Israel Studies in Criminology


Author: Shlomo Giora Shoham
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9780878552757
Category: History
Page: 247
View: 511

Continue Reading →

This ongoing series, published under the auspices of the Faculty of Law and the Institute of Criminology and Criminal Law of Tel Aviv University, documents the changes taking place in the field of criminology and the new undercurrents continually surfacing. The editor shows that criminological research has become emeshed in two issues. First, research has become increasingly bifurcated into action-oriented research and etiological theorizing; the so-called "new criminology" has caused some ripples, especially among radically oriented students. Second, most current approaches to the study and prevention of crime and deviance are being undertaken from a multidisci-plinary but undisciplined position. Efforts are being made to promote an interdisciplinary approach to criminology. The idea is to break the semantic barriers among the various disciplines and ultimately to synchronize the various levels of analysis into a continuous, homogeneous model.

Cybercrime, Organized Crime, and Societal Responses

International Approaches
Author: Emilio C. Viano
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319445014
Category: Social Science
Page: 378
View: 6561

Continue Reading →

This timely book provides contributions on international, comparative crime phenomena: gangs, trafficking, fear of crime, and crime prevention. It highlights contributions originally prepared for the XVII World Congress of Criminology and for the 2015 Cybercrime Conference in Oñati, Spain which have been selected, reviewed, and adapted for inclusion in this volume. The work features international contributors sharing the latest research and approaches from a variety of global regions. The first part examines the impact of gangs on criminal activities and violence. The second part explores illegal trafficking of people, drugs, and other illicit goods as a global phenomenon, aided by the ease of international travel, funds transfer, and communication. Finally, international approaches to crime detection prevention are presented. The work provides case studies and fieldwork that will be relevant across a variety of disciplines and a rich resource for future research. This work is relevant for researchers in criminology and criminal justice, as well as related fields such as international and comparative law, public policy, and public health.

Inventing Fear of Crime


Author: Murray Lee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134017154
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 9286

Continue Reading →

The notion of the fear of crime has become as important as crime itself. This book analyses the emergence of the fear of crime as a meaningful concept in both social enquiry and governmental and political discourse particularly in the UK, Australia and New Zealand, and North America.

The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology


Author: Arjan Blokland,Victor van der Geest
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131760301X
Category: Social Science
Page: 474
View: 8551

Continue Reading →

Since its introduction in the latter half of the 1980s, the meticulous study of distinct criminal career dimensions, like onset, frequency, and crime mix, has yielded a wealth of information on the way crime develops over the life-span. Policymakers in turn have used this information in their efforts to tailor criminal justice interventions to be both effective and efficient. Life-course criminology studies the ways in which the criminal career is embedded in the totality of the individual life-course and seeks to clarify the causal mechanisms governing this process. The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology provides an authoritative collection of international theoretical and empirical research into the way that criminal behavior develops over the life-span, which causal mechanisms are involved in shaping this development, and to what degree criminal justice interventions are successful in redirecting offenders’ criminal trajectories. Drawing upon qualitative and quantitative research this handbook covers theory, describes and compares criminal career patterns across different countries, tests current explanations of criminal development, and using cutting-edge methods, assesses the intended and unintended effects of formal interventions. This book is the first of its kind to offer a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art developments in criminal career and life-course research, providing unique perspectives and exclusive local knowledge from over 50 international scholars. This book is an ideal companion for teachers and researchers engaged in the field of developmental and life-course criminology.

Handbook of Religion and Health


Author: Harold Koenig,Dana King,Verna B. Carson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199912718
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 1192
View: 3591

Continue Reading →

The Handbook of Religion and Health has become the seminal research text on religion, spirituality, and health, outlining a rational argument for the connection between religion and health. The Second Edition completely revises and updates the first edition. Its authors are physicians: a psychiatrist and geriatrician, a primary care physician, and a professor of nursing and specialist in mental health nursing. The Second Edition surveys the historical connections between religion and health and grapples with the distinction between the terms ''religion'' and ''spirituality'' in research and clinical practice. It reviews research on religion and mental health, as well as extensive research literature on the mind-body relationship, and develops a model to explain how religious involvement may impact physical health through the mind-body mechanisms. It also explores the direct relationships between religion and physical health, covering such topics as immune and endocrine function, heart disease, hypertension and stroke, neurological disorders, cancer, and infectious diseases; and examines the consequences of illness including chronic pain, disability, and quality of life. Finally, the Handbook reviews research methods and addresses applications to clinical practice. Theological perspectives are interwoven throughout the chapters. The Handbook is the most insightful and authoritative resource available to anyone who wants to understand the relationship between religion and health.

