheitsökonomen, Philosophen, Ethiker und Politiker und an die Vertreter der Verbände im Gesundheitswesen. Die Beiträge dieses Buches leisten einen Beitrag zur aktuellen Diskussion über die Kostenexplosion im Gesundheitswesen und seine notwendige Reform. Die ethischen Aspekte der Patientenmündigkeit und der Vorzüge einer marktwirtschaftlichen Reform werden besonders herausgestellt. Durch einen Vergleich mit den Gesundheitssystemen der USA, der UdSSR, Frankreichs und Englands gewinnt die gegenwärtige Diskussion in der Bundesrepublik an Konturen.

Die Unsterblichkeit der Henrietta Lacks

Die Geschichte der HeLa-Zellen
Author: Rebecca Skloot
Publisher: Irisiana
ISBN: 3641051754
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 512
View: 8553

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Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.