The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology


Author: Arjan Blokland,Victor van der Geest
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131760301X
Category: Social Science
Page: 474
View: 8201

Continue Reading →

Since its introduction in the latter half of the 1980s, the meticulous study of distinct criminal career dimensions, like onset, frequency, and crime mix, has yielded a wealth of information on the way crime develops over the life-span. Policymakers in turn have used this information in their efforts to tailor criminal justice interventions to be both effective and efficient. Life-course criminology studies the ways in which the criminal career is embedded in the totality of the individual life-course and seeks to clarify the causal mechanisms governing this process. The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology provides an authoritative collection of international theoretical and empirical research into the way that criminal behavior develops over the life-span, which causal mechanisms are involved in shaping this development, and to what degree criminal justice interventions are successful in redirecting offenders’ criminal trajectories. Drawing upon qualitative and quantitative research this handbook covers theory, describes and compares criminal career patterns across different countries, tests current explanations of criminal development, and using cutting-edge methods, assesses the intended and unintended effects of formal interventions. This book is the first of its kind to offer a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art developments in criminal career and life-course research, providing unique perspectives and exclusive local knowledge from over 50 international scholars. This book is an ideal companion for teachers and researchers engaged in the field of developmental and life-course criminology.

Inventing Fear of Crime


Author: Murray Lee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134017154
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 3930

Continue Reading →

The notion of the fear of crime has become as important as crime itself. This book analyses the emergence of the fear of crime as a meaningful concept in both social enquiry and governmental and political discourse particularly in the UK, Australia and New Zealand, and North America.

The Transformation of Citizenship, Volume 2

Boundaries of Inclusion and Exclusion
Author: Jürgen Mackert,Bryan S. Turner
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317203836
Category: Social Science
Page: 200
View: 6453

Continue Reading →

This volume Boundaries of Inclusion and Exclusion examines the many different and newly emerging ways in which citizenship refers to spatial, symbolic and social boundaries. Today, in the context of citizenship we face processes of inclusion and exclusion on national and supranational level but no less on the level of groups and individuals. The book addresses these different levels and discusses processes of inclusion and exclusion with regard to spatial, social and symbolic boundaries referring to such different problems as political participation, migration, or identity with regard to religion or the EU. This book will appeal to academics working in the field of political theory, political sociology and European studies.

Digital Criminology

Crime and Justice in Digital Society
Author: Anastasia Powell,Gregory Stratton,Robin Cameron
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351795058
Category: Social Science
Page: 210
View: 3943

Continue Reading →

The infusion of digital technology into contemporary society has had significant effects for everyday life and for everyday crimes. Digital Criminology: Crime and Justice in Digital Society is the first interdisciplinary scholarly investigation extending beyond traditional topics of cybercrime, policing and the law to consider the implications of digital society for public engagement with crime and justice movements. This book seeks to connect the disparate fields of criminology, sociology, legal studies, politics, media and cultural studies in the study of crime and justice. Drawing together intersecting conceptual frameworks, Digital Criminology examines conceptual, legal, political and cultural framings of crime, formal justice responses and informal citizen-led justice movements in our increasingly connected global and digital society. Building on case study examples from across Australia, Canada, Europe, China, the UK and the United States, Digital Criminology explores key questions including: What are the implications of an increasingly digital society for crime and justice? What effects will emergent technologies have for how we respond to crime and participate in crime debates? What will be the foundational shifts in criminological research and frameworks for understanding crime and justice in this technologically mediated context? What does it mean to be a ‘just’ digital citizen? How will digital communications and social networks enable new forms of justice and justice movements? Ultimately, the book advances the case for an emerging digital criminology: extending the practical and conceptual analyses of ‘cyber’ or ‘e’ crime beyond a focus foremost on the novelty, pathology and illegality of technology-enabled crimes, to understandings of online crime as inherently social.