The Sparking Discipline of Criminology

John Braithwaite and the Construction of Critical Social Science and Social Justice
Author: Stephan Parmentier
Publisher: Universitaire Pers Leuven
ISBN: 9058678830
Category: Political Science
Page: 164
View: 8446

Continue Reading →

In recent decades, the Australian social scientist John Braithwaite has played a crucial role in the development of international criminology. He is considered one of the most renowned criminologists of our time, and he has put his scientific engagement at the service of humanity and society by aiming at social justice, participatory democracy, sustainable development, and world peace. In this collection of essays well-known academics reflect on Braithwaite's work by addressing two leading questions: What are the implications of a republican theory of justice for criminology and criminal policy? And what is the role of academic criminology in today's social, political, and economic environment? The volume concludes with an extensive contribution from John Braithwaite himself in which he not only to the essays in the book but also addresses challenges to and future directions for academic criminology.

Unraveling the Crime-Place Connection, Volume 22

New Directions in Theory and Policy
Author: David Weisburd,John E. Eck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351374346
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 7081

Continue Reading →

Unraveling the Crime-Place Connection examines in a new light how places enhance our understanding of crime and its control. While there has been much work in this area focused on policy, few have examined the underlying theories that inform this work. Theory has played a secondary role in the "criminology of place," and this volume brings it to the forefront of scholarly concerns. Each part and its chapters illuminate cutting-edge ideas in the etiology and control of crime at place, beginning with an introductory Part I. Crime is often concentrated in very small geographies, and Part II emphasizes the importance of capturing the dynamic nature of places in order to understand crime clustering. Part III offers integrative theories on the varying contextual arrangements of places and links theories of places to other theories of individuals, neighborhoods, and other social contexts. In Part IV, theorists ask how the actions of place owners facilitate or control crime and what policies governments can institute to regulate place management. This volume will be of interest to criminologists worldwide and useful for graduate-level or advanced undergraduate courses on environmental criminology or crime prevention.

Aufklärung jetzt

Für Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt. Eine Verteidigung
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104030685
Category: Philosophy
Page: 736
View: 8270

Continue Reading →

Eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum üblichen Kulturpessimismus und ein engagierter Widerspruch zu dem weitverbreiteten Gefühl, dass die Moderne dem Untergang geweiht ist. Hass, Populismus und Unvernunft regieren die Welt, Wissenschaftsfeindlichkeit macht sich breit, Wahrheit gibt es nicht mehr: Wer die Schlagzeilen von heute liest, könnte so denken. Doch Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker zeigt, dass das grundfalsch ist. Er hat die Entwicklung der vergangenen Jahrhunderte gründlich untersucht und beweist in seiner fulminanten Studie, dass unser Leben stetig viel besser geworden ist. Heute leben wir länger, gesünder, sicherer, glücklicher, friedlicher und wohlhabender denn je, und nicht nur in der westlichen Welt. Der Grund: die Aufklärung und ihr Wertesystem. Denn Aufklärung und Wissenschaft bieten nach wie vor die Basis, um mit Vernunft und im Konsens alle Probleme anzugehen. Anstelle von Gerüchten zählen Fakten, anstatt überlieferten Mythen zu glauben baut man auf Diskussion und Argumente. Anschaulich und brillant macht Pinker eines klar: Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt sind weiterhin unverzichtbar für unser Wohlergehen. Ohne sie wird die Welt auf keinen Fall zu einem besseren Ort für uns alle. »Mein absolutes Lieblingsbuch aller Zeiten.« Bill Gates

Victims of Environmental Harm

Rights, Recognition and Redress Under National and International Law
Author: Matthew Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415677009
Category: Law
Page: 197
View: 4318

Continue Reading →

In recent years, the increasing focus on climate change and environmental degradation has prompted unprecedented attention being paid towards the criminal liability of individuals, organisations and even states for polluting activities. These developments have given rise to a new area of criminological study, often called 'green criminology'. Yet in all the theorising that has taken place in this area, there is still a marked absence of specific focus on those actually suffering harm as a result of environmental degradation. This book represents a unique attempt to substantively conceptualise and examine the place of such 'environmental victims' in criminal justice systems both nationally and internationally. Grounded in a comparative approach and drawing on critical criminological arguments, this volume examines many of the areas traditionally considered by victimologists in relation to victims of environmental crime and, more widely, environmental harm. These include victims' rights, compensation, treatment by criminal justice systems and participation in that process. The book approaches the issue of 'environmental victimisation' from a 'social harms' perspective (as opposed to a 'criminal harms' one) thus problematising the definitions of environmental crime found within most jurisdictions. Victims of Environmental Harm concludes by mapping out the contours of further research into a developing green victimology and how this agenda might inform criminal justice reform and policy making at national and global levels.This book will be of interest to researchers across a number of disciplines including criminology, international law, victimology, socio-legal studies and physical sciences as well as professionals involved in policy making processes.