The Sparking Discipline of Criminology

John Braithwaite and the Construction of Critical Social Science and Social Justice
Author: Stephan Parmentier
Publisher: Universitaire Pers Leuven
ISBN: 9058678830
Category: Political Science
Page: 164
View: 6394

Continue Reading →

In recent decades, the Australian social scientist John Braithwaite has played a crucial role in the development of international criminology. He is considered one of the most renowned criminologists of our time, and he has put his scientific engagement at the service of humanity and society by aiming at social justice, participatory democracy, sustainable development, and world peace. In this collection of essays well-known academics reflect on Braithwaite's work by addressing two leading questions: What are the implications of a republican theory of justice for criminology and criminal policy? And what is the role of academic criminology in today's social, political, and economic environment? The volume concludes with an extensive contribution from John Braithwaite himself in which he not only to the essays in the book but also addresses challenges to and future directions for academic criminology.

The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration


Author: Sharon Pickering,Julie Ham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135924333
Category: Social Science
Page: 448
View: 2511

Continue Reading →

The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration is concerned with the various relationships between migration, crime and victimization that have informed a wide criminological scholarship often driven by some of the original lines of inquiry of the Chicago School. Historically, migration and crime came to be the device by which Criminology and cognate fields sought to tackle issues of race and ethnicity, often in highly problematic ways. However, in the contemporary period this body of scholarship is inspiring scholars to produce significant evidence that speaks to some of the biggest public policy questions and debunks many dominant mythologies around the criminality of migrants. The Routledge Handbook on Crime and International Migration is also concerned with the theoretical, empirical and policy knots found in the relationship between regular and irregular migration, offending and victimization, the processes and impact of criminalization, and the changing role of criminal justice systems in the regulation and enforcement of international mobility and borders. The Handbook is focused on the migratory ‘fault lines’ between the Global North and Global South, which have produced new or accelerated sites of state control, constructed irregular migration as a crime and security problem, and mobilized ideological and coercive powers usually reserved for criminal or military threats. Offering a strong international focus and comprehensive coverage of a wide range of border, criminal justice and migration-related issues, this book is an important contribution to criminology and migration studies and will be essential reading for academics, students and practitioners interested in this field.

Unraveling the Crime-Place Connection, Volume 22

New Directions in Theory and Policy
Author: David Weisburd,John E. Eck
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351374346
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 2575

Continue Reading →

Unraveling the Crime-Place Connection examines in a new light how places enhance our understanding of crime and its control. While there has been much work in this area focused on policy, few have examined the underlying theories that inform this work. Theory has played a secondary role in the "criminology of place," and this volume brings it to the forefront of scholarly concerns. Each part and its chapters illuminate cutting-edge ideas in the etiology and control of crime at place, beginning with an introductory Part I. Crime is often concentrated in very small geographies, and Part II emphasizes the importance of capturing the dynamic nature of places in order to understand crime clustering. Part III offers integrative theories on the varying contextual arrangements of places and links theories of places to other theories of individuals, neighborhoods, and other social contexts. In Part IV, theorists ask how the actions of place owners facilitate or control crime and what policies governments can institute to regulate place management. This volume will be of interest to criminologists worldwide and useful for graduate-level or advanced undergraduate courses on environmental criminology or crime prevention.

Lessons from International/comparative Criminology/criminal Justice


Author: John Winterdyk,Liqun Cao
Publisher: De Sitter Publications
ISBN: 9780973397864
Category: Law
Page: 224
View: 8015

Continue Reading →

This book is an anthology of 14 esteemed scholars who have made significant contributions to criminology, criminal justice, and international law within a comparative and international context. In this lively collection of â??storiesâ?, the authors share of themselves in ways we seldom learn about in textbooks. By inviting us into their lives, we find out about the pitfalls, opportunities, and gut-wrenching decisions they faced during their careers. Pat Mayhew frankly warns students that â??international comparative work is not for the faint heartedâ?, Peter Grabosky encourages students to â??keep their eyes openâ?, and David Farrington advises us to â??choose our collaborators carefullyâ?. Yet, what resonates throughout their lessons is that truly successful people are those who keep trying. Students in particular will find the stories inspirational and insightful. This text provides us with practical, real life examples of how following oneâ??s passion can genuinely impact crime prevention, criminal justice, and social ills around the world.

Victims of Environmental Harm

Rights, Recognition and Redress Under National and International Law
Author: Matthew Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415677009
Category: Law
Page: 197
View: 9626

Continue Reading →

In recent years, the increasing focus on climate change and environmental degradation has prompted unprecedented attention being paid towards the criminal liability of individuals, organisations and even states for polluting activities. These developments have given rise to a new area of criminological study, often called 'green criminology'. Yet in all the theorising that has taken place in this area, there is still a marked absence of specific focus on those actually suffering harm as a result of environmental degradation. This book represents a unique attempt to substantively conceptualise and examine the place of such 'environmental victims' in criminal justice systems both nationally and internationally. Grounded in a comparative approach and drawing on critical criminological arguments, this volume examines many of the areas traditionally considered by victimologists in relation to victims of environmental crime and, more widely, environmental harm. These include victims' rights, compensation, treatment by criminal justice systems and participation in that process. The book approaches the issue of 'environmental victimisation' from a 'social harms' perspective (as opposed to a 'criminal harms' one) thus problematising the definitions of environmental crime found within most jurisdictions. Victims of Environmental Harm concludes by mapping out the contours of further research into a developing green victimology and how this agenda might inform criminal justice reform and policy making at national and global levels.This book will be of interest to researchers across a number of disciplines including criminology, international law, victimology, socio-legal studies and physical sciences as well as professionals involved in policy making processes.

Policing Cities

Urban Securitization and Regulation in a 21st Century World
Author: Randy K Lippert,Kevin Walby
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136261621
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 7247

Continue Reading →

Policing Cities brings together international scholars from numerous disciplines to examine urban policing, securitization, and regulation in nine countries and the conceptual issues these practices raise. Chapters cover many of the world’s major cities, including New York, Beijing, Paris, London, Berlin, Mexico City, Johannesburg, Rio de Janeiro, Boston, Melbourne, and Toronto, as well as other urban areas in Britain, United States, South Africa, Germany, Australia and Georgia. The collection examines the activities and reforms of the traditional public police, but also those of emerging public and private policing agents and spaces that fall outside the public police’s purview and which previously have received little attention. It explores dramatic changes in public policing arrangements and strategies, exclusion of urban homeless people, new forms of urban surveillance and legal regulation, and securitization and militarization of urban spaces. The core argument in the volume is that cities are more than mere background for policing, securitization and regulation. Policing and the city are intimately intertwined. This collection also reveals commonalities in the empirical interests, methodological preferences, and theoretical concerns of scholars working in these various disciplines and breaks down barriers among them. This is the first collection on urban policing, regulation, and securitization with such a multi-disciplinary and international character. This collection will have a wide readership among upper level undergraduate and graduate level students in several disciplines and countries and can be used in geography/urban studies, legal and socio-legal studies, sociology, anthropology, political science, and criminology courses.

Handbook of Religion and Health


Author: Harold Koenig,Dana King,Verna B. Carson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199912718
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 1192
View: 8905

Continue Reading →

The Handbook of Religion and Health has become the seminal research text on religion, spirituality, and health, outlining a rational argument for the connection between religion and health. The Second Edition completely revises and updates the first edition. Its authors are physicians: a psychiatrist and geriatrician, a primary care physician, and a professor of nursing and specialist in mental health nursing. The Second Edition surveys the historical connections between religion and health and grapples with the distinction between the terms ''religion'' and ''spirituality'' in research and clinical practice. It reviews research on religion and mental health, as well as extensive research literature on the mind-body relationship, and develops a model to explain how religious involvement may impact physical health through the mind-body mechanisms. It also explores the direct relationships between religion and physical health, covering such topics as immune and endocrine function, heart disease, hypertension and stroke, neurological disorders, cancer, and infectious diseases; and examines the consequences of illness including chronic pain, disability, and quality of life. Finally, the Handbook reviews research methods and addresses applications to clinical practice. Theological perspectives are interwoven throughout the chapters. The Handbook is the most insightful and authoritative resource available to anyone who wants to understand the relationship between religion and health.