Who's Who in International Organizations


Author: Union of International Associations
Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Company
ISBN: 9783598246463
Category: Political Science
Page: 1140
View: 2987

Continue Reading →

Yearbook of International Organizations is the most comprehensive reference resource and provides current details of international non-governmental (NGO) and intergovernmental organizations (IGO). Collected, documented and disseminated by the Union of International Associations (UIA), detailed and profound information on international organizations worldwide can be found here, from the United Nations, the ASEAN and the Red Cross to sporting bodies and religious orders. Besides historical and organizational information (e.g. on aims, subject orientation and locations), details on activities, events or publications as well as the most current contact details are included. Integrated are also biographies of the leading individuals of the organizations as well as the presentation of networks of organizations. The Union of International Associations (UIA) is a non-profit, apolitical, independent and non-governmental institution in the service for international associations, based in Brussels, Belgium. For 100 years, the UIA has focused on the nature and evolution of the international civil society - a topic of increasing relevance. New: UIA Bi-monthly Study Find out about current topics and the wealth of information contained in the Yearbook of International Organizations. No. 1 of UIA's new Bi-monthly Study is now available for download. This time's subject: Olympic Games and Sports.

Lessons from International/comparative Criminology/criminal Justice


Author: John Winterdyk,Liqun Cao
Publisher: De Sitter Publications
ISBN: 9780973397864
Category: Law
Page: 224
View: 9917

Continue Reading →

This book is an anthology of 14 esteemed scholars who have made significant contributions to criminology, criminal justice, and international law within a comparative and international context. In this lively collection of â??storiesâ?, the authors share of themselves in ways we seldom learn about in textbooks. By inviting us into their lives, we find out about the pitfalls, opportunities, and gut-wrenching decisions they faced during their careers. Pat Mayhew frankly warns students that â??international comparative work is not for the faint heartedâ?, Peter Grabosky encourages students to â??keep their eyes openâ?, and David Farrington advises us to â??choose our collaborators carefullyâ?. Yet, what resonates throughout their lessons is that truly successful people are those who keep trying. Students in particular will find the stories inspirational and insightful. This text provides us with practical, real life examples of how following oneâ??s passion can genuinely impact crime prevention, criminal justice, and social ills around the world.

Introduction to Criminology

Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior
Author: Frank E. Hagan
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780534534448
Category: Law
Page: 577
View: 8004

Continue Reading →

Formerly a Nelson Hall title, this text is a comprehensive introduction to the study of criminology, excluding additional chapters on the criminal justice system (police, courts, and corrections) as can be found in some texts. INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY avoids an overly legal and crime control orientation. It concentrates on the vital core of criminological theory--theory, method, and criminal behavior. Hagan investigates all forms of criminal activity, such as occupational crime, political crime, and environmental crime. He explains the methods of operation, the effects on society, and how various theories account for criminal behavior.

A Guide to Surviving a Career in Academia

Navigating the Rites of Passage
Author: Emily Lenning,Sara Brightman,Susan Caringella
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113514642X
Category: Social Science
Page: 160
View: 8491

Continue Reading →

Navigating an academic career is a complex process – to be successful requires mastering several 'rites of passage'. This comprehensive guide takes academics at all stages of their career through a journey, beginning at graduate school and ending with retirement.

Borders and Crime

Pre-Crime, Mobility and Serious Harm in an Age of Globalization
Author: S. Pickering,J. McCulloch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137283823
Category: Social Science
Page: 202
View: 4343

Continue Reading →

The collection considers the growing importance of the border as a prime site for criminal justice activity and explores the impact of border policing on human rights and global justice. It covers a range of subjects from e-trafficking, child soldiers, the 'global war on terror' in Africa and police activities that generate crime.

Police Practices

An International Review
Author: Dilip K. Das
Publisher: Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 448
View: 6792

Continue Reading →

In this unique comparative study of the police in Australia, Finland, India, Japan, and New Zealand, contributors from each country take a macroscopic perspective, analyzing their police as the product of their country's culture. This book is a welcome addition...provides interesting overviews of policing in the five countries represented. --THE CRIMINOLOGIST ...definitely a pacesetter in the area of comparative police studies. --INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE REVIEW

Global Families


Author: Meg Wilkes Karraker
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412998638
Category: Political Science
Page: 271
View: 482

Continue Reading →

In Global Families, author Meg Karraker provides family scholars with a methodical introduction to the interdisciplinary field of globalization. Global Families then examines the ways in which globalization impinges on families throughout the world in four major areas: demographic transitions, world-wide culture, international violence, and transnational employment. The book concludes with a discussion of supra-national policies and other efforts to position families in this global landscape.