Understanding Parricide

When Sons and Daughters Kill Parents
Author: Kathleen M. Heide
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195176669
Category: Psychology
Page: 446
View: 9113

Continue Reading →

Understanding Parricide is the most comprehensive book available about juvenile and adult sons and daughters who kill their parents. Dr. Heide moves far behind the statistical correlates of parricide by synthesizing the professional literature on parricide in general, matricide, patricide, double parricides, and familicides. As a clinician, she explains the reasons behind the killings. Understanding Parricide includes in-depth discussion of issues related to prosecuting and defending parricide offenders. The book is enriched with its focus on clinical assessment, case studies, and follow-up of parricide offenders, as well as treatment, risk assessment, and prevention.

Who's Who in International Organizations


Author: Union of International Associations
Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Company
ISBN: 9783598246463
Category: Political Science
Page: 1140
View: 4462

Continue Reading →

Yearbook of International Organizations is the most comprehensive reference resource and provides current details of international non-governmental (NGO) and intergovernmental organizations (IGO). Collected, documented and disseminated by the Union of International Associations (UIA), detailed and profound information on international organizations worldwide can be found here, from the United Nations, the ASEAN and the Red Cross to sporting bodies and religious orders. Besides historical and organizational information (e.g. on aims, subject orientation and locations), details on activities, events or publications as well as the most current contact details are included. Integrated are also biographies of the leading individuals of the organizations as well as the presentation of networks of organizations. The Union of International Associations (UIA) is a non-profit, apolitical, independent and non-governmental institution in the service for international associations, based in Brussels, Belgium. For 100 years, the UIA has focused on the nature and evolution of the international civil society - a topic of increasing relevance. New: UIA Bi-monthly Study Find out about current topics and the wealth of information contained in the Yearbook of International Organizations. No. 1 of UIA's new Bi-monthly Study is now available for download. This time's subject: Olympic Games and Sports.

Law Books in Print

Books in English Published Throughout the World and in Print Through 1986. Subjects J-Z.. 5
Author: Nicholas Triffin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780878020300
Category: Law
Page: 521
View: 1177

Continue Reading →

Borders and Crime

Pre-Crime, Mobility and Serious Harm in an Age of Globalization
Author: S. Pickering,J. McCulloch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137283823
Category: Social Science
Page: 202
View: 5124

Continue Reading →

The collection considers the growing importance of the border as a prime site for criminal justice activity and explores the impact of border policing on human rights and global justice. It covers a range of subjects from e-trafficking, child soldiers, the 'global war on terror' in Africa and police activities that generate crime.

Das Gefängnis auf dem Prüfstand

Zustand und Zukunft des Strafvollzugs
Author: Bernd Maelicke,Stefan Suhling
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658201479
Category: Social Science
Page: 588
View: 9224

Continue Reading →

Dieses Buch liefert eine Zwischenbilanz über die Situation des Strafvollzugs. Ziel des Behandlungsvollzugs ist die Befähigung der Gefangenen zu einem straffreien Leben. Die Autoren dieses Sammelbandes beleuchten deshalb unter anderem die Fragen: Wie leistungsfähig ist der Behandlungsvollzug? Welche Sicherheitsrisiken müssen bewältigt werden? Wie gestaltet sich die Zusammenarbeit mit anderen Akteuren der stationären und ambulanten Resozialisierung? Und welche weiteren Reformen sind mittel- und langfristig zu realisieren